Why and when should a woman be tested for menopause? How to do it correctly, which instruction will help to get a reliable result? The time period when hormone production fades in the female body is quite large. The manifestation of all the symptoms of menopause may take several years. The primary sign of reproductive failure at the age of 45–50 years, delayed menstruation does not always mean the arrival of menopause. In order for a woman to find out in time about the beginning of this difficult process and create a test for menopause. The device allows you to independently at home to determine whether the first stage of menopause occurs or the cause of the menstrual cycle will have to be identified with the help of a specialist.
Action test for menopause
After 45 years, changes in reproductive function occur in a woman's body, they are accompanied by hormonal disruption. Throughout life, the concentration of hormones then decreases, then rises. This process occurs with natural and individual cyclicality. In adulthood, when the ovaries have exhausted their resources, but the menstruation continues, this cyclical nature becomes chaotic. There are sharp jumps in the level of hormones, independent of the stages of the cycle.
The body during this period is still trying to fight the upcoming changes and throws follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) into the blood. He, in turn, begins to stimulate the production of estrogen and progestin. More recently, laboratory tests were required to detect increased FSH in the blood. This is not very convenient, because too much time passes from the start of menopause to the complete shutdown of the reproductive function. Not every woman has the time to take tests every year. Therefore, the use of express studies, which is aimed at recognizing the level of FSH in the body, much more convenient and faster.
When to do the test?
Approaching the age line at 45 years old, a woman is increasingly worried about the arrival of menopause. She is interested in the question, when should the test be done? To answer this question the fair sex should clearly know the possible symptoms of menopause:
- violation of the menstrual cycle,
- vestibular instability
- worsening sleep
- cramps in different parts of the body,
- excessive sweating
- psychological manifestations.
Due to the individual characteristics of the organism, lifestyle and other external and internal factors, it is impossible to accurately determine the age of menopause. The same symptoms can be observed in various gynecological diseases. Frequent stress, too active life and stress on the body at this age can be the cause of poor health. Even late pregnancy is sometimes manifested with such signs, the more dangerous it is to be confused with climacteric changes.
A woman from the age of 45 in identifying the primary symptoms such as menstrual failure can do a test for menopause and make sure that this period in life begins. If the test gives a positive result, the best solution would be to consult a personal gynecologist.
Where to buy a test
You can get a test for menopause at any nearest pharmacy, even in a small village there is such a female device. And with the development of Internet technology, you can make a purchase without leaving your home. You just need to go to the online pharmacy website and place an order. First you need to clarify if the city courier service delivery. If such exists, it remains only to wait for the arrival of the courier, pay for the goods and make a test for menopause.
Instructions for use
The test for menopause gives an accurate result, determining the level of FSH in the body. But for this it is necessary to properly hold it, in accordance with the instructions for use.
It is very important to collect only morning urine immediately after waking up. If you conduct a test after consuming a large amount of fluid, and at the same time make a urination a few hours before the test, the result will be incorrect. The fact is that follicle-stimulating hormones are not only in the blood, but also in the urine. Their highest concentration is found in the morning urine. Packaging devices must be sealed and should be opened immediately before use.
The exact definition of menopause using the test depends on the period of the menstrual cycle. With regular menstruation, when there is already a suspicion of the onset of menopause, studies are conducted no later than the 7th day of the cycle. A week later, the test for menopause can be repeated. In the absence of menstruation for a long time, you can use the test on any given day. Also after 7 days, it is desirable to repeat the procedure. Such an interval check is necessary due to hormonal instability.
The sequence of the test
You need to test for menopause in the following order:
- Before collecting urine to carry out hygienic procedures (take a shower).
- Collect urine in a clean container.
- Wash and dry hands thoroughly.
Open the dough package and remove the strip.
- Place the test strip in a container with urine, while the liquid should be at the level of the mark.
- Hold the urine strip for 10 seconds.
- Remove the test and place on a flat, dry surface.
In just 40 seconds, colored strips will begin to appear on the dough, but it is better to wait another 5 minutes for a more accurate result.
The test may give an erroneous result when taking oral contraceptives and hormonal drugs. Therefore, it is not rational to check the level of FSH when using them.
The next stage of the test is to evaluate the results. If after 5 minutes after all the manipulations, one strip with a light color appeared in the result window, the test should be considered negative. This means that the level of FSH is normal and the reproductive function is stable. In this case, the symptoms can mean various disorders in the body and other diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to undergo a full examination to identify the causes.
Two bright strips after extracting the test from the urine indicate a positive result, that is, the amount of FSH is large. In some cases, the test may give an inaccurate result - the second strip of spruce noticeable. This is due to improper use of the device, unsealed packaging, or the expiration date. Such results should be considered invalid. It was in order to avoid misunderstandings that the test manufacturers cautiously put 2 strips in the packaging at once.
What does it mean if the test is negative and there are no monthly
There are many reasons for the absence of menstrual bleeding with a negative test result. The main one is to conduct the test without looking at the menstrual cycle. In this case, it is necessary to repeat the home study after 2–3 months. But if the second test does not reveal an increase in FSH, you will have to find out the reason for the lack of menstruation with the gynecologist. Disruption of the menstrual cycle at any age can be a symptom of a serious illness that threatens the health and life of a woman.
What to do next?
