Hygiene

From which day should the countdown of the monthly

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  • How to count the beginning of the cycle
  • How to know the menstrual cycle
  • How to determine the duration of the cycle
  • - calendar for the current year,
  • - pen (markers).

A cycle is a period from the beginning of one menstruation to the beginning of another. The first day of the menstrual cycle is considered the first day of bleeding, the last day - the last day before the next menstruation.

The normal cycle lasts 21-35 days, ideal - 28 days. Typically, the duration of menstruation is 3-7 days.

Menstruation begins at the age of nine to fifteen. It depends on the physiology, race, nutrition, hereditary factors and physical activity. At first (from one year to one and a half years) it is possible that the cycle will go irregularly, at this time the formation of the female reproductive system takes place.

Monthly cycle in women

If there are no serious health problems, menstruation comes in due time and does not cause discomfort. The concept of "delay" is very individual. In the physiology of women, there is much in common, but the frequency and duration of disruptions of the menstrual cycle are different. There are no exact numbers and complete matches.

Fluctuations are observed in transitional age, but after the first menstruation a normal cycle should be established. It begins on the first day of menstruation, and ends on the first day of the following regul. This length of time is taken into account to determine deviations.

Cycle phases

Monthly begin to 15 years. This is the average age threshold, but the first menstruation occurs at 12 years and after 16. Such fluctuations are related to the fact that in adolescence the reproductive system is formed gradually and in different ways. Possible failures and delays reg.

If before 15 years of age did not start, visit a gynecologist. Normal to this age the cycle should be regular.

On average, the cycle is 28-30 days and begins with the follicular phase (1-14 days of menstruation). During this period, the body and uterus prepare for potential fertilization. Under the influence of estrogen follicles mature. There may be several, but only one becomes dominant.

Onset of ovulation

In parallel with the maturation and development of the egg in the follicle, the endometrial layer of the uterus grows. Physiological thickening of the mucous is necessary for reliable attachment and normal development of the embryo.

By the second phase, the body is ready for fertilization. In the ovulatory period, falling in the middle of the cycle, the follicle bursts. The egg cell comes out and starts moving through the fallopian tubes. The production of the hormone estrogen decreases, the level of progesterone gradually increases. For conception this time is considered the most favorable. If fertilization has not occurred, then menstrual periods after ovulation begin after a few days.

The exact date of ovulation is difficult to determine. Women are able to feel its attack. A specific symptom appears: vaginal discharge becomes more abundant, breast sensitivity increases, changeable mood and increased sexual desire are observed.

There are many signs of ovulation. You can navigate to them, but it is better to start a calendar and fix the dates and cycle changes monthly.

How to calculate the time delay

The surprises associated with a cycle failure make women nervous. Those who keep the calendar are more comfortable with vibrations. They easily determine the day of ovulation, know when to wait for menstruation, and control the delay.

Learning to do the correct calculation is very simple. Mark the period of menstruation, crossing out the days when bleeding occurs. After 3-4 months, you can see and analyze the duration of the cycle. It is necessary to count from the 1st day of the last menstruation to the beginning of the next. There are averages (28–30 days), but deviations up or down are possible. There is nothing abnormal in this, since much depends on the characteristics of the organism.

To determine the beginning of the next regulation, it is necessary to add all the days of the cycle to the end date of the previous ones.

Delay is considered to be any deviation from the time of the expected onset of menstruation. Normally, the monthly cycle is 21–35 days. If the figures are different, do not panic. Consider your age, lifestyle and health.

The reasons for the appearance of delays of various duration

There are many causes and factors that can lead to a menstrual cycle and lead to delays:

  • pregnancy,
  • hormonal disorders,
  • infectious and inflammatory diseases,
  • problems of the cardiovascular and circulatory systems
  • ectopic pregnancy and the state of the body after an abortion,
  • sharp weight fluctuations
  • climate change,
  • stresses
  • menopause
  • poor nutrition,
  • intoxication of the body.

The calendar helps women keep track of failures and deviations in the cycle. It is important not only to mark the days of the onset and cessation of menstruation, but also to be able to make the right calculations and conclusions. Delays occur for various reasons, depending on the duration they are normal or indicate the development of pathological processes.

If the menstruation does not come in due time, it is a failure. But when the cycle goes down for 1-3 days, do not rush to think about pregnancy and illness. With the delay of menstruation on day 1, the absence of bleeding is acceptable. Experiences, past illnesses, poor sleep and a lot of other factors negatively affect the functions of the ovaries and the state of the body. For this reason, the first days of the monthly delay are not considered abnormal.

A delay of up to 7 days can be caused by hormonal disruption. This is the most common reason, but there may be many. Worry about a delay of 3-5 days about your condition should not be. May have become pregnant. You can confirm the fertilization of the egg by using the test. If conception did not happen, the woman feels well, you can not rush to the doctor.

In another way you should behave in cases of unpleasant symptoms. Pain, nausea, fever and blood pressure jumps should not be ignored.

There is a possibility of the development and progression of diseases. In order to dispel fears, it is better to go to a gynecologist and be examined.

Dangerous is the delay of menstruation for 10 days or more. This condition is considered normal only during pregnancy. Female diseases can provoke a delay: ectopic pregnancy, fibroids, exacerbation of thrush, polycystic ovaries, infections of the reproductive system. In this case, it is necessary to find out the causes of the deviations that occur in a medical institution, especially when such situations are repeated every month.

Peculiarities of examination by a specialist

Before planning a meeting with a doctor, do a pregnancy test. If conception is not confirmed, the gynecologist will determine the cause of the monthly failure based on the data obtained after the examination and laboratory tests.

Usually, women donate blood to assess the state of hormonal background and the presence of possible infections in the genital tract, undergo histological examination of the uterine lining and ultrasound of the pelvic organs.

In most cases, the causes of violations of the stability of the cycle are determined already in the early stages of the survey. When pathologies identified, treatment is prescribed.

Why do you need to know the cycle of menstruation?

The gap between the regulations in a healthy woman of reproductive age is cyclical, has a certain duration. But sometimes there are different failures, the intervals between the monthly increase or decrease, with proper and regular calculations, you can prepare in advance for the arrival of critical days.

Why do you need to know the time of arrival of menstruation:

  1. Knowing the frequency of the onset of menstruation, you can plan important events, prepare the necessary hygiene products in advance.
  2. The schedule allows you to notice abnormalities in time, contact a gynecologist in a timely manner - any disease is easier to cure at the initial stage of development.
  3. It is easier to plan a pregnancy, or learn about conception during a delay of menstruation.
  4. To track the time of PMS appearance - for many women this period is difficult, it is necessary to take painkillers or sedatives, it is better to prepare in advance.

By counting the monthly cycle it's easier to plan a pregnancy.

Calendar calculation method

In order to correctly calculate the duration of the intervals between the monthly periods, the first day of the appearance of the discharge and the date before the start of the next menstruation are marked in the calendar, 3–12 months are monitored.

Examples:

  1. The date of the beginning of the month - 6.05, the next - 06. Calculation: 31 (number of days in May) - 6 (day of the start of regulation) +3 = 28. The next critical days should be 1.07.
  2. If for several months the calculation showed fluctuations of 1-3 days, then the duration of the intervals between periods is the average value of 3 indicators. For example: (27 + 25 + 29): 3 = 27.
  3. If during the year all the intervals between the regulations are about the same, and one month is very distracting from the overall picture, you can ignore its duration when calculating the average indicators - such a failure can be associated with stress, climate change.
  4. If the intervals between critical days are longer than 30 days, the time of their occurrence will move monthly a few days ahead, if the breaks are less than 30 days, a few days ago.
  5. The calendar should also mark the number of days when spotting appeared, and when menstruation ended, usually it is 3-7 days. With regular maintenance of the schedule, you can calculate not only the date of the onset of menstruation, but also its end.

Knowing the number of days in your cycle, you can easily predict the dates of menstruation and the days of possible fertilization.

