In a healthy woman, the menstrual cycle is usually 28 to 32 days. Of course, there are times when a cycle may stray for any reason. In the normal course of the menstrual cycle, somewhere on the 14th day, ovulation occurs, that is, the release of the egg cell capable of fertilization. During this period, a woman undergoes serious hormonal changes, regardless of whether the egg was fertilized. Such a process can provoke special spotting. As a rule, daubing between menstruation is considered a completely natural and natural process. However, many women are beginning to worry when they find spotting on their underwear, while they haven't seen anything like that before. And in order to determine whether it is a natural process or a symptom of a disease, it is necessary to possess primary information.
Possible causes of daubing between menstruation
There are a lot of variants of the norm of spotting in the middle of the cycle. This may mean that you are too sensitive to ovulation, or have experienced stress, emotional stress, suffered a flight, changed the climate. If this is an isolated case, then he can point to conception. The introduction of sperm into the uterus can also cause daub.
Of course, there are also more serious and complex causes of spotting, especially when they are regular. So, daubing between menstruation may indicate hormonal imbalances in your body or damage to the cervical uterus. The most dangerous are spotting and bleeding caused by a malignant tumor. Therefore, with the regular occurrence of daub, a woman should immediately contact a gynecologist to find out the reasons. And the sooner this is done, the better for your health. After all, spotting may develop into bleeding, which may well be a manifestation
- inflammation in the ovaries (polycystic ovarian system),
- inflammation in the uterus (uterine dysfunction, uterine fibroma, formation of polyps,
- cervical disorders (often develop as a result of chronic infection and affect tissues of the uterus, discharge scanty and painless),
- neoplasms (they can be detected only with the help of a medical examination and special tests),
- metabolic disorders (unhealthy lifestyle and unbalanced nutrition also affect the health of the female genitalia).
All of the above reasons can be the result of serious illness. Therefore, a visit to the doctor is necessary in any case. Research and analysis will determine the exact cause and find an effective treatment. The main thing is not to despair and remember that the sooner you find out the cause of the daubing between the months, the calmer you can live on.
Brown discharge in the middle of the menstrual cycle: the norm and pathology
The nature of discharge from the genital tract even in a healthy woman often changes. This is due to the processes occurring in the phases of the cycle, hormonal changes that have physiological causes, as well as arising from diseases. Color, odor, and volume of excreta are indications of normal or abnormal reproductive health. So, the appearance of light, painful discharge in the middle of a cycle usually does not cause concern if they are not accompanied by indisposition. If they have a brown tint, it can be both the norm and pathology.
Types of brown discharge between menstruation
If there is a brown discharge in the middle of the cycle, then first of all you should pay attention to their volume and character. Color intensity matters:
- Dark discharge occurs most often when a woman is just starting to take birth control pills (hormones change dramatically).
- Light brown tint may appear as a result of the use of contraceptives, and as a result of the occurrence of pathological processes in the genitals. In this case, the color they give traces of oxidized blood from damaged small vessels.
- Red-brown discharge occurs as a result of the formation of microcracks on the walls of the vagina with insufficient formation of protective mucus during sexual intercourse. This situation occurs, for example, during the first sexual intercourse after the onset of sexual activity. Often a woman is faced with this also at the very beginning of menopause.
Normal brown discharge
It is considered normal if a woman has poorly colored scanty (brown) discharge of brown-brown color immediately before the menstrual period or immediately after them.
In the middle of the cycle, brown discharges are considered natural if they are insignificant and have no smell. The reason may be physiological changes in the body.
Ovulation. At the time of the rupture of the follicle and the release of a ripe egg cell, blood can be released in a small amount, which, after oxidation in air, becomes brown. This occurs usually on the 14th day from the beginning of the month.
Attachment of the egg to the wall of the uterus after fertilization. At the time of introduction of the ovum into the endometrium, minor damage to the endometrial vessels occurs. Drops of clotted blood stain the secreted mucus. A woman can even at this moment feel a slight pain in the lower abdomen.
Miscarriage at the initial gestational age. If for some reason (due to the presence of scars, adhesions) the egg exfoliates from the endometrium, then a slight bleeding occurs. Discharges become reddish-brown, last for 1-2 days, and then acquire a normal color. Moreover, a woman often does not even understand that she was pregnant and had a miscarriage.
Puberty. The first periods of the girls. As a rule, they come with large deviations, the cycle is set after about 1.5-2 years. Until the hormonal processes are completely regulated, between the monthly periods, smelling brownish whites may appear.
In the premenopausal period. Menstruation during menopause also becomes irregular due to the weakening of ovarian function. Between the menstruation and even instead of them, there is often a scanty bleeding-brown discharge.
A warning: It is important in the presence of this symptom not to miss a serious disease (inflammatory process, the formation of a tumor).
