Menopause entails major changes in the female body. Women aged 45-55 years increasingly notice the manifestation of unpleasant symptoms, which were not there before. Often they turn to specialists with complaints of tachycardia during menopause.
Heart problems with menopause
Palpitations during menopause can really increase, because with the onset of menopause, the cardiovascular system has an increased load. Decreased ovarian activity causes radical autonomic, hormonal and endocrine changes in the body.
The amount of estrogen in the blood decreases, as a result, the elasticity and strength of blood vessels decrease, the regulation of lipid metabolism and the maintenance of normal cholesterol levels are disturbed. All these unpleasant changes cause high blood pressure and the formation of cholesterol plaques in the vessels. Reduced estrogen production affects the blood circulation through the vessels: it becomes slow, causing arrhythmia and tachycardia.
Low levels of estrogen leads to a deficiency of trace elements - magnesium, calcium, potassium, and this inevitably affects the reduction of the myocardium. High blood viscosity causes tachycardia, increased blood pressure, increased heart rate during menopause, and heart failure is not excluded.
Arrhythmia in menopause is more often a sign of extinction of reproductive function, and not an independent disease. There is an increase in heart rate. For women of climacteric age, 60-85 strokes are considered the norm. With the development of tachycardia marked accelerated heart rhythm.
It becomes impossible to complete contraction and relaxation of the heart muscle, because of this, during menopause, the heart can hurt. Independently suspect the development of tachycardia can be due to symptoms of irregular heartbeat during menopause:
- ripple in the veins on the neck and temples,
- frequent dizziness,
- heart rate change
- unwarranted panic attacks,
- labored breathing,
- sensation of heat in the face and head,
- tremor of limbs
- redness of the skin.
Tachycardia during menopause can manifest bouts of arrhythmia. It is easy to recognize it: a sensation arises, as if the heart were pushed sharply several times in a row, it began to contract intensively, and then stopped. Such an attack begins and ends abruptly, but exerts a strong load on the heart, therefore, rapid heartbeat is observed for a long time. This condition can cause a stroke, so it needs to be treated.
What was the cause: menopause or disease
Circulatory disorders as a result of reduced estrogen - the main cause of heart palpitations during menopause. Diseases of the thyroid gland can also cause the development of pathology. The most dangerous for the work of the heart is hyperthyroidism. The condition is accompanied by increased production of thyroid hormones. They directly affect the work of the reproductive, digestive and circulatory systems.
Hyperthyroidism causes a decrease in diastolic pressure, rapid pulse and heartbeat during menopause. A woman can be bothered by nausea, blood pressure jumps, poor sleep, mood swings, weight loss, yellowness of the skin.
During menopause, the state of tachycardia can be caused by a dysfunction of the nervous system. Hormonal adjustment causes apathy, unexpected mood swings, depressive states. Emotional surge becomes a common cause of heart palpitations, can cause an attack of tachycardia. As soon as the woman calms down, the symptoms disappear on their own and the state returns to normal.
Such diseases and heart problems in menopause can be a consequence of the development of a cancerous tumor of the adrenal glands.
Hormonal imbalance, except for tachycardia, is manifested by such symptoms:
Heart pain in women often occurs as a result of severe blood loss. When hormone replacement therapy is prescribed, hormones can cause heavy uterine bleeding, which affects the state of the cardiovascular system, causes dizziness, nausea, darkening of the eyes, rapid pulse and heart palpitations.
When the body transitions to new working conditions, chronic diseases tend to worsen, worsening the condition and well-being of the woman.
If a woman is worried about tachycardia with menopause, it is important to know with which drugs you can stop an attack. If you experience unpleasant symptoms, you need to take drugs to relax the heart muscle - Valocordin, Valerian, Corvalol. It is necessary to provide access of oxygen, for this it is necessary to open the window.
According to experts, the treatment of tachycardia with menopause should be complex. The doctor during the period of menopause prescribe cardiology, hormonal and sedatives. Taking these medications makes it possible to correct the work of the heart, eliminate nervous excitability, and normalize the level of estrogen in the blood.
Among the antiarrhythmic drugs used Novokinamid, Ritmonorm, Allapinin. In case of violation of the psycho-emotional sphere, sedatives are prescribed. They allow to stop the symptoms of menopause, provoking tachycardia - nervousness, irritability, panic attacks and fear, tearfulness. This is usually drugs based on extracts of valerian and motherwort. Corvalol works well with these manifestations. Used and sedative drugs on a plant-based - Inoklim, Persen, Remens.
Therapy does not do without hormones based on estrogen:
To normalize heart rate, stabilize blood pressure, strengthen blood vessels and increase their elasticity, beta-blockers are shown:
It is possible to improve the general condition and normalize the work of the cardiovascular system during menopause with the help of herbs based on extracts of female sex hormones.
