The problem with the delay of critical days can touch any woman. Stressful situations, change of the city, pathology on the gynecological part or changes in the diet can cause such a condition. In such cases, doctors often prescribe Progesterone injections to trigger menstruation.
This hormone has a direct effect on the duration of the menstrual period, it is able to regulate the process. How does this happen? After the introduction of synthetic progesterone with a delay, injections sharply raise the level of the hormone in the body, which after a while drops sharply, and as a result, critical days begin.
Many women decide to start self-treatment in the absence of menstruation for a long time. They use folk remedies, buy medicines, without consulting with the attending doctor. This can not be done, any treatment should begin after inspection and testing. Self-therapy with progesterone with a delay or other means further exacerbates the imbalance of female hormones.
The delay usually indicates the occurrence of pregnancy. A woman buys a test, but it shows 1 strip. Of course, the question immediately arises: "Why is there no monthly periods?"
The main reasons for the lack of critical days (CD):
- MC without ovulation and development of the corpus luteum,
- lack of ovulation with the presence of a dominant follicle in the appendage,
- presence of a cyst on the appendage or in the corpus luteum,
- hypofunction of the corpus luteum.
Such conditions are formed due to an overabundance of estrogen, which leads to a deficiency of progesterone. The result is pathological changes in the internal mucous layer of the uterus, it does not go through all the stages of development so that full monthly uterine bleeding begins. To come CD, you need to increase the concentration of progesterone. Therefore, progesterone injections are prescribed for a delay or pills.
To call monthly Progesterone before you need to be examined, donate blood. The doctor must determine the amount of the hormone, determine the phase of the MC. Such information is necessary for the doctor to calculate the exact dosage of the drug.
Indications for injection:
- In case of anemia during the period of gestation, the course of treatment is 10 days.
- Pain syndrome in CD. The duration of treatment does not exceed 7 days.
- Prescribes progesterone injections and to call monthly.
- The drug in any form prescribed to pregnant women to prevent miscarriage, and with a low content of the hormone in the bloodstream when carrying a fetus.
Monthly and progesterone are interrelated. Without a sufficient amount of hormone CD will not occur. To prevent the occurrence of side effects, the doctor prescribes the dosage of the drug. After measuring the concentration of the hormone, the attending doctor chooses at what concentration the medication should be prescribed to the patient: 1%, 2%, 2.5%.
The injection solution is administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously. Before using the ampoule is slightly heated in the hands or in a water bath to 40 ° C. If crystals are noticeable, then the medicine is kept in a water bath until they are completely dissolved.
Since critical days may be absent for various reasons, the treatment regimens differ. Before calling for monthly progesterone with amenorrhea begin treatment with drugs containing the hormone estrogen. It should provoke the proliferation of the inner uterine lining.
Only then enter Progesterone to cause monthly. The drug is used according to a specific scheme. How to cause monthly progesterone for amenorrhea? The drug begins to be administered immediately after the course of estrogen. Prick 5 mg daily or 10 ml every other day. The duration of therapy is 6-8 days.
If the MC is abnormal, while the woman notes severe pain in the lower abdomen, injections of this drug are also prescribed. Injections of Progesterone 2.5% to call the monthly help to get rid of pain, the drug does not just reduce the severity, but completely eliminates the pain.
Progesterone in the ampoules to call for menstruation with anemia is prescribed after undergoing an appropriate course of treatment. The duration of therapy is no more than 10 days, at least 6 days should be injected, and the dose of 1% solution is about 1 ml.
Progesterone injections for calling menstruation is used, if the CD does not occur within 40 days, and the test shows a negative result. If the delay is less than 5 days, the medication is not treated. Hormone therapy in the absence of CD lasts from 1 to 2 weeks, you can assign injections or tablets.
Progesterone 2.5% for calling monthly instruction:
- injections are made in phase 2 of the MC,
- an injection is put daily, it is necessary to choose one time in order not to disturb the order,
- Injection should be carried out in a dose of 1 ml of 1% or 0.5 ml of 2.5%.