Normal menstrual cycle

It used to be considered the norm, if the duration of the intervals between regulators was 28 days, but now deviations upward and downward are allowed. The cycle should last at least 21 days, the maximum cycle duration is 35 days, the tolerances are 1-3 days.

Knowing the date of arrival of critical days, you can plan a pregnancy or, conversely, avoid unwanted conception in a certain period of time. It is easy to keep records, you need a simple calendar and pen, or a special online calculator, it is important to record all values ​​correctly and systematically.

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What is considered a delay

Gynecologists recommend women of reproductive age to keep a monthly calendar, which will mark the arrival of the next menstruation. After a couple of months, it will be possible to independently determine the duration of the cycle by reading the days from the first day of the bleeding to the beginning of the next. On average, one cycle lasts 28-30 days. For some, it may be a couple of days shorter or longer, these are the individual characteristics of the organism.

A woman who follows the onset of menstruation knows when to wait for the arrival of critical days, can determine the date of ovulation. If there is no allocation in due time, a failure has occurred. Reasons for excitement may not be when the cycle is shifted by 1-4 days. This may be due to a number of objective reasons and does not indicate the development of pathology.

If the cycle is irregular, then it is calculated by the longest in six months. It should be taken as a guide to calculate the date of future menstruation. In single cases, the delay can last up to 7 days, if the situation has not recurred the next month, the cycle has returned to normal - there is no reason for anxiety. When this pattern is observed on an ongoing basis, the cycle does not differ in regularity, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Delay rates

In the absence of problems in the reproductive system, the full functioning of the ovaries, the woman's menstrual cycle remains virtually unchanged. It fluctuates in adolescence, when it is established, and then stability is observed. The woman knows the start date of the critical days, clearly seeing when the shift occurs.

Under the pressure of external factors, the postponement of menstruation can last up to 5 days. This is often encountered during flights: the climate is changing, the time zone. This results in severe stress, emotional shock. It is extremely important that the woman’s well-being does not deteriorate during this period. The following problem, in which there is no need to talk about the delay rate, indicates:

  1. Nausea.
  2. Irritability.
  3. General weakness.
  4. Itching, burning sensation in the genital area.
  5. Pain, localizing the lower abdomen.

Against the background of unpleasant symptoms, the absence of critical days even these 5-7 days should cause concern. You can consider the delay of a monthly sign of pregnancy - it is easy to confirm the test, testing, examination by a gynecologist. In another case, the situation is not so joyful, the discharge may be absent due to the pathology developing in the body. And here you can not miss the time.

Remember, normally the cycle shift allows a delay of 5 days, but this condition should occur once and should not be accompanied by unpleasant symptoms.

Possible reasons

The onset delay, as a rule, indicates that a failure has occurred in the body. It is necessary to identify the main causes of this condition.

  1. Disruption of hormonal levels is a common and corrected problem. Delivery of tests for hormones is appointed after the examination, collection of anamnesis. The cause of failure often acts ovarian dysfunction.
  2. Poor nutrition, rigid diet. The pursuit of ideal parameters negatively affects health. Not everyone prefers to eat rationally, most prefer to severely restrict the diet, making it scarce. The lack of useful microelements necessary for the work leads to delays. Often, starving women so torture the body that menstruation becomes scarce, completely disappear.
  3. Diseases of the inflammatory, infectious nature of the reproductive system, cysts, and other pathologies cause menstrual disorders.
  4. Ectopic pregnancy is a common cause of the absence of critical days.
  5. Severe intoxication. May occur as a result of working with harmful substances: gas, paints, chemicals. The cause of poisoning can be alcohol abuse, smoking, drug addiction.
  6. Diseases of TsGS, kidneys, heart, liver, circulatory system.
  7. Heredity. The role of genes in the course, formation of the menstrual cycle in women cannot be underestimated, they can be the cause of unstable periods, delays.
  8. Climax. With the extinction of ovarian function, menstrual periods become irregular, delays constantly increase. This condition is considered normal, but the woman must accept it.

Understanding the causes, the mechanisms of delays should be understood, they carry a potential health hazard to the reproductive system. A woman should calculate her cycle, clearly catching the moment of the absence of critical days. Ignoring a problem often leads to serious complications.

When and how to count the delay

You can read the delay time using the calendar. It marks the day of the beginning of the last menstruation, all days of the current cycle are added. This value is approximate for orientation when critical days come.

With an irregular cycle, the same scheme is calculated by the longest cycle. He will be a guide. When the allotments in due time did not begin, we can talk about the ensuing failure. When there are no monthly periods on average 5-7 days, there is no particular reason for excitement. The reason may be hiding is that the egg leaves the ovary longer than usual. Delay is considered a serious cause for excitement when its duration reaches 10 or more days. The cause of this condition may be pregnancy or the development of the disease; consultation of the gynecologist is necessary. The situation needs to be clarified, ignoring it often provokes further complications.

Calculate the average duration of the cycle is easy, you need to take care of yourself, keep a calendar. This allows you to know about possible deviations in the body, will prevent the appearance of other problems.

Causes of delayed menstruation

If menstruation does not start at the time you schedule and even after a week you do not notice discharge, the reason for this response may be:

  1. Pregnancy. There will be no other noticeable symptoms in the first weeks, so you have to pass the test to confirm your guess.
  2. Hormonal adjustment in adolescence or in women after 45 years with menopause.
  3. Wrong diet. Diets and fasting harm not only the stomach, but also the reproductive organs. Lack of essential trace elements often entail scanty periods or their delay.
  4. Hormonal disruptions caused by stress. It is proved that nervous disorders contribute to the suspension of hormone production responsible for modern menstruation.
  5. Diseases of the genital organs or secondary diseases associated with disorders of the liver, kidneys, heart, central nervous system, etc.

Inspection at a delay of the monthly

If the cycle has stabilized, and the woman knows for sure when the critical days should come, any deviation from the norm signals that some changes have occurred in the body. Какие именно, может установить только врач-гинеколог, так что не стоит пренебрегать его мнением и избегать посещений женской консультации.

Диагностика при задержке месячных проводится по-разному, но чаще всего обследования предусматривают комплексный подход. Они проводятся поэтапно:

  1. Первичный осмотр гинекологом груди пациентки, а также влагалища и шейки матки.
  2. Анализ крови. With it, you can determine the presence of a possible infection, as well as establish the state of the hormonal background at the moment.
  3. Ultrasound examination (ultrasound) of the pelvic organs (in some cases).
  4. Histological examination of the endometrium of the uterus.

Most often, the cause is identified at the first stages of the survey, although girls who are actively sexually active should first be tested for pregnancy - from which day of delay it should be done depends on the individual characteristics of each organism, but if the monthly periods are late -10 days or more, be sure to use it.

Delayed physiological conditions

How to calculate the delay, any woman will be able to understand, but a very important nuance is the correspondence of the body's behavior to some symptoms. In particular, whites, light discharge of various consistency can actively be allocated during the delay. Depending on the nature of their appearance, abundance, and some other signs, pathology can be identified in a timely manner:

  • creamy or mucous translucent discharge is the norm,
  • white cheesy discharge - the first sign of thrush, which is often accompanied by slight itching and prolonged absence of menstruation,
  • Abundant white odorless discharge - a symptom that means a hormonal imbalance and the imminent onset of “late” menses.

If the absence of menstruation is very disturbing to you, pay attention to any symptoms uncharacteristic of your normal well-being. There are no suspicious signs of pathology? Be patient and wait. Nothing changes? So, it's time to do a pregnancy test and go to a gynecologist for a consultation.

If a woman has lost her menstrual cycle, this does not necessarily indicate the need for treatment. Moreover, no need to try to somehow speed up the process. In order to avoid unwanted pregnancy, you need to worry in advance about reliable protection in the form of contraception. If the conception of a child did happen, in no case should you begin to take medication in a haphazard way. This can lead to serious complications.

