Over the course of a woman’s life cycle, her breasts undergo a series of dramatic changes. This applies to adolescence, when it is enhanced growth. The next stage is pregnancy and breastfeeding. The third period is the monthly menstrual cycle, namely its specific intervals before the start of menstruation, causing swelling of the mammary glands and soreness when touched. This is quite a common phenomenon, which is considered the norm.
About 95% of women experience these discomfort. Many simply do not pay attention to them, so the pain of this nature becomes familiar to them. Some, on the contrary, suffer from them and do not know how to reduce the pain that gives them a certain discomfort. But sometimes it can signal the pathological processes occurring in it. This article will help you to understand why your chest hurts before menstruation, when it is necessary to panic, and in which there is no cause for concern.
Causes of chest pain before menstruation
Breast pain before menstruation occurs for a number of reasons. Among them are the following:
- Do not worry if on the eve of the menstruation in the chest there was a pain of a pulling nature, and the chest itself suddenly increased in size. The hormone progesterone is to blame for everything. By increasing its concentration in the blood and these discomfort occur,
- Feeling breasts can be found under the skin of a small seal. The reason for their occurrence is a violation of hormonal levels. Edema of the tissues is caused by elevated blood levels of estrogen. This can lead to mastopathy. The chest becomes painful. Any touch to it causes new pain. Even wearing a bra becomes impossible,
- Pregnancy can also cause chest pain. Many do not even realize their position, seeing pain as a common occurrence before menstruation,
- Worst of all, when the cause of pain before menstruation is oncology. Cancer can thus give a bell about problems in the body. The main thing is not to miss the cause and not start the onset of the disease, but to visit the doctor. Continue to act on the circumstances
- Oral contraceptives can also cause swelling and pain in the chest. Hormones contained in drugs can affect not only ovulation, but also on the mammary gland. If taking these drugs causes discomfort, you should replace them with any other that is more suitable for you.
- Hormonal balance is lost in the presence of infectious diseases of the genitourinary sphere,
- Abortion, irregular sex life,
- Frequent stress and strain
- Excess weight, coupled with a sedentary lifestyle,
- Abuse of coffee drinks.
How many days before menstruation begins to hurt the chest
There is no single answer to this question. Every woman has everything happening individually. One may not even have a sore chest before the onset of menstruation, and she has no idea that this is possible. In another woman, a week or even earlier, the first signals of the forthcoming menstruation may appear in the form of painful sensations when touching the mammary glands.
You can go the other way and try to make an independent calculation of the menstrual cycle. It will help you understand how many days your chest may start to hurt. Usually the normal cycle is 28 days. Plus or minus 2-3 days. The maturation of the egg falls in the middle of the cycle. When dividing it in half, it turns out 14 days from the beginning of the month.
After ovulation, the body automatically begins to conduct intensive preparation for the intended pregnancy. At this point, there is an increase in the sensitivity of the breast. This is a temporary phenomenon and should not cause concern. With the advent of menstruation, everything will pass. The swelling of the glands will decrease and stop discomfort.
What to do if chest hurts before menstruation
Typically, such a cyclical pain is quite tolerable and does not require any special treatment. Two days can suffer each of us. If, against the background of pain, an additional nervousness, sleep problems, and increased irritability appear, then sedatives can be taken. In any pharmacy will offer a wide range of similar drugs of plant origin. They will help to improve the emotional state and calm the nervous system.
If the pain is severe and prevents a woman from leading a full life, you can seek advice from your doctor. In such cases, treatment may be required. Most commonly prescribed:
- Light painkillers,
- Anti-inflammatory drugs (nonsteroidal),
It should be borne in mind that taking any hormonal drugs is fraught with side effects. Before you start taking, you must carefully study the instructions to make sure this drug is suitable for you or not.
These days it is necessary to adhere to a diet and a healthy lifestyle. Try to avoid hypothermia. This will help normalize hormonal levels. If possible, often walk in the fresh air, sleep well, less upset and worry. Introduce fruits and vegetables into your diet. Eliminate alcoholic beverages. Less salty and spicy.
If wearing a bra delivers pain, you can these days try to do without it or replace it with another underwear. For example, a top without stones. It is made from natural fabrics, soft to the touch. When wearing this type of underwear painful sensations are sure to diminish.
Reasons to consult a doctor
Chest pain caused by a drastic change in the cycle, that is, its course, can be a cause for concern and a visit to the doctor. If a woman has never complained about chest pains before, or they were insignificant, but now they have suddenly intensified and started to cause problems, it is worthwhile to be on the alert. Or another option, when the pain disappeared completely and for several cycles does not manifest in any way, this is also not normal. The second case may indicate a decrease in the hormone progesterone. If the level of this hormone falls, then the woman's probability of conception and the onset of pregnancy is reduced to zero.
