Scanty periods are a failure in the menstrual cycle itself, manifested in the release of the minimum amount of blood (less than fifty milliliters). This condition is also called hypomenorrhea.
Scanty periods often last less time than usual menstruation, sometimes it happens that the menstrual cycle is completely absent. The reason for all this are all sorts of physiological abnormalities and pathologies of the female genitals.
Causes of poor monthly
Hypomenorrhea is able to manifest itself during the woman's childbearing heyday due to malfunctioning of the ovaries, as well as the formation of the pituitary gland, which can affect the function of the menstrual cycle.
Including this symptom is manifested due to physiological abnormalities in the uterus, or after all sorts of surgical interventions "for women", or due to inflammatory processes.
Failure in the constant work of hormones leads to the fact that the blood circulation in the uterus is disturbed, this provokes a change in the development of the endometrium during menstruation. It causes hypomenorrhea.
There are several factors contributing to meager monthly:
• Sharp weight loss due to a variety of diets, depletion of the body,
• Such a dangerous disease as anorexia,
• Acute lack of vitamins,
• Failure in metabolism
• Mental stress, stress,
• Exercise, overwork,
• Deviations in the work of mental processes,
• Surgical interventions or injuries in the urogenital system,
• Not complete removal of the uterus,
• The lag in the development of the female genitals,
• If such secretions began in connection with the use of contraceptive drugs, they were probably not properly selected,
• Diseases or malfunction of the thyroid,
• ingestion of infections affecting the female genitals
• Work in hazardous production,
• Severe poisoning.
All of the above reasons directly affect the occurrence of a woman with scanty discharge during the menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of poor monthly
Discharges are scanty if they appear as brownish or light pink smears. The duration of such a cycle is usually shortened, but it may remain the same.
During the hypomenorrhea period, there are also additional symptoms in the form of painful jolts in the head, vomiting, painful heaviness in the back, pressure in the chest, constipation, diarrhea.
Most often, scanty periods are not accompanied by painful manifestations or sensations of uterine contractions. Not infrequently, blood flows from the nose, and is observed with each menstrual cycle.
Hypemenorrhea helps to reduce the female fertile function.
Most of the fair sex do not want to go to the gynecologist for the manifestation of scanty periods, due to the fact that it does not cause them discomfort and pain. If hypomenorrhea is manifested in a young woman at the time of puberty, or before menopause, then this is not terrible, since it is one of the signs of the normal functioning of the body. But in the event that you are a woman in the full dawn of childbearing age, then scanty, or vice versa, too abundant periods, most likely indicate serious deviations in the work of the reproductive system.
To prevent more serious consequences, in case of hypomenorrhea, you should contact a specialist for a full examination of the body and diagnosis.
Early meager monthly
Scanty periods are able to appear at the very beginning of the menstrual cycle, as well as at conception.
When this diagnosis is associated with the first menstruation, you can not worry, because it refers to the absolutely normal manifestations of the female body.
However, hypomenorrhea usually entails the manifestation of symptoms such as pain in the abdomen, thoracic and pelvic areas.
Scanty discharge is distinguished by a brown or yellowish-orange shade. Subsequently, the cycle and intensity of menstruation normalizes by itself.
First meager monthly
For the first time, such monthly periods can occur, as we have already described above, at the very beginning of the menstrual cycle, also after the onset of menopause, and sometimes in a woman in the childbearing “phase”. This is facilitated by:
• Failure of hormonal background of the woman,
• Genital inflammation,
• All kinds of injuries and operable interventions,
• Psychological disorders (stress, depression),
This list is far from complete, we have listed only the most common.
When there is an inflammatory process in the body, the discharge will be smearing, much lighter than the usual shade of blood. When testing, most likely will find a large number of leukocytes.
If a woman has suffered an injury, then her discharge will be distinguished by a bright brown color, and the blood will be “rich” in red blood cells.
When hypomenorrhea, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist to establish the diagnosis and assign a competent treatment.
Long meager monthly
When a woman has a hypomenorrhea for quite a long time, it most often indicates any pathology of the organs of the reproductive system, or a malfunction in the regulation of menstruation, due to a malfunction in the hormonal background of the woman.