If there is no pregnancy, look for the root cause of such a condition under the supervision of a gynecologist. The maturation of the egg can affect both gynecological diseases and banal hormonal disruptions associated with stress, strict diets, acclimatization, and many other common causes of menstrual shift.

In the case of a delay, you should not panic, however, this behavior of the organism cannot be ignored either. Do not think that changes in the menstrual cycle do not pose a threat to women's health. Long-term delay or constant shifts in the time of the onset of menstruation is an indicator of a pathological condition. It is necessary to immediately identify the cause of its origin and, if necessary, undergo the required treatment.

see also

  • But how do you consider the day of delay? If, for example, you have a cycle of 28 days, is the delay considered to be 29 dts? Or exactly on the day when the previous menstruation period occurred? for example, there were 4 months ...
  • How to count? Girls, tell me, the cycle was regular, then lost. How about count? Do I need to add days of delay to my usual 30 days of the cycle and count 14-16 days? Well there tests Oh catch if only. Yes?
  • How do you count the delay now? Girls, hello! My cycle is jumping terribly from 29 to 38 days and this is only for the last 5 months, I calculated the average number - 33 days turned out, today just 33 days ends and silence, tests ...
  • When to count the delay? Devonki, usually a cycle of 28 days. This month was O for 12 DC, the second phase is usually 14 days, ie, O this time early, when M does not wait, where does the delay come from? From 26 dz, if 12 days before O and the usual 2 ...
  • Delay or not? Girls! Help me to understand! The last M were 10.02. In this cycle, ovulation was at 13DC (February 22). It turns out in DPO today is 15 days (most often my stomach hurts and begins to daub at 13DPO, and so usually ...
  • How to count as a day of delay? How to count as a day by day? Help, my last cycle was 32 nya and before it was 28 always, now I have 30 DCs, can I assume that these are days of delay or not?
  • How is the delay in late ovulationGirls, tell me, if ovulation was 20 dC, from which day is the delay considered? Usually the cycle is 28 days, today it is already 31 ds and when to do the test?
  • Is this a delay? Devulenki, such a question has matured. My last cycle started earlier, that is, M did not come on August 10-12, but 6-7. I get now 31 d.ts, (at the usual length of 26-28) but this is a new cycle. is it possible ...
  • again delay. but .... Well, what a cycle, then I do not have Russian. Direct walks by itself. And where with this cycle to calculate ovulation. Again the delay. Things are fun, but I no longer believe in conception and ...
  • Delay All hello. My periods have always been as accurate as a train. Delays were only in the case of pregnancy. Tests showed two strips. What I have today: 4 day delay, and 31 day cycle. Previous monthly December 17th. OK…

From what date is the monthly delay considered

You know how things around you work - phones, computers, household appliances, but you do not know how your body works. Therefore, in any incomprehensible situation you fall into anabiosis. Only in the case of delayed menstruation, do you run to the pharmacy for a test.

Doctors call about a dozen reasons for delayed menstruation. And although the pregnancy in this list is in the first place, this is not the only reason for the delay of menstruation.

By the way, how to determine pregnancy before a delay, we have already considered in one of the articles earlier.

Other causes of monthly delay

I have a non-stable second phase of the monthly cycle, as the rule is 8-10 days and the basal temperature varies between 36.8 and 37.1. (cycle 30-32 days) The last visit to the doctor was done by an ultrasound scan. It was the 26th day of the cycle, as indicated by the temperature graph, ovulation took place on day 21.

The doctor discovered that ICEO 19 was homogeneous, in the right yellowish telodo 1.9 cm, there was also a small bunch. Because of this doubt, that this is possible pregnancy.

In order to preserve a possible pregnancy, I accept a two-finger diet in half a pill on the morning and evening, today, now already 30 days of the cycle, made the home test recurrent, but it gave a negative result. Ivot now me tormented by doubts about pregnancy

You can think of a possible pregnancy in the picture of the ultrasound study. It is necessary to measure the basal temperature and repeat the dynamics of the ultrasound.

Starting with an advanced test, the alternation can determine the presence or absence of

Home test to determine pregnancy sensitivity, starting with 2-3

In October, it was confirmed that the 6th week of homicide was obtained. Pregnancy was “abnormal” - only the last and the egg. After that, it could have been pregnant again. After 4 months after the accident, Clomid.Propyl5 tablets.

I didn’t know how to increase the level of progesterone. I didn’t know the name, after 7 days. Nowadays excretions: began with a light brown, now -bloods, as with the usual menstruation. The test didn’t do it. The last menstruation began on February 25, 2000.

The basal temperature, which I measure only for one month, showed that the population took place on the 18th day of the cycle, that is, March 13 and the current time would be above 37 degrees C - 37.2 C. I would like to be advised that it happened.

Why, when there was a discharge, did the temperature fall? Does it indicate that the variability was to start a miscarriage? It should be limited if the doctor should continue to take

Since the basal temperature is kept above 37 degrees, a long time cannot be excluded pregnancy. The pregnancy has contributed to the meaning of your treatment.

Due to the fact that blood flow was released immediately to appeal to the doctor, to confirm / exclude diagnosis, and if it is confirmed that you are pregnant with taking preservation.

It is contraindicated for use during pregnancy, and there is no sense of vegan use in this case. If the pregnancy is not confirmed, then it should be taken in the next cycle. If a miscarriage occurs, then the subsequent pregnancy can be planned only in 6 months - a year.

Accordingly, this period is to be applied to the same token. If the pregnancy is terminated, it should be carefully investigated to clarify the causes

Tell me, please, on what day of the presumed analysis, analysis of the blood of the HCG will show the presence of pregnancy? And in what time can such an analysis be given to you?

In the very delay of the monthly danger there is no any. But the danger may lie in the cause of the failure of the menstrual cycle. Therefore, this situation should not be let out of control.

For example, if the delay in menstruation occurs due to an increase in the level of prolactin in the blood, and this, in turn, is associated with the formation of microadenomas (tumors) in the brain, then this can lead to dire consequences if time does not begin treatment.

How to count the delay

The female body is much more complex than the male, and health problems may be associated with impaired menstrual cycle. Keep in mind that only the gynecologist will help you find out what the main cause of failures is. Make it a rule to visit his office regularly.

Doctors recommend keeping a monthly diary.

It is very simple - you need to mark the days of the beginning and end of the menstrual cycle in the calendar. You can even specify their intensity - paint over the days with more or less intense color. So you will not only always be ready for the beginning of the cycle, but you will get a complete picture of the flow of menstruation. And calculate the delay is not difficult.

If there is no cycle on a certain day, we can safely talk about the delay.

If you assume that you do not have a delay, and you don’t have a monthly calendar, you need to remember exactly when you had and how long the last cycle lasted - 25-30 days or more. To this figure you need to add the date when the last monthly ended.

For example, your cycle lasts 20 days. Last menstruation ended the first of December. We add 20 to 1, it turns out that on December 21 you should have started your period. If not, it indicates a possible delay. But do not rush to conclusions, you need to wait two weeks. And if after this cycle does not repeat, you have exactly the delay. It's time to go to the doctor.

The doctor can prescribe the necessary drugs for the regulation of the menstrual cycle. At the same time keep in mind that only timely prescribed treatment helps to get rid of serious failures of the female body. That is why, noticing a slight deviation from the menstruation schedule, it is necessary to seek advice from a qualified specialist.

And even if you are not sure that the delay in menstruation is related to pregnancy, still try to do a test, especially if you were planning to conceive. Just remember that you need to do a pregnancy test in the morning when there is the highest concentration of hormones in your urine.

The rate of delayed menses: when should you worry?

On average, a woman’s menstrual cycle lasts 28 days. This value is used to calculate the duration of pregnancy, the time of ovulation. The individual characteristics of the body can be explained by the variation of the cycle duration from 21 to 35 days. The norm of the delay of menstruation - 3-5 days no bleeding after the expected period.