To make sure what condition is normal for you, and which pathology will be considered necessary to visit the gynecologist twice a year. It does not hurt to make a mammogram. It is recommended to do it only once a year.
You can at home to conduct breast exam. For this you need to bare to the waist. Stand exactly opposite the mirror and look intently at yourself. The fact that one breast can be visually different in size from the other should not scare you. This often happens. Next, pay attention to the presence of roughness around the nipple, redness, nodules. The nipple should stick out. If he gets it in abnormally. Further we raise the left hand above ourselves and feel the left breast with spiral movements. It is necessary to move from the base, heading for the nipple, passing millimeter by millimeter. Do not forget to feel for the axillary seals. Enlarged, painful lymph nodes should be alerted. Thus examine both breasts. You can diagnose in another way. To do this, we lie down on the floor, placing a small pillow under the left shoulder blade. We throw the left hand over the head. In this position, the chest becomes flat, which allows you to view it well and feel for seals. Repeat the manipulation of the right breast.
If during a self-examination, you accidentally stumbled upon seals in the form of small nodules or when squeezing the nipple felt pain and saw discharge that is purulent, then immediately go to a gynecologist and the sooner the better.
The doctor will help to understand the causes of chest pain and appoint an additional examination. It may be:
- Blood donation for tumor markers, to exclude the likelihood of breast disease. Recently, the incidence of breast cancer has become more frequent and most often patients are treated when the treatment method is left alone - surgical,
- X-ray of the pelvic organs. This analysis is not done before menstruation, but after
- Mammography. This type of analysis is carried out in the second phase of the menstrual cycle. During this examination, you can see the slightest changes in the mammary glands.
- Blood donation for hormones. In a planned order it is not handed over. The doctor gives a referral only if he has a suspicion of the presence of pathology. This analysis will help determine the level of hormones, he raised or low, or normal.
Why has the chest ceased to hurt before menstruation
If the chest ceases to disturb and deliver painful sensations before the start of the menstrual cycle, then you can safely breathe out and relax. It should be so. As soon as the pain has stopped, it means that everything in your body has stabilized. Hormonal background returned to normal, pathological processes are absent.
The chest may stop hurting due to the desired conception. Hormonal background changes. Some women note sensitivity and soreness. Other women notice that the pain has stopped bothering them. Here everything is individual. Both cases are considered valid.
Pains can disappear when a woman approaches 50 years of age. At this time, almost everyone starts menopause. There is a fading of sexual functions. Three years before the onset of menopause, menstruation is becoming poorer. Chest discomfort is less and less, and soon disappears altogether.
Chest pain may disappear if the sex life has abruptly changed, becoming regular and not occasional.
It is necessary to remind once again that when chest pains appear, it is not necessary to wind yourself up and attribute to yourself non-existent diseases. Thoughts are material and if you constantly think about the bad, then the bad can come.
The most common cause of pain of this nature in the failure of hormonal levels. It is treated, and there is nothing terrible about it. It is enough to visit the doctor and follow the recommendations assigned to them.
You should not make a diagnosis yourself, looking for symptoms similar to yours in medical reference books or hope to get a competent consultation on the thematic forums. Self-cure has not brought anyone to good. Only a doctor can prescribe the correct treatment regimen. He will identify the cause of your illness and write out the necessary medications. No need to delay the trip to the clinic, handing home painkillers at home and planting the liver. In itself, nothing will pass. Pulling off can only aggravate the situation and hurt yourself, and you need it. Take care of yourself, because it is first of all necessary for you and only you.
Causes of pain
The appearance of painful sensations in the mammary glands before menstruation is called mastodynia or mastolgia. The monthly cycle of women in most cases is 28-30 days. Approximately 11-15 days after the onset of menstruation, ovulation occurs. The body begins to prepare for pregnancy and feeding the baby, regardless of whether fertilization or not. The change in hormonal balance leads to an increase in progesterone, prolactin. It is at this time of the monthly cycle that the woman observes an increase in the sensitivity of the mammary glands, a change in the size of the breast in a big direction.
The mammary glands are composed of individual lobules. Each of them contains connective tissue, adipose, glandular, includes milk ducts. Hormones are concentrated in fatty tissue. Under their influence, the chest increases in size. The structure of glandular tissue is changing. Collectively, this process is called proliferation.
The sensitivity of the mammary glands before menstruation can increase 4 times. At the same time, not every woman notices the appearance of pain. According to statistics, only 1 out of 10 shows the occurrence of severe pain on the eve of menstruation. In general, if the chest hurts before menstruation is moderate, this is considered normal. Should guard the situation that is different from the usual. May indicate serious health problems. In this case, the doctor will help you find out the reason.
