During menstruation, most of the fair sex complain about feeling unwell and soreness. This is the period of the cycle when the body is under tremendous pressure, hormonal changes occur in it. Since all the organs in it are interconnected, not only reproductive components can be involved in this process, but also, at first glance, completely, not in any way independent of the menstrual cycle. Today we will talk about why women have a stomachache before menstruation.
Brief description of the menstrual cycle
Nature so conceived that it is a woman who is the continuer of the race. To do this, a cycle takes place in her body, during which an egg cell is prepared for fertilization and further gestation. Every woman's menstrual cycle has its own time frame and it depends on its individual characteristics. On average, it lasts from twenty-five to thirty-five days, which is considered the norm. The end of one cycle and the beginning of the next is determined precisely by the monthly. Ie, when an egg ready for fertilization has not been fertilized, it together with the endometrium (a special inner layer of the uterus that forms to bear the fetus) is brought out with the blood through the vagina - this is the menstruation that occurs every month in every woman of reproductive age. It was at this time, and also a few days before it, hormonal changes in the body, physiological changes also occur, which naturally affects:
- emotional state, ladies may experience nervousness, apathy, irritability,
- feeling dizzy, nausea, painful.
Naturally, such a state is not pleasant enough, so each woman looks for any opportunity to get rid of pain and improve her condition.
Causes of stomach pain during critical days
If we talk about common factors that cause painful sensations during the period of critical days, then this is an increase in the prostaglandin rate in the body. Therefore, in principle, slight discomfort and minor pain are considered natural. But it so happens that they are quite strongly pronounced, and it hurts not only the lower abdomen and pulls the lower back, but also the stomach. Why it happens? Is this a minor deviation or is it a serious violation?
And so, official medicine insists that the causes of stomach pain during menstruation are:
- high pain threshold, which is manifested by sensitivity to muscle contractions of the uterus during this period,
- pathological disorders of the reproductive organs, in particular, the uterus,
- changes in hormonal levels,
- intolerance to certain foods during the month.
If we consider the question of why the stomach hurts during the period of critical days, then it should be noted that at this moment all feelings and chronic diseases are exacerbated by women, so it is likely that some foods that are ingested, the stomach simply cannot normally to perceive and digest, therefore it reacts to them with nausea, pain, which gives to the rectum, among other things, and disorder of the stool is possible. Affects well-being and diet. Therefore, food, already a few days before the expected menstruation, should be mainly of plant origin.
In addition, stomach pains radiating to the rectum can be caused by polyps, gastritis, poisoning, infections and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. But to determine exactly why they occur, only a specialist can, so if the symptoms recur for two or more cycles or are aggravated, you should not tolerate and self-medicate, you should contact a specialist for help.
At home, it is possible to relieve stomach spasm and minimize the pain that gives to the rectum with the help of antispasmodics and coating agents, as well as eliminating heavy and unhealthy foods from the diet.
Also during menstruation, which are also accompanied by gastric pain, physical activity and exercise should be reduced.
With strong symptoms, cold helps well, but it is dangerous to get involved in them, because you can get cold.
Remember, gastric and intestinal pain during menstruation is not the norm, so it is best to contact a medical institution, find out the cause and eliminate it.
Why the stomach hurts during menstruation: causes and symptoms
In order to find out why the stomach hurts so much, you need to at least superficially understand what the physiology of the menstrual cycle is, because it does not take a single day, and with it you can determine the time when a woman is ready for childbirth.
Menstruation is a physiological process in which the endometrial layer exfoliates. The role of this structure is to ensure the fertilization of the egg, as well as its development. If a woman’s pregnancy does not occur, the cells can no longer exfoliate, this process is accompanied by bloody vaginal discharge.
Many girls and women complain that during the period of menstruation, they have a severe stomach ache, and the symptoms are sometimes pronounced, sometimes muffled. This process is driven by many factors, which include the following:
1. Hormonal influence. With the onset of menstruation, prostaglandin levels become high. Under the action of these substances, the walls of the uterus are reduced, allowing it to be better cleaned. With this process, pain arises.
2. Anatomical features. As you know, the uterus of a woman is located in the pelvis, and her body slightly tilts back. It is in this part that a large accumulation of nerve plexuses, on which it constantly presses, provoke pain.
Normally, the lower abdomen should pull with a little force. For every woman, these feelings should be tolerated.
The main causes of severe pain
In some cases, pain during menstruation is caused by the presence of serious diseases. These include:
2. Transferred abortions.
3. The reproductive system is inflamed.
4. The presence of ectopic pregnancy.
5. Women are too sensitive to any pain.
6. There are complications after a recent birth.
7. Passive lifestyle.
8. In the uterus are polyps.
9. The body lacks substances such as calcium and magnesium.
10. Ovarian cyst.
If you experience severe pain, a lot of important role is played by what kind of life a woman leads. Excess physical exertion, feelings, hormonal disruptions in the body can provoke this symptom. The risk of pain increases in those who apply the spiral. Gynecologists also associate bad ecology and pain.
In addition to the fact that a woman has a bad stomach ache, a number of other symptoms may also begin to bother her. For example, during the period of menstruation there is a strong irritability, it is possible that vomiting and nausea will occur.
A few days before menstruation, the limbs may swell, and heavy legs will be felt in the legs. This process is easy to explain - fluid retention in the body. These symptoms disappear on their own, immediately after menstruation ends.