An important condition is that only a medical worker knows how to prick Progesterone during a delay in menstruation, it is recommended to either clarify how to do it yourself or come to the manipulation room daily for the procedure. It is better if the nurse makes the injection, because if the solution is not properly administered, complications can occur.
Some women have to travel to hospital for too long, there is no possibility to go to hospital for inpatient treatment, or there are other good reasons because of which Progesterone injections have to be done at home. To avoid the development of complications, the injection is done according to a certain pattern.
Progesterone injections for calling menstruation - instructions for use at home:
- the ampoule with solutions is warmed up in the hands,
- then wash their hands and put on medical gloves, you can ordinary - not sterile,
- the base of the ampoule before opening and the site of the solution is wiped with alcohol (use different tampons),
- Now you can fill the syringe with medicine and let the air out.
- Medication Progesterone injected into the upper part of the buttock, keeping the needle at a right angle.
After the procedure, cotton is applied to the place of injection to be moistened with alcohol so as not to carry the infection and stop the blood.
Women are interested in: "On what day do menstruation begin after progesterone injections?" The duration of drug therapy based on a synthetic hormone analogue depends on the characteristics of the woman's body. Therefore, do not recklessly use the medicine, without medical advice.
Monthly after progesterone injections should go after 3 days. Some have to go through a full course of 2 weeks to call a cd.
What if after the injection there is no CD?
It happens that the monthly did not come after Progesterone. In any case, the scheme and duration of treatment prescribed by the doctor should be followed. After it ends, if there is no menstruation, and progesterone is low, an additional examination of the woman is carried out.
In the absence of pathological conditions, a second course of treatment is prescribed. If the doctor revealed a disease, first carry out a complex therapy of the problem, then prescribe hormonal drugs, if critical days have not come and the concentration of progesterone in the blood is lowered.
The drug has good efficacy. The high demand for medicine confirms this. However, not all women can use Progesterone injections for calling menstruation, the reviews of which are almost all positive.
Contraindications to the use of drugs:
- impaired liver function
- benign or malignant breast tumors,
- venous thrombosis,
- cases of epilepsy in history
- disorders of the cardiovascular system.
Drug injections should also not be given for diabetes mellitus and depression. If spouses are planning to conceive, Progesterone use should be limited.
Injections of Progesterone in the absence of CD can cause post-injection abscess. It is characterized by purulent inflammation deep in the muscle tissue. Therapy of the disease is carried out only by surgery.
It is also possible the formation of oleomas, pressure jumps, rapid pulse, headaches and migraines, decreased libido, weight gain, dizziness. An overdose of medication in the body causes edema, shortness of breath, and an allergic reaction is possible.
Women using Progesterone for delaying menstruation (injections), the reviews leave mostly positive. They note that the long-awaited menstruation comes on the 5–6th day of use.
According to reviews of Progesterone for the call of menstruation, it can be concluded that the medication is better to be administered intramuscularly and not subcutaneously. This is due to the fact that the pain syndrome is less pronounced with the intramuscular injection of the solution for injection.
The synthetic analogue of the hormone is also produced by other pharmaceutical factories, under a different name. Before using the following drugs, you should consult a doctor. Their use is possible with a delay of menstruation, is prescribed instead of the drug Progesterone, or, if necessary, to conduct a second course of treatment.
Instead of the drug Progesterone in the absence of critical days for a long time, patients are prescribed the following drugs containing a synthetic analogue of progesterone:
The reason for the delay can be either a shortage or an overabundance of hormones. In any case, you will need to donate blood, undergo an ultrasound examination.
Table. The use of analogues of the drug Progesterone.
Properly chosen treatment with the correct dose of medication allows gradually launching all the mechanisms of the MC, and provoking the appearance of critical days, but this can only be done by the doctor knowing the peculiarities of the woman’s body.
