The drug is released as a solution (injection), intended for intramuscular injection, as well as in tablet form. The tablets are packaged in glass jars of 30 pcs. in each or in blisters of 10 pcs. in each, and then placed in carton packs of 1 can or 3 blisters.
Vikasol solution is filled into ampoules with a nominal volume of 1 ml, and then placed in contour cells of 5 pcs. in each. One carton pack contains, as a rule, 2 cells with ampoules.
Vikasol is an analogue of fat soluble vitamin k synthetic origin. According to its mechanism of action, the drug belongs to the group hemostatic drugsi.e.hemostatic agents, and coagulants.
Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics
The question “why do doctors use Vikasol tablets?” Can be answered as follows - the drug is involved in the synthesis proconvertine and prothrombin, thus enhancing blood clotting. Tablets, like intramuscular injections of this drug, help to enhance the production of hemocoagulation factors (II, VII, IX and X species).
With a shortage vitamin k increased in the human body bleedingthat can lead to serious and sometimes lethal consequences. Vikasol has hemostatic propertieswhich manifest themselves after a maximum of 18 hours from the time of use of the drug.
Indications for use Vikasola
The main indications for the use of Vikasol are: hemorrhagic syndromecaused by hypoprothrombinemia, bleedingresulting from wounds, surgeryorinjuries, vitamin K hypovitaminosis,including at jaundice and long diarrheaas well as cirrhosis of the liver and hepatitis.
As part of complex therapy, this drug effectively copes with menorrhagia and uterine bleeding, hemorrhagic disease in newborns. Everything else, the drug is used in overdose with drugs that are related to vitamin K antagonists, eg, Fenilina or Neodicoumarin.
Often, physicians recommend their patients to take Vikasola tablets during menstruation. In the free online sources you can find a lot of positive feedback from women about the effectiveness of this drug. However, gynecologists do not recommend self-medicating and “prescribing” this drug to themselves without prior consultation and medical examination.
Since the drug belongs to hemostatics, Vikasol during menstruation reduces the abundance of secretions. However, not all patients manage to get the same stable result when using the drug. Therefore, only a doctor can prescribe this drug, as well as answer the question of how to take Vikasol in menstruation correctly so as not to harm your health.
The drug is contraindicated for use with:hypersensitivity, thromboembolism, with increased blood clotting, in the presence of hemolytic disease in newborns.With extreme caution should be applied Vikasol during of pregnancyat glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiencyas well as liver failure.
If the recommendations for the use of the drug are not followed, allergic reactions may occur, for example, urticaria, rash, bronchospasm, erythema or itch. Symptoms may occur in newborn babies. hemolytic disease.
Instructions for use Vikasola (method and dosage)
Since the drug is released in tablets and in ampoules as a solution for intramuscular injection dosages, so the scheme of use of the drug may vary depending on the health status and age of the patient.
Vikasol tablets instructions for use
Adult patients are recommended to take from 15 to 30 mg of the drug per day, children up to 1 year old - from 2 to 5 mg, up to 2 years old - 6 mg, from 3 to 4 years old - 8 mg, from 5 to 9 years old - 10 mg , from 10 to 14 years old - 15 mg. As a general rule, tablets are taken no more than 3 times a day. However, the dosage, schedule of the drug, as well as the duration of the course of treatment, can be set individually by the doctor.
Solution for injection for adult patients can be used in a dosage not exceeding 10-15 mg per day. For children, the dosage of Vikasol solution is similar to the rules for taking the tablet form of the drug.
As a general rule, the duration of the course of treatment with any form of the drug should not exceed 4 days. You can reuse the drug after 4 days. The following maximum allowable doses of the medicinal product are established for a single dose of Vikasol (i.e., the maximum allowable single dose):
- tablets - for adult patients 30 mg, but not more than 60 mg per day, for newborns no more than 4 mg per day,
- in the form of a solution - for adults 15 mg, but not more than 30 mg. per day, for newborns - no more than 4 mg per day.
As such, the instructions for use of Vikasol for menstruation does not exist, since only a qualified gynecologist can correctly select an individual dosage and develop a schedule for taking the drug for each woman.
When combined with Vicasol and Fenilina, Neodikumarina and others vitamin K antagonistsdrug blocks anticoagulant properties above indicated medicines. With simultaneous use of the drug with antibiotics, quinidine, salicylates, quinine and antibacterial sulfonamides dosage adjustment of Vicasol is required.