No medication for nausea or vomiting is recommended, as the symptoms will not bother you for a long time.
Why the stomach hurts during menstruation: medications and procedures
You can get rid of the feeling of severe pain not only with the help of medicines, but also with different procedures that help the uterus to relax, thereby eliminating spasms.
Under the influence of heat, the uterus completely relaxes, and its contractions become much smaller. If you experience pain during menstruation, you can attach a warm heating pad to your stomach or fill a bottle with warm water. Take a comfortable position and lie down with a warm stomach for a while until you feel relieved.
An effective remedy for abdominal pain is a warm, relaxing bath. If you can not take a bath, you can use a warm shower, directing it to the abdomen.
If you experience severe pain in the abdomen during menstruation, you can take one tablet of Ibuprofen or Analgin. Under the influence of drugs, the level of prostaglandin in the uterus will be reduced, respectively, and pain. Some experts advise you to start taking pills a few days before the onset of your period. It is believed that it is possible to reduce the pain a little.
If you have an excitable nervous system and you are prone to frequent experiences, then the pain can be triggered not exactly calm in the nervous system. In this case, you can take the usual valerian.
Some birth control pills can help get rid of the pain or mute it a little. A few months after the start of their reception, you will notice that the pain is not so pronounced. But before you start taking them, you should consult with a gynecologist. Such drugs should be selected on the basis of the results of tests and examinations.
Why stomach pain during menstruation: when you need to see a doctor
Persistent abdominal pain during menstruation can be the result of many serious illnesses. If you do not treat them on time, in the future there may be more serious health problems. Therefore, you need to contact a gynecologist in the following cases:
• for seven days or more, menstruation continues, and with it severe pain,
• abdominal pain is so severe that even drugs do not help
• along with pain, the volume of blood secreted increases,
• body temperature rises to the level of 38-39,
• the pain arose the first time, previously everything went well,
• there is a suspicion of a possible pregnancy.
It is necessary to be treated. If all the actions taken at home do not help you, be sure to visit the medical facility. If there is a disease, the pain will continue until it is cured.
Why does the stomach hurt during menstruation: folk remedies
Pain during menstruation is a completely normal part of growing up, especially if a girl becomes a woman. However, it is impossible to tolerate very strong spasms. It is useful to know at least some of the most effective folk remedies that help well. Many home remedies can work wonders, but the most important thing is that they do not cause side effects, since all the ingredients are natural.
Useful home remedies:
1. Take parsley juice (half a cup), then mix it with carrot juice and drink. The blood flow is normalized, the pain becomes less.
2. If you have anemia during your period, this is serious enough. Take a few spoons of sesame seeds, mix with water, put on the fire and bring to a boil. Leave for a few hours, then strain and drink twice a day.
3. Papaya is considered useful. It not only facilitates the general condition, but also restores the menstrual cycle. That is why, if you have the opportunity to purchase it, you should definitely do it.
4. Soothe severe pain can be a banana.
5. Peel a few coriander seeds and mix them with water. For one cup of boiling water is taken 15 seeds. Put on the fire, the water at the same time boil for half, let the mixture cool, then drink it. Perhaps the taste will be bitter, so you can add sugar. The tool not only relieves pain, but also reduces bleeding.
6. Drink as much water or herbal teas as possible.
1. Last week before the menstrual cycle should be unloading, try not to eat a lot of fat and fried.
2. It is not recommended to eat milk and meat during menstruation.
3. It is recommended to practice yoga.
4. Try to lead a healthy lifestyle, eat properly.
5. During the period of menstruation, discard products such as pumpkin, potatoes, and eggplants.
And last but not least: rest as much as possible. Because of this, the symptoms of the menstrual cycle will be under complete control. If you stick during the monthly bed rest, you can avoid severe pain. All medications take only after studying the instructions or consultation with a doctor.
Take care of yourself, do not lift weights, and most importantly watch your health!
Why does abdominal pain appear during menstruation?
Discomfort, discomfort, abdominal pain before or during critical days are caused by a contraction of the uterus. Most often, if abdominal pain occurs during menstruation, these are symptoms that indicate certain health problems. Particularly dangerous severe abdominal pain during menstruation, which are accompanied by abundant bloody vaginal discharge. Discomfort and pain due to contraction of the uterus during menstruation is due to the fact that the activity of the uterus is aimed at getting rid of the unnecessary layer of mucous membrane (endometrial layer), which is separated during menstruation. In this regard, there is bleeding, which is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen in almost every woman during menstruation, during menstruation.
Abdominal pain during menstruation can be considered the norm during menstruation if:
1 Sore lower abdomen short-lived and bloody discharge from the vagina is not abundant, scarce,
2 If the pain in the abdomen with monthly tolerance, not accompanied by fever, headaches, dizziness. If the pain in the lower abdomen does not interfere with ordinary life.
If the above described pain symptoms are much stronger, if there was severe pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation, abundant vaginal discharge, then for such symptoms we can speak about the development of dysmenorrhea. So gynecologists nicknamed severe unbearable pain during menstruation, which may indicate the presence of any problems with the health of the female reproductive system. In addition to pain in the lower abdomen, it can ache in the chest, more about this can be found in the article: why it hurts in the chest before menstruation (menstruation), the main causes of chest pain before menstruation.