A woman, when confirming her concerns with the test, should undergo an additional examination in a medical institution, if she wants to go all the way to menopause more safely. The doctor will prescribe clarifying tests to determine the level of not only FSH, but also other important female hormones. After all the procedures, it will give recommendations for the stabilization of normal vital activity, and, if necessary, write out a prescription for drug therapy.
No medications will not be able to return the lost female function, their action is to reduce the intensity of the symptoms of menopause. With their help, a woman can improve her general well-being, improve psychological comfort and learn to exist with new conditions in the body. Drug therapy can reduce the risk of developing many diseases associated with menopause.
The test for menopause, carried out in accordance with the instructions, shows fairly accurate results, it is convenient to use and does not require medical knowledge and skills. With it, a woman at the first symptoms can learn about the climax, prepare for this period physically and emotionally. Using the test allows you to think about your health condition as early as possible and take steps to preserve it. Indeed, even in old age a woman can lead a fairly active lifestyle.
How does the test for menopause work?
Pregnancy and menopause are serious hormonal changes in the body. It is worth knowing that until the period when the monthly periods are going on, the concentration of substances is characterized by a certain cyclical nature.
Few women know that there are tests for determining menopause, as well as for pregnancy. Agree, it is foolish to take tests every year to identify the approaching menopause, because it can last 10 or even 15 years. Express research allows you to quickly and at home to determine the presence or absence of menopause. The menopause test works on prince strips to determine pregnancy.
During menopause, the blood of a woman increases FSH, which is determined by testing. Before using it, it is important to read and follow the instructions for use.
How to find out about the upcoming menopause?
There is nothing difficult in the procedure for determining menopause. Many people think that FSH is found only in blood, and therefore this biological material is necessary for analysis. This substance is contained in the urine, and therefore it is important to collect it in the morning in a sterile container and conduct research.
However, you need to follow a few recommendations:
- Do not go to the toilet for 3-4 hours before the survey,
- do not drink large quantities of water
- open the packaging only when you are thinking of using it.
Also important is the time of the procedure. If a woman is still menstruating, it is recommended to carry it out in the first week of the cycle. Additional checks need to be done on the same day of the next cycle. If menstruation was not more than 3 months, you can test at any time. Repeated research is allowed to be done in a week. The instructions for use are simple:
- Wash the hands.
- Go to the toilet.
- Open the packaging.
- Tackle the bright stripes.
- Place the test in a container with urine for 10 seconds.
- Place the strip on a dry surface.
- View result in 1-5 minutes.
The test for menopause instruction is very simple, in a few minutes you can spend at home.
- If there is one pale streak, then it only says that menopause has not come, and it is better to identify the causes of your pain with your doctor.
- If two bright stripes appear on the identifier, then the climax has come and the brighter the strip, the greater the number of FGS in the analysis. In this case, you also need to consult a doctor, and go through additional research to determine menopause.
Sometimes the study may show unreliable results. Most often this occurs when it is improperly carried out, expired or defective product. In the package there are two strips, and if there is a suspicion that one of them turned out to be defective, it is recommended to hold the second one.
In order to get the most accurate result you need to adhere to some principles when conducting testing. These include:
- if the test is negative when climatic symptoms occur, it is necessary to repeat the procedure no less than two months later,
- if the result is negative and the menopause symptoms are absent, no re-diagnosis is allowed to be carried out not earlier than six months later,
- if the first test was positive and the second negative, then this is considered to be outside the norm and the examination should be repeated after 2 months,
- do not use strips after the expiration date,
- hormone therapy and oral contraceptives can distort results.
If you spent 2-3 Frautesta with a weekly interval, and they indicated a positive result, you need to consult a gynecologist for advice - you are in premenopausal state. The doctor will tell you how easier it is to move this difficult period, which can last for a long time.
You can buy such a product in any pharmacy, even if you are in a small village. If the strips for determining pregnancy are made by different manufacturers, then the products for determining menopause are produced by only one manufacturer, Frautest Menopause, who creates tests for determining ovulation and pregnancy. The cost of two strips usually does not exceed 200 rubles.
The test for the identification of menopause can be considered reliable, as they are not used for the first year, and many women have recognized their convenience. For an accurate picture of a single survey will be small. It is advisable to make them 3-4, that is, you need two packs. But still, some of the weaker sex still puzzle their brains: are there any methods for determining the approaching menopause? And do not know the answer.
Interesting video on the topic:
How to determine the beginning of menopause using the test
Deterioration of health does not always indicate the onset of menopause. It so happens that this is due to deviations in other systems of the body. To determine the onset of menopause at home with a special test.
During the period of maturity, in particular after 45 years, due to the deterioration of the functionality of the ovaries in a woman's body, the follicle-stimulating hormone rises, which indicates the beginning of menopause. It regulates the activity of the sex glands. It is FSH that detect tests. Previously, the hormone in the blood could be determined only with the help of laboratory tests. Modern medicine has taken a step forward, and now FSH detection is possible without a blood test.
Principle of operation
The menopause test is similar to those that determine pregnancy. The sample for the study is the level of FSH, the increase of which is maintained for five years from the date of completion of menstruation.
The tool is considered convenient and easy to use. To get the result, it is enough to drop a special stick in the urine for a few seconds.