The most common female plant is sage - the source of phytohormone estrogen. It maintains hormonal balance and cleans blood vessels, reduces the intensity of hot flashes and suppresses tachycardia. You can take in the form of decoctions and infusions - a tablespoon of herbs is poured with a glass of boiling water, kept in a water bath or boiled for 5 minutes. To improve the effect is mixed with lime.
Favorably on the female body during menopause affect sedatives and herbs - mint, motherwort, hawthorn, valerian. Of these, you can brew tea and drink at night: 1 tbsp. mixture pour a glass of boiling water, stand for half an hour and take. With this tea you can get rid of insomnia, sleep disorders, apathy and depression. As a result of the normalization of the psycho-emotional background, problems with the work of the cardiovascular system also disappear.
- hop cones and rose hips to take in the same quantity,
- 4 tsp. collection pour 500 ml of boiling water,
- soak in a water bath for 15 minutes, strain.
Take an infusion of 1/3 cup half an hour before meals twice a day.
Combined therapy of tachycardia with menopause will reduce the symptoms of symptoms characteristic of menopause. Following the recommendations of experts, it is possible to normalize the work of the heart, reduce hot flashes, strengthen blood vessels and improve blood flow.
Why do you need to monitor your heartbeat during menopause?
The state of the whole organism depends on how the heart works. His job is that the muscles of this body are tense, then relax. It provides blood flow through all organs, supplying them with oxygen and a complex of nutrients. When the heart relaxes, it gains strength for the next beat.
Therefore, when the heartbeat during menopause occurs too often, the body does not have time to rest, does not have time to supply the whole body with oxygen and nutrients. It affects the state of the whole organism. Therefore, the state of human health is deteriorating, worsening his general state of health.
With climax, the heartbeat is often disturbed, and such ailment in medical science is called tachycardia.
Causes of rapid heartbeat during menopause
As you know, hormones have a significant impact on the human body, and this is especially true of the female sex hormone estrogen, which regulates many processes in the body of a beautiful woman.
This hormone affects the state of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, has an effect on the heart. In addition, the hormone estrogen regulates the expansion and contraction of the heart arteries. And when the hormone is small, they begin to narrow, which also interferes with the normal blood supply to the whole body.
In addition to purely menopausal causes, tachycardia has other explanations:
- Hyperactivity of the thyroid gland.
- Low oxygen levels in the blood.
- High body temperature.
- Sometimes the accelerated heart rhythm contributes to taking certain medications. Therefore, it is very important to study the instructions before taking them and work with the doctor once again to work out a situation when there are problems with heart rhythm.
- Abuse of beverages that contain caffeine.
- Harmful habits have an effect on heart rate, especially smoking.
- People who are prone to heart rhythm problems are adversely affected by even the slightest stress and anxiety situation. What to say about when the patient is in constant stress due to some life circumstances.
Symptoms of tachycardia with menopause
As for the symptoms of this disease, in all cases they are the same, regardless of what causes this disease. The following symptoms and conditions will help to recognize tachycardia:
- The sharply increased heartbeat, which is felt without any measuring devices, the heart literally moves.
- Dizziness. Sometimes a person can lose orientation in space, balance.
- There is a fear that something terrible will happen. For example, death.
- Difficult breathing, feeling of squeezing of the chest.
- High blood pressure.
- Sometimes there is a feeling of heat in the upper body, trembling in the limbs.
Attention! Usually, tachycardia does not occur by itself. It is typical even for a healthy person after a strong physical exertion or emotional upheaval. However, these symptoms quickly pass. If this does not happen, and increased pressure is added to the rapid heart rate, it is recommended to call an ambulance.
How to give first aid in the attack of tachycardia?
If you or your loved one had a tachycardia attack, then you need to know about the rules of care that you can give him before the ambulance arrives.
- The patient should be seated in a chair, on a sofa or couch.
- Try to open the window, and ensure the flow of air. If this is excluded, then start intensively fan the patient, even with a piece of paper.
- Open the outerwear, loosen the strap and the bra clasp.
- Try to calm the patient, do not bring him to panic attack.
- Make sure he tries to breathe deeply and evenly.
Attention! If you or your loved one had a tachycardia attack, then do not be a hero and do not let things take their course, because an ambulance that was called in time can even save a sick person's life.
How to remove the attack of tachycardia with menopause?
In order to normalize your condition during menopause, the problem must be approached comprehensively: to combine drug therapy, traditional medicine and learn to relax. Of course, there is no question of any kind of self-treatment, since menopause is a rather specific condition in which only a competent specialist should prescribe treatment. Otherwise, a woman can harm herself.
Drug treatment of menopause tachycardia
With regard to medications for menopausal tachycardia, they are prescribed only by a doctor, but it is worth having an idea about which groups of drugs are usually used to eliminate this ailment.
- Drugs that can reduce the irritating effects of stress hormones.