Causes of abdominal pain during menstruation (menstruation)
The causes of painful menstruation or severe lower abdominal pain during menstruation, which are accompanied by the appearance of heavy discharge from the vagina, can be a whole lot. One of the most common causes of painful menstruation, abdominal pain during menstruation, these are the features of the location of the uterus and hormonal failure. If we consider the first cause, that is, the special location of the uterus, then such pain in the lower abdomen appears due to the process of squeezing (pressing) the uterus on the nerve endings, which cause discomfort in the lower abdomen of a woman as a reaction. If the pain in the abdomen appears for this reason, then it is often accompanied by a feeling of heaviness, the pain can be given to the back.
If we consider hormonal failure as the cause of pain during menstruation, then this problem can be considered as a completely natural process, which should accompany the cycle of menstruation. The balance of hormones during menstruation is significantly disturbed, so there are significantly more prostaglandins than progesterones, due to which the uterus begins to shrink more intensively. If the prostaglandin homo level increases even more, then this condition is characterized not only by severe pain in the lower abdomen, but also by a feeling of increased tiredness, nausea, chills. In this case, you should consult with a specialist, a gynecologist, who can select the necessary medications, painkillers or prescribe hormonal contraceptive pills.
Almost all women before, during and after their periods can experience discomfort, chest pain, abdominal pain and in most cases this is considered normal. Many women have an inflated stomach before menstruation, which can also significantly increase pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation. Disruption of the process of removing fluid from the body during menstruation can also provoke painful symptoms.
Pathological causes of abdominal pain during menstruation, causes of menstrual pain
The appearance of pathological causes of abdominal pain during menstruation is said when the pain in the abdomen is intolerable. If there is severe pain in the abdomen during menstruation, then the doctor may be suspicious of the development of certain gynecological diseases, infection, hormonal failure during menstruation. Be sure to pay attention to the case when abdominal pain during menstruation appeared for the first time, that is, when a woman was not previously disturbed by painful periods. In this case, the causes of pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation may be in the development of an endocrine or gynecological disease. Also read in detail about what is monthly, what are the problems during menstruation in the article: the regular menstrual cycle, how long it should last and what are failures, problems with monthly, what is irregular monthly and why they occur.
Заболевания провоцирующие боли внизу живота во время месячных:
Эндометриоз – процесс разрастания слизистой оболочки матки (эндометрия) за ее пределы. With the development of such gynecological diseases such as endometriosis, doctors note, in addition to severe pain in the lower abdomen, the appearance of heavy discharge from the vagina, the appearance of discharge before or after menstruation. With endometriosis, the painful symptoms are usually significantly enhanced, and the pain in the abdomen becomes more noticeable than with the usual cycle of menstruation.
A cyst, tumor or fibroma of the uterus - all these problems significantly increase pain during menstruation in the lower abdomen, and the discharge during menstruation from the vagina becomes more abundant, the daub itself acquires a thicker consistency, interspersed with blood or even clots. In some cases, painful menstruation is accompanied by pain during urination.
Hyperteriosis is a disease that significantly slows down menstruation and is accompanied by severe pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation, which appears due to excessive production of prostaglandin hormones by the body. Hyperthyroidism is a disease in which abnormalities occur in the functions of the thyroid gland.
Inflammation of the uterus or uterine appendages. Such a problem provokes chills, fever, nausea, which during exacerbation can lead to a single vomiting. When inflammation of the uterus or the appearance of the inflammatory process in the uterus itself, severe abdominal pain during menstruation is observed.
Genital infantilism or in other words the wrong location of the uterus or its underdevelopment. This disease suffers from severe pain in the lower abdomen of girls who are in their teens.
Also, the reasons for which appear severe pain in the lower abdomen, can be such diseases as uterine fibroids, various kinds of abnormalities in the development of organs, adenomyosis, the development of ectopic pregnancy, hormonal disorders, severe stress, frequent and prolonged depressive states.
What symptoms, in addition to abdominal pain during menstruation (menstruation) may indicate the development of the disease?
As mentioned above in the article, the symptoms of the development of the disease can be considered those cases when the pain in the abdomen during menstruation is severe or unbearable, when the pain in the abdomen gives in the lower back, when the loin is severely sore. Abdominal pain during menstruation, which resembles contractions, when there is cramping abdominal pain, paroxysmal pain in the abdomen, when the pain is intense, when the pain is accompanied by increased fatigue, apathy, lethargy and weakness, all this can be symptoms of a serious problem, a specific disease .
Other symptoms, in addition to pain in the abdomen, may indicate the development of the disease during menstruation, among them dry mouth, fever, feeling of distention or swelling in the abdomen, headache and dizziness, severe chest pain (in the mammary glands) .
Severe abdominal pain - primary and secondary algodysmenorrhea
Primary algomenorrhea is called the appearance of severe pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation, which is characteristic of girls who are in adolescence. Under the secondary algomenorrhea mean abdominal pain during menstruation, which indicate the presence of other gynecological diseases that increase the pain during menstruation. One of the reasons for the development of secondary algodysmenorrhea is a disturbance in the balance of sex hormones. Also, secondary algodysmenorrhea is diagnosed in the event of the appearance of painful periods on the background of such diseases as endometriosis, fibromyoma, uterine cysts and other organs, infections of the internal genital organs.