Such fluctuations in the menstruation schedule are observed in each woman, but they are not associated with any pathology. Usually the next month the cycle is restored.

When can the delay be normal?

The delay of menstruation is considered the norm in cases involving hormonal changes.

These include:

  • The period after the first menstruation and before menopause. In young girls, the cycle is set for 1.5-2 years. During this period, delays of up to 6 months are possible. In the premenopausal period (40-50 years), the absence of menstruation is associated with a decrease in the production of sex hormones: progesterone and estrogen. Reproductive function fades. Delays may increase gradually or be intermittent (2-4 months for no bleeding). This period lasts about 6 years.
  • Acceptance of hormonal drugs. Cancellation of oral contraceptives, taking two courses of pills without a break cause a delay in menstruation.
  • Postpartum period. An extensive wound forms in the uterus due to the separation of the placenta. Normal bleeding continues for 1.5-2 months, constantly shrinking. Often the menstrual cycle resumes immediately, but in some cases it takes 2-3 months for the body to restore it - this is also a variant of the norm. To make sure that there is no infection or inflammation, you must visit a gynecologist.
  • Lactation. Lactation in the body of a woman is supported by the hormone prolactin. He also postpones the onset of ovulation and menstruation. The more often a woman breastfeeds a baby, the more milk is required and the more intensively prolactin is produced. Most often, the monthly delayed by 3-6 months, but may be absent for 2-3 years (the entire period of lactation).
  • Abortions and miscarriages. These conditions are accompanied by hormonal disruption, so they may be accompanied by a delayed menstruation of 10-14 days. With a longer absence of menstruation, you need to consult a doctor, since complications are not excluded.
  • Anovulatory cycle. A month in which the egg does not mature, may be followed by a menstruation delay of 3-5 days.

There is an opinion among girls that menstruation may linger after the cycle in which the first sexual intercourse took place. In fact, if there is no pregnancy, there is no reason for a long, more than 3-5 days of no bleeding. A minor failure in the schedule can be caused by a stressful condition.

The main reasons for the delay

The main reason for the delay in menstruation is pregnancy. To ensure its occurrence, it is necessary to pass a blood test for the level of hCG or, in extreme cases, use the test. Menstrual flow stops for at least 9 months (if you refuse to breastfeed).

What could be the reason for the delay of menstruation without pregnancy?

The most likely situations are:

  • gynecological diseases such as fibroids, cysts, cervical cancer, endometritis, endometriosis, adenomyosis, urinary infections,
  • procedures that damage the uterine wall (curettage, hysteroscopy, etc.)
  • misplaced intrauterine device,
  • ovarian diseases such as polycystic and scleropolystic
  • prolonged stress, nervous tension, frequent conflicts,
  • physical overload
  • severe dietary restrictions, diets, starvation,
  • obesity or underweight,
  • intoxication (alcoholic, narcotic, tobacco).

Thus, there are many reasons for delaying menstruation. To determine exactly what caused the cycle to fail, you must seek medical attention.

Diagnostics

A doctor can refer a woman to a number of examinations, their choice depends on how long the menstruation lasts and whether she is accompanied by other symptoms.

Clinical conversation and gynecological examination complement:

  • complete blood count and to detect hormone levels - hCG, estrogen, progesterone, gonadotropic, prolactin,
  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs - detection of pregnancy, tumors of the uterus or ovaries,
  • CT and MRI - for suspected pituitary tumors, ovaries.

If any diseases of a non-gynecological profile are identified, the woman is referred for consultation to narrow specialists: an endocrinologist, a nutritionist, a psychologist, etc. They determine the need for further diagnosis.

The treatment of delayed menstruation is reduced to the elimination of the factors causing it.

In some cases, it is enough to change the lifestyle: balance the diet, choose the appropriate level of physical fitness load, normalize weight, sleep.

If the reason is a violation of the emotional state, prolonged stress, then you should visit a psychologist or psychotherapist and master the skills of self-regulation and relaxation.

When the cause of the delay of menstruation is a gynecological disease, a complication after an abortion, surgery, invasive diagnosis, then special treatment is indispensable. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, antibiotics, and also hormones, in particular, progesterone, are prescribed. In some cases, surgery may be required, for example, for tumors.

Effects

Delayed menstruation is especially dangerous if gynecological or endocrine diseases have caused it. Thus, violations in the production of prolactin lead to the development of malignant neoplasms.

Inflammatory processes can turn into a chronic form, cause infertility. Infectious diseases in the absence of timely treatment extend to organs located nearby, and can also lead to sepsis (blood infection).

To eliminate the risks of such consequences, it is necessary as soon as possible to detect the delay of the monthly and determine its cause.

Prevention

To prevent the delay of menstruation, you should adhere to the following recommendations:

  • вести здоровый образ жизни (правильное питание, умеренные физические нагрузки, полноценный сон, отказ от курения и алкоголя),
  • раз в полгода проходить профилактический осмотр у гинеколога,
  • своевременно выявлять и корректировать гормональные нарушения,
  • при нежелании заводить ребенка использовать надежные средства контрацепции,
  • принимать гормональные препараты только по назначению врача.

Можно ли вызвать месячные при задержке?

It is possible to cause periods during a delay only if the cause does not require treatment: the establishment of the menstrual cycle during adolescence, acclimatization, etc. If therapy is required, then restoring the cycle without primary therapy will not work.

To make monthly periods begin on time, traditional medicine recommends using teas with the addition of chamomile, valerian, mint, oregano, onion peel. Also, parsley, lemon, lettuce will help speed up the cycle normalization.

In some cases, the doctor may prescribe a homeopathic remedy - Pulsatilla D200 nugget. The drug affects the endocrine, immune and vascular systems.

For all women, the rate of menstruation is 3-5 days. But in some cases, it can be increased to several months and even years (breastfeeding).

If there are failures in the menstrual cycle that go beyond the norm, you need to consult a doctor and determine their cause. Timely diagnosis and treatment will help to avoid serious consequences of delay, such as malignant tumors and infertility.

Concept of monthly cycle

Menstruation in girls begins on average from 14 to 16 years. Due to individual characteristics and in the presence of pathologies, menstruation appear at an earlier age - from 9 years, and later - 17-18 years. Doctors call the normal cycle of a woman the duration of 28 days. But in conditions of constant exposure to adverse factors, a deviation of 4 days is allowed. Therefore, a cycle of 32 days is normal.

What does a woman's menstrual cycle mean? The sequence of events that are constantly repeated. Supervises the process in the female body hormones. The whole cycle is divided into 4 parts, but it is conventionally divided into 2 parts.

Follicular phase

Under the guidance of the brain - the pituitary gland and with the help of the central nervous system, the ovaries produce sex hormones. In the first phase, estrogen dominates. He is responsible for the formation of follicles, the development of the egg in them. Initially, a large number of follicles appear in the ovaries. For a week, a dominant appears, an egg cell develops in it.

In parallel with this process, the structure of the inner layer of the uterus - the endometrium is changing. How to count the follicular phase at home? For this there is a calendar method. Counting is very simple. Add the number of days or look at the calendar. The calendar method is taken as the basis of the online calculator. You can not even bother with counting, just enter the start date of the cycle and its end. For 12-14 days the process of development and preparation is completed. The next phase begins in the body.

It is believed that ovulation in a healthy woman's body occurs from the 12th to the 16th day of the cycle. The ideal option for the duration of the menstrual cycle 28 days - 14 days. With a duration of 32 days - 16 days. At this point, hormonal changes occur in the woman's body. Estrogen levels decrease, progesterone levels increase. A sharp jump leads to rupture of the follicle. Ovum goes out in search of sperm. This phase in a woman lasts no more than 2 days.