The data is encrypted in specific colors, each of which is decisive in the test. Their explanation is available in the instructions. If you identify a positive result, you must make an appointment with a gynecologist.
When can I resort to the aid test
It is carried out in the presence of clear signs of a pre-menopausal state. Symptoms appear as:
- tides to the head
- monthly irregularities,
- fatigue and sleep disorders,
- nausea and loss of body balance
- excessive sweating
- dizziness and headaches.
One test will not be enough. Due to the unstable hormonal background, the check should be interval. The same result of two to three tests conducted every 6-7 days indicates the onset of menopause.
It should be borne in mind that in the presence of menstruation and menopausal symptoms, the study is best done. in the first six days of the cycle. The second test must be duplicated after a week.
In the case of irregular monthly analysis can be done on any day of the menstrual cycle.
Basic rules for the test
Before starting the procedure, you must ensure the integrity of the package. It must be opened no earlier than before testing.
First of all, it is important to carry out vaginal hygiene. For research accuracy, the test must be performed. in the morning immediately upon waking.
Having opened the package, the strip is taken with clean hands for the painted part. It must be lowered for 10 seconds in a container with urine to the specified trait. Next, you need to put the strip on a dry surface and wait for the appearance of one or two lines for 40 seconds. The maximum waiting time is five minutes.
The test result may be unreliable due to the use of birth control pills, as well as drugs containing hormones.
Evaluation of the data
One line on the test strip indicates that menopause has not come, and the level of FSH is normal. Two lines suggest otherwise.
If the test showed a negative result, and the symptoms of menopause are present, then it is necessary to repeat the procedure after two months. After the same period, it is necessary to conduct a study again if one test was positive and the second negative.
It happens that the result of the test is unclear and, as a result, invalid. This is manifested in the fuzzy contours of the lines that appear on the strip after drying. This is due to the expiration date of the test, violation of the integrity of its packaging or improper use. In this case, the study must be repeated: for this there is a spare test strip.
How to act upon completion of the procedure
A positive result from several studies conducted at one week intervals requires appeals to the gynecologist. Confirm a decrease in the performance of the ovaries will help additional diagnostic methods, which will appoint a doctor. If the symptoms of menopause bring severe discomfort to the woman, they are prescribed to alleviate them. medical supplies. Recover the lost ovarian function with the help of funds, of course, will not succeed, but you can significantly improve your health. In addition, drugs prevent the development of diseases that manifest themselves during menopause.
If an increased level of FSH turns out to be a sign not of menopause, but of other diseases, the advice of a specialist will be no less important.
A well-performed homeopathy test at home is fairly accurate and does not require special medical knowledge or skills. He helps a woman identify the first signs of menopause and prepare for future changes in her body.
However, in the diagnosis should not be limited to one test. After all, this device is not capable of replacing more accurate diagnostic methods, but is only an additional tool for home use.
The stages of menopause
Menopause - quite a long period, characterized by complete extinction of ovarian function. In the female body begin irreversible age hormonal processes. There are 3 stages of this period:
- Premenopause - the period preceding menopause. The first signs of premenopause can appear at age 45. There is also an earlier or later manifestation of this period. On average, its duration is up to 1.5 years. Starts the process of extinction of ovarian function, a decrease in estrogen and progesterone produced in the body is observed. At the same time, the amount of FSH - follicle-stimulating hormone increases significantly. At this time, women suffer from headaches, hot flashes, and emotional instability. Many people notice that libido decreases, dry mucous membranes are observed. A woman may be disturbed by occasionally increasing heartbeat.
- Menopause - the time of the onset of the last menstruation and their absence for 12 months. As a rule, this period is observed in women who have reached the age of 50-53 years. Menopause is characterized by elevated FSH levels.
- Postmenopause - this stage begins after 12 months have been absent. Increased FSH levels are maintained. Painful, unpleasant symptoms inherent in menopause, as a rule, completely disappear at this time.
To confirm their guesses that the period of menopause has come, a woman can consult with a specialist or do a menopausal test on her own. After receiving a positive result, consultation with a doctor is necessary; it will help alleviate the unpleasant symptoms by adjusting the woman's condition with the necessary therapy.
If the test turned out to be negative, it must be reapplied two months later. If during this period there are disturbing symptoms, you should also consult a doctor to prevent the development of another disease.
When should it be done
Women crossing the threshold of the 40th anniversary try to be more attentive to their health and well-being. They know that the onset of menopause is inevitable and a timely response to unpleasant symptoms will help to further stabilize the state of the body, facilitate the flow of menopause.
The first period of menopause is accompanied by a number of characteristic symptoms:
- periodic muscle cramps
- trouble sleeping
- mood swings
- increased sweating.
These symptoms may indicate the beginning of menopause or be a signal of the development of another disease. To protect yourself, a woman must do a test for determining menopause. According to his result, she will see if there are hormonal changes, this concerns an increase in the level of FSH, which is signaled by a positive test result. Instructions for use will help to deal with the intricacies of the home procedure. With a negative result, a woman should immediately contact a gynecologist to rule out the possible development of the disease. If the test is positive, repeat the procedure after 7 days. A repeated positive result is a reason to come to a specialist for consultation and examination.
A simple home test will help to deal with their condition in a timely manner, to stabilize it during an important hormonal adjustment period.