Causes of abdominal pain during menstruation (menstrual cramps) in women after 30
In women whose age is 30 years or more, the appearance of pain during menstruation in the stomach most often indicates serious problems, if such pain is severe and intense, accompanied by copious discharge during menstruation. Among the dangerous diseases can be identified endometriosis, malformations of the genitals, uterine myoma (succinosis). Also the cause of abdominal pain during menstruation after 30 can be considered the consequences of diseases of the urinary system, the consequences of inflammation of the reproductive system of organs, a complication after an abortion or childbirth, varicose veins of the pelvis, the use of certain types of intrauterine contraceptives. Also useful may be the article: the causes of failure of menstruation, why there was an irregular menstrual cycle, and what could be the reasons for it.
What causes dysmenorrhea?
Severe pain, intolerable pain in the lower abdomen, can be felt for many reasons, among which may be a natural reaction of the body, gynecological diseases or problems with hormones. Inflammation of the uterus and ovaries can affect the occurrence of dysmenorrhea. Also, often severe pain during menstruation is observed during ectopic pregnancy or in the presence of various formations (fibroids, polyps) on the internal genital organs of a woman.
Lower abdominal pain during menstruation due to stress (depression)
Stressful situations also often provoke strong pain in the days of menstruation. This is especially true of prolonged exposure to stress, often recurring depression. Depression or severe stress seriously affects the entire female body. Often, after severe stress, the body's strength is depleted, and such a weakening of the immune system and loss of strength in the body against the background of menstruation can significantly increase discomfort until the pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation. In this case, abdominal pain is largely associated with the additional stress on an organism already depleted by stress as a result of the onset of menstruation.
When should I see a doctor if I have a lot of pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation?
Urgent care of a gynecologist is needed for women who, during their periods, experience intolerable and prolonged abdominal pain, accompanied by significant discharge of blood and fever. These symptoms can occur in pregnant women and in women who have never had them before, so it is imperative for them to see a doctor in such circumstances.
If you do not know when to call a doctor for abdominal pain during menstruation, you should know the main symptoms of abnormal, dangerous signs of gynecological diseases, which can be determined by the nature of vaginal discharge and the type of intensity of abdominal pain during menstruation.
Dangerous symptoms are severe and unbearable pains in the abdomen, when the abdomen is very painful in the lower, right or left abdomen. If severe abdominal pain is given in the lower back during menstruation, then such a painful symptom should also cause concern. It is also necessary to visit the doctor if there is a heavy discharge from the vagina, if the pain in the abdomen and the menstruation period itself lasts more than one week. If the pain in the abdomen during menstruation first appeared, if before that there had never been a painful period, then this may be a sign of the development of the disease. Be sure to contact your doctor if you need pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation accompanied by high body temperature. If a pregnancy is suspected, consultation with a doctor is obligatory. It is also impossible to ignore the situation when, in addition to lower abdominal pain during menstruation, severe nausea or vomiting may occur, as its consequence. Read more in the article algomenorrhea or the causes of nausea during menstruation.
What to do to get rid of abdominal pain during menstruation?
In addition to the drug, there are several ways that will help get rid of the pain during menstruation, pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation. It helps many women to relieve cramping and abdominal pain during menstruation by attaching something warm to the lower abdomen (heaters or bottles with heated contents). To do this, attach a heated object to the place where it hurts, and spend a little time in the supine position. In order to relieve discomfort, you can take a warm bath or shower.
Well help to relieve pain in the abdomen pain pills that reduce the contraction of the uterus, relieve spasm. The medication can be continued for several days until the pain disappears. Doctors sometimes recommend drinking pain pills a few days before the onset of menstruation, but after reading the instructions for the medication.
For many women, due to nervousness, severe pain occurs during menstruation. In this regard, it is better for them to take sedatives during their periods.
Those who take the pill, severe pain during menstruation is not threatened. It may not be at all or it will be weakly felt. Hormonal oral contraceptives have analgesic effect, which usually occurs after several months of administration. Hormonal OK (birth control pills) can not be independently selected. It is better to entrust this business to your gynecologist, since the choice of oral contraceptives depends on the individual characteristics of the body of each woman. You should also seek help from a doctor if a woman has an irregular menstrual cycle due to lower abdominal pain during menstruation, and when there is no menstruation after canceling OK (oral contraceptives), if there is a delay in menstruation after canceling OK.
If you have pain during critical days, you do not need to endure it. When remedies for abdominal pain, which can be applied independently at home, do not give a positive result, it is better to consult a doctor. After all, it may well be that dysmenorrhea has arisen due to gynecological disease, which only a doctor is able to diagnose. Only after completing the course of treatment under the supervision of a specialist can you forget about the unbearable pain during menstruation.
With endometriosis and other inflammatory diseases, surgical treatment may be prescribed. How it will be conducted depends on the results of the surveys. In the absence of gynecological diseases, therapeutic treatment is prescribed using medications prescribed by a doctor. It is necessary to take the drug prescribed by the gynecologist. Self-selected painkillers may, over time, weaken the body's ability to feel pain, which contributes to the inconspicuous development of a disease.
Why does the stomach ache during menstruation?
About half of women experience painful sensations during menstruation. Moreover, according to the observations of physicians, residents of developed countries are more susceptible to this. Women who are faced with this problem, can not but wonder why during menstruation a stomach ache.
There is no unequivocal answer, as well as a universal medicine for this disease, which is called dysmenorrhea. It can be primary and secondary. It depends on the reasons that caused it.