Pathological are such secretions in the middle of the cycle, which, in addition to brown color, have other unusual signs. In this case, the discharge is one of the symptoms of the disease of the uterus or appendages.
A doctor should be consulted in the following cases:
- Brown discharge with an unpleasant odor appears between menstruations, while the woman does not resort to hormonal contraception.
- There are pains in the lower abdomen, back. It feels dry in the vagina, itching, burning, body temperature rises. Sexual intercourse is painful.
- Discharges are unusual in nature (they last for several days, contain clotted blood clots, occur constantly between menstruations, are abundant).
There are many factors under the influence of which hormonal disorders occur. Especially often they are faced by women older than 30 years.
In addition to taking hormonal drugs (for the purpose of contraception or the treatment of diseases), imbalances in the functioning of the endocrine glands can cause imbalance. The production of female sex hormones, on which the nature of menstruation depends, is regulated by the pituitary gonadotropic hormones. The ratio of estrogen and progesterone is affected by prolactin produced here, as well as thyroid hormones, adrenal glands, pancreas.
Violations appear after curettage operations of the uterus, giving complications in the form of inflammatory diseases of the appendages. Hormonal shift occurs after an artificially interrupted pregnancy.
Brown discharge in the middle of the cycle appears in women of reproductive age with irregularity or absence of sex life. Hormonal disorders and, as a result, changes in the nature of the discharge occur after experiencing emotional stress, with a tendency to depression or hysteria.
Excessive estrogen, progesterone deficiency, hyperprolactinemia (high content of prolactin in the blood, not associated with lactation after delivery) contribute to the occurrence of cycle disorders and, in particular, the appearance of brownish discharge between menstruation.
Addition: Smoking and other bad habits are one of the most important causes of hormonal changes and their consequences.
Diseases that can cause pathology
Brownish discharge between menstruation appear in diseases associated with damage to the mucous membranes of the genital organs.
Endometriosis. This pathology is associated with a violation of the structure of the endometrium. There is its abnormal growth not only in the uterus, but also in the tubes, neck. The mucous membrane of the uterus can grow into the region of the peritoneum. At the same time, the blood vessels of the endometrium are injured. Since its growth is enhanced by the time of ovulation, in the middle of the cycle, brownish spotting is possible. They are a characteristic symptom of this disease along with painful sensations in the lower abdomen, an increase in the duration of menstruation.
Cervical erosion. Blood serum in the middle of the cycle appears after sexual intercourse or gynecological examination of the neck with the help of mirrors, a colposcope, and smear. Characteristically, their appearance and intensity are not related to menstrual processes. Impurities of blood in the discharge appear on other days between periods.
Cervical polyps. Brown discharge occurs as a result of injury of these tumors, twisting the legs.
Uterine fibroids. Due to the mutation of cells in the muscle tissue of the uterus, a benign tumor is formed, during the growth of which the mucosa and its blood vessels are injured. The tumor does not invade other tissues. Small fibroids may not even show any symptoms. If the neoplasm becomes significant, then a woman has intermenstrual spotting. Sometimes they turn into real uterine bleeding, which only surgery helps to stop. Therefore, it is important to detect myoma with ultrasound and control its growth.
Ovarian cyst. Brown discharge may be a sign of a large cyst. This disease leads to inflammation of the ovaries. disruption of their functioning. This is manifested by deviations in the nature of menstruation, painful sensations, fever. A cyst rupture may occur, and its degeneration into a malignant tumor. Therefore, when dark brown secretions appear in the middle of the cycle, lower abdominal pains, a woman should definitely visit a doctor. The cyst is surgically removed.
Uterine cancer. Unlike fibroids, such a tumor grows rapidly, the symptoms do not appear immediately. Brown discharge in the early stages are the only sign of trouble. It is important to be examined as soon as possible.
Infectious diseases. sexually transmitted (trichomoniasis, gonorrhea). They become the cause of purulent inflammatory processes, accompanied by colored (including brown) secretions with an unpleasant odor. The appearance of this feature is associated with disruption of the normal functioning of the reproductive system, hormonal abnormalities. Spotting is a symptom of genital herpes, papillomatosis.
Inflammatory diseases uterus (endometritis), tubes (salpingitis), ovaries (adnexitis), caused by the penetration of pathogenic bacteria (streptococci, staphylococci, Escherichia coli). Brown discharge appears both in the middle and at the end of the menstrual cycle, and their intensity increases before menstruation.
Doctors recommend that if there are any doubts about the cause of brown discharge that appears between menstruations, to immediately undergo a gynecological examination, even if there are no other signs of illness.