How to do a test instruction
When conducting a home test, a woman should follow the instructions - this will provide a reliable result. There are general rules to follow:
- Testing is needed in the morning urine - this will get the most reliable results.
- The test must be sealed. You need to get a strip with clean, dry hands.
- To lower a test strip in capacity with urine, having lowered to the specified level, to wait 10 seconds.
- Remove and put on a dry surface.
- Wait a specified time (about 5 minutes). During this time, a positive or negative result will clearly appear.
The test for menopause and its instructions may differ from different manufacturers, but the principle of testing is the same. You must first examine the recommendations specified by the manufacturer.
It should be remembered that taking hormones, COCK can distort the result. In this case, it is better to contact a specialist, to pass tests in the laboratory. It is also forbidden to use expired test strips, their result can not be considered reliable.
There are a number of recommendations that are worth paying attention to:
- The test can be negative, even with pronounced menopausal symptoms. In this case, you need to do tests 1 time in 2 months.
- In the absence of symptoms of menopause and a negative test result, it should be repeated once every six months.
- With the safety of regular menstruation and the appearance of symptoms of menopause, the test is carried out in the first 7 days of the cycle. It is repeated in a week, this will confirm the initial result.
In some cases, the first test may be positive, the second - negative. This phenomenon is considered normal since the level of FSH varies. Re-test is carried out after 2 months.
If two tests confirmed the beginning of menopause, showed an increased level of FSH - you need to consult with a gynecologist. Prescribed therapy will stabilize the condition. To tolerate unpleasant, painful symptoms can not be - it will worsen the quality of life, provokes the appearance of other unpleasant consequences, complications. Quality therapy stabilizes health, minimizes the unpleasant symptoms of menopause.
What are the results
The menopause test has several interpretations that a woman should know about:
- After the test, 1 track appeared on the strip. It may be a couple of tones brighter than the control track - this indicates that the level of FSH is normal. It is too early to talk about menopause, and a worsening of well-being, unpleasant symptoms that appear may indicate other problems. It is necessary to turn to the doctor, to be examined.
- If, after conducting a test on a strip of 2, the beads are clear, this is evidence of increased FSH levels. The clarity of the test strip and shows how much the level of the hormone is elevated.
A test strip may show an ambiguous, fuzzy result. This happens if a woman ignores the rules of home testing or if the test is expired (spoiled). In this case, you need to repeat the procedure.
Reviews of women show that properly conducted testing allows timely identification of the onset of menopause and stabilization of the condition by contacting a doctor.
Galina 45 l., Omsk
At home, she did a menopause test because she was afraid to go to the hospital. He twice showed a negative result, it helped me calm down. I went to the hospital anyway, the reason for the indisposition was hidden in another. The test is convenient and affordable, which is very good.
Olga 48 l., Voronezh
I am very pleased with the test, I regularly do it at home to monitor the state and behavior of the organism. It is good that it is in almost every pharmacy, the instruction is simple and clear.
Women respond well to the price of the menopause test. On average, the cost reaches 200 r for 2 test strips. Since it is needed only a few times a year, the price is considered budget. It may vary depending on the pharmacy chain, region of the country.
Learn about the upcoming menopause can be quite easily and quickly at home, using a special test. Attentive attitude to their health, regular check-ups, independent monitoring will help a woman easily transfer hormonal changes without feeling unpleasant symptoms of menopause.
What is testing for?
The main reason is the preparation for a new state. Changes affect many areas of life and directly affect sexuality. For proper preparation for climax, you need:
- consult a gynecologist for examination and testing for hormones,
- balance your diet, add healthy fruits and vegetables, meat, fish, dairy products containing vitamins and trace elements such as calcium and potassium to your diet,
- avoid stressful situations, as the restructuring of the body is already stress,
- strengthen the immune system a healthy lifestyle, physical activity,
- take appropriate medications.
Note! The doctor may prescribe hormonal medications, they can alleviate the symptoms and reduce the risk of diseases that often accompany this period.
When is the time to take the menopause test?
The age of onset of premenopause is different for everyone, but gynecologists advise you not to delay the determination of your condition and start testing approximately from the turn of 45 years. But more often, women avoid awareness and prefer to live with no obscurity. In this case, it is important to take the test if you feel one of the symptoms:
- violation of the menstrual cycle,
- long delay or premature menstruation,
- painful menstruation,
- poor blood discharge, clots, dark shade,
- feeling unwell - drowsiness, fatigue,
- emotional breakdown - nervousness, tendency to hysterics or tears, depression,
- the first tides - throws it in the heat, then in the cold,
- excessive sweating
- unpleasant body odor
- deterioration of the skin, hair, nails.
Features of the test at the beginning of menopause
Testing is carried out as follows: the strip is placed in a container where the urine was collected. Very similar to the definition of pregnancy. Substances that are applied to the strip, is a catalyst for the presence of FSH. Everyone has this substance, but with insufficient production of estrogen, its level increases. This reflects a positive result.
Note! Not always the level of FSH indicates the beginning of menopause. It may show a deviation in the level of hormones. If a positive result is necessary to consult a doctor.
To prepare for the conduct, it is not necessary to do any special manipulations, but gynecologists recommend testing in the mornings, because at this time a sufficient level of substances is concentrated in the urine.
The collection container must be sterile, it can be purchased at a pharmacy, it is inexpensive. The test itself for menopause should be used immediately after removing it from the package.