Why is menstruation missing
Before using any medicinal substance, you should make sure that it is necessary for this patient. If a woman's menstruation did not start on time, then first you need to exclude the possibility of such a cause of the cycle violation as the development of pregnancy. If such a probability exists, then the fastest way to confirm such an assumption is to make a pregnancy test. With his positive result, especially if it will be confirmed when examined by a gynecologist, it does not make sense to wait for the menstrual bleeding to start. Injections in this case will not help. It will be necessary to make a decision about the pregnancy or its termination.
If for certain reasons pregnancy development is not expected to be meaningful, or a pregnancy test showed a negative result, and monthly bleeding does not start in a timely manner, a visit to the antenatal clinic is necessary. In addition to the gynecological examination, the doctor in this case will recommend to undergo an ultrasound examination and to pass a number of clinical tests, including blood for the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin. Only after this will the question of prescribing etiotropic therapy be decided.
It may be asked why go to the doctor. After all, you can make injections with progesterone yourself. This should not be done. Independently it is difficult to determine the cause of menstrual irregularities, and any incompetent impact on a woman’s body can lead to the development of hormonal imbalance, which will further worsen the patient’s general health.
A drug like Progesterone is, in principle, considered harmless. However, its incorrect application may further provoke instability of the flow of menstruation. In addition, it can cause various problems with conception in the future.
Why monthly bleeding may not occur on time in the absence of pregnancy? You need to know that the synthesis of all hormones in the body is strictly controlled. Management of this process is carried out by the brain, or rather its following sections:
They give a signal about what kind of hormone should be produced at one time or another, determine the amount it needs at the moment for the human body. The signal is transmitted to the organs of the endocrine system, which include the ovaries of women, and they accurately carry out the incoming command.
A similar process is carried out without interruption in a healthy body, but under the influence of various causes it can be disrupted. They may not necessarily be diseases. The development of the pathology of the menstrual cycle may be triggered by the presence of stressful situations, hanged by physical exertion, which may not be associated with work activity.
What is a drug
Therapy is prescribed by a gynecologist. However, the question arises, what is this drug substance. Will the intake of Progesterone cause adverse effects on the woman's body?
By its nature, Progesterone belongs to the gestagens and is normally produced in the body of a healthy woman by the corpus luteum of the ovaries. In addition to the ovaries, the hormone is also produced by the adrenal cortex. This biologically active substance stimulates the beginning of the secretory stage in the area of the mucous tissue of the uterine cavity. When the egg is fertilized, this hormone prepares the uterus to receive the embryo, fix it in the uterine cavity and then develop it. With an insufficient amount of progesterone, the probability of successful fertilization of the egg and the subsequent development of the fetus is quite low.
Indications for use
To prescribe therapy in violation of the monthly cycle of this drug, the doctor must know the level of hormone in the patient's body, the phase of the menstrual cycle in which it is at the time of therapy. This is necessary to calculate the exact dose of medication.
If we talk about the indications for the use of Progesterone drugs for artificially causing menstrual bleeding in a woman, these are various pathological conditions that are associated with menstrual disorders or problems that have arisen in a pregnant patient. The indications are as follows:
- The drug can be recommended for the formation of anemia during gestation. In this case, the treatment is carried out with a course of injections for 10 days.
- The instruction emphasizes that Progesterone can be applied even in the presence of significant pain syndrome accompanying monthly bleeding. In this case, the course of therapy does not exceed 1 week.
- Progesterone in a timely manner can prevent the development of spontaneous abortion in early pregnancy (it can be prescribed no later than the third month of gestation).
- The development of uterine bleeding can be the reason for the use of this medication.
- With a low level of content in the bloodstream of progesterone during gestation.
- Progesterone is recommended for calling monthly bleeding in the second phase of the cycle.
How to apply "Progesterone"
The required dose and frequency of administration of this drug must be determined by the attending physician on the basis of the clinical manifestations of the pathology and the laboratory-detected levels of the hormone progesterone in the patient's blood. Let us designate approximate treatment regimens of various conditions.