Intermenstrual bloody discharge, bleeding
The phases of the menstrual cycle of any woman have a number of characteristics that are difficult to confuse with something else. All physiological processes in the genital organs, in the absence of fertilization of the egg by the spermatozoon, end with menstrual secretions - the removal of dead eggs and endometrium through the vagina with a small amount of blood.
Under certain circumstances, symptoms of critical days occur in the middle of the reproductive cycle, introducing a woman into confusion. At the same time, they can be both absolutely safe due to natural causes, and be triggered by diseases of internal organs. The article describes the main causes and symptoms of such problems as uterine bleeding between menstruation in the middle of the cycle.
Monthly (menstruation) - what should be the allocation during menstruation?
The bleeding from the genitals of a healthy woman indicates the completion of a cyclic process, repeated with the aim of conception and the birth of offspring. Each cycle begins with the advent of menstruation. About two weeks from now, the maturation of the follicle in the ovary containing the egg cell takes place. Completion of the maturation of the egg is called ovulation. The variability of sex hormone levels in the blood can lead to disruptions in the menstrual cycle and early or late onset of ovulation. With the onset of ovulation, estrogens lose concentration, instead of them the blood is saturated with progesterone. It is produced by the corpus luteum, transformed from the remnants of the follicle membrane. Progesterone supports the reproductive system in the early stages of pregnancy. contributing to the growth of the endometrium, necessary for attaching the zygote to the inner wall of the uterus.
Due to changes in hormone levels, a small amount of blood can be released during or after ovulation. Its causes lie exclusively in female physiology, occurring in a third of the female population of the planet and are not the result of pathologies. Intermenstrual bleeding is usually observed on the interval from the tenth to the sixteenth day of the cycle. The amount of blood secreted is insignificant, the duration of this phenomenon is from 12 to 72 hours. If the periods of bleeding go beyond these limits, it is advisable to consult a gynecologist for violations of the body.
Separately, doctors pay attention to spotting with a brown tint. Such secretions are barely noticeable on the linen and have a slimy consistency. The clinical picture is characteristic of the middle of the cycle, when a mature egg leaves the follicle into the fallopian tube. Too frequent bloody discharge may indicate a promenorrhea - frequent menstruation. At the same time, the discharge is scanty and short (up to three days). This phenomenon is a consequence of the malfunctioning of hormone-producing glands. Estrogen deficiency provokes early rejection of the endometrium, due to which menstruation occurs.
For menstruation, women often take intrauterine bleeding. This happens when a lady does not keep track of her menstrual calendar and does not remember the start date of the previous menstrual periods or finds it difficult to calculate the deadline for the next critical days. A single time for all the beginning and end of menstruation is impossible, because the cycle of each girl is different.
Causes of intermenstrual discharge, why the discharge appears between the monthly?
It is important for women to remember that almost every third woman appears in uterine bleeding in the middle of the cycle between menstruation. It is also important to remember that if uterine bleeding between menstruation is not strong, that is, not abundant intermenstrual bleeding, then this is normal. Stabilization of the hormonal system, characteristic of transitional adolescence, may be reflected in the failure of the menstrual cycle of young girls. Within one to two years after the menarche, the cycle becomes permanent. If this does not happen, you need to look for causes in the endocrine system disorders. Bleeding in the wrong time also occurs as a result of the fascination with smoking and alcoholic beverages, which suppress the functioning of the reproductive system. Violations of the internal organs also provoke cycle failures, while secretions become more abundant. Among the external factors in the first place is the change of climatic and time zones.
A more comprehensive list of precursors of menstruation includes dysfunctions of the endocrine system and hormone production, uterine myoma, miscarriages and abortions, gynecological procedures, injuries of the vaginal mucous membrane, installation of the intrauterine device and oral contraceptives. Also, the discharge between critical days results from infectious diseases, beriberi, urinary organs inflammation, depression, neoplastic and chronic diseases, various injuries.
The main causes of bleeding between periods
Causes of bleeding from the genital tract are of several types, types.There are uterine and vaginal bleeding, the causes of which are very numerous and sometimes even an experienced gynecologist cannot determine the exact cause of the appearance of uterine bleeding or the appearance of bleeding between menstruation without some diagnosis.
The following are the most common reasons why bleeding appeared between menstruation. The causes of discharge in the form of blood between menstruation are: the use of combined contraceptives, the use of hormonal OK (oral contraceptives). ovulation (usually accompanied by symptoms such as scanty vaginal discharge, pain in the lower abdomen, when lower abdomen hurts on the right or left, depending on which of the ovaries is sore). The reasons for the appearance of bleeding between menstruation are problems such as hormonal alteration of the female body, trauma to the genital organs, and the use of emergency contraception (if an unwanted pregnancy is detected by a woman). Some gynecological diseases can cause problems such as bleeding from the vagina between menstruation. Endocrine diseases, miscarriage (spontaneous), trauma to the mucous membrane of the vagina, some chronic diseases of certain organs. The causes of bleeding between menstruation include such problems as inflammation of the bladder, inflammation in the urethra, the appearance of infection, and the hormonal intrauterine device as a means of contraception. Uterine fibroids can also lead to intermenstrual bleeding, a cyst or tumor diseases, problems with blood clotting. Long-term depressive states are often considered as the main causes of bleeding between menstruation.