If the sign that prompted you to carry out the procedure is a delay in menstruation, but they still come regularly, then it is best to do it in the first week of the cycle, and not at the time of ovulation, when estrogen production is maximum.
The indicator that the result is positive is the presence of the second bar. If there is not a single strip in the zone marked with color, then we can talk about non-compliance with the recommendations or low-quality medical goods.
Instructions for use "Frautest"
Like other manufacturers, they mark the strip with special reagents that react with urine. They contain antibodies to FSH. The period of immersion in the tank with analyzes is 10 seconds. You can watch the result in 3-5 minutes. There are two indicators in the package.
Symptoms of menopause
According to the symptoms, it is conditionally possible to distinguish two stages of menopause. The first stage begins during perimenopause and ends five years after the onset of postmenopause. The following symptoms are noted:
- Frequent migraines
- Hot flushes to the head and neck
- Mood shifts, tearfulness, irritability,
- Excess weight,
- Problems with the digestive and cardiovascular systems.
This state of health persists for several years after menopause, then the listed symptoms disappear, and they are replaced by the following:
- Vaginal dryness,
- Decreased sexual desire
- Frequent urination, especially at night, pain,
- Gradually manifested osteoporosis,
- The tendency to diabetes, hypertension, heart attack and stroke increases,
- The pelvic floor muscles are weakened, which can lead to prolapse and even prolapse of the uterus.
Do not think that all these symptoms of menopause are observed in all women, in rare cases, on the contrary, there is a rise in working capacity and vitality, many suffer age-related changes in the body is quite normal.
Quite often, women go to doctors, complaining of fatigue, headaches and irritability, but it is impossible to make any definite diagnosis. The problem lies not in the disease, but in the onset of menopause. It is in order to reliably determine the cause of poor health, a test for menopause is used.
First of all, you need to understand how it determines the changes in the female body. Everything is very simple: during menopause, the level of estrogen decreases, in response to such a condition, the body triggers the ovarian stimulation mechanism. As a result, the level of follicle-stimulating hormone, or FSH, increases. It is on the concentration of this substance that the test for menopause reacts.
But you should pay attention to the fact that the test is unlikely to react at the very beginning of hormonal changes, a reliable result can be obtained only a couple of months after the start of enhanced synthesis of FSH, the increased level of which remains all the time.
The test for menopause should be done if the pronounced manifestation of symptoms coincided with the age at which menopause may occur. Sometimes these symptoms can be confused with late pregnancy, the likelihood of which during perimenopause may even increase, so do not neglect the opportunity to accurately determine the occurrence of such an important stage in the female body as menopause.
In order for the results to be as reliable as possible, it is important to correctly use the menopause test. Each copy is accompanied by detailed instructions that help conduct the tests yourself at home. The most popular products "Frautest" from the company, which also produces tests for pregnancy and ovulation.
What you need to remember in order to get the correct result?
- Do not drink too much water before the test begins.
- For two or three hours you should not urinate,
- Be sure to follow the tightness of the package, which can not be opened before testing,
- Oral contraceptives, as well as hormone therapy, can distort test results,
- Overdue products must not be used.
The sequence of actions during the test should be as follows:
- After unsealing a sealed package, remove the test strip and hold it by the painted edge.
- In a small container with pre-collected morning urine, lower the strip to the mark and hold there for ten seconds.
- The test strip should be put on a horizontal surface and wait for the lines to appear. To get the most reliable results, you need to wait five minutes.
After the test is completed, it is easy to determine the result:
- If the second line is not manifested, or manifested too pale, then the level of FSH is normal, the result is negative,
- If the second line is the same in color as the control, or even darker, the result is positive. The more saturated the developed band, the greater the concentration of follicle-stimulating hormone.
If the test was conducted in violation of the rules written in the instructions, then it is worth repeating the procedure using a new, sealed copy.
Appeal to the gynecologist
If the test results for menopause were positive and confirmed after some time, the most reasonable way out would be to consult a doctor. You should not endure unpleasant physical and psychological manifestations, if there is an opportunity to get quality advice and therapy.
For quite a long time it was believed that menopause should simply be tolerated and one cannot get rid of its manifestations, but modern medicine allows for a complete examination of the body and diagnosing weakening of the ovarian health. Вероятнее всего, врач отправит на анализ крови на гормоны, что позволит тщательно рассмотреть динамику концентрации фолликулостимулирующего гормона и определить наступление менопаузы.
You should not hesitate to contact a doctor if the symptoms of menopause appear bright and the test is negative for several months. It is possible that the cause of poor health lies not in age-related hormonal disorders, but in other, possibly more serious diseases. If, however, the onset of menopause is confirmed, the gynecologist can prescribe hormone replacement therapy, which will weaken the manifestation of menopause.
Careful attention to your own body will allow you to reliably survive any age-related hormonal changes. Properly performed test to determine menopause will help determine the cause of irritability, poor sleep, hot flushes and fatigue, and a timely visit to the gynecologist will allow to level these symptoms and enjoy life at any age.
What tests are there?
The test for menopause works on the same principle as the pregnancy test. The indicator zone, in contact with the liquid with one or another hormone content, reacts in a prescribed manner. Based on this, you can suggest or deny the onset of menopause. Although this method does not give an absolutely accurate result. For any result of such a test, it is necessary to consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis of the condition.