If a patient develops uterine bleeding as a result of dysfunctional disruption of the ovaries, Progesterone injections are given daily for a week. If a woman with a diagnostic or therapeutic purpose has been scraped, then the prescription of this drug is delayed by an average of 3 weeks. However, in some cases, Progesterone for a short time can provoke increased bleeding. After the cessation of bleeding, Progesterone treatment continues for another week. In the case when such therapy, which lasts for a week, does not bring a positive result, the drug is canceled.
Assign progesterone to call for menstruation with amenorrhea - prolonged absence of periodic bleeding. In this case, the course of therapy begins with the preliminary use of various drugs containing estrogen. This is done in order to provoke a significant proliferation of the endometrium in the uterine cavity. Then, to call for bleeding, Progesterone is administered by injection, the procedure is performed every day for a week.
In case of violation of the monthly cycle, in the presence of severe pain with cyclic periods, it is also advisable to use Progesterone injections. He is able to reduce the intensity of pain, and in some cases completely eliminate them. As a rule, several courses of therapy are prescribed with the beginning of it 8 days before the expected period of monthly bleeding. Therapeutic doses of drugs are administered daily until the beginning of the regul. In the case when the menstrual cycle disorder is caused by underdevelopment of the uterus, a course of progesterone therapy is conducted, and then it is combined with estrogen-containing medications.
The effect of medication on pregnancy
Some patients believe that the use of a course of progesterone injections or the intake of its tablet analogue can cause termination of pregnancy in the early stages. Насколько такое предположение правильное? Прогестерон при задержке месячных в результате беременности не способен спровоцировать ее прерывание.It is even used in the later stages to prevent fetal death. True, in rare cases, the admission, and then the abolition of progesterone can cause bleeding. But the probability of the development of a complete abortion even in this case is quite small.
For the so-called medical abortion completely different medications are used. By the mechanism of action, they are progesterone antagonists and are not available for free sale to the pharmacy chain. This service is provided only by specialized medical institutions.
It should be noted that whatever goals are pursued, any prescription not only for Progesterone, but also for any hormonal drug, must be done by a doctor.
Only a specialist is able to correctly calculate the daily and single dosage, to determine the duration of the course of therapy. In addition, during treatment, the patient will have to periodically donate blood to control the content of this hormone in the bloodstream. Based on this, the attending physician will be able to adjust the treatment if necessary.
What is progesterone?
Before you understand whether progesterone is needed to call for menses, you need to determine what this hormone is, and where and how it is produced. Progesterone is a female hormone of the steroid type.
It is produced by the corpus luteum of the ovary, the placenta, and the adrenal glands. A particular part of the brain called the pituitary gland is responsible for making this hormone. Its production depends on the menstrual cycle of the fair sex. Its number increases dramatically after ovulation, in the second phase of the cycle. If a woman becomes pregnant, the amount of progesterone in the blood usually increases up to ten times.
Menstrual cycle and progesterone
Progesterone is a very important hormone, as it largely controls the activity of the female body. It is he who contributes to the preparation for conception and the process of carrying a child. How it develops depends on its production, as well as the birth process itself. However, this hormone is needed not only for pregnant women. After all, it regulates the flow of the menstrual cycle. Its disadvantage is capable of provoking a cycle failure. That is why progesterone is often prescribed by gynecologists to their patients to call for periods and normalize them.
Causes of cycle failure
Failures of the menstrual cycle in women never occur by themselves. Usually they are caused by the following reasons:
- the occurrence of stressful situations
- abrupt climate change,
- poor diet, accompanied by prolonged starvation,
- the presence of diseases of the female reproductive system.
If the delay arose as a result of a change in climatic conditions, then you should not worry about it. Usually the cycle returns to normal by itself in a few weeks.