So, why during menstruation does stomach pain in primary dysmenorrhea? The culprits are prostaglandins, produced by the tissues of the uterus and bringing it into tone. The more intense the contractions of the muscles, the more perceptible the pain. Spasms of the uterus the stronger, the higher the concentration of prostaglandins in the blood.
The same substances cause a deterioration in general well-being. Because of them, nausea, vomiting, apathy, headaches, indigestion, lack of appetite.
Primary dysmenorrhea is treated with hormonal drugs that regulate the production of prostaglandins. These include birth control pills. They effectively solve the problem, if properly selected. However, some women have to give them up due to side effects. In addition, in their admission must take breaks.
Why during menstruation does a stomach ache with secondary dysmenorrhea? This disease occurs against the background of endometriosis, inflammation in the pelvis, endometrial polyps, uterine fibroids. Treatment in this case is aimed at combating precisely these ailments after a thorough examination. Prescribed drugs and manipulations that help reduce the manifestations of these diseases.
With endomeriosis, hormones are also used. With this disease, endometrial cells are found in the ovaries, cervix, fallopian tubes, myometrium, bladder, less often in other organs. They grow during the cycle and are rejected during menstruation.
There are hemorrhages, inflammations, edemas, the work of the damaged organ is disturbed. This is accompanied by painful sensations, which are significantly enhanced during the menstruation period.
Inflammations can be caused by STDs and opportunistic flora. First, the pathogen is determined by culture and PCR, then treatment is prescribed. In chronic course physiotherapy is often used.
During menstruation the stomach hurts for other reasons:
- hyperactivity of the central nervous system,
- underdevelopment or bend of the uterus,
- intrauterine device,
- operations on reproductive organs,
- childbirth, especially with complications,
It happens so that after delivery the pain goes away or decreases significantly. However, only a qualified gynecologist after a thorough examination can figure out why a woman’s stomach hurts during a period. You can not make diagnoses yourself.
Women who are faced with dysmenorrhea, are interested in what to do if during menstruation a stomach ache. Very help regular exercise, fitness. It is established that women involved in them, transfer menstruation easier.
Meals should be balanced, rich in vitamins and trace elements. Magnesium and calcium play a special role in the painless passage of menstruation. It is better to eat less meat and fatty foods, especially before menstruation. Coffee is desirable to replace green and herbal teas. It is necessary to enrich the diet with vegetables and fruits.
Some women claim that exercises of moderate intensity reduce pain. But it is very individual. Most women are saved by taking painkillers and antispasmodic drugs.
Thus, to determine why during menstruation a stomach ache can only a doctor. The causes may be different, and many of them are treatable. You can relieve your condition by doing sports, eating right, taking painkillers and antispasmodic drugs.
The stomach hurts, as at monthly: the reasons, accompanying symptoms
Painful sensations during menstruation are what many women are used to. And although ideally, the stomach during menstruation should not be disturbed, light uncomfortable sensations are also a normal variant. Another thing, when the stomach hurts as during menstruation, and menstruation is not and should not be, for example, at the beginning or middle of the cycle. What does such pain mean, and how to behave?
What are the causes of pain, as with menstruation:
- ectopic pregnancy,
- uterine pregnancy
- inflammatory diseases of the reproductive organs,
- ovarian cysts,
- ovarian torsion,
- inflammatory bowel disease,
- urinary tract diseases
Each pathology from this list of pain, as during menstruation - is not the only symptom. Therefore, it is worthwhile to carefully study the symptoms of each of these conditions in order to understand which specialist you need to contact first and how urgent.
PMS is not a joke. The cause of the syndrome is hormonal changes in the body that precede menstruation. Due to hormonal disruption, symptoms such as depression and nervousness, aggressiveness, headache and dizziness, tachycardia, puffiness occur. There may be abdominal pain, chest may hurt and swell. These symptoms are more or less pronounced; in about 10% of cases, they appear so vividly that a woman becomes disabled.
The main symptom of ectopic pregnancy is a sharp, although not immediately very pronounced pain in that part of the abdomen where the fertilized egg was attached. The pain is aggravated by walking or changing the position of the body. If the pain is combined with bleeding and a positive pregnancy test, there is a high probability of an ectopic pregnancy. To confirm the diagnosis, ultrasound is performed.
A doctor should be consulted immediately if the pain is accompanied by at least minor bleeding, as this symptom indicates spontaneous abortion, threatening or beginning.
In the early stages of pregnancy, with threatening miscarriage, the pain is more pulling, pressing, in the later periods it is cramping. The begun abortion is shown by intense cramping pain with more plentiful bloody secretions up to a bleeding.
Cyst is a fluid-filled formation located on the surface of the ovary. Basically, the cyst is formed from the follicle during its “over-aging”. В большинстве случаев такие образования никак себя не проявляют, появившись, сами по себе уменьшаются в размерах и исчезают за месяц или несколько месяцев.
Однако киста может стать слишком большой, и тогда появляются такие симптомы, как боль, сильная, острая, тяжесть в области таза, нарушения цикла, кровянистые выделения из влагалища, ощущение давления в прямой кишке и мочевом пузыре.
Киста может разорваться. In this case, the pain intensifies, there is heavy bleeding, the body temperature rises above 38 degrees.