Conducted such tests on the urine. The most widespread system, called Frauteste. It is most affordable, widely distributed in pharmacies and relatively accurate.
The test does not respond directly to estrogen or testosterone during menopause. It reacts to the hormone FSH, which stimulates the follicles.
When to do?
To conduct such a study is necessary in the presence of symptoms of menopause or when there are no periods, and the pregnancy test was negative. Usually, such a study is conducted by women of older reproductive age - 40-50 years, which can be assumed to have menopause.
The disadvantage of such a test is that it will not show a reliable result at the very beginning of the process. Changes with it can be seen only 2-3 months after the start of the process. It is recommended to conduct research in the morning time of the day.
Where can one buy?
Test strips for menopause are sold widely available both in pharmacies and online stores. They are much less common than pregnancy tests. However, buying them is still not difficult. For the price of such a device is also quite affordable. Its cost is not much higher than a pregnancy test.
What to do with a negative result?
If the test result is negative, but there are no menstrual periods, then this is a reason to immediately consult a doctor. First, such a condition for a woman in the reproductive period can speak about pregnancy. Secondly, with such characteristics some serious diseases of the reproductive system occur. Therefore, the reason for the absence of menstruation should be established as quickly as possible.
What to do with a positive result?
If the test for determining menopause shows a positive result, then this, with a high degree of probability, speaks of the approach of menopause. This state is natural and too worried about its occurrence is not worth it. Some women during this period do not experience characteristic symptoms and experience it relatively easily and without treatment.
However, if the patient has negative severe symptoms, the mood, state of health or appearance has significantly deteriorated, then it is necessary to consult a gynecologist or a gynecologist and endocrinologist. This specialist may prescribe hormone replacement therapy or homeopathic medicines to improve the condition.
Why do I need a test for menopause?
Thanks to the tests, it is possible to promptly identify aggravated symptoms that rarely manifest themselves in the first stages of the menopausal period and thus stabilize the condition in time.
- a woman has hot flashes in time of menopause,
- there may be muscle cramps,
- trouble sleeping, at night the symptoms are more unpleasant
- excessive sweating
- frequent mood swings, irritability appears.
In addition, a woman in menopause increases sweating, some appetite is disturbed. It is worth noting that the listed symptoms can speak not only about the onset of menopause. Symptoms are also characteristic of other diseases. Therefore, it is important to pass the test and diagnostic examination.
How does the test work?
Tests for the determination of menopause is inexpensive, the procedure can be carried out at home. Every woman should understand that with the extinction of sexual function, a cardinal hormonal adjustment takes place in the body.
In a woman during this period of time, the level of follicle-stimulating hormone gradually begins to increase in the blood. The main goal of the hormone is to make the ovaries actively produce not only progesterone, but also estrogen. But as soon as menopause occurs, this process does not occur.
Menopause tests according to the instructions only work on the detection of FGS. When menopause rate is higher than the norm, this means that menopause occurs.
The test works on the determination of hormones. You can test for menopause at the age of 40-50 years. But, It is worth noting that these tests for determining menopause can show an unreliable result at the very beginning of the climacteric process.
After testing, it is recommended to contact a specialist who will help to correct the course of this period.
How to make a test instruction correctly
Testing can be at home. To make the result of the test used more reliable, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the rules described below.
- Doctors recommends a test for determining the climacteric period in the morning.
- Do not buy tests if they are not sealed. Otherwise, the result may be false.
- Before taking the strip out of the package, wash your hands well and dry them.
- Going to the toilet (type urine in the appropriate container).
- Immerse the test to the required level on the strip.
- Hold for 10 seconds.
After all these activities, put the test on a dry and clean surface, wait 5 minutes and see the result.
It is important to note that in order to determine the onset of menopause, it is necessary to use tests from different manufacturers, thereby achieving a more informative result. Experts recommend to purchase 2 types of tests and make them simultaneously or on different days.
Before using the test, carefully read the instructions, each manufacturer has a different urine holding time in the urine, it is worth paying particular attention to this.
- If a negative test result, even in the presence of a pronounced clinical picture of menopause, it is necessary to repeat the procedure in 1-2 months.
- If a woman has no symptoms of menopause and at the same time the test result is negative, then it is worth to test again, but only after 6 months.
Some women during this period may maintain regular menstruation and there are signs of menopause. Experts recommend testing for the first time 7 days from the start of the cycle. Repeat the procedure every week.
There are cases when the first test showed a positive result, and the second negative. Such a phenomenon in medical practice is considered normal. Why? The fact is that the level of follicle-stimulating hormone varies. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct tests every 2 months, the only way to get complete and reliable information.
Climax Test Manufacturers
Here are some of the most common tests that can be used to determine menopause:
- MediSmart Menopause Test, manufacturer Switzerland. According to the manufacturer, for two to three cycles the test shows the result with a probability of 99.9%.
- The second common test is FRAUTEST menopause. In the package there are two test strips. In the absence of menstruation, the test can be performed at any time of the day. Manufacturer Israel.
- Recently, women are actively buying tests to determine the menopausal period from German manufacturers - Diagnostik Menopause Selbsttest.
All tests are the same, the most important thing is to read the instructions carefully and wait for the allotted time.
How to improve the condition?