Luteal phase

Immediately after ovulation, progesterone remains in the vast majority. Under his influence, the egg continues to develop. The structure of the endometrium layer changes. It becomes loose so that the fertilized egg can quickly gain a foothold in the uterus. After fertilization, the egg develops autonomously. After 7–10 days, it begins to move through the tubes into the uterine cavity. Implantation occurs. From now on, the pregnancy is considered valid. If fertilization has not occurred, 10 days after ovulation, the body begins to prepare for menstruation. The uterus uses sedentary muscles. He makes a strong reduction, trying to repel the endometrium. A few days later, the final phase of this cycle begins, and it is also the beginning of the next one.

Desquamation phase

Nothing but menstruation. Under the influence of hormones, blood circulation increases in the pelvic organs, blood vessels dilate, and stagnant blood escapes through the uterus. At this time, the endometrium layer is rejected, in the menstrual flow it looks like clots. Menstruation in women lasts from 3 to 5 days. All deviations up and down are deviations. The beginning of the month is the update phase. Recovery, conversion. The uterus is cleared of the former layer of the endometrium, spewing unfertilized egg and is already preparing for the re-process again. This completes the current menstrual cycle, the next one begins.

Routine home cycle calculation

How to calculate the duration of your menstrual cycle, the method is usually used by women who use the natural method of preventing unwanted pregnancy. How to conduct a woman's usual calculation of the house according to the calendar method?

From the beginning of menstruation, mother, sister, girlfriend, doctors recommend starting a regular calendar, marking the beginning of menstruation and ending there. They need to be guided by the usual calculation of the duration. The start date of the previous month is considered the first day of the cycle. The date of the next menstruation is its end. For example, menstruation began on September 22, the next one began on October 24. Then the duration of the menstrual cycle is 32 days.

The usual calculation of a woman's menstrual cycle is complicated by an irregular cycle. After all, many women menstruation does not come on time. Then the gynecological count is carried out averaged. Data will be required for at least 6 months, and preferably a year. Then add up the duration of all cycles, divided by the number of months. For example, 28 + 32 + 27 + 33 + 28 + 40 = 188 days. The number is divided into 6 months, it turns out the duration of the menstrual cycle on average 31 days.

The calendar method allows to obtain the total duration of the entire cycle of a woman. To find out how long each phase lasts, you should use a different method of calculation - measurement of basal temperature. It is often used in gynecological practice.

Calculation of each phase of the cycle at home

Based on the basal temperature, you can determine the phase of the cycle. For the most part, women are interested in the moment of ovulation. Indeed, only a week before its beginning and 2 days after ovulation, the period is considered favorable for conception. Basal temperature is used to come pregnancy and to prevent it. You can determine when to begin monthly.

  • In the first phase of the cycle, the basal temperature index is kept at 36.3–36.6 degrees Celsius.

  • Before ovulation a day or 12 hours before it starts, the temperature decreases by several degrees. Then a sharp rise. For example, before a woman's ovulation, it was 36.2 degrees, after her 36.7.
  • In the second phase of the cycle, the temperature is kept at about 36.9 degrees Celsius.
  • During pregnancy, the basal temperature rises by another 2-4 degrees. Does not fall below 37.0.
  • If there was no fertilization, on the eve of menstruation, in about 2 days the basal temperature falls to the limits of the first phase. For example, 36.4. Begin monthly.

After ovulation, no more than 6 days pass before the next menstruation. Changing this rule is considered a rejection.

Basal temperature is measured by a woman in the morning without getting out of bed. Used to measure mercury thermometer. Record the date of the onset of menstruation, on the graph note the temperature indicator every day, connect the line. To get the most complete picture of the duration of each phase, the measurement should be carried out for at least 3 months, preferably half a year. It should be remembered that a healthy woman has 2 cycles per year without ovulation. So the body is resting. After 35 years, there are about 6 such cycles.

  1. If the schedule of basal temperature without much delay and temperature increase, it means that there was no ovulation cycle.
  2. If the changes are minor, ovulation is weak.
  3. If in the second phase there is a decrease in temperature and again an increase. The index of basal temperature is kept at 37 degrees - an egg implantation has occurred, a pregnancy test should be performed.

Measurement of the basal temperature will determine the presence of pregnancy even before the test shows. In addition, you can accurately determine the duration of pregnancy. While the gynecological calculation gives only the average value. The basis is ovulation in the middle of the cycle. Although in fact it can occur on any day of the cycle, even when menstruation occurs. Hence the deviation of the gynecological gestational age from the present for 1-2 weeks in one direction or the other. The exact date of ovulation allows you to determine the actual date of birth.

Discharge in each phase of the menstrual cycle

It is possible to determine which phase lasts by the discharge from the vagina. We'll have to watch them for several months. Then, for sure, a woman will know when what is happening in her body:

  1. In the first phase of the allocation of scarce, practically absent. Odorless, clear or white.
  2. During ovulation, there is a change in consistency and quantity. Allocations become more abundant. Transparent, viscous. Remind egg white. Sometimes there are particles of blood. The discharge becomes pink or smeared brown.
  3. In the second phase remain abundant. There is a change again. The color is white, the consistency is thick.
  4. Before the monthly discharge becomes a little less. A brown tint appears. When calculating the duration of the menstrual cycle, days with brown daubs are not taken into account. If they are followed by a full monthly.
  5. During pregnancy, the discharge remains thick, the amount increases.

The usual monthly cycle proceeds every month equally. However, due to the fact that many internal and external factors affect the woman's body, the timing changes. For example, ovulation does not occur in the middle of a cycle, menstruation is late, or it starts earlier.

Factors affecting the duration of the menstrual cycle

Not always guilty of violation of the cycle gynecological diseases. Failure happens due to hormonal imbalance. Various factors, including gynecological diseases, can affect the level of hormones. For example:

  • climate change,
  • physical exercise,
  • nervous system disorder
  • illness with fever,
  • viral disease
  • thrush,
  • medication
  • uterine fibroids,
  • cervical erosion,
  • endometriosis,
  • endometritis,
  • weight change women
  • bad habits,
  • nutrition.

If the cycle is irregular, in order to calculate its average duration, all these factors should be taken into account. If a woman was treated, there were serious psychological stress in the calculations. Such a cycle is not worth taking.

All methods for calculating the monthly cycle can be carried out at home. If desired, use an online calculator on the Internet. Every woman should know the cycle duration. The well-being of the future pregnancy depends on its regularity. After all, sooner or later, every woman will think about the child. The constant delay of the menstrual cycle indicates the presence of problems in women's health. You should seek help from specialists. In some cases, to undergo hormone therapy. Irregular menstrual cycle is allowed only at the beginning of its formation, 2 years after the beginning of the first menstruation.

Natalia Evgenievna Pokhodilova

Psychologist, Kinesiologist Online consultant. Specialist from the website b17.ru

Have you felt the cervix?

From the first day of the cycle

The delay is when the monthly did not come 35-37 days in your case. Although the test can show stripes on day 33. The rest is not an indicator: at such a time, not every doctor can determine pregnancy by touch.

The delay is considered if the monthly did not come in the usual period for you personally. So now you can do the test. With a negative result, nothing prevents to repeat it after another 3-4 days for sure.

How to determine the delay? My cycle is 28-30 days. If there is no monthly on the 33rd day of the cycle, is it already a delay? Or a delay can be considered if the monthly did not come after 35 days? (if you take that cycle can be 21-35days) And the second question is, if the cervix is ​​low, ajar and soft, can I be pregnant? There is no nausea, there are also signs, it seems, and that the breast is not so hot as usual in front of PMS. just crashing? or is it time to do a test?

And I have already half a year a short cycle of 25 days, one long 35 days. After ectopic and removal of the pipe it became so. This cycle should be short, already a delay of two days. Or is it not a delay? I decided not to bother - if there is a pregnancy, it will not resolve itself, if not, it will not appear anywhere.