Torsion of the ovary
As a rule, pathology occurs against the background of a cyst, but it can also occur as a result of developmental abnormalities, weakness of the ligaments. Symptoms characteristic - the appearance of a sudden sharp pain in the lower abdomen, extending into the thigh, side, back. It may be nausea, constipation or diarrhea, a slight increase in temperature. The abdomen can be painful when touched.
Inflammatory diseases of the reproductive organs
Why does the stomach ache, although the menstrual cycle is normal, menstruation has come on time and ended as usual? The cause may be various diseases of the uterus and its appendages. The most common diseases such as adnexitis, salpingitis. All these pathologies can be acute or chronic, unilateral or bilateral. Treatment involves antibiotic therapy, the use of immunomodulators. After eliminating inflammation, physiotherapy is prescribed.
Adnexitis is called inflammation of the fallopian tubes, ovaries and other adjacent organs located in the pelvic area. The cause of adnexitis in most cases is ascending infection.
The main symptoms of the disease are pain, as with menstruation, dull, constant, as well as mucopurulent discharge, and possibly an increase in body temperature.
Like other inflammatory diseases of the reproductive organs, salpingitis (inflammation of the fallopian tubes) is caused by a bacterial or viral infection that has entered the vagina, and from there into the fallopian tubes.
Symptoms of salpingitis: stomach ache, as during menstruation, but constantly, regardless of the phase of the cycle.
The pain gives in the back, can "shoot" in the leg. It is localized on the side of inflammation or on both sides of the abdomen - with bilateral salpingitis. There are always vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell, but their color and consistency depend on the causative agent of the disease. There may be burning and soreness when urinating, discomfort during sex, cycle disturbance, fever.
An inflammation of the appendix is manifested by several characteristic symptoms:
- pains that can be located in the navel, the right lower abdomen, in the pelvic area,
- nausea, vomiting without relief,
- temperature rise.
The primary diagnosis is to press on the appendix (right lower part of the side) - when appendicitis the pain increases significantly. In addition, they progress if you lie on your left side. A characteristic symptom is a dull sound when tapping on the right side of the abdomen.
Pain in the lower abdomen is characteristic of diseases of the bladder: cystitis, stones, cancer. However, pain over the pubis is accompanied by other, more characteristic symptoms: frequent, difficult and painful urination, general malaise, with cystitis, an increase in body temperature.
What to do with abdominal pain
First of all, if you have a stomach ache, as for periods, you should contact a specialist: a gynecologist, a urologist or a gastroenterologist. The doctor will schedule an examination and, based on its results, determine the course of therapy. It is not worthwhile to engage in self-treatment, especially with such pains, because they can occur against the background of serious violations that need to be treated as a matter of urgency.
Self-medication is permissible only when taking painkillers. Antispasmodics or combination drugs (analgesic + antispasmodic) help best. But the intake of painkillers should not be an independent treatment, an appeal to the doctor is necessary.
Why does the stomach ache during menstruation
The representatives of the fair sex during menstruation feel not only discomfort. This period is characterized by poor health. It happens that the stomach hurts along with menstruation.
Pains vary in nature, duration, intensity. Minor pain in the stomach a few days before menstruation is considered to be the norm.
Why does the stomach ache during menstruation? There are several reasons for a painful condition. They are presented below:
- Increased prostaglandin rate. On this occasion, 70% of women feel stomach discomfort. A slight soreness is manifested by a spasm in the abdomen. There may be pain in the lumbar region.
- Increased sensitivity to certain foods during menstruation. During such a period, food intolerance manifests itself to a greater degree. They irritate the walls of the stomach and intestines, leading to ailments and nausea, and possibly vomiting.
- Pathology of the genital organs, the wrong location of the uterus. It hurts the stomach, not only because of the distorted location of the uterus, but also because of the inflammatory processes taking place in it. Pain can be manifested above and below the abdomen.
- Hormonal disbalance. An imbalance of hormones in a woman's body can affect the appearance of pain in the stomach. Also negatively affects the increased activity of the thyroid gland.
- Sensitivity of the whole organism to uterine contractions. Rhythmic contractions of the uterus provoke the formation of discomfort in the stomach. Each person has a different pain threshold, so pain syndrome may vary.
- Increased susceptibility to excitation of the nervous system. Stress, psycho-emotional breakdowns, hard work weaken the nervous system and lead to bulges in the stomach.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. During menstrual disorders, the gastrointestinal tract pathology may worsen due to a weakened immune system. Gastritis, peptic ulcer and other pathologies contribute to increased abdominal pain.
- Different types of tumors. With oncological diseases, it is not only the stomach that hurts. Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea mixed with blood may occur. If the disease is diagnosed, it requires strict adherence to all instructions of the attending physician.
- Binge eating. A common reason why a stomach ache is on critical days. Overeating threatens hormonal imbalance due to thyroxine deficiency. In the future, this leads to infertility. To prevent overeating, you need to control the amount of food eaten.
- Abuse of alcoholic beverages. It hurts the stomach during menstruation from drinking alcohol. Ethyl alcohol contained in beverages is considered a toxin for the human body. Once in the stomach, it destroys the walls of the digestive organ and blocks the production of the necessary substance, mucin. Lack of mucin leads not only to pain in the stomach, but also to the emergence of an emetic state after a meal, general malaise, lethargy. A person loses all the necessary micronutrients and vitamins. And their insufficient number leads further to pain during menstruation.