The exact reasons for why uterine bleeding appeared in the middle of the cycle, after and before menstruation, can be found only at a gynecologist's appointment. Particular attention should be paid to women for heavy uterine bleeding.
Bleeding in girls, adolescents
Spotting, bleeding in girls in a state of puberty, in the intermenstrual period, are often due to transformations of hormonal processes. The organs of internal secretion are just beginning to tune in to the rhythm characteristic of an adult organism; bleeding in most cases is not a pathology. The first sexual intercourse brings with it a defloration (rupture of the hymen), due to which a little blood is released from the vagina.
Injuries after defloration heal independently. To speed up the healing process help douching decoction of chamomile and calendula, or intravaginal candles. Extraordinary periods are as painless, and can bring painful sensations. Scanty discharge is not a pathology at the time, as a strong hemorrhage (hemorrhage) requires an appeal to the gynecologist to find and eliminate their causes. Treatment in such cases is aimed at restoring hormonal processes. Hemorrhage cannot be ignored because it leads to anemia and, in rare cases, to coma.
The unreasonable reasons for calling an ambulance are prolonged and / or too large bleeding, the patient has severe pain, nausea and vomiting, as well as the repeated nature of the process in each cycle before the onset of menstruation. Less commonly, intermenstrual bleeding occurs due to cysts and other neoplasms. If any violations related to the course of the menstrual cycle are observed, it is imperative that you consult a gynecologist to determine their causes and prescription of treatment.
Intermenstrual bleeding in adult women, discharge between menstruation
The determination of the danger of bloody discharge between two periods is possible by their nature, period of appearance, color and quantity. When you take oral hormonal contraceptive means, discharge in the form of a brown paste a couple of days before the expected onset of menstruation is considered normal. The same picture arises in connection with hormone jumps. If the bleeding is moderate, the intervention of the gynecologist or endocrinologist is optional.
Blood may be released as a result of an insufficient amount of sexual lubricant released during sexual intercourse. The selection parameters indicate their causes. Scanty brownish discharge indicates an ovulatory process, mucous membranes with blood indicate the spread of genital infections or ectopic pregnancy, the formation of tumors and cervical erosion. Particular attention to the fact that there was a spotting between menstruation should be paid to women who have not previously observed them.
Bleeding at menopause, why there is a discharge between menstruation during menopause
Menopause, like the reproductive cycle, is determined by the individual characteristics of each woman’s body. This period directly depends on the level of sex hormones in the blood of its owner. Hormonal restructuring in women who lose their reproductive abilities is accompanied by menstrual failures, manifested in a chaotic change in the duration of the cycle, in the duration and abundance of menstruation. A significant part of the menstrual flow is the endometrium, so the amount of blood secreted is inextricably linked with the thickness of the uterine mucosa.
Frequent violations of the cycle in menopause complicate the diagnosis of pathological processes. At the same time, a number of signs almost reliably characterize the presence of diseases.
1 Large amount of lost blood. Rapid filling of the sanitary napkin (within an hour) during the period of menopause speaks of deviations, even if the woman had previously had heavy periods.
2 Clots in secretions and the appearance of blood after sexual contact.
3 The delay of menstruation for a period of seven days. In this case, the delay of critical days for 1-2 days is considered acceptable.
Bleeding from the vagina during menopause can indicate serious diseases, the heart of which endocrine system diseases affecting hormonal status, ectopic pregnancy with perimenopause, endometrial hyperplasia, uterine fibroids, hormonal imbalances, benign and malignant neoplasms. Suspicious bleeding during menopause requires special attention because they can cause cancer. Therefore, noticing the slightest deviations from the normal course of climacteric processes, it is necessary to immediately contact a gynecologist.
What is the difference between bleeding and menstruation?
The appearance of bleeding in the middle of the cycle may indicate uterine bleeding. To prevent anemia, detecting this symptom, you should immediately consult a doctor. Not all women know how to distinguish menstruation, menstruation, from bleeding. Untimely menstruation from bleeding can be distinguished by several signs. Bleeding caused by impaired functioning of the body is characterized by a marked profusion of blood loss, discharge lasts a week or longer, have lumps, the woman feels weak, drowsy, gets tired quickly, has signs of anemia. At the same time painful sensations arise in the genitals, which periodically recur.