Related topics

You have girls, that tests are not sold in Russia, which have been showing pregnancy in Europe in pharmacies for 2 years already in a week, as on sale. My gynecologist always counted from the last months. of the last ones, which were the last time if the next ones didn’t come, and you feel the pregnancy right away, you feel awful, nausea, your chest is full of pain and the brutal appetite appears

You have girls, that tests are not sold in Russia, which have been showing pregnancy in Europe in pharmacies for 2 years already in a week, as on sale. My gynecologist always counted from the last months. of the last ones, which were the last time if the next ones didn’t come, and you feel the pregnancy right away, you feel awful, nausea, your chest is full of pain and the brutal appetite appears

If cycle 30, then 31 days already delay

I have a cycle of 26-28 days. I consider a delay on day 29, I do a test on 30. But this is to exclude unplanned, when I planned, I counted the days after ovulation. At 12-13 DPO, the strip on the test is already perfectly visible. If ovulation is not monitored, then you can do a test somewhere a day before the day of the expected monthly.
And yes, the 33 day cycle you definitely have a delay, you can wet the test. But if you felt everything right there, then there is no pregnancy; during pregnancy, the neck is high and closed.

How to determine the delay? My cycle is 28-30 days.

Finally went monthly. Fuh. so it was a failure)

I have a cycle of 25 days. Today it turns out 27 dts. M yet. Yesterday I did a test. The body temperature is 37.5 degrees, today there are headaches that the pills do not help. The lower abdomen or the right, but more often the left side has been diving for more than a week. There is sometimes nausea. It is not strange that the chest does not hurt at all as usual before each month. So I don’t know if it’s B.

Hello everyone, please tell me what can happen to me. Monthly were September 27th. today is October 31st. silence and tests are negative. I don’t know what to think or what it hurts. except the chest.

Hello everyone, please tell me what can happen to me. Monthly were September 27th. today is October 31st. silence and tests are negative. I don’t know what to think or what it hurts. except the chest.

I have a cycle of 29-39 days, a big gap, do I get a delay on the 40th day of the cycle or how? the chest hurts, the stomach is swollen, the tests are negative.

You already felt the cervix?

Girls, good evening. I will not write all the signs, there were many. Now 28 ds from 28-29 no more. I do not know how girls write a test on day 7 after ovulation shows, but I’m empty. Although the schedule and implant recession and ovulation can be seen. The body temperature after lunch to 37.2, while the basal rises to 37.0. Does not fall. (although I am measuring at 6.15) for the weekend I measured it at 7 (according to all the rules), but this is not important. The cervix of the last 5 days is high and hard, slightly turned away. By the way, after ovulation a couple of days was lower than now. And the frao tests are silent. Yesterday there was a ghost, I even took a picture, and today nothing. Who had it and then the test showed //.?

On November 21, the last menstruation was 34 days. Tamu tightens the loins and breasts sensitive and aching lower abdomen that it can be

Hello, I want the second one very much, on October 12, I took off the spiral of the months as usual 3-4 days go, in short, on December 4, the month 8 ended on December 25th, then on January 25th, my chest hurts 24 hours earlier. One breast was smaller after feeding, now it hurts more and has swelled up, this was not. The test checked yesterday in the evening, after a while, 2 strip was seen a bit, in the morning, I decided to check too, together with a bit of a bit, that’s how pregnant. Eat or not

girls, hello! help me too. ((my monthly period ended on the 17th of last month. This month they were not there yet. Although the 26th day already and the test showed 2 bars. I understand that I’m pregnant, all the symptoms as they say on the face. But how many days are I already pregnant? to count from the 17th of this month or the past? after all, it turns out, if from this month, then I’m pregnant for 9 days, and if, then, uuuuuuuuuuuuhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh how I got ((even scary to think. slightly painful? very afraid. waiting for answers, girls. thanks

The delay is when the monthly did not come 35-37 days in your case. Although the test and on day 33 can show stripes. The rest is not an indicator: at such a time, not every doctor can determine pregnancy by touch.

please tell me I have a delay for 5 days. test is negative i am pregnant?

Hello! Tell me please, I have a cycle of 24-26 days, is it already 29 days, is it considered a delay? The test is negative, analysis hchg 1.20!

I have a cycle of 26-28 days today. 4 days of delay have already done three tests all negative. What could be the matter? Help?

Hello, tell me somebody, in the last month in February, m began 18 ended 25 today already on April 1 and I still don’t have negative chest tests that it could be

Hello, help please, confused! Мы с мужем планируем беременность, в марте как и обычно месячные пошли 17, в июне 11 сейчас 14 июля можно ли считать что есть задержка? Или ждать 17?

Hello! Please tell me. I have a cycle of about 26-28 days, the last M was on July 8, there are still no sensations, the test is negative. Or too early for a test, help!

I have 35 days already, there are no menstruations, I was planning to get pregnant, I really want to believe that DELAY due to pregnancy, the test has not yet tried. Usually my chest swells all over the week in front of M, now there are no signs other than angina pus with a temperature of 37, as soon as I try the test I will write.

Hello, I have one day delay, I understand that there is very little, the test is negative, so who ended up having a pregnancy? Well, I really want a little

Good day. My month-longs were on July 26, in Avnuste they should have reached M on the 20th, today is August 22 (it's already night), but there are no menstruations. Last night, the 21st checked, the test is negative. The stomach sometimes aches as if they came, and there is a discharge but not bloody, the back aches. I want to sleep a lot during the day. The face is burning. Pregnancy or hormonal failure? June-July saw hormonal pills (against anti-bodies to in hgch)

I have 35 days already, there are no menstruations, I was planning to get pregnant, I really want to believe that DELAY due to pregnancy, the test has not yet tried. Usually my chest swells all over the week in front of M, now there are no signs other than angina pus with a temperature of 37, as soon as I try the test I will write.

hello, I have this problem, my period was 29 to 3 October, the tests were den. what could be?

Vse sem hello, I do not have M for 33 days, I am not pregnant. What could it be? Previously suffered from hyperplasia and M were constantly

Hello! Help please! November 12 was an unprotected PA (intentional), November 17 was to go monthly, there was a delay of 5 days, there were never any delays, this is the first time, and immediately alerted, on the 2nd day of delay it made a test-negative, early Probably, today there were drops of blood on the linen, dizziness and sensitive nipples and itching are also troubling, and this has never happened before, tell me, is this implant bleeding? Why should I wait? I really want children

Hello, the monthly periods were the 9th of November, the cycle is always 21 days, but they are not there yet, could it be a pregnancy?

Hello, I had 3 days in August for 10 days, and in September there weren’t, and I didn’t have with my husband until August 28 after that day in September,

girls, hello! help me too. ((my monthly period ended on the 17th of last month. This month they were not there yet. Although the 26th day already and the test showed 2 bars. I understand that I’m pregnant, all the symptoms as they say on the face. But how many days are I already pregnant? to count from the 17th of this month or the past? after all, it turns out, if from this month, then I’m pregnant for 9 days, and if, then, uuuuuuuuuuuuhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh how I got ((even scary to think. slightly painful? very afraid. waiting for answers, girls. thanks

Do not have an abortion. Give birth.

Oh, girls, menstruation did not come on January 8 and there was no 13, discomfort in the lower abdomen was at the beginning of the year))))
The test did today. negative, the cycle was stable for 27-29 days, last month 33 days) there are no cysts or other gynecological problems, it was checked a month ago. Oh, how I wanted to get pregnant))) girlfriend laughs, menopause says that. Tried about four months. But bummer, it seems. It can not flow on such a term to be negative. Delay or 9 days, or with an increased cycle of day 4
Wrote simply out of desperation

The test is negative))) if it is not clear because of confused thoughts

And then the girl wants to do an abortion))) this is her business, of course, but then you pray, you hope, you try, and your hopes are melting away))))

girls, hello! help me too. ((my monthly period ended on the 17th of last month. This month they were not there yet. Although the 26th day already and the test showed 2 bars. I understand that I’m pregnant, all the symptoms as they say on the face. But how many days are I already pregnant? to count from the 17th of this month or the past? after all, it turns out, if from this month, then I’m pregnant for 9 days, and if, then, uuuuuuuuuuuuhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh how I got ((even scary to think. slightly painful? very afraid. waiting for answers, girls. thanks

Finally went monthly. Fuh. so it was a failure)

Rather, they would come to me on the nerves all. Also, usually, in front of PMS, the chest hurts terribly and it does not hurt. very strange

Hello, tell me who knows, please! There was unprotected sex on the last day of menstruation, when a little oiled, in the middle of the month my chest grew to size, it didn’t hurt, but my nipples itch: / today is the second day of the delay, and I always have a cycle of exactly 27 days

Hello girls ... I have the last M on February 9, a cycle of 28 days. Today is March 9 and they are not. The chest does not hurt as before PMS, to the toilet on a small often move, dizzy and nauseated, and in the pubic region pulls a little. What could it be?