- Light sedatives, which are still in medical practice called sedatives.
- Antioxidants - means to improve the blood supply to the body.
- Vitamins help to maintain normal overall condition of the body, because during menopause, the body is weakened and needs additional support.
Non-drug treatment of heart palpitations during menopause
In order that the attacks of tachycardia do not recur, you need to be able to relax, relax, relieve stress. The following is well suited for this:
- Respiratory practices. This is the easiest and most affordable option to calm down, if you realize that you are about to get nervous. Sometimes it takes a few deep breaths with the involvement of the abdomen, so that the stress receded and made it possible to meditate sensibly.
In order to learn these techniques, you need to attend special trainings or health groups that are created specifically for women experiencing menopause. In addition to helping the heart, such activities will help to just feel good during menopause, because exercise has not harmed anyone. Also, a woman will be able to find friends among the participants of this group or a seminar, make new and interesting acquaintances that will help her to distract herself from the blues, usually beating women during menopause.
If there are no material opportunities to attend trainings and health groups, then you need to read special literature about relaxation during menopause, buy discs in video lessons or watch them on the Internet.
Folk remedies to relieve symptoms of tachycardia during menopause
There are also traditional medicine tools that help the patient solve heart rhythm problems. Typically, these tools also have a sedative effect. Of course, traditional medicine is not medicine in the usual sense: there will be no significant side effect from it, but their use should be coordinated with the doctor.
The following remedies are well-suited for menopause, as they help to reduce its symptoms.
- Hawthorn juice you need to take 15-20 drops in half a glass of water. This will help calm down and not so acutely relive hormonal changes in the body. If there is no hawthorn fruit juice on hand, then the dried plant itself will do. For the treatment of tachycardia, you need to brew a pinch of grass with a glass of hot water and leave for a couple of hours to infuse, then strain and take one third of a cup half an hour before meals three times a day.
- Sage helps to maintain estrogen levels in the normal state, helps to cleanse the blood vessels. It can be taken as a decoction, and in the form of infusion. Sage helps reduce tides, their intensity. One can forget about such a problem as rapid heartbeat, since tachycardia during menopause often occurs on the basis of tides.
- You can use herbs and tea. To do this, take an equal proportions of yarrow, thyme and mint, brew boiling water and just drink it instead of tea.
Thus, tachycardia with menopause is not uncommon, but this does not mean that you have to put up with it. In order to bring your state back to normal, there are many ways. To do this, you need to approach the treatment comprehensively, coordinate it with your doctor and be treated regularly.
Also do not forget about the methods of prevention during menopause, because the heartbeat during menopause, the treatment of which is very difficult and long, and it is better not to bring it to critical levels.
Informative video on this topic:
What is heart tachycardia and how is it dangerous?
Tachycardia, or tachyarrhythmia, is called such a disturbance of the rhythm of the heartbeat, at which the heart rate (HR) is accelerated, but their rhythm is not disturbed, that is, the intervals between heartbeats are reduced, but they are equal. The most typical and safe acceleration of heart rate occurs in any healthy body with physical or emotional stress or the influence of other external factors - coffee, alcoholic beverages, etc. Such tachyarrhythmia is called physiological or functional, it has a transitory character (the heart rate recovers within 10 –15 minutes) and is not dangerous.
If the signs of heart tachycardia in women appear to be at rest or the normal heartbeat does not recover for a long time, there is reason to think. The fact of the danger of heart tachycardia in women can be judged from the list of consequences of this condition:
- prolonged oxygen starvation of the most important organs
- ischemic heart and brain
- ventricular fibrillation.
It is not difficult to detect tachycardia, because an accelerated heartbeat - above 100 beats per minute - is hard to miss. But there are other signs of heart tachycardia in women. And the treatment is selected based on these associated symptoms of tachyarrhythmia:
- panic attacks
- frequent fainting, blackening of the eyes,
- одышки, чувства удушья,
- chest pains
- during an attack - pulsations of the cervical vessels,
- weakness, fatigue.
Progressive tachyarrhythmia, causing a permanent lack of oxygen in the tissues, can manifest itself:
- drop in blood pressure
- dysfunction of urination (its intensity decreases),
- cyanosis (blue) of the extremities and lips,
- pale skin.
These symptoms of heart tachycardia in women are manifested depending on the type of tachyarrhythmia in different women with different intensity. But the accelerated heart rate stands out as the most obvious among the symptoms of heart tachycardia in women. These symptoms may themselves be signs of serious pathologies.
Provocative factors for the development of tachycardia in women differ in different groups of patients, correlating with age and other features. Often the only way to cure this pathology is to eliminate the cause of tachycardia.