These diseases include:
• Acute shortage of vitamins in the female body,
• thyroid disease,
• Poor metabolism.
In such situations, you can not hesitate to approach the competent specialist, due to the fact that these violations are harmful to women's health. The sooner proper treatment is prescribed, the higher the chance of avoiding serious consequences, including infertility.
Scanty period after childbirth
Subsequently, childbirth is not rarely manifested hypomenorrhea. Such deviations are attributed to the physiological, due to the fact that the hormonal background of the young mother is not properly normalized and the body is in active restructuring.
Usually, scanty monthly labor is normalized within fourteen days, without any treatment.
And if the hypomenorrhea lasts much longer, then it may mean that problems have arisen after childbirth. In the body of a young mother could get an infection that caused the inflammatory process.
Situations where a woman during childbirth or feeding a baby has experienced severe stress are not rare, and therefore the body reacted with scanty monthly periods. In such cases, experts prescribe a comprehensive treatment that eliminates hypomenorrhea, as well as the cause of its occurrence.
Brown discharge with scanty monthly
Scanty discharge does not rarely have a brown color. This indicates that there was a failure in the work of the female genitals. The reason for this may be inflammation of the uterus, in particular, its inner layer. This happens due to surgical incursions into the uterus, various infections, as well as postpartum inflammation.
Such secretions often have an extremely disgusting smell and are accompanied by pulling pain in the abdomen.
Discharges of this color appear with hyperplasia of the uterus inner wall.
This causes a malfunction of the metabolism, hormonal failure, as well as diseases of the female genitals.
It is not uncommon for women to choose their own contraceptives. It can also be one of the reasons for the appearance of scanty brown discharge.
If at the very beginning of taking the drug - this is the norm, then for longer discharges, you should consult with your doctor about the appointment of a contraceptive preparation that is right for you.
Scanty periods during pregnancy
Among many expectant mothers there is a perception that when a baby is conceived, menstruation stops. Frankly, this information is not entirely correct. Blood excretion sometimes continues up to the second month of pregnancy.
This happens because the amniotic egg as a result of fertilization does not reach the "destination" and hormonal changes have not yet begun.
At the end of the first month of pregnancy, the work of hormones returns to normal, it begins to develop, menstruation stops.
However, spotting after the moment of conception, to call monthly not quite correctly, they are less abundant than in the normal period.
The emergence of scanty discharge at the very beginning of the term has several reasons:
• Attempt to separate the ovum from the uterine wall. When there are not any serious abnormalities, the woman's body will correct everything itself and will not allow the egg to go beyond the uterus.
• Sometimes such secretions can mean that the process of spontaneous miscarriage has begun. This process, in addition to severe bleeding, is also manifested by acute abdominal pain.
• Another cause of discharge is ectopic pregnancy.
Keep in mind that any bleeding at the time of carrying a baby can not mean anything positive.
In this regard, at the first manifestations of discharge, immediately contact your gynecologist for examination.
If the discharge is abundant and is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen or other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, fever, immediately call an ambulance brigade. Hoping that everything will pass by itself is fraught with irreparable consequences for a woman and the life of an unborn child.
Treatment of scanty menses
For the appointment of proper treatment, in the event of scanty periods, you need to contact your doctor for the necessary examination.
When hypomenorrhea manifested itself after psychological disorders, as well as due to excessive physical exertion or a violation of the regimen, it is necessary to carry out treatment aimed at getting rid of these problems.
In order in these cases, the period and intensity of menstruation normalized, it is necessary to treat precisely the reason why they have gone astray.
Doctors prescribe therapy with the use of essential vitamins, as well as hormonal drugs. In the twenty-first century, scanty periods are perfectly normalized after the use of homeopathic medicines, with the least effect on the woman's body.
If hypomenorrhea occurs as a result of stress and depressive disorders, fatigue and apathy, then psycho- and physio-therapeutic treatment is needed to help eliminate the above disorders.
With the appearance of a scanty one-month period during breastfeeding, or during menopause, no treatment is prescribed, everything goes away by itself.
Keep in mind that when a hypomenorrhea appears, in order to avoid serious consequences, it is necessary to immediately contact a gynecologist. Be healthy!