The drug is completely ineffective in the presence of patients von Willebrand disease and Verhofa, and hemophilia. Vikasol can trigger developmenthemolysis with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.
The chemical composition and principle of action of the drug
Studying the chemical composition of the drug, we can conclude that Vikasol is a fully synthetic analogue of vitamin K.
This active ingredient has a direct effect on the liver, accelerating the production of prothrombin. It is this substance that starts the formation of fibrin clots, which are necessary for the “successful” blood clotting.
The drug, which is based on synthetically derived vitamin K, can hardly be called a "base" drug from a number of hemostatics and anticoagulants. This drug is more appropriately classified as vitamin supplements, as evidenced by its pharmaceutical characteristics.
Tablets and injections
The maximum natural chemical composition has a direct impact on the time interval necessary to achieve the desired effect. The phase of the most intense exposure occurs 12–18 hours after taking the drug in the form of tablets.
The solution of Vikasol, produced in the form of injections, has a hemostatic effect within an hour after ingestion of a woman’s body. Doctors say that in case of severe uterine bleeding with menstruation, the greatest effect of using the medication can be achieved in the injection form.
How is displayed
The undoubted advantage of using this synthetic drug of moderate exposure during menstruation is its complete elimination from the body with urine. Once in the body of a woman, artificial vitamin K immediately enters the relationship with proteins in the blood plasma. Getting into the kidneys, the active component of Vikasola "starts" the production of prothrombin and proconvertin, accelerating blood clotting. Residual elements and synthesis products are completely eliminated from the body of the girl in the urinary fluid.
This effect, together with the general anti-anemic effect, allows Vikasol to be used during heavy periods.
Many gynecologists prescribe medication and in a therapeutic complex for uterine bleeding and various etymologies caused by:
Moreover, it is necessary to highlight a number of pathological processes affecting the organs of the reproductive system, in which the remedy, both in the form of tablets and in the form of injections, is an indispensable aid:
- Prolonged bleeding caused by sharp jumps in hormonal levels. Failures of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands and ovaries, according to experts, can lead to a strong thickening of the endometrial layer and its “loosening”. Such processes are fraught with the occurrence of severe bleeding, and in severe cases, and failures in the cyclic menstrual cycle.
- Abundant rejection of mucous brown clots, caused by the loss of the uterus's ability to reduce. In this case Vikasol is appointed as a supportive agent to prevent the development of anemia.
- Abundant bleeding during menstruation, associated with the body's inability to self-synthesize vitamin K.
- Uterine bleeding, the causes of which are various infectious diseases and surgical interventions. In this case, the medicine does not eliminate the cause, but the symptom, therefore, it is prescribed solely as a supplement to the main therapeutic course.
Analogue of the drug can be considered Ditsinon, instructions for its use in menstruation can be found in the article by reference.
Indications for use of the drug
Based on the reviews, Vikasol for stopping or reducing the profusion of menstruation is used everywhere. Doctors do not recommend abusing this remedy, because excessive “activity” in the processes of blood clotting can lead to the formation of blood clots.
Official medicine identifies a number of pathological processes in the body, which are a direct indication for the use of Vikasol. This vitamin remedy is actively used:
- With heavy bleeding during the "planned" monthly.
- As preoperative maintenance therapy.
- As a restorative therapeutic course after long-term use of drugs that have a "thinning" effect on the blood structure.
- In infectious diseases, accompanied by prolonged diarrhea.
- As a maintenance therapy in the presence of the risk of bleeding in newborns.
- With prolonged nasal, subcutaneous and mucous bleeding.
- As a rehabilitation therapy for pathologies that can provoke a lack of vitamin K.
- With hepatitis and jaundice of varying severity.
- With gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
- In order to prevent and stop uterine bleeding during pregnancy. It is worth noting that the use of Vikasol during pregnancy and lactation is possible only after consulting with a specialist!
- As maintenance therapy during the treatment of radiation sickness.
Based on the reviews, many are trying to find the usage dosage during menstruation in the instructions for use of Vikasol. After examining the information materials attached to the solutions for injection and tablets, we can conclude that the manufacturer does not indicate a special dosage, calculated specifically for the prevention or completion of menstruation.