- Food poisoning. Occurs when different microorganisms enter the human body: bacteria, viruses, protozoa. When the whole gastrointestinal tract is poisoned. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever appear. During the period of the menstrual cycle, poisoning is particularly difficult. You can not tolerate pain with unpleasant symptoms, you must resort to the help of a doctor.
To understand why the stomach hurts during menstruation, under the force of a medical specialist. After testing, a variety of studies, he can determine the exact diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Natalia Evgenievna Pokhodilova
Psychologist, Kinesiologist Online consultant. Specialist from the website b17.ru
my gut reacts
I have intestines too
I have the same thing, still terribly sick all this time and vomiting
I also have pain like a bud in the lower stomach cuts
I have so before the beginning of the month for an hour or two ..
I have so almost every day - chronic gastritis. and you can not bear a couple of days.
Everything hurts me, but my stomach hurts from painkillers, so I take anti-ulcer during menstruation. Go for reinsurance do EGD.
I have a terrible stomach ache on the first day of menstruation and no pills help
when you sing it hurts even more I think to make an ultrasound because Umbrella I can not swallow probyval but spat out.
So your body means reacting
someone who has a stomach ache during menstruation has an unpleasant pain (it cuts a feeling of bloating) when the pain ends, too, when the pain ends.
Yes, everyone hurts)
But I do not like pills, I glue myself patches with natural painkillers. are called frauplast. in my opinion much better pills
Oh, the same thing, very much stomach ache during menstruation (((((
My stomach hurts too, Ibuprofen has been drinking before, and there are stomach effects, stomach upset, even if you look at your tablets, they have the same effects.
And my stomach hurts too. a few days before menstruation, during them. no pills help. It started somewhere 2 years ago.
In the last 3 years, I did it .. For the day before menstruation, and during menstruation. Diko cuts my stomach. I used to go crazy, I couldn’t get out of bed, I couldn’t eat or drink. Saw was contraceptive, there was no pain! when I stopped drinking them, the pain reappeared. I used to always have a nurofen saw. But the body got used to it and it no longer helps. Now I drink solpadein, relieves pain very well. Maybe not all, but most of it. Even I drink mineral water, someone says that it is impossible, but it helps me, too, no, no, then the air goes through the stomach and it becomes easier
for the first two days of ms, my stomach aches, no pills help. In this case, it is not the lower abdomen that hurts, namely the stomach .. as if the knot on it is bound, and then untied again. before this was not. and if we sing even worse afterwards. Gastro did. nothing but such gastritis about which I already knew
Y menya toje rejet jeludok vo vremya mesyachnih, no ne vsegda. Kak eto obyasnit?
for the first two days of ms, my stomach aches, no pills help. In this case, it is not the lower abdomen that hurts, namely the stomach .. as if the knot on it is bound, and then untied again. before this was not. and if we sing even worse afterwards. Gastro did. nothing but such gastritis about which I already knew
in general, as if all insides are sore - horror!
How do you have pains now, I also have terrible stomach pains during menstruation, or any lesions do not pomonat
Girls, take in these cases, duspatalin. This antispasmodic, which acts on the gastrointestinal tract.
I drink logest. And the stomach does not hurt during ms. And the cycle has become normal. And there is no daubing as before the ms. And so the stomach ached, that nothing helped me. He was sick around the middle.
Girls, what are you surprised at? These are monthly, they should go, no one will help you! I personally drink Ibuprofen tablets, and it helps me. And if you have vomiting or you feel sick, contact your surgeon!
On the first day of menstruation, I had a stomachache before lunch and I did not want to eat, but I wanted to eat sandwiches, cookies, or something like that, and then it starts until everything eaten comes back and the pills do not help only irritate the stomach worse. And now I eat any porridge in the morning, have dinner and a second soup and some snacks and everything is fine. And the stomach is ok and I'm fine :)
It hurts the stomach before menstruation, but then everything passes. This continues as the first menses began. At first I did not understand what was happening, and did not control what I was eating. And this was worse and worse. All I had to eat was to pull out 2 fingers in my mouth. But now I know that menstruation is approaching, and when the first pain begins, I just stop eating a lot and there is something that really digests quickly. And for less than you usually eat. Half a glass of food and water as well. At this time you should not obzhertsya. Will be worse.
Awful feeling, menstruation went only this afternoon, and I didn’t sleep at night, my stomach hurts horror, as it cuts, they don’t help pills. I’m already four times afraid and I don’t know what to do)
Similarly, the second cycle in a row is created hell with the LC. In the past, the stomach was spasmed, everything went through - nothing, everything was normal. The pain was, as described here, in the center and heaviness, and even the skin ached. Acid stood in the throat for several days. This time is also not a clear state. Exactly a year ago, twice before menstruation, it was as if the stomach had stopped, down to vomiting everything that it had eaten many hours before and days of bedding without eating. What the *** is? At least someone got to the truth. This is not pain during menstruation, it is just up to and throughout the gastrointestinal tract system fail
For the first time, my stomach hurts so badly, it cuts. Severity and bloating. I can not eat, I do not want anything. I refer to the fact that after the New Year holidays I did not eat anything liquid and my stomach was clogged.
I have so almost every day - chronic gastritis. and you can not bear a couple of days.
My daughter used to always have a stomach ache, tormented gases, almost every day she complained. Until two times a year they did not drink Bifidum. For half a year there have never been complaints from her. So it helps.