Possible causes of prolonged menstruation.
The main consequence of the occurrence of scanty prolonged menses are disturbances in the functioning of the ovaries and abnormalities in the pituitary gland, which to a greater extent regulates the menstrual cycle. Inappropriate hormone production will be the cause of improper and insufficient blood circulation of the uterus, which subsequently leads to the defective structure of the endometrium during the regulatory period. In this case, scarce menstruation occurs.
The primary causes of hypomenorrhea:
- rapid and large weight loss due to dietary or pathological exhaustion,
- impaired metabolism, anemia or vitamin deficiency,
- mental illness, stress or overwork,
- surgery on the urogenital organs or injury to the reproductive organs during childbirth or abortion,
- the underdevelopment of the female genital system,
- the effect of hormonal contraceptives,
- endocrine system diseases
- infectious diseases
- intoxication of the body,
- exposure to harmful radiation and chemicals,
- breastfeeding, pregnancy or menopause.
Hypomenorrhea - as a symptom of pregnancy
When the fertilization of the egg has taken place, the level of estrogen in the woman’s body drops and a “pregnancy hormone”, progesterone, is produced. It contributes to the protection of the mucous membrane of the uterus and reliable fastening of the ovum. For this reason, periods during pregnancy are very rare and undesirable. However, it happens that menstruation does not stop even with the onset of pregnancy, but the nature of the discharge varies slightly. Menstruation often acquires a brown color and is significantly reduced in quantity against the background of its long duration. Why can this happen? Consider the reasons:
- Limited progesterone production due to the physiological characteristics of a particular organism. A partial rejection of the mucous membrane and the fetus is possible, and, as a result, a failure of the onset of pregnancy. It is recommended to determine the concentration of progesterone and adjust its level to save the next pregnancy.
- Ectopic pregnancy. In case of inferior endometrial structure, the ovum is fixed outside the uterus, and more specifically, in its tubes. Because of this, there is a partial rejection of the mucous membrane, and as a fact, scanty periods.
- Improper development of the fetus. Against the background of developmental pathology, improper attachment or rejection of the fetus occurs. Endometrium is rejected and released.
- Increased androgen production. Excess male sex hormones in the female body leads to rejection of the fetus and the breakdown of pregnancy.
- Fertilization of two eggs simultaneously. Due to the impossibility of normal fixation, the uterus rejects one of the embryos, which comes out with particles of the rejected mucous membrane in the form of scanty secretions.
Breastfeeding and postpartum discharge
In the postpartum period, the woman's body is cleared of particles of the remaining placenta, thickened blood and other "waste" of the uterus. All this cleaning is a bloody discharge from the genital tract, and ends approximately 14 days after delivery. But sometimes such prolonged postpartum discharge can signal an inflammatory process and an infection.
During lactation, the production of progesterone, which prevents menstruation, continues. But sometimes there are cases when there is a transformation of the hormonal background, and scanty prolonged menstrual periods that do not correspond to the cyclic schedule are highlighted. After a certain period, monthly periods are restored and come monthly at the appointed time.
The cause of poor regulations can also be postpartum depression or labor-related stress.
Pathology of the reproductive organs as a sign of hypomenorrhea
Scanty long-lasting regulations, predominantly of brown color, may be the result of developing pathology of the uterus and ovaries.
- Endometritis is an inflammation of the uterine lining.
- Endometriosis - changes in the structure of the mucous membrane and its possible proliferation in the cervix, vagina and abdominal cavity, which is a pathology.
- Endometrial hyperplasia is the germination of the uterine mucosa in its muscle walls. At the same time, small vessels of the endometrium are damaged, which is why scanty brownish discharge similar to menses appears.
- Ovarian dysfunction - impaired secretion of hormones. There are irregularities in menstruation, copious periods are replaced by brown smear secretions and vice versa.
- Polycystic ovaries - the formation of cysts on the ovaries. Hormonal imbalances occur, and as a result, irregular poor blood discharge.
- Polyps of the uterus - the appearance of accreted formations on the endometrium. The disease is caused by a serious hormonal failure, they have the nature of meager bleeding, which are replaced by severe bleeding.
- Infectious diseases that are sexually transmitted, they can cause an abnormal course of menstruation.