Hemorrhages that began during menstruation may go unnoticed, because the pain in the lower abdomen and a fairly heavy discharge in the first days of menstruation are found in many girls. Some external signs indicate the likely pathology, which should immediately be brought to the hospital. These are fatigue, unusual paleness of the skin (in particular, on the face), fragility of the nails and hair, interruptions in the cycle, frequent intermenstrual bleeding.
Diagnosis and treatment of intermenstrual bleeding
Treatment of intermenstrual bleeding, diagnosis of bleeding between menstruation, is a very important process, because timely response in case of certain health problems will help to get rid of possible complications and further development of the disease, if the causes of bleeding are between menstruation, the cause of intermenstrual bleeding is a certain disease. It is necessary to get rid of blood loss resulting from pathologies through the use of a complex of therapeutic measures.
Treatment of intermenstrual bleeding takes place in three stages:
- diagnosis and elimination of the cause of bleeding,
- elimination of the consequences of deviation.
Diagnosis begins with a survey of the patient, which makes it possible to obtain information about the presence of chronic diseases, past illnesses, the likelihood of hereditary predisposition. Then, the vagina is examined, biological samples are taken and examined, the body of the uterus and the cervical canal are examined, ultrasound of the reproductive system is examined, and, if necessary, the endometrial layer is scraped and a blood test is taken according to certain parameters. The course of treatment of bleeding between menstruation is determined by the attending physician based on the results of the diagnosis and the individual characteristics of each case.
The conclusion that you need to know if there was bleeding between periods?
In the event that there are bleeding between menstruation, intermenstrual bleeding, you need to remember the following nuances. The woman’s menstrual cycle is special for each woman, and must meet certain criteria that are recognized throughout the world as indicators of a woman’s healthy life. Menstruation is repeated throughout most of life on a monthly basis. Sometimes bleeding is possible in the middle of the menstrual cycle. Their appearance can hide various reasons. The task of the woman in this case is the timely detection of the violation and the prompt treatment to the doctor if bleeding occurs between the months. After examining and diagnosing the causes of intermenstrual bleeding, the attending physician prescribes the necessary treatment to the patient. A woman’s health is the result of her responsibility not only to herself, but also to her children and family. Each woman is intended by nature to continue her own kind, therefore the observance of the rules of a healthy lifestyle and control over the processes occurring in the body should be an integral part of all the fair sex.
Why instead of menstruation can be daub?
For women, it is considered acceptable that during menstruation certain types of discharge appear from the vagina, however, it is necessary to distinguish between the discharge is quite positive from signs indicating a certain disease. To normal discharge from the female body can be attributed to small transparent clots that are released from the menstrual blood and do not cause inconvenience.
However, the presence of brown discharge during the menstrual cycle. In this case, be sure to visit a gynecologist for check.
The cause of dabs can be endometritis. In this disease, brown discharge may appear at the very beginning and at the end of menstruation. It is also possible their appearance, accompanied by a pulling pain in the lower abdomen and a sharp, unpleasant smell in the middle of the cycle.
Also a very common cause of brown discharge can bepolyp in the uterus of a womanwhich is formed as a result of hormonal abnormalities in the body.
The true causes of daub before menstruation
Each woman attentive to her health will pay attention to the appearance of vaginal brown discharge before the monthly cycle. The truth is that daub is not the norm. A few days before the menstruation or immediately in front of them, the appearance of the daub stumps women. What is it? Features of the body or a certain disease makes itself felt?
The exact answer will give only examination by a gynecologist after conducting laboratory and instrumental examinations.
Main factorsThe premenstrual brown secretions that can cause are:
- contraception. Ointment that occurs while taking oral contraceptives (jess, yarin, etc.) is a consequence of changes in hormonal levels and the adaptation of a woman's body to these changes. About 30–40 percent of women have brown discharge in the first 3 months from the start of taking contraceptives, and in 5–10 percent of women thus protecting themselves from unwanted pregnancy, the adaptation of the body can last up to six months. Due to hormonal contraceptive pills, bloody discharge may occur not only before the regulatives, but also after them and in the middle of the menstrual cycle.
- daub in front of regulations It may be an undesirable consequence of using the IUD as a contraceptive,
- a disease such as endometriosis, is one of the most common causes of brown discharge,
- variant of the cause of bloody premenstrual discharge may be benign neoplasm in the uterus - endometrial polyp. In addition to smear, signs of a polyp in the uterus can be attributed to pain in the pelvis, with a cramping character, and menstrual disorders.
And other factors the appearance of premenstrual discharge and prevent the sad consequences in some cases can only timely medical intervention.
Monthly passed, daub started - what could it be?