But if failures have arisen as a result of prolonged emotional stress, then in this case, restoring the cycle will not be such a simple task. To do this, you will have to visit a specialist and follow all his recommendations. Consider, delays are directly related to emotional stress, as the woman's body says that at this moment her health is under threat, which means it is very dangerous to create conditions conducive to successful conception.
Today, progesterone shots to call for menses are used very often. This method is really very effective, and contributes to the establishment of the hormonal background of the female body. However, it is very important not only to undergo treatment, regularly using medication, but also to adjust their lives. Namely, begin to eat right, play sports, get rid of bad habits and factors that trigger the development of stressful states.
Instructions for progesterone shots to call the monthly: dosage selection
Usually, a delay in injection of progesterone is used. The drug is administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously.
If the tool is used to normalize the amount of menstrual flow, as well as to relieve pain, the recommended dose of the drug is usually about 1 ml of the active substance per day. In this case, the treatment should last about a week.
In order to get rid of the pain, doctors recommend stabbing the remedy a week before the onset of critical days, repeating such a procedure for several months.
Progesterone 2.5% for calling monthly is usually prescribed if the patient has long delays. In this case, the course of treatment will be chosen by the doctor, depending on the reasons for which this phenomenon occurred.
Usually menstruation begins within a few days after the injection.
When can the product not be used?
Of course, injections containing progesterone are very effective, and can cause menstrual bleeding in a very short time. However, hormonal drugs can be very dangerous and have a negative impact on women's health. Consider in what cases it is strictly forbidden to take this tool:
- in the presence of malignant tumors in the breast and reproductive system,
- in the presence of problems with the liver and serious diseases of the cardiovascular system, as well as diabetes,
- It can not be used by women suffering from thrombosis, epilepsy, prolonged depression, and migraines.
Is undesirable reactions possible?
Consider the improper and inappropriate use of this drug may lead to serious consequences. Therefore, in any case, do not self-medicate. The doctor can only select the dosage and also prescribe treatment after passing special tests. Most often, women notice the occurrence of undesirable effects such as:
- decrease in sexual desire
- abnormal liver function, accompanied by vomiting, nausea, as well as a change in skin tone,
- pain in the area of the mammary glands,
- the occurrence of depression, accompanied by headaches,
- spotting vagina.
In some cases, after undergoing a course of treatment with progester-containing drugs, women are worried about the fact that menstruation does not occur. However, most often this phenomenon is considered normal. Menstruation will be felt in a couple of months. However, if this does not happen, be sure to go through a course of additional surveys.
How to cause menstruation?
Instructions and reviews of progesterone for calling menstruation confirm that such an injection method of treatment really works. However, note that if critical days are delayed by only a few days, it is not necessary to prick hormones. In this case, they will do more harm than good. Also be sure to do a pregnancy test. After all, it is possible to wait for the baby and provoked a delay. In this case, the purchased test at the pharmacy is not enough. With a long delay, be sure to go to the hospital.
If, nevertheless, the doctor discovered hormonal changes, he can give you injections containing progesterone. If the patient has minimal hormonal disorders, then four to five shots will suffice. But for severe disorders, doctors usually prescribe a course of six to ten injections, which are administered daily, once a day.
How to normalize hormonal background
Instructions and reviews of progesterone injections to call for menstruation confirm that the tool really does its job well. However, medication alone is not enough. It is very important to change your lifestyle. Only in this case, you can adjust the hormonal state.
Be sure to pay attention to food. To increase progesterone in the body, doctors recommend including animal products, including eggs, in the diet. They contain cholesterol and amino acids necessary for the natural synthesis of hormones in the body.
It is also very important to fully relax and get enough sleep. Teach yourself to go to bed and wake up at the same time of day. Thus, your body will not only be full of strength, but also able to fight depression.
Stop using alcohol products, and quit smoking. Instead, start actively playing sports.