- Tuberculosis of the uterus and ovaries - occurs in the form of endometritis, characterized by long delays and scarce blood secretions.
Signs of hypomenorrhea
There are certain signs that characterize the development of hypomenorrhea, the appearance of which is a signal to seek the advice of a specialist. Only an experienced gynecologist is able to identify the true causes of scanty periods and prescribe effective treatment. Immediately, you should look at the amount and color of discharge: bleeding that lasts longer than usual, with a volume of less than 50 ml, has a clarified or dark brown color - such phenomena will signal the development of hypomenorrhea.
Additional symptoms of hypomenorrhea also include:
More often, scanty menstrual flow is accompanied by several symptoms, but exceptions are possible when menstruation passes without concomitant signs. In such cases, a medical examination will be required to confirm or refute dangerous pathological factors and illness.
When treatment is required
If there are pathological abnormalities in the body, the menstrual cycle will become abnormal: discharge that is less than the norm or, on the contrary, is very abundant, and their duration will be prolonged for a long time. These failures in the work of the female genital organs are signals for urgent medical examination.All of them mean the presence of pathology in the body, and during pregnancy these are symptoms that can lead to its breakdown and even infertility.
Hypomenorrhea can occur subsequently hormonal failure, and treatment will occur with a bias to adjust hormone production. Sometimes scanty prolonged periods will be a symptom of serious diseases, such as cancer or tuberculosis of the uterus and appendages. In such cases, immediate examination and treatment is important.
Considering the age-related changes in the woman’s body, the doctor will conduct a full examination and prescribe the necessary medications and procedures.
There are also such cases when treatment is not required, and the problem of scanty periods is considered as a cause of puberty of young girls or during breastfeeding. The symptoms that are observed in conjunction with prolonged menstruation can be suppressed by changing your lifestyle. Reception of vitamins, therapeutic massage and special baths are able to normalize the menstrual cycle.
In the case of hormonal changes, antibiotics and antiviral drugs are used to reduce inflammation to treat scanty periods.
Opinion of doctors
To maintain a normal menstrual cycle, every woman is advised to follow the duration, regularity and amount of discharge. To exclude or in time to identify the pathology of the female genital organs, you must regularly undergo a full gynecological examination. Scanty long periods, are often not recognized as the norm, and a woman in this state may not even have suspicions about the presence of serious pathologies and diseases of the genital organs. Long periods can be observed in gynecological oncology of the ovaries and uterus, and require urgent treatment.
Long-term poor monthly often means the development of the disease and the pathological process. The nature of the discharge may be irregular, with a small volume of blood and a change in its hue. If you notice these symptoms, it is recommended to immediately consult a doctor, especially if the discharge is brown. To maintain a normal cycle, it is recommended to maintain a healthy lifestyle, give up bad habits and avoid stress. For convenience and control, you should have a menstrual calendar and mark the beginning and duration of menstruation in it.
What is hypomenorrhea?
Hypomenorrhea (or scanty menstrual periods) is a disease associated with impaired menstrual function caused by inflammation in the body. Such pathological deviations are characterized by a significant decrease in the volume of discharge during menstruation, as well as a reduction in the duration of the cycle. As a result, scanty periods can cause dramatic changes in the body of a woman, which are associated with the complete absence of menstruation.
Initially, it is worth noting that the hepatomenorrhea is not an independent disease that affects some representatives of the weaker sex. With a similar state of discharge during menstruation appear in the form of droplets or minor traces. In contrast to normal menstruation, which have a bright red tint, scanty periods are brown (light to dark).
The physiological norm of discharge during the final phase of the menstrual cycle is considered to be blood loss in volume from 50 to 150 ml. Hypomenorrhea is characterized by secretions, the volume of which does not exceed 50 ml. This phenomenon is called very scanty menstruation, the treatment of which should be carried out as needed and depending on the nature of the origin.
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Hypomenorrhea, delay and reduction of monthly discharge in most cases can occur against the background of insufficient development of the genital organs and the inadequate function of one of them. If these symptoms appear overnight, this can cause a complete cessation of menstruation (amenorrhea).