Before using synthetic vitamin K in pill form or as an injection, you should consult with a specialist to clarify possible contraindications!
Studying the thematic women's forums, we can conclude that one of the main issues concerning this synthetic vitamin preparation is: "How to take Vikasol to stop menstruation." Dosage, calculated specifically for this purpose, no. Moreover, many doctors argue that for a radical effect on menstruation the drug is simply not suitable. This conclusion is based on too long an interval between taking the pill and the maximum effect achieved after.
Based on the information provided in the instructions for use, it can be concluded that there are several regimens for taking this drug. Consider them below.
- Synthetic vitamin K tablets. Experts recommend not to exceed the daily dose indicated on the package. It is 0.03 g and is equivalent to 2 tablets.
- Synthetic vitamin K in the form of injections is allowed to be taken strictly once a day.
Based on the reviews of specialists, synthetic vitamin K in the form of injections and in the form of tablets with monthly doses higher than the above can lead to an overdose and cause considerable harm to the woman’s body.
Many girls think that if you take the “quantity”, that is, drink 4-5 capsules at once, you will be able to delay the onset of menstruation. This conclusion is fundamentally wrong and extremely dangerous.
The cumulative effect of taking Vikasola has a progressive, systematic nature and does not depend on a single dose.
Gynecologists recommend not to drink the drug on a monthly basis, and take breaks between such courses.
Symptoms of drug overdose
The side symptomatology at planned, course admission of Vikasola during menstruation, based on the opinions of specialists and women consuming it, was not recorded. But if you drink pills randomly, occasionally, you can completely provoke the appearance of negative symptoms. These include the following states:
- Severe headaches.
- The occurrence of allergic urticaria.
- Sharp drop in pressure.
- The appearance on the skin of allergic plaques, studded with a whitish bloom.
- Pathological processes in the liver.
- Development of hemolytic anemia.
- Thrombus formation.
- Sharp bronchospasm on the background of asthmatic syndrome.
- Atrophy of taste buds.
Based on the opinions of practicing gynecologists, it can be concluded that with the help of Vikasola, the delay in menstruation will not be possible, but it is possible to slightly adjust the usual time interval of critical days.
Some girls claim from their own experience that if you start a course of a synthetic fortified preparation several weeks before your planned monthly periods, the period of rejection of the bloody substance may decrease by 2-3 days.
The volume of the mucous substance also undergo changes. Instead of the usual, in the early days, bleeding, many observed only a scant daub of rich brown color.
Reviews of Vikasol
More eloquently, any conclusions and pharmaceutical characteristics about the effect of a synthetic vitamin preparation can be seen from the reviews of those who have experienced its effect on themselves.
Consider some of the reviews posted on thematic sites that describe the effect of taking Vikasola during menstruation:
Victoria D., Moscow: “I learned about Vikasola from a friend. I was going on a long-awaited vacation and hoped with his help to achieve a “delay” from critical days. A friend said that he would definitely help, and the price did not bite. I decided to try. I can not say that the drug helped to 100% and completely stopped the monthly during the reception. Menstruation came on time, but the discharge was much less. Instead of heavy clots, barely noticeable daub. I am satisfied with the result, I think it can be used in emergency situations. ”
Marina Ch., Stary Oskol: “This medicine was recommended to me in a pharmacy as an analogue of Ditsinon. I liked Vicasol. He does not work miracles, but he helped me cope with heavy bleeding in the first days of menstruation. I especially liked that taking this drug does not lead to disruption of the general cycle of menstruation. Having tried this medicine in the form of pills, I switched to intramuscular injections. I like this form more because of the almost instant effect. I can say with confidence that long term course application helped me cope with vitamin K deficiency, as my doctor says, and prevented anemia. Recommend!"
Alena Z., Vitebsk: “Vikasol helps me a lot to reduce the amount of discharge during menstruation. It is enough to take one or two tablets and the problem of abundant mucous rejection is solved for the whole day. I did not try to take courses, I just drink in the first two days of my period. In general, the result is satisfied, especially when you consider that you can buy the drug at any pharmacy. ”
Olga Ya., Zelenograd: “Based on my experience, before drinking Vikasol, you should always talk with your doctor. I thought he was acting softly and neglected this rule. Either he was too affected by blood coagulation, or I had contraindications for health, but after the first day of taking my head became very sick, my whole body became crusted and nauseous. The condition returned to normal as soon as she stopped drinking and drank an antihistamine. Be careful, drink only if the doctor himself has appointed! ”
Larisa T., Saratov: “I saw, saw this Vikasol, but no effect. Monthly, and visually, and on sensations, were not so strong, but always came in time. I exceeded and increased the dosage myself at the indicated dosage. No effect.