Opinions of doctors about the preparations containing synthetic progesterone are more positive. Such drugs do cause menstruation, but one course of treatment is not always enough. It is very important which way of life the patient leads. After all, after stopping the medication, everything can return to their circles. That is why it is very important to monitor your health.
Patients are also pleased with the effect that occurs when using progesterone. After undergoing a course of treatment, the periods occur after a few days. However, it is very important not to self-medicate, otherwise you will only worsen the condition. It is the treatment at home that often leads to undesirable reactions.
Only you are responsible for your health. Therefore, do your best to keep it in good condition. Failures of a hormonal nature can cause significant harm to your body, as well as cause that you simply will not have children. Therefore, visit the gynecologist in time, and for any abnormalities immediately proceed to treatment. Be healthy!
After a carefully selected vine of the drug is injected progesterone. In medical practice, an oil solution is used, based on natural almond or olive oils, with the hormone of synthetic origin contained therein. Produced by pharmaceutical companies in three concentrations: 1.0%, 2.0%, 2.5%.
Progesterone injections are carried out by intramuscular or subcutaneous injection. Manipulation is painful, but it is considered that if the ampule is slightly warmed in the hands, it will be less unpleasant. How exactly to make the injection will tell the doctor. But despite the recommendation of the doctor, most women choose the intramuscular route of administration, as it is less painful than subcutaneous.
Dosage and duration of therapy
As mentioned above, only the attending physician will be able to select the required dose after reviewing the results of the analysis, and, of course, the pathology for which treatment it is used. And, of course, you should first exclude the fact that a patient may become pregnant.
If the woman, or the girl has painful periods, the first injection should be made seven days before the expected menstrual bleeding with a 1% solution. After several cycles, repeated injections can be performed.
When excessive blood loss during menstruation, progesterone is injected for 6-8 days in a row.
Injections of progesterone for the call of menstruation are carried out for seven consecutive days with 1% or 2.5% solution, in a volume from 0.5 to 1.5 ml. There is also a pattern of alternating injections, that is, their introduction every other day. With this therapy, the woman's body chooses the hormone dose to start menstruation.
Every woman should take into account the fact that progesterone in their body may not behave as it should, and it all depends on her mood, general state of the body and individual characteristics.
The arrival of menstruation after injections
The main question that worries all women is “When will menstruation begin after therapy?”. If the lady has no associated pathologies and abnormalities, and progesterone was used to normalize the menstrual cycle, the bleeding develops on the third or fifth day after completing the course of hormone therapy.
If the monthly did not come, then you should immediately contact your doctor. After a thorough examination and additional tests, the doctor will identify a possible disease that will be treated in a different way. And if nothing is found, an additional course of hormones is prescribed, after which menstruation should begin.
But the body of each woman is individual, and accordingly, the reaction to the introduction of a synthetic hormone can be different, it usually affects the nature of menstrual bleeding.
In most cases, after the end of the course of treatment, there is a fairly meager spotting. This suggests that the drug had an effect on the body, but the level of the hubbub did not even out in sufficient quantities. Because of this, there is insufficient thickening of the endometrium, and as a result a small amount of menstrual flow.
Perhaps the development of a directly proportional situation, that is, too abundant discharge, but this phenomenon is very rare. In case of development of such a situation, an excessive proliferation of the endometrium occurs, and this indicates that the hormonal level has not evened out. This phenomenon usually occurs if the doctor chooses too low a concentration of a drug to treat.
And it is very rare to find the development of painful periods. But usually it is not associated with the action of progesterone, but in the end it turns out that the problem lies in the state of the reproductive organs of women.
Side effects after progesterone injection
With the wrong use of a hormonal drug may develop undesirable side effects. Usually, this situation occurs in the case of an incorrectly chosen dose of the drug, or simply by taking the drug yourself.
If a side effect develops, the dose of the drug should be adjusted, but if this does not help, then the drug should be canceled or replaced with another one.