The first scanty periods can be experienced by teenage girls at the puberty stage. Hypomenorrhea occurs in this case due to the presence of anomalies of the reproductive system, which are congenital. Primary meager menstrual flow is usually accompanied by delayed development of the reproductive system or the organism as a whole. Secondary syndrome has more pronounced signs. During the secondary manifestation, there is a sharp reduction in the volume of discharge, the duration of the cycle, while there were no earlier failures.
In some cases, women may experience prolonged scanty periods. In the reproductive phase, this should be the reason for the visit to the doctor. There is a long-term manifestation of a reduction in the volume of secretions and the total duration of the cycle against the background of more serious diseases affecting the organs of the reproductive system. Timely detection of the causes of hypomenorrhea will help determine their nature and prescribe adequate treatment (including folk remedies). Often these phenomena occur as a result of diseases of the uterus and after childbirth (when the body is rebuilt after pregnancy).
Hypomenorrhea does not occur as an independent disease. The basis for the development of this pathology in women of reproductive age is the malfunction of the organs of the reproductive system. These can be the ovaries or the pituitary gland. They are responsible for the regularity of the cycle and menstrual function as a whole. In addition, the disease may be the result of mechanical intervention and intrauterine manipulation (curettage, abortion).
Scanty monthly often occur due to irregularities in the production of hormones. This happens against the background of circulatory failure in the uterus, caused by cyclic secretion failures, as a result of which there is an inadequate change in the period of menstruation in the form of insufficiently secreted endometrium. In other words, very scanty periods are the result of hormonal disruption in the body.
The remaining causes of poor monthly can be combined in the list:
large weight loss (caused by hard diets, leading to anorexia, severe depletion of the body),
- improper metabolism
- severe intoxication
- surgery, trauma,
- psychological stress and severe stress
- diseases of the nervous system and various endocrine diseases,
- tuberculosis and other infectious diseases affecting the genitals,
- hormone-based contraceptives that were incorrectly chosen,
- the impact of adverse factors related to professional activities (toxins, radiation, etc.),
- period after pregnancy, if the new mother is breastfeeding the baby.
What are the signs of hypomenorrhea?
There are several obvious signs that indicate the development of hypomenorrhea, which, if detected, should be consulted with a specialist. It will help determine the nature of the appearance of scanty periods and prescribe adequate treatment, including folk remedies.
Among the symptoms that indicate the launch of hypomenorrhea, emit in the first place, an insufficient amount of discharge. At the same time uterine discharge become light or dark brown.
The accompanying meager monthly factors include the following:
- menstruation headaches,
- aching pain in the lumbar region,
- discomfort in the chest,
- dyspeptic symptoms.
In most cases, scanty menstrual periods in women of reproductive age occur when accompanied by one or more symptoms. But there are exceptions to the rule when hypomenorrhea occurs in the absence of other signs. If such manifestations are the result of natural physiological processes in the body, then there may be no cause for concern. However, scanty periods in the reproductive phase indicate serious health problems, which can be treated only after a thorough examination.
There may be scant menstruation and after childbirth, while the body against the background of 9 months of pregnancy does not have time to fully reconstruct. Hormonal background, directly affecting the duration and nature of menstruation, for the first time after birth, will also focus on the mother and the baby. Another situation is when there are long scanty periods after the appearance of the crumbs into the world. If there is such a symptom, the specialist must first determine the cause of their occurrence and eliminate it, and then start treating the symptoms.
Hypomenorrhea during gestation
Contrary to popular belief, periods during pregnancy can be distinguished. However, this is rare and only in the first month after conception. This is explained by the fact that the body does not have time to reorganize during one menstrual cycle.
The discharge that can be observed in the first month of pregnancy can hardly be called monthly. They are not as abundant and not as long as normal. However, in the event of a similar occurrence, it is better to consult a doctor. The fact is that even minor blood loss from the uterus in the early period may indicate that the fertilized egg began to flake off. With minor processes, the body "includes" a protective function to prevent miscarriage.
The causes of scanty periods, as well as the causes of any other pathology, should be promptly investigated by a specialist, especially if they occur during pregnancy. This will help identify the factor that triggered the disease mechanism, and eliminate it by one of the methods of medical treatment, and in some situations homeopathic healing with folk remedies.