There were M on February 15, I waited on March 14, March 15 is not present, that this bloating is alive and it was, the belly is a little bit pulling

last m were on february 14 and still no m got cold her nipples ache if you touch the delay there?

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Delayed menstruation in women

The interval between the two menstrual stages lasts 21-35 days, in 60% it lasts 28 days, in 30% of women it is 21 days, in 10% - 30-35 days.

The duration of the menstrual cycle is individual for everyone, and usually does not change throughout the reproductive period from 18 to 45 years. The period of the menstrual cycle is counted from the 1st day of the onset of menstruation to the 1st day of the start of the next.

Delay of menstruation - the absence of menstruation by the expected period, may occur at different ages, last for a few days or more than 6 months.

How normal can menstruation linger?

In a healthy woman with a regular cycle, the delay in menstruation for 1-3 days is normal. If the onset of menstruation is delayed no more than 3 days - this is the limit of the norm, there is no reason for concern, and nothing needs to be done. The reasons:

  • diseases in the current month,
  • physical overload
  • psycho-emotional breakdowns
  • abrupt change in nutrition,
  • climate change.

Is it possible to delay menstruation in adolescents?

In girls in puberty, when only the menstrual cycle is established and is irregular, delays can occur over two years. In some girls, a regular cycle is established immediately.

A small delay of 3 days or longer, should not bother the girl and mother, sometimes there can be a delay from one month to six months.

The establishment of the menstrual cycle in all girls takes place individually and in different ways - some immediately set a certain cycle and control time, others take time.

Monthly delay for 3-5 days

Such a delay is considered the limit of the norm, and does not speak of any pathologies. But sometimes it can mean a cycle failure. To provoke a failure can:

  • severe stress
  • climate change,
  • transferred ARVI and flu
  • exacerbations of chronic diseases
  • constant lack of sleep.

READ MORE Can you have sex during your period?

There is still time to wait, and no action is needed. If you suspect pregnancy, you can measure the rectal temperature, normally it will not rise above 36.8C.

Monthly delay for 6 - 10 days

If menstruation is delayed for 6-10 days, this should be alarming, its causes are borderline conditions, diseases, and the onset of pregnancy.

To exclude the most common cause - pregnancy, you can check the pregnancy test from different manufacturers or pass the hCG test in the laboratory.

The reason that the regulae linger, there are diseases. The delay is called secondary amenorrhea.

Gynecological causes

1. Ectopic pregnancy is a formidable and serious cause, the symptoms of which women should know:

  • pulling pains in the abdomen,
  • pain in the lower back,
  • nausea dizziness,
  • spotting brown, brown or bloody discharge.

If you have these symptoms, you should immediately contact the clinic. This serious and dangerous condition may be complicated by severe bleeding, leading to infertility.

  1. Vaginitis (inflammation of the walls of the vagina) is accompanied by cutting and throbbing lower abdominal pain, itching and burning, and sometimes secretions.
  2. Candidiasis and thrush are accompanied by itching and white cheesy discharge.
  3. Adnexitis inflammation of the uterus appearances is manifested by mild pulling pains in the lower abdomen.
  4. Tumors and uterine fibroids are often asymptomatic or with slight discomfort in the lower abdomen.
  5. Polycystic is accompanied by an increase in testosterone (male hormone), its excess leads to a delay in menstruation.
  6. If abortion was previously aborted (abortion or miscarriage).
  7. Contraceptive coil.

Non-gynecological causes

  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - exacerbations of chronic gastritis, duodenitis, pancreatitis.
  • Urinary system diseases - exacerbation of chronic pyelonephritis.
  • Diabetes.
  • Diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • Diseases of the adrenal glands.
  • Overweight.
  • Anorexia.

Delayed monthly 10 days and more

With a normal state of health in a woman with a partner, this may mean the onset of pregnancy. To test, you can make a home pregnancy test or analysis of hCG, it is more reliable. If the test and analysis is negative, you must exclude the diseases listed above. To do this, contact your gynecologist, who will appoint an examination.

READ MORE Sports during the month

Delay 2 weeks or more

If the test and analysis of hCG is negative and you are not pregnant, then various diseases of the genital organs and somatic diseases can be the cause, see above.
Be sure to contact your doctor, even if nothing else bothers you to delay.

What to do if there is a delay of more than 20 days?

  • If there is discomfort in the lower abdomen, there is a discharge not similar to menstruation, you need to hurry to the doctor.
  • Women who have sex must do a test, determine the associated symptoms and possible causes, and contact the clinic.
  • If a woman does not have sex and there are no menstruations from 20 days to 3 months, there are symptoms of indisposition that you need to visit a gynecologist.
  • After discontinuation of contraceptives, if the monthly did not begin within 2-3 months.
  • If there is a delay of more than a month and a woman is 40 or more, premature menopause is possible.

Monthly delay for 3-6 months

Amenorrhea is called, it can be caused by a serious gynecological disease and requires mandatory examination by a gynecologist and additional research.

Pregnancy is the most common cause of delayed periods, if the baby is expected, the most joyful and pleasant. Monthly absent the entire period of pregnancy. In addition to the delay, it will show the following symptoms:

  • nausea, vomiting,
  • white discharge
  • pain in the lower abdomen,
  • breast swelling, increased sensitivity,
  • drowsiness, headache.

The more manifestations you have, the higher the probability. In women, there is implant bleeding on days 7-12 after conception. It may take several hours or a day. It is a sign of early conception, occurs at the time of attachment of a fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus.

Delay of the month during breastfeeding

After delivery, blood levels of prolactin, a hormone that stimulates lactation, are elevated. If a woman does not have milk after cesarean section or does not breastfeed for other reasons, the delay will be 1-3 months. If the child is breastfed, the delay will be the entire period of lactation, sometimes up to two to three years.

READ MORE Personal Care Rules for Menstruation in Women

To determine how many days the delay lasts, the best assistant will be the menstrual calendar.

Each of the fair sex should regularly maintain the menstrual calendar, noting the first day of the month, their duration, the onset of the next month. You can do this on a paper calendar or use the monthly calendar online.

It is necessary to do this for girls who have just started to set the menstrual cycle, for adult women. It will help to identify abnormalities in time, plan the desired pregnancy.

Many gynecological diseases, tumors in the early stages are asymptomatic, so even if nothing bothers you, except for the delay, it is better not to postpone your visit to the clinic. If the delays become regular, it is necessary to visit a gynecologist.

How to count the days of menstruation

The best way to keep a monthly calendar is to fix the date when the bleeding begins, as this will be the first day of the cycle. When the dates of the two cycles are marked, count the number of days between them.

It will be correct to consider starting from the day when the first cycle began, up to the day before the next monthly (inclusive). Also you need to fix and the date of the end of bleeding. Normally, the monthly should last three to seven days.

On average, the menstrual cycle can last 28-35 days.

If menstruation occurs more often than once every twenty-one days, or less than thirty-five days later, or their duration does not meet the norm, this is considered a pathology requiring treatment to a gynecologist.