Brief information about the drug
Викасол – таблетированный аналог витамина К, который является ответственным за нормальную свертываемость крови. The difference of the preparation from the most useful element is that the first one has a greater concentration and is produced in the laboratory.
It was originally developed for the treatment of such diseases, phenomena or reduction of their "activity", such as:
- capillary, hemorrhoidal, gastrointestinal and any other bleeding,
- radiation sickness
Moreover, the drug is often prescribed to pregnant women who are on the very last trimester to reduce the severity of bleeding.
Vikasol is the most accurate analogue of vitamin Ksynthesized in medical laboratories. The natural element has hydrophobicity and some chemical affinity with a number of other organic substances.
The drug "starts" the production of prothrombin, which, in fact, thickens the blood. The hemostatic effect caused by Vikasol is precisely what helps to stop the bleeding.
The removal of vitamin K is carried out with the urine, whereas the main "work" it performs in the kidneys. All residual reaction products are eliminated quickly and harmlessly.
And here more about how to use Tranexam for menstruation.
Why do you need Vikasol for menstruation
Abundant periods - a significant problem faced by many women. This preparation of the old generation is not very popular with specialists in the field of gynecology because of its not very pronounced effect.
Vikasol with very heavy periods can reduce the amount of bleeding due to its function to improve blood clotting. However, this is its only use during menstruation, but the necessary action can be obtained only when a woman takes the drug in a dosage prescribed by a qualified technician.
We should not forget that the drug is powerless, if you need instant help: the effect of the drug is achieved at best in 10-12 hours, and for the entire period before the desired effect will have to lose quite a lot of blood.
Usually prescribed medication in the amount of two tablets per day. Before use, you must make sure that there are no serious problems with the intestines because of what the effect of vitamin K will be incomplete due to partial digestibility. This is recommended instead of the tablet form to take the medicine by injection.
However, it is impossible not to take into account the contraindications that are abundantly contained in this synthetic vitamin. The ban on admission is imposed in the event that the patient has the following diseases:
- increased blood clotting,
- thromboembolism (blockage of a blood vessel by a blood clot),
- individual intolerance to additional components of the composition.
Vikasol to stop menstruation
It is not always possible to stop the menstruation with the help of this medicinal product, as well as to normalize the amount of discharge, even if the menstruation is poor in blood loss.
When deciding to stop menstruation, you need to take 2 tablets daily, up to the complete absence of any bleeding.
However, it should be remembered that any change in the body’s work, especially in its reproductive function, does not go unpunished. For example, the inevitable companions of such an adjustment will be hormonal disruptions, delays of subsequent menstrual periods, seals on the mucous membrane of the uterus (the formation of polyps, etc.).
Possible complications from taking
Since the drug has a really important effect that affects absolutely the entire body, then, of course, its companions are an incredible number of side effects and complications. Among the most serious are the following:
- urticaria and allergic reactions,
- hemolytic anemia,
- labored breathing,
- facial flushing.
Vitamin K is fully revealed only after 12 hours, and its maximum manifestation can be felt for 6 hours, therefore an overdose of the synthetic element is dangerous: due to excessive consumption of tablets, one can feel convulsions and even cause thrombosis. In the event of the onset of symptoms of these conditions, it is necessary to immediately cancel the drug and seek help if the state of health gradually deteriorates.
And here more about the causes of long periods in normal and pathological conditions.
Vikasol is a synthetic analogue of vitamin K, which has a strong effect on blood clotting. Gynecologists often prescribe this drug in the form of tablets or injections, depending on how good the patient's intestinal absorption is. However, we must not forget the fact that the drug has an effect on the entire body, therefore it is forbidden to prescribe it on its own for its use.
See in this video how to take Vikasol during heavy menstruation:
To take drugs with abundant menstruation alone is highly undesirable. First you should consult a doctor, identify the problem, and try herbs.