To improve the condition of a woman, use as a treatment means, having in its composition a gestagen and estrogen.
More rarely, menopause is prescribed in the form of suppositories: Ovestin or Estriol.
Phytopreparations also used to alleviate the condition. Due to the pronounced changes in the body, a woman may experience unpleasant symptoms. Therefore, to eliminate them, doctors recommend the use of herbal remedies.
For example: a mahogany extract or Estovel, Klimadinon helps to cope well with the signs of menopause. Less commonly, doctors prescribe Remens.
Vitamin therapy for menopause
An important role is played by vitamin therapy, which helps maintain a protective function in the woman's body.
It is recommended to use vitamins, which include folic acid (has a positive effect on the work of the genitals).
Common vitamin complexes:
- Menopace. Pantothenic acid, which is included in the vitamin complex helps to support the production of estrogen by the adrenal glands, directly during menopause. In order to achieve the most positive result, it is additionally necessary to take a vitamin from group B (B2-B2).
- Alphabet 50+ inexpensive vitamin means. The structure includes the whole complex of vitamins, minerals and carotenoids. The active ingredients are aimed at: protecting blood vessels, helping to absorb calcium in the body. Due to the fact that the composition of Alphabet 50+ includes lycopene and lutein, it helps prevent age-related changes from the organs of vision.
Most often, when a woman has a pronounced menopause, she is prescribed “Doppelgerz active menopause”. Biological food supplement, is composed of soybean isoflavones, which by chemical composition is close to the hormone estradiol.
Important! Vitamin complexes have practically no contraindications. But, nevertheless, carefully read the instructions and consult with the gynecologist before applying.
Now you know at what age and why you need to do the test during menopause. Remember, if the climacteric period occurs with a pronounced clinical picture, but the test is negative, then it is best to immediately consult a doctor. You should not try to get rid of unpleasant symptoms on your own, otherwise you can aggravate the flow of menopause and more serious complications will arise.
How the menopause test works
The very first symptoms of menopause mean only its beginning, but this period continues for quite a long time. Therefore, sometimes a woman marks in her pronounced manifestations after a long period of time.
From the initiation of this process to complete completion, it often takes eight or ten years. In the weaker sex, reproductive functions are gradually diminishing, the menstrual cycle changes and pronounced alterations of almost all processes in the body occur.
Therefore, the test for the onset of premenopausal helps to diagnose it in time and to adapt as much as possible to such a difficult period, sooner or later coming in every woman.
Studies on menopause are conducted using specific pharmaceutical products, in many respects similar to those intended to determine the presence of pregnancy. They are based on studying the level of follicle-stimulating hormone in the urine. It is also determined in blood plasma, but at home a factory test is used.
The basic principle of its action is based on the study of changes in the hormonal background of women, who necessarily accompany the onset of menopause.
When premenopause is approached, ovarian estrogen production is significantly reduced, and against such a background, stabilization of follicle-stimulating hormone levels becomes particularly noticeable.
The main rules of the test are the following:
- Do not empty the bladder for four hours before the analysis,
- you should use only a minimum of liquid for a better concentration of biologically active substances,
- the test is opened immediately prior to analysis to avoid inaccuracies.
Failure to comply with these conditions of the study often receive false results.
They are usually associated with the acquisition of poor-quality pharmaceutical products, violation of the rules of its use or non-compliance with the shelf life.
In this case, it is recommended to repeat the analysis, as there are two strips in the package. Another way out would be his new implementation a week later.
When to do a test for menopause
Allowed to conduct research on any day of the month. If a woman feels the signs of premenopause or delays have become frequent, then she will quickly give an answer, with which similar symptoms are associated.
In cases where the representative of the weaker sex is first faced with a delay in menstruation, and the pregnancy test gives a negative answer, the analysis is required on the fifth or sixth day of the cycle.
When receiving dubious answers, it is best to follow the following guidelines:
When the test gives a negative answer, but there are symptoms of the presence of premenopause, it is worth repeating the analysis after sixty days.
If the result is negative and the main signs of menopause are also not noted, then a new study may be conducted no earlier than six months later.
When two tests were used and one of them gave a positive answer and the other negative, the analysis was repeated after sixty days.
The results can differ significantly from reliable if a woman regularly uses contraceptives or hormonal drugs.
Before proceeding to the study, it is necessary to carefully read the instructions that are attached to the package.
How to do the test for menopause
The algorithm of actions during the analysis is proposed as follows:
- wash your hands with soap and water before opening the package
- collect urine in a sterile container
- take strips of dough
- hold them over the painted area
- drop in liquid for ten seconds
- remove and leave to dry in a clean place
- after five minutes, examine the result.
It is best to take a morning urine for the study. It is collected in a sterile container and a strip of dough is placed in it for ten seconds.
If menopause has already entered into its rights, two lines will appear. The more intense their coloring, the more pronounced its stage. When you receive a positive result, you need to visit a specialist to develop a treatment regimen for the main manifestations of premenopause.
In the event that one slightly colored strip appears, the result of the analysis is considered negative. If it is received, then the study should be repeated two or three times after a certain period of time.
If, however, and after him, the answer of the test clearly indicates the absence of menopause, it is urgent to contact a gynecologist for in-depth diagnosis.