If the examination and tests did not show the presence of the disease, it was possible that the violation of the cycle was caused by temporary circumstances. To delay or shorten periods of menstruation can be emotional overload, stress, overwork.

What does delay monthly mean

In order to know the approximation of menstruation, you need to know how to calculate the delay of menstruation. For these purposes, it is necessary to take a regular calendar and mark the days of the beginning and end of the month.

You can also indicate the abundance of discharge of the menstrual cycle, painting the circles lighter or darker.

Such observations should be carried out for 6 months, and only after that you can create the correct picture of the cycle of your monthly.

If there is no calendar

If you do not have time to start a similar calendar, then there is another way how to calculate the monthly delay. In this case, you must try to remember when last month you started and ended menstruation.

What is the usual cycle time - 20-25 days? Then you need to add the total number of days to the days when the last menstruation ended. This will allow you to get the date on which the monthly period should begin.

If more than two weeks have passed since that time, but there are no monthly periods, it means that you have a delay.

What to do in this case? It is better not to engage in self-treatment and self-diagnosis. If you have a delay, you should conduct a pregnancy test or consult a doctor.

If the delay was not due to pregnancy, the doctor will prescribe the necessary examination to identify the cause, as well as, if necessary, prescribe certain drugs aimed at regulating the cycle.

If your goal, on the contrary, is to conceive a child, then if you find several days of delay, we recommend conducting a pregnancy test. It is necessary to conduct such a test in the morning, since at this time urine has the highest concentration.

If the test shows two strips, then it means pregnancy, in this case you should not postpone the visit to the doctor, after the diagnosis is confirmed, the gynecologist can put you on record in the antenatal clinic.

The sooner you are registered, the more likely you are to carry out and give birth to a healthy baby without pathologies.

In any case, if in your menstrual cycle there was even a slight glitch, this should not be overlooked. If the menstruation delay is more than two weeks, then in no case should we postpone the visit to the doctor, because this can be a sign of serious diseases. You should not hope for "chance."

Permissible delay period of menstruation

Every woman should know how long her menstrual cycle lasts, as well as what can be the rate of monthly delay. This information is very important.

In a healthy woman, the cycle is 28-35 days. These figures are considered normal indicators, but are not obligatory - deviations are possible both upwards and downwards.

If after 28-35 days, menstruation does not begin, then we can talk about a delay.This can be a sign of pregnancy and may also mean that there are some health problems.

In either case, you should consult a gynecologist.

What is the delay of menstruation can be considered valid? In gynecology, the norm is 5-7 days. A longer absence of menstruation indicates a pathological condition of the female body.

For whom the long delay of menstruation is not dangerous?

When menstruation does not start after 7 days, a woman who cares about her health should get worried. But for some, menstruation delay of up to 6 months is not considered a deviation. These women include:

  • young girls whose menstrual cycle is not yet fully established. Most often, this process can take from one to two years.
  • girls who have had their first sexual experience. They are often under stress, which leads to a delay in menstruation.
  • women who have recently become a mother and nursing a baby. During breastfeeding, the body secretes the hormone prolactin, which blocks the maturation of the eggs.
  • women aged 40-45 years. During this period of life, the menstrual cycle often gets off. Bleeding can become scarce, much delay. In women under 40-45 years, the "skipping" of menstruation often occurs.

Apart from the above group of people, even a slight lack of menstruation should alert the woman.

She needs to understand the reasons for the delay and be sure to consult a doctor in order to rule out more serious problems.

Indeed, the absence of menstruation may indicate such serious diseases as uterine fibroids, polycystic ovaries, endometriosis and other equally serious diseases.

Factors affecting the absence of menstruation

If the delay in menstruation is not due to pregnancy, you should immediately consult a doctor. The gynecologist will identify the causes of deviations in the cycle and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Among the reasons leading to the absence of menstruation are:

  • nervous tension, stress, depression, lack of normal sleep. Stress state can be both short-term and long-term. The strongest emotional shock, shock, as well as physical and emotional stress can provoke a failure in the menstrual cycle.
  • diet, drastic weight loss. Women who adhere to a strict diet, bring your body to a stressful state. When fasting or poor nutrition, the body loses the necessary amount of vitamins and amino acids, hormonal imbalance occurs and, as a result, the absence of menstruation.
  • obesity, quick weight gain. Too much weight blocks the production of tarragon, which leads to the development of hyperandrogenism and delayed menstruation.
  • high physical exertion or mental strain.
  • acclimatization when traveling, moving.
  • hormonal drugs. When you receive this group of drugs, hormones change, thereby disrupting the menstrual cycle.
  • Anovulation. The menstrual cycle without ovulation, that is, without the maturation of the egg, can appear at any time in any woman. This is considered normal. The absence of menstruation for 5 days with anovulatory cycle is not considered pathology.
  • genital diseases. These include polycystic ovarian disease, inflammation of the appendages, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, as well as inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system (cystitis, adnexitis).
  • gynecological procedures. Scraping, cauterization of erosive conditions of the cervix, colposcopy, hysteroscopy, and abortion can lead to changes in the menstrual cycle.

In addition, a different period of absence of menstruation may be due to other factors.

The absence of menstruation 2-3 days

If a woman carefully monitors her health and has a regular menstrual cycle, and also knows its duration, then a delay of 2-3 days is not unusual. This may be due to stress, changes in diet or climate, due to physical overvoltage.

In addition, the absence of menstruation for 2-3 days may also indicate the onset of conception.

Delay of menstruation for more than 3 days

The delay of menstruation for a period of 4 to 7 days in some women is the norm. This is a kind of restructuring of the body, a reaction to stress, relocation, or excessive physical or mental stress.

If a woman has no periods for more than three days, and the pregnancy test is negative, you should consult a doctor. He will help determine the cause of this failure and prescribe the necessary treatment.

If there is a slight change in the hormonal background, then they usually talk about such a thing as “ovarian dysfunction”. The reason for this failure may be a violation of the endocrine system of the body.

What is the monthly cycle in women?

If a woman does not know how to calculate the delay, then you must first determine what her cycle is. A gynecologist can suggest how to do this.

First you need to have a separate calendar, in which you will need to circle those days with monthly periods. You can paint over a darker color when the selection is more abundant. So for several months you can see how many days the cycle lasts. Also thanks to this calendar, you can explore the days of ovulation, and more, when there should be a delay approximately.

The normal cycle in healthy girls lasts 28-30 days. Sometimes he gets off because of hormonal disorders.

It's okay if the cycle of one girl is sometimes slightly longer or shorter. It happens that he gets off because of illness, malnutrition or stress. And for some, the cycle may be 35 days in some month, and in some 29. These are features of the organism; if there are no deviations, then everything is fine. You just need to know everything about your own cycle to control it.

Correct count

To find out if a woman has a delay or not, you need to establish approximately when the discharge should go. To do this, remember the date of the beginning of the last menstruation, then, referring to the calendar, add the number of days of the cycle. Get the very day when menstruation should begin. If they do not start, it means there was some kind of failure in the body.

Although, a delay of up to five days for modern women is considered the norm. You can just wait, perhaps the maturation of the egg is delayed, and the period will begin later. And, if a woman’s cycle is irregular, or different in duration, then take the longest in the number of days, and, relying on it, count the number when the discharge should begin.

Because often many women work more than they need, do not watch their diet, raise children, perform difficult men's work, experience stress and fatigue. In any case, at the slightest failure it is worth to consult a doctor who will always advise something useful.

If girls learn to calculate their cycle correctly, then they won't have to worry about the delay for a long time. You need to study your body, listen to it, take care of your health, take vitamins, sometimes visit a gynecologist at least so that the reasons for the delay are not any dangerous diseases.

Monthly no more than 7 days

If menstruation is absent for more than 7 days and it is not caused by such factors as stress, change of residence or climate, hormonal drugs, then you should immediately visit a doctor. Various gynecological diseases, endocrine changes and other pathological processes occurring in a woman’s body can lead to such a failure.

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