Part of the tranexanoic acid helps stop bleeding. However, it is impossible to drink Tranexan by yourself during menstruation. It is prescribed for excessively heavy periods to prevent them.
Sometimes long periods become quite trivial and normal (after an abortion, with heredity). If they are more than 7 days, with severe pain and red clots, then this is a reason to go to a doctor. It is extremely undesirable to carry out treatment independently.
For those who have not encountered, it is difficult to understand what is happening - uterine bleeding or menstruation, how to distinguish them and whether to panic. Indeed, abundant periods are similar to uterine bleeding. Nevertheless, there are important differences that are worth knowing.
Vikasol with monthly
The drug Vikasol is a stimulator of the production of an important protein in the blood of prothrombin, which contributes to its clotting. In fact, it is a medication that stops or reduces various types of bleeding in the body, including menstrual bleeding. Therefore, it is often prescribed for heavy periods to reduce their intensity.
Participates in the process of synthesizing new elements of biological fluid - stabilizes the general condition of the body, relieves fatigue, and prevents the development of anemia.
Instructions for use during heavy periods
Not all women understand exactly what Vikasol is and how this drug helps. The drug can be taken in the form of tablets or intramuscular injections. In the first embodiment, the active substance begins to work 12 hours later, and in the second, almost immediately after administration.
Most often, it is prescribed if an unusually heavy menstruation has begun. It can provoke:
- formed in ovarian fibroids,
- endometritis and endometriosis, diseases of the uterine lining,
- hormonal imbalance
- inability of the uterus to contract,
- lack of vitamin K,
- poor blood clotting.
In these cases, Vikasol is prescribed to stop menstruation, but you need to understand that it does not eliminate the causes of heavy bleeding. The drug helps to increase the content of platelets in the blood, so that it closes faster.
Vicasola action during menstruation
Independent use of the drug is not the best idea. He can help someone, for others to be useless, and to someone to do some harm.
Best of all, the active substance acts if heavy discharge is caused by a vitamin K deficiency. In many other cases, Vikasol tablets during menstruation can begin to work effectively only after 12-24 hours, and during this time you can lose a lot of blood. This is especially the case when it is not about abundant menstruation, but about uterine bleeding.
If you do not consult with the gynecologist how to take Vikasol, you can not only be a victim of side effects, but also lead the body to serious violations.
Vicasola's indications for menstruation
For the appointment of the drug Vikasol indications are usually as follows:
- hemorrhagic syndrome due to hypoprothrombinemia,
- blood loss after injury, injury or surgery,
- lack of vitamin K.
The latter often occurs if a woman has had jaundice, has been suffering from diarrhea for a long time, is ill with cirrhosis of the liver or hepatitis.
It has been proven that the use of this medication is highly effective for uterine bleeding and hemorrhagic disease in infants. It is prescribed in the event of an overdose of drugs that destabilize the amount of vitamin K in the body.
If not used vikasol analogues of this tool - Ditsinon, Etamzilat, Kontriven, Tranexam, Vilate.
With Ditsinonom and Etamzilat prefer to work with operations. But analogues also have a number of contraindications. They can not be taken with thrombosis, porphyria and bleeding, which began as a result of an overdose of anticoagulants. Also, unlike Vikasola, some analogues cannot be used during pregnancy.
A strong side effect may occur even if the drug is not abused. This is one of the reasons to carefully consider the need for its reception. One third of women taking Vikasol suffer from adverse events. It can be:
- severe itching and redness of the skin,
- allergic rashes,
- lowering blood pressure
- destabilization of the liver,
- hemolytic anemia,
- loss of consciousness,
- red spots on the face,
- swelling and cramps in people with asthma,
- change in taste perception.
Due to the risk of side effects and improper absorption of the drug by the body, the doctor must control its reception. In the process of treatment, a necessary aspect is the monitoring of blood clotting.
Vikasol - a drug that is quite effective if necessary to reduce the discharge during menstruation or completely stop the bleeding. But its effectiveness does not extend to all cases and the drug does not work immediately after use. Therefore, an independent decision on the admission of this medication when bleeding is detected may be erroneous. Also, you can not use the drug as a way to delay the onset of menstruation for several days. Such self-activity can lead to serious functional disorders of the reproductive system and the organism as a whole.