Brown discharge in the last days of menstruation is the norm, in the event that menstruation lasts a total no more than 7 days. If the “daub” is longer, then it is quite possible that the causes of this are some very unpleasant and dangerous diseases, such as endometritis, endometriosis or endometrial hyperplasia. In healthy women, such secretions after regulation may occur due to taking oral hormonal contraceptives.
Another physiological cause of discharge after menstruation can be implantation in the uterine wall of the embryoabout a week or ten days after ovulation.
However, in this case it is possible to make a definite diagnosis only after gynecological consultation .
What causes a daub in the middle of a cycle?
Small brown secretions that may occur 3–7 days after menstruation are quite common. The appearance of daub in this case indicates that your the egg cell is ready for fertilization.
If the intensity of discharge increases and their duration is more than three daysneed no time lost visit a gynecologist . BUT in case of severe bleeding - immediately call an ambulance .
Why is there a daub in early pregnancy?
In the early stages of pregnancy may be observed bleeding, which is very frightening future mothers. It happens that they appear in the days when the regulators should have come.
If the discharge is not painful and short, then there is nothing to fear. It is also not dangerous for the woman and the fetus is not abundant and short-term discharge, which are associated with attachment of the ovum to the wall of the uterus. That is, if more than one week has passed since fertilization.
However, in any case, the appearance of brown and any other secretions should be told to the doctor who is observing you, he will be able to determine the nature and cause of the discharge.
If right now you have no real opportunity to visit the gynecological office, tell the doctor at least by phone about your condition.
Can there be a daub in the reception urozhestana or duphaston?
In the early stages of pregnancy, future bleeding may be unsettling. If the term of conception is no more than 7-10 daysthen it may be an adaptation of the organism to a new state, as was discussed earlier.
However, daub may be sign of beginning miscarriage or reduce hormonal background at the beginning of pregnancy. Do not be lazy, ask for help in the antenatal clinic.
Experts, after carrying out the necessary examination, may recommend to take drugs duphaston or urrogestan, which are necessary in case of revealing a low level of progesterone hormones in the future mother's body or prophylactic to save pregnancy.
During the reception of these drugs occur small smearing brown color, which should soon cease. Otherwise, you are again worth see a doctor .
Dirty after sex - is it normal or not?
After intercourse, a woman may have small bleeding. The reasons for the appearance of such spotting or small bleeding can be various factors: mechanical damage or microtrauma during sex, various types of erosion and polypsinflammatory diseases such as vaginitis, cystitis, cervicitis, sexually transmitted diseases, as well as various diseases that are not associated with sexual intercourse.
In addition, after sex, bleeding may appear due to наличия небольшого количества крови в сперме партнера.
The causes and factors that may lead to the appearance of brown vaginal discharge, weight and, unfortunately, not all of them are the physiological norm.
Therefore, lovely women, in order to protect their health and avoid the negative effects of such secretions, do not hesitate consult your gynecologist .
Only a specialist, after carrying out the necessary examinations, based on the results of analyzes, will be able to deliver you diagnosis and exact cause the emergence of this unpleasant phenomenon.
When is it the norm
Normally, when the period ended, no bleeding in the middle of the cycle should be. Only at the beginning of the next menstruation may discharge with blood, which indicates the arrival of menstruation.
But each organism is individual and in some cases bloody daub does not belong to pathological conditions and is the norm.
It is quite normal if discharge with blood appears:
- Before monthly discharge,
- Accordingly, two days after menstruation,
- Bloody daub between menstruation is manifested against the background of hormonal drugs,
- During the first in the life of a girl sex (meaning the gap of the hymen), and perhaps this situation will happen again in the next two intimate relationships,
- After a stormy night of love. In this case, smearing with blood may occur after sex, if the woman is not fully excited, the lubricant is not allocated in the required amount. Due to friction, microcracks formed on the walls of the vagina, which began to bleed,
When it turns pathology
The following situations should be a reason for contacting a specialist:
- Discharges between periods occur every time after intercourse,
- Bleeding before menstruation, which are not related to hormonal disorders of a woman (they are determined by additional symptoms: irritation, sleep disturbances, like),
- Daub blood appeared, while the girl does not accept any hormonal agents,
- In addition to bloody daub, other symptoms of the disease appear before menstruation: itching, burning in the perineal region, body temperature rises, the abdomen pulls or hurts. Disturbed by discomfort during intimate relationships or when urinating,
- It starts to bleed after menopause, when there are no monthly periods for more than a year.
Why does this situation arise
If blood bleeding occurs between the months and they clearly do not belong to the norm, you should visit a female doctor.
He will diagnose which particular type of bleeding a specific case applies to and will prescribe a treatment.
Conventionally, gynecologists distinguish between two types of blood discharge between periods:
Uterine bleeding can occur for the following reasons:
- Endometritis is an inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus. Quite often, this disease is sexually transmitted and characterized by blood secretions.