The most frequently developing side effects include:
- decrease in sexual desire,
- unregulated blood pressure spikes,
- if you use progesterone every month, it is possible the accumulation of overweight,
- liver disorders,
- nausea, vomiting,
- skin pigmentation,
- breast discomfort,
- frequent headaches, migraine,
- unformed vaginal discharge.
As well as a possible side effect can be attributed to the fact that menstruation does not occur during several cycles of use of the drug, in such a situation it is necessary to conduct an ultrasound examination of the female reproductive organs. In the case of the development of one of the above effects, you should definitely consult with your doctor about further treatment strategies.
The functions of progesterone in the female body
There are two periods in a woman’s life when her body stops producing progesterone.
- This hormone is not produced in the body during the first two years after the onset of menstruation.
- The progestogen stops being produced during menopause.
Active production of progesterone is carried out by the corpus luteum, which is formed in the ovary before conception. When fertilizing an egg, the hormone is produced up to the 16th week of pregnancy. If fertilization was not, the production of progesterone is terminated due to the death of the corpus luteum. It is during this period that menstruation begins.
The level of the hormone can vary greatly depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle.
- The first phase is follicular. During this period, the level of progestogen is actively growing, reaching the highest rate by the time of ovulation. In the event of pregnancy, the concentration of the hormone in the blood becomes even higher, thus creating favorable conditions for the fertilized egg. If ovulation is not accompanied by pregnancy, the level of the hormone is reduced to its original value.
- The second phase - luteal with a duration of at least 10 days, occurs during fertilization of the egg. At this time, the hormone is working on preparing the uterus to carry a pregnancy. With a reduction in the duration of this phase, the endometrium of the uterus does not have time to prepare, and therefore pregnancy cannot occur.
Low progesterone in the early stages of pregnancy leads to spontaneous miscarriage. The reason for this is the inability of the ovum to consolidate in the uterus. For this reason, progesterone injections are often prescribed to help create a favorable environment for a fertilized egg.
The importance of progestogen for the female reproductive system is invaluable. Influencing ovulation allows a fertilized egg to gain a foothold on the wall of the uterus. When it is sufficiently developed, the intensity of contractions of the uterus muscles is reduced, which minimizes the probability of rejection of the ovum. Throughout pregnancy, progesterone prepares the mammary glands for milk production.
The standards of the concentration of progestogen
The level of sex hormone in women may vary depending on various factors. Therefore, the norms of its concentration in the blood of women in different phases of the menstrual cycle are given taking into account these fluctuations.
- The first follicular phase - the norm of the content of the progestogen varies in the range of 0.32-2.25 ml / l.
- The second luteal phase is 6.95-56.63 ml / l.
- При климаксе и в период постменопаузы — порядка 0,64 мл/л.
В период беременности уровень прогестерона равен следующим показателям:
- в первые три месяца беременности норма концентрации гестагена варьируется в пределах 8,9-468,5 мл/л,
- in the next three months, it is 71.5-303.2 ml / l,
- in the last trimester - 88.7-771.5 ml / l.
Progesterone Injection Cases
Women often have to deal with problems caused by dysfunction of the genital organs, especially during menopause.
As a rule, all of them are caused by insufficient production of progesterone, which can lead to the development of infertility, the onset of early menopause, or the inability to bear a child. The ability to influence ovulation makes progesterone injection an assistant to the beautiful half of humanity in finding the happiness of motherhood and alleviating the difficult female fate associated with the menstrual cycle, as well as its termination.
This drug has the following indications:
- amenorrhea - periods when menstruation is completely absent,
- anovulatory cycle in which the ovary does not come out of the egg,
- infertility or inability to endure pregnancy,
- painful menstruation,
- painful menstruation caused by the underdevelopment of the genitals,
- insufficient progesterone production, which was shown by the analysis,
How to inject
How to make progesterone injections so that the injection is not very painful? First of all, the instructions must be followed during the procedures.
Despite the fact that the injection can be administered either subcutaneously or intramuscularly, it is the second method that is preferred, since it allows to reduce pain. With subcutaneous administration, hematomas and induration are very often observed, but to make such an injection on their own is easier than intramuscular.