It is possible to use such a pharmaceutical product throughout the entire period of menopause until its complete cessation. This period is the time when after the end of the last menstruation more than a year has passed. As a rule, they become fifty-two to fifty-five years old.
Price and brand
The menopause test is sold in any pharmacy chain. Its cost varies in a fairly wide range.
- The most used set for analysis is the Hungarian Frautest Menopause. On average, its price ranges from one hundred and fifty to two hundred rubles.
- There is also a Premium Diagnostics test for menopause, produced by the American pharmaceutical industry. It will cost much more, its cost reaches three hundred rubles.
- In the early stages of menopause, a sensitive MediSmart Menopause Test, produced in Switzerland, is very helpful. It can be applied already at the very first delays of menstruation..But for the product will have to pay at least four hundred and fifty rubles.
In general, they are all based on the same principle, the essence of which is to determine the content in the urine of follicle-stimulating hormone.
A woman who is at reproductive age, her level depends on the day of the menstrual cycle.
But if the representative of the weaker sex is already in the beginning stage of menopause, then the amount of FSH will be at the same level at any time. If its level reaches 25 mIU / ml, then they speak with confidence about the onset of premenopause.
If the test performed three times shows the same results, then correction of the beginning menopause is required.
После пересечения сорокапятилетнего рубежа рекомендуется регулярно проводить этот анализ, чтобы не пропустить первые признаки пременопаузы и вовремя начать терапию такого состояния.
The woman's menstrual cycle can still function satisfactorily, but she already feels the first flushes, the changed course of menstruation and increased irritability. Therefore, it is very important to make the test, since the first symptoms of menopause can develop in a similar way with the onset of many gynecological diseases.
It is necessary to make sure that we are talking about the approach of menopause, because the diseases of the female genital sphere are best treated when they are detected in a timely manner.
For the final decision on the initiation of hormone therapy, it is desirable to back up the results of the test for menopause with laboratory blood tests. Then the doctor can confidently judge the onset of premenopause.
Studying the general hormonal background will not only allow to determine the most appropriate ways to correct a woman’s condition, but also to identify comorbidities.
Modern diagnostic technologies are increasingly improving the quality of life. One striking example is the test strips, which determine the onset of menopause, ovulation or pregnancy.
Menopause HomeTest. The test allows you to determine menopause without collecting urine. It is much more convenient to use than other similar products. The price of the test for menopause, an average of 100 p.
Pharmasco's Menotest ™ will help determine the onset of menopause. Pack 2 test systems. Since FSH changes throughout the menstrual cycle, 2 procedures with a difference of 1 week are performed to obtain a reliable result. Medical company "Farmasko" produces a test for menopause at a price of 200 rubles.
Frautest. Frautest for menopause is sold in packs of 2 pcs. The accuracy of the result is 99%. Plus test - conducting at any time in the absence of monthly for three months. cost - 128 rubles.
If a woman has never used the test for menopause, the instruction will help to do it correctly. The study requires urine, preferably morning, as it concentrates the maximum amount of the hormone. If the test is performed during the day, a woman should refrain from urinating for 2-3 hours and drink as little liquid as possible at this time.
Before conducting a study, it is important to pay attention to the tightness of the packaging in which the device is stored. It must completely eliminate the ingress of air. You need to open the package immediately before the study.
If a woman has monthly periods, but the symptoms of menopause already exist, then the test should be carried out in the first 7 days of the cycle. To confirm the results, a second test is recommended after a week.
If the monthly does not come within 3 months or more - you can do a test for determining menopause at any convenient time. Repeat the procedure, as in the previous case, you need in 7 days.
The need to test 2 times due to the fact that women during menopause hormonal unstable.
As for the procedure itself, it should take place in the following order:
- urine is collected in a sterile container,
- the test with clean hands is removed from the packaging (it is necessary to hold on to the painted part of it),
- the device is placed in a container with urine (you need to make sure that the liquid does not reach the marked border),
- in the urine test is maintained for 10 seconds,
- The test stick is removed and placed on a dry, flat surface.
Results can be assessed in 2-5 minutes, but no later than 10 minutes.
There are several options for interpreting the analysis: positive, negative and erroneous.
- A positive answer means the onset of menopause, two colored lines appear on the test.
- Negative - normal concentration of FSH, only the control strip is visible.
- An erroneous result is that there is no control line on the test, which means that the procedure was carried out incorrectly, a repeated analysis is required.
If the menstrual cycle is irregular and symptoms of a climacteric syndrome are present, a positive response after 2 tests will indicate perimenopause. If 1 is positive, 2 is negative (or vice versa), the woman is in the early stage of menopause. Both tests are negative - menopause has not come.
Do not forget that the use of hormonal drugs, including OK, may affect the test results.
If the test results turned out to be negative, but the monthly ones still did not start, it means that the woman needs to visit a doctor as soon as possible. The fact is that the symptoms of menopause in women of reproductive age may indicate the presence of pregnancy or severe abnormalities in the work of internal organs. The sooner the cause of a negative change is found, the easier it will be to eliminate it.
A positive test result with a high probability indicates the approach of menopause. However, this state is quite natural and therefore it is not worth it to panic. A large number of women experience this period quite easily. They do not need medication.
In the presence of pronounced symptoms of menopause, which interfere with a full life, a woman should consult an endocrinologist. He will recommend hormonal medicines that will improve well-being as soon as possible.