Cessation of pain
A woman can observe significant changes in the mammary glands 10-12 days before the onset of menstruation. Chest can be one or two at once. Accompanied by discomfort in the back, lower back, gives into the armpit. The nature of the manifestations is individual. In most cases, women with high sensitivity feel strongly the painful sensations. Sickness in this part of the body can, if there is a hormonal failure, disruption of the ovaries.
With the onset of menstruation, the body begins to reverse the adjustment. Pregnancy has not come, and in this case, everything returns to normal. The proliferation is absorbed, the mammary glands return to normal, the breast stops hurting. If a temporary painful event does not cause significant discomfort, passes with the onset of menstruation, you should not worry. If chest pains before menstruation is severe, prolonged, there are seals, you must consult a doctor, follow the recommendations.
How to avoid severe pain
If the chest hurts before menstruation due to the physiological characteristics of the body, you can try to reduce the discomfort in this case yourself.
- In the second half of the menstrual cycle, you need to follow a diet, follow the recommendations of experts regarding proper nutrition. Limit the consumption of salty foods, fried, spicy. Reduce the amount of fluid consumed. Refuse from coffee, strong tea, alcohol.
Pay attention to clothes. Follow the simple rules. Underwear should not squeeze the chest, irritate the mammary gland. The appearance of discomfort can be associated with cramped low-quality clothing.
- A decoction has a decoction of nettle, St. John's wort, peony, sabelnik, succession, celandine. The collection of herbs poured boiling water, boil for 3 minutes over low heat. Insist 45 minutes. Is ingested 1 tbsp. spoon thrice a day. Lubricate the nipples, apply for the night lotion. Sensitivity of a mammary gland will decrease. Reduces the appearance of discomfort aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen.
- If your chest hurts before menstruation, experts prescribe hormonal pills, drugs for mastodynia. Self-treatment with such agents is not recommended. It is necessary to follow the recommendations of doctors.
If your chest hurts, you need to pay attention to the state of the nervous system. Avoid stress, stress, nervous situations. Ensure proper rest, sleep at least 8 hours.
Cause for concern
In some cases, chest pain before menstruation is so severe that it causes a spasm, gives back, lower back. The cause of discomfort can be:
- hormonal imbalance
- ovarian dysfunction,
- gynecological diseases.
If the chest hurts very much, accompanied by purulent, watery discharge, induration or other incomprehensible symptoms, in such cases it is necessary to consult a specialist. To establish the diagnosis, you will need to donate blood for hormonal research and on tumor markers. The woman is prescribed an ultrasound on day 7 after the end of her period.
In order for the breast to stop aching before menstruation, a woman must look after her health. Follow the recommendations: eat right, maintain a healthy lifestyle, avoid nervous tension, visit the gynecologist 1 time in half a year, periodically examine the breast on your own. Particularly noteworthy cases when the situation is repeated several menstrual cycles in a row.
The nature of chest pains before menstruation
Menstruation, pregnancy and lactation are interconnected. These processes affect the tissues and functions of the mammary glands. The hormones estrogen, progesterone and prolactin affect the well-being of women during the menstrual cycle.
Within 4 - 5 weeks the body prepares for conception, respectively, the mammary glands are adjusted to pregnancy and breastfeeding. The breast swells and increases due to the proliferation of glandular tissue.
Changes in the upper part of the figure do not escape the attention of the woman and those around her. The mood changes dramatically during the day, the abdominal area is slightly strained due to the increase in the uterus. Chest begins to hurt and pull the lower abdomen. If the egg remains unfertilized, the mammary glands restore their shape. Pain disappears for the reason that the glandular tissue becomes incapable.
Some women think that the appearance of chest pain before menstruation depends on the uniform development of the glands. Asymmetry of the mammary glands - a common phenomenon. But the different size and shape of the breasts of one woman can not be guilty of pain. The reason is to look for in features of a hormonal background.
Finally, the mammary glands are formed by the age of 20. Their tissues are modified by progesterone. In the second phase of the menstrual cycle, ovulation increases breast sensitivity. This is explained by the fact that proliferation occurs rapidly in the ducts and lobules of the glands, that is, the epithelium grows. Процесс вызывает нагрубание и незначительное увеличение груди.
Shortly before menstruation, women perceive breast sensation as a sign of impending bleeding. If the health is normal, the discomfort is little pronounced and passes unnoticed.
Does the chest hurt badly before menstruation - is this mastodia?
Chest pain in women a few days before menstruation in gynecology has such a definition as mastodynia. Recall that during the entire menstrual cycle, the reproductive system is actively preparing for childbirth, and the body builds up glandular tissue in the area of the mammary glands. In the absence of pregnancy, this tissue atrophies. Her self-destruction causes soreness on the eve of critical days.