- Endometriosis is characterized by the proliferation of the functional layer of the uterus beyond its limits.
- Uterine fibroids are benign growths that can manifest as bleeding between menstruation.
- Polyps. The causes of polyps have not been fully proven, but they can be born both inside the uterus and on the cervix. The symptoms of this problem may be different: pain in the lower abdomen, infertility, bloody daub. They can be detected by a doctor in a gynecological chair when examined by a patient, if they are of the external type. Or be detected during colposcopy, hysteroscopy, ultrasound - with hidden types.
- Tumors in the field of appendages. Such problems are accompanied by additional pain in the back and abdomen, regular bleeding, low blood pressure, dizziness.
- The cause of bleeding before menstruation can be an ectopic pregnancy. In addition to this symptom, the following symptoms appear: pain from the ovary, which is progressive in nature, which can give into the anus of a woman. Such a case requires an immediate appeal for help, because it can have serious consequences.
- Bloody bloody drops after sex or between menstruation may occur due to cervical erosion. It is very easy to detect on examination at the gynecologist, a woman she does not cause any discomfort, except bloody daub. This disease is dangerous because it can develop into cervical cancer.
- Cervical and uterine cancer. Here and so everything is clear, the situation is not accepting postponement of the visit to the doctor.
Blood discharge between menstruation may occur due to a non-gynecological nature:
- Hypothyroidism is characterized by decreased thyroid function. In addition to uterine bleeding, irritability, fatigue or constant fatigue may occur.
- Also the cause of uterine bleeding can be cirrhosis of the liver.
- Urethral prolapse.
- Malfunctions of the cardiovascular system (hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and others).
- Some diseases of infectious origin: influenza, sepsis, measles, typhoid fever.
- Diseases of the hematopoietic system: hemophilia, low levels of vitamin C and K, like.
Blood smear between menstruation may occur in the first three months against the background of using contraceptive drugs: a plaster, an intrauterine device, a hormonal ring, and others.
If a woman does not use such remedies, intermenstrual bleeding is caused by completely different reasons:
- If a woman uses estrogen, as a component of any products, food supplements or medicines. Here we are talking about the failure of the hormonal background.
- Emergency hormonal drugs from unwanted pregnancy also cause bleeding before menstruation.
- Intrauterine device, which does not fit the body of a woman.
- The inflammatory process in the genital organs caused by genital infections.
- Spotting before menstruation can cause internal injuries of the reproductive organs.
- Hormonal disorders (hyperprolactinemia, progesterone deficiency).
- Polycystic ovary,
- Inaccurate gynecological examinations can damage internal matter and cause blood-smelling discharge before menstruation.
- External factors: stressful situations, strong shock, climate change and more.
During normal operation of the body and the urogenital system, in particular, vaginal discharge have a light whitish sometimes with a yellowish tint. They should not have any foreign smell. The consistency is a thick liquid or mucus. Healthy discharge does not cause discomfort, burning and itching.
How much normal should be allocated to the secret concept of the individual. Excretions increase with sexual arousal, as well as in the middle of the menstrual cycle, when the body prepares for fertilization. A peculiar reorganization of the organism takes place, the hormonal background changes, under the influence of which an increase in secreted secretion occurs. This is how ovulation manifests itself in women of childbearing age. This period lasts an average of 1-2 days.
Vaginal discharge during and after intercourse are also considered normal. The secreted fluid promotes comfortable sex, protects the body from possible infections and bacteria. Pink daub can be a sign of embryo insertion into the uterine cavity.
In addition, discharge is normal in pregnant women. Especially hard they stand out in the first weeks after conception, as well as before childbirth, when the hormones are going through the biggest changes. Thus, the body is protected from infection and protects the fetus from negative effects.
Deviations from the norm
If daub after menstruation is accompanied by an unpleasant smell and change color, such a manifestation may indicate the development of various disorders. First of all, the selection changes color and consistency in infectious gynecological diseases. The main reasons include three major illnesses:
When pathogenic microorganisms are exposed to certain conditions, they begin to multiply causing an inflammatory process. This is facilitated by hypothermia, weakened immunity, hormonal failure.
During the reproduction of the Candida fungus, the discharge becomes white and has a cheesy texture. They are accompanied by itching and burning, which cannot be tolerated. Without timely treatment, thrush can damage the mucous membrane and the vagina with ulcers and cracks.
If the inflammatory process is provoked by gardnerella, then the discharge becomes grayish or green and has the smell of fish. Without treatment, a black daub may appear and it will scare the woman in earnest. Especially pronounced symptoms pass before menstruation or after sex.
Without treatment of fungal infections, as well as due to endocrine disorders, untreated inflammatory processes in the vaginal mucosa, colpitis develops. It is also provoked by sexually transmitted infections, papilloma viruses or herpes.