What can be the causes of tachycardia in women under 40 years of age, when the level of estrogen in the hormonal background of the female body protects the vessels from lipoproteins? It would seem that nature itself took care of women's health, but complaints from young women about tachycardia are not uncommon. Cardiologists explain the situation with neurogenic causes, stress caused by:
- workload of young specialists responsible tasks in the workplace,
- overuse of coffee or tonic drinks
- domestic troubles (as a rule, in women of this age children go to school and require special attention, time and strength of the mother),
- Congenital lability of the nervous system, NDC, patients often describe situations when the usual sound of an alarm clock in the morning becomes an instigator of the attack.
In patients after 45 years
Causes of tachycardia in women after 45 years of age are associated with the extinction of reproductive function and hormonal changes. A gradual decrease in estrogen levels leads to symptoms of tachycardia in women during menopause:
- severe throat or chest throat,
- fatigue weakness
- shortness of breath
- alarming and panic attacks,
- feeling of extra heart pushes,
- hot flushes.
Doctors call all these symptoms normal for women in the period before menopause and suggest not to worry too much, saying that tachycardia and menopause are compatible states. At the same time, a decrease in the level of estrogen in the blood leads to a narrowing of blood vessels and, as a consequence, an increase in blood pressure. Therefore, the causes of tachycardia in women after 50 years, as a rule, lie in the already occurring cardiovascular diseases or endocrinological disorders.
Under normal pressure
If tachycardia in menopause is due to hormonal adjustment and a gradual decrease in blood pressure, then what causes the heart to quickly pound at normal pressure? The causes of tachycardia in women under normal pressure can be any provoking factors of tachyarrhythmia, including neurogenic. Considerable importance is the lifestyle and physical activity of women. For a normal heartbeat and these parameters should be normal:
- healthy full sleep
- sufficient but moderate exercise
- balanced diet (to avoid anemia and hypovitaminosis).
Low blood pressure (hypotension) is usually taken as a sluggish state, which does not cause any particular problems to a person.
Women - hypotonia, as a rule, adapt to such features of their body and know how you can quickly bring yourself to life. But sometimes a sharp drop in blood pressure suddenly begins to be accompanied by an accelerated heartbeat, which causes anxiety and even panic in a woman. The reasons for this behavior of the heart are understandable - because of the lethargy of the blood circulation, it feels the lack of oxygen and tries to fill it with an accelerated frequency of contractions.
The reasons for the accelerated pulse in hypertension in each case may be different. Arterial hypertension itself in women develops mainly due to impaired metabolism (unhealthy diet, excess fat and salt in the diet), sedentary lifestyle, hereditary diseases.
It is clear that the causes of tachycardia in women under 40 and after 50 years determine and treatment. It will depend on the background disease and fundamentally different in this regard.
- In case of hypotension, the goal of treatment is to improve blood circulation, restore normal oxygenation (oxygenation) of organs and tissues, support normal blood volume. In this case, non-pharmacological therapy plays an important role.
- With hypertension, it is necessary to constantly monitor blood pressure, to prevent hypertensive crises, accompanied by an increase in heart rate. It requires careful selection of antihypertensive drugs of combined action, for example, blockers of slow calcium channels and an ACE inhibitor.
Any appointments and selection of therapeutic measures should be given the competence of the doctor.
Features of manifestation and therapy in menopause
The greatest number of questions in clarifying the causes of tachyarrhythmias in women causes tachycardia during menopause. Symptoms and treatment during this period are in fact different from ordinary symptoms and therapeutic regimens.
Due to the decrease in estrogen levels, the female body loses its natural defense against cholesterol deposits, is at risk of developing hypertension, IHD. All this against the background of an unstable emotional state leads:
- to mood swings,
- flushing of the face
- redness of the face in the most inappropriate situations
which makes a woman worry even more. The feeling that others understand what changes are taking place in her body often drives a woman into a depressive state, which also contributes to the strengthening of the neurological causes of tachycardia.
What to do?
When a woman has tachycardia with menopause, what to do, how not to go for advice to the doctor? Moreover, in order to select an adequate treatment, it may be necessary to consult not only a therapist, but also a gynecologist and an endocrinologist (many women during this period show problems with the thyroid gland). This means that tachycardia for menopause treatment requires complex - from hormone replacement therapy to iodine preparations, but doctors should decide what to take exactly.
Increased heart rate during pregnancy
Frequent occurrence and tachycardia in women while carrying a child. Its causes are also primarily associated with hormonal adjustment - during pregnancy, the level of progesterone rises, causing the heart to work at an accelerated rate. The clinical picture is aggravated by pathological conditions:
- anemia, hypovitaminosis,
- dehydration caused by manifestations of toxicosis,
- bad habits (smoking, alcohol),
- as well as the use of vasoconstrictor drugs (for example, drops for the nose) and other reasons.
Leaving aside tachycardia in women is dangerous, especially for the health of the future baby. Therefore, it is necessary to talk about the condition of your doctor and be examined.