Thus, mastodynia is diagnosed by the presence of chest pain. Someone has a very sore chest before menstruation, someone has very little discomfort.
It is best when PMS does not cause any discomfort, and the breasts only slightly increase. But ideal situations are not common. Investigating the causes of mastodynia, doctors usually discover predisposing diseases, “poor” heredity, and an unsatisfactory condition of the body.
It happens that the breast glands hurt even in the days of menstruation and after their termination. In this case, the doctor should carefully analyze the situation and make recommendations on how to eliminate discomfort. If the glands do not bring much pain, and the discomfort is not of a permanent nature, there is no cause for concern. Most likely, pain is associated with hormonal imbalances.
Severe tenderness in the chest before menstruation with the preservation of sensations for a period of time is always a reason to consult a specialist. You should hurry to see a doctor if the mammary glands are compressed or are constantly sore without pressing on the skin of the breast.
Pathological causes of mastodynia may be:
- Serious hormonal failure.
- Heart diseases.
- Incorrect work of the pelvic organs.
- Inflammatory processes in the ovaries.
- Inflammation of the nerve.
- Thyroid dysfunction.
- Infection of the reproductive system.
Since the menstrual process always puts a strain on the body, it is important not to miss the symptoms of a developing disease. If you have chest pain before menstruation, observe the accompanying symptoms. Note whether you have:
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Loose stools.
- Strange smell of discharge.
- Acute / nagging pain in the abdomen.
- Any discomfort in the abdomen and hypochondrium.
- Colic in the back, waist, heart.
Diagnosis of chest pain before menstruation
If every month on the eve of menstruation a woman notices that her chest is swelling and hurting, she can try to diagnose it herself, feeling her breasts with her hands. She will be able to identify knot-like seals or "balls", giving soreness when pressed with fingers.
In the worst case, fluid will be expelled from the nipples. This will signal a blockage of the glandular ducts and the development of mastopathy.
Hormonal imbalance provokes mastopathy. The pathological process affects the sensations, causes tingling, swelling and other discomfort. Some women experience pain in the shoulders, shoulder blades, or axillary area. The condition can worsen headaches, disorders of the digestive system and irritability.
If mastopathy is detected at an early stage, it is sufficient to limit the intake of salt and sugar and increase the content in the diet of bran, fiber, berries and wheat seedlings. Daily water intake should be increased to 2 liters.
Sore breasts before menstruation: what to do
Balanced nutrition can help reduce chest pain before menstruation. On the threshold of critical days it is useful to eat dairy products with a low percentage of fat, fruits, vegetables, seafood, whole grain bread. These foods improve metabolism, mood and well-being. Reduce the heaviness in the stomach will help portioned meals. Gently correct hormonal balance will be able to seeds, soy and any nuts.
What else can I do if my chest hurts before menstruation? Doctors offer to saturate the body with vitamins E and B6, minerals, calcium, magnesium and multivitamins. From coffee, chocolate, alcoholic beverages and fatty meals on the eve of menstruation should be abandoned. It is better to fill the lack of energy obtained through these products with the help of physical exercises. Fast walking, aerobics and a healthy lifestyle in general make premenstrual syndrome much easier for women.
Knowing why it hurts in the breasts before menstruation, it is necessary to learn how to alleviate the unpleasant symptoms using medical methods. Without a medical prescription, drugs for pain relief are available in pharmacies such as:
To take drugs for chest pain before menstruation is recommended for severe pain, when discomfort is experienced with difficulty. Usually, the pain disappears with the arrival of critical days.
With intense chest pain during menstruation, the doctor may recommend taking such drugs as Danazol, Tamoxifen, Bromocriptine. They are rarely prescribed because of the high risk of side effects.
When the breast glands ache regularly before menstruation and increase, you can try to correct the situation with oral contraceptives. They facilitate PMS, including breast sensitization. However, if a woman is already taking birth control pills, pain in the mammary glands can be a side effect of using them.
Effectively to remove chest pain before menstruation will help supplements with magnesium. It is recommended to take them in 2 half of the menstrual cycle (approximately 2 weeks before the new menstruation). Magnesium serves as a preventive substance against many PMS symptoms.
In folk recipes for the treatment of mastopathy, garlic tincture appears. For its preparation you will need 10 heads of a caustic vegetable of medium size and 10 lemons. Garlic is peeled, lemons are used with peel.
The components are finely cut and pour 3 liters of separated water. After a 24-hour infusion, the remedy is taken 3 times a day after meals, 1 tbsp. l
The course of treatment is designed for 2 weeks. Further, it is recommended to take a 2-month break and continue therapy.