The characteristic change in vaginal discharge is forced to consult a doctor, and the results of tests and smear can be used to determine exactly what caused the abnormalities.
Causes of normal discharge
To determine whether the discharge is the norm or symptom of abnormalities, you need to understand what the secreted secrets are.
Vaginal discharge consists of:
- particles of epithelial cells, which exfoliate from the walls of the vagina and cervix for natural reasons,
- cervical mucus,
- vaginal secretions microflora,
In women of childbearing age, the vaginal microflora consists of bacteria that, during normal functioning of the body, do not affect the reproductive function and do not cause harm. But the slightest change can provoke the multiplication of these microbes, and cause inflammation. Therefore, when the first changes in consistency, smell or color of discharge, it is important to consult a specialist to prevent the development of the disease.
When the months have passed, and the daub is not left to worry, residues and lumps of epithelial cells can come out a week later, along with a natural secret.
Fermented milk and lactobacilli that inhabit the vagina, can discharge a slightly noticeable sour smell. This phenomenon is rare and usually goes away by itself, there are no reasons for experiencing.
Causes of daubs
Vaginal discharge may become not only white or greenish, but also become brown or even red. You should not confuse them with regular menstruation, because they occur after or before menstruation, and sometimes in the middle of the cycle.
Immediately say that brown daub after menstruation is not a pathology. The causes of appearance can be many and some of them are completely natural and are not pathological. Consider two types of discharge:
The most dangerous pathology, which speaks of serious violations. The color of the discharge can vary from dirty brown to dark and light red liquid. The amount depends on the severity of the disease. At the initial stage, daub instead of menstruation or in front of them may not cause concern, but soon the situation worsens and the blood cannot be stopped without the intervention of specialists.
There are several reasons for bleeding from the uterus:
- inflammation of the appendages and lining of the uterus,
- cervical erosion,
- malignant tumors
All these diseases require immediate treatment, not to happen so that they can go away by themselves. Even a few days of delay can lead to death or no less dangerous consequences.
Minor daub after menstruation may be after sex and, mixed with the secret to have a pinkish tint. If during intercourse there were no microtraumas of the vagina, then such regular discharge suggests violations.
Uterine bleeding in most cases is pain, there are also other characteristic symptoms, but sometimes, except for bleeding, there are no symptoms. How to stop a daub or bleeding knows only a specialist. Many women can stop bleeding with folk remedies, but in this way they can only harm and bring down the menstrual cycle that has begun.
They are considered normal when they can begin several days before and after menstruation, when taking oral contraceptives and the presence of a spiral. Ointment due to the restructuring of the body and changes in hormonal levels. But if after 3 months, the signs do not go away, it is necessary to consult a doctor, apparently, this method of contraception is simply not suitable for a woman. In addition, unwanted body reactions may occur.
If the cause is in the presence of a helix, then the discharge with blood may be the wrong way to install it.
Sudden detachment of the endometrium can also be triggered by emergency contraception. A woman, fearing to become pregnant, takes measures after unprotected intercourse. To do this, use specialized drugs that have a negative effect on hormones and the endometrium. A daub between months can be more abundant than expected, and can last several days and smear more than necessary.
Disrupt the work of the reproductive system can thyroid disease, failure in hormone production by the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. Beginning changes may not manifest at first, then the spotting secret becomes permanent throughout the month.
A large role is played by the psychological state of a woman. Dirty before menstruation can be the result of emotional shock, stress or high physical exertion, or even a change of stop.
But for women leading active sex life bloody daub during intercourse or daub before menstruation is the result of a gross impact. Bleeding is nothing like damage to the mucous membranes, soft tissues, external or internal genital organs.
Other secretions may be the result of infection due to neglect of personal hygiene. If daubing has begun, but there are no menstrual periods, then only a gynecologist after the examination can help. It is necessary to pass inspection regularly, even if nothing disturbs. It is better to go for a checkup after the menstruation is over.
As already found, the causes of any types of bleeding before menstruation may be completely different. Almost any of them requires immediate treatment to the doctor.
To establish an accurate diagnosis at the reception at the gynecologist will be carried out the following diagnostic picture:
- Oral story of a woman about rejection,
- Gynecological examination on the chair,
- Ultrasound of the hip area,
- Colposcopy - this procedure has already been mentioned. It is with the help of a colposcope that you can see the cervix in a multiple, enthusiastic size. During colposcopy, the doctor may take a piece of the affected area of the cervix to determine the development of cancer at an early stage (biopsy).
- Hysteroscopy. It allows using a thin instrument to insert an optical device through the vagina into the uterine cavity and then inspect all parts of the uterus. Most often, this procedure helps to detect polyps, endometriosis and so on.
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