To avoid unpleasant consequences and enhance the effectiveness of the drug, before the introduction it must be kept at room temperature. If crystals are visible on the lumen in the ampoule, it should be heated in a water bath until all substances dissolve and then cooled in natural conditions.
Features of the use of progesterone during the delay of menstruation
Break the menstrual cycle can every woman of reproductive age. If there is no menstruation - this may indicate the presence of a gynecological disease or an unplanned pregnancy. However, after progesterone injections, menstruation comes, and after these same injections, a long-awaited pregnancy can occur.
It should be remembered that progesterone suppresses ovulation, therefore, progesterone injections to call for menses are made in the second phase of the menstrual cycle.
You should not resort to the use of hormonal drugs and prick progesterone with a delay of menstruation, if it is from 3 to 5 days. In this case, it is better to use traditional methods of treatment. If the delay is a month or more, then after a few injections, the periods should go.
List of progestin drugs
Currently, various drugs containing an artificial analogue of the hormone.
- Progesterone 2.5%. Forms of release - ampoules, tablets, gel and vaginal capsules.
- Utrozhestan is available in the form of tablets and vaginal capsules.
- Duphaston is a hormonal drug produced in pill form.
- Crinon - vaginal gel.
- Injest - ampoules for intramuscular injection.
It should be remembered that the uncontrolled use of hormonal drugs affects not only ovulation, it is not shown even during menopause, as it leads to the appearance of uncontrolled appetite, and later - to weight gain. In addition, progesterone may cause drowsiness, allergic reactions and venous insufficiency.
Progesterone to call monthly
Progesterone with delayed menstruation is prescribed quite often. This active ingredient, a synthetic hormone, is available in the form of a solution for injection and tablets. The first option is preferred by doctors of the old school. It is fast and reliable. But it is not necessary to prescribe progesterone yourself, even if the doctor once prescribed it to you in a similar situation. And that's why.
The reasons for the delay in menstruation may be in the onset of pregnancy. In this case, progesterone will not harm. However, with the aim of calling menstruation, he drinks or prickly according to an unfavorable scheme for the development of pregnancy - taken several days, then canceled. When progesterone to call for menses is canceled, bleeding begins after 2-7 days. If this is done during pregnancy, there may be a threat of miscarriage. During pregnancy, it should be taken only according to strict indications, if there is bloody discharge, pain. Moreover, to cancel the drugs can only be a few weeks, and do it gradually reducing the dosage.
When menstruation is delayed, progesterone and duphaston should be started to be taken only by making sure that the fertilized egg does not develop in the uterus. If menstruation is regular, the cycle of the usual length - 28-35 days, then on the first day of the delay you can do a test. The appearance of a fuzzy, but noticeable second strip of pink color should be regarded as a positive result. If there is a possibility and desire - you can take a blood test for HCG. This analysis shows the correct result even before the delay. But to visit a doctor for a gynecological examination is useless until the doctor can say for sure whether there is a pregnancy. The same ultrasound - in the first week of the delay, the ovum may not be found in the uterus.
It is all the more useless to try to find some signs of pregnancy in yourself, to measure the basal temperature, which, after conception, supposedly should stay at 37 and a little degrees. This is not always the case, depending on many factors.
If you are interested in how to prick progesterone to cause monthly during pregnancy, you have to upset you. When progesterone is discontinued, bleeding may occur, but there is a very small chance that a complete miscarriage will occur. For the purpose of abortion, another drug is taken - progesterone antagonist. But it is not available for sale. This service is provided by many clinics and is called medical abortion.
If you want to know how to cause monthly progesterone, if there is no pregnancy, it is better to find out from a doctor. It is usually enough to make three injections in a row for three days. Menstruation will begin in three days. And you can not prick and do not take, and wait a bit until you start an independent menstruation. You can wait up to about a month.