It’s the same .. For the second day I’m suffering, I don’t get enough sleep .. I eat dinner early, at 18: 00-19: 00 .. And now it's one o'clock in the morning, and the food, as if I hadn’t thought to be digested. It’s all a stake, I can’t lie down, I sleep half-sitting, and the feeling of distention is like that, after which in the morning it’s as if someone’s fists hit the stomach ..
That is, I eat, at first I don’t feel anything, I only feel that I have eaten, although I can eat as usual a small portion of something .. Then after a few hours a strong sense of schedule and heaviness, which increases to spasms or as if jerking from the inside, then maybe nauseous ... Vomiting was only once when I ate and immediately went to bed .. I woke up from pain and nausea.
I found out the reason for a long time, went to see the doctors, no one can make a diagnosis, she noticed a pattern: aggravation before menstruation and sometimes before ovulation .. 3 days of torment and then everything passes.
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Therefore, the following factors can cause painful sensations in the stomach area:
- hypersensitivity of the body. During menstruation, rhythmic contraction of the uterus muscles occurs, which can cause abdominal discomfort. Each pain threshold is different, so the sensations may differ,
- problems with the genitals. If the uterus is located incorrectly, an inflammatory process occurs in it, then this can cause painful sensations not only upwards but also in the lower abdomen,
- hormonal imbalance. If there is an increased activity of the thyroid gland in the body, or there is a preponderance of any hormones, then pain may occur, including in the stomach,
- increased excitability of the nervous system. The nervous system is significantly weakened by hard work and stress.
Some women during menstruation become more sensitive to certain products or their intolerance. Their use during menstruation can cause not only the appearance of pain, but also indigestion or nausea.
There may be other causes of stomach pain. Just menstruation provoked their aggravation. Gastritis, polyps, infections, and administration may cause discomfort.
And sometimes pain in the stomach provoke diseases that are not associated with the digestive system, for example, disorders of the cardiovascular system.
To get rid of stomach pain during menstruation, you must follow a few simple rules:
- decrease in physical activity. As physical exercises activate the heart, the bleeding increases and the pain becomes stronger. But at the same time you should not neglect physical exercise at all. Yoga or Pilates will help relieve spasm and relieve pain,
- attach a cold heating pad. It is undesirable to do this too long or often, so as not to chill the internal organs,
drink a weak anesthetic pill. It is better to consult with a gynecologist about this before taking the pills.
You need to consult a gynecologist to find out if any pathology is the cause of stomach pain during menstruation.
You may also have to be examined by a gastroenterologist. If the pain has become very sharp, then you need to call an ambulance.
Nausea during menses: natural occurrence or illness?
Often the state of discomfort during menstruation is a consequence of the disease of the female reproductive system. The most common disease is algomenorrhea, menstrual dysfunction. Algomenorrhea occurs due to abnormalities in the development of the uterus, inflammation, fatigue or mental disorders. When the uterus is displaced, the nerve endings are compressed, which causes painful sensations in the abdomen and lower back and leads to vomiting.
If the problem is in the structure of the uterus, nausea appears already at the beginning of the first menstruation. In most cases, the disease disappears after childbirth, sometimes hormone treatment is prescribed. It is prohibited to self-diagnose and self-medicate. The cause of algomenorrhea can be endometriosis, inflammation, pipe soldering after surgery and other diseases.
Be sure to consult your gynecologist if menstruation is accompanied by vomiting, clotting, fever, severe pain.
Causes of nausea before menstruation
Nausea during menstruation and in front of them is a fairly common condition. It can be a symptom of menstruation and not cause serious concern. Do not do anything, feeling unwell after menstruation. However, it is likely that the reasons are much more serious and require attention.
Before menstruation, most women experience premenstrual syndrome caused by hormonal changes. PMS is characterized by a rash on the skin, the abdomen swells up, the chest swells and becomes sensitive. Less common is depression, migraine, and lower back pain. All these symptoms are a consequence of an imbalance of hormones.
Hormonal contraceptives and drugs that affect hormone levels disrupt the balance in the body. Their use before menstruation sometimes causes nausea, emotional instability, headache can occur.
Using tampons can cause toxic shock, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. Associated with the body's response to their composition. Symptoms appear during the first use, tampons should be immediately abandoned. Try several species with different composition, determine the appropriate for the body.
Nausea during menstruation
Almost all the symptoms experienced by a woman during menstruation are associated with hormonal changes.
Changes in progesterone and estrogen levels are common during menstruation. Due to the amount of hormones in the blood vessels expand, starts to feel dizzy. Hormonal changes retain fluid in the body, causing edema and abdominal pain. Chest swells and grows in size.
On the first day of menstruation, a thick layer of the lining of the uterus is rejected. The body intensively produces prostaglandins, stimulating the contraction of the uterus, pushing out the old layer. The process causes unpleasant sensations: it hurts, pulls the lower abdomen, nauseated. The amount of gastric juice decreases, when eating salty, spicy foods appear disorders.
Nausea due to increased levels of serotonin in the fluid of the spinal cord. Serotonin retains fluid in the body - leading to swelling in the skull, possibly dizziness, nausea, loss of consciousness, vomiting.
Diarrhea during menstruation is frequent and goes away after a few days, cleansing the body. Warning can be strong and prolonged diarrhea - a likely sign of an infectious bowel disease. When such a phenomenon is a new symptom, you should immediately consult a doctor.
If an upset stomach happened on the first day of the cycle, but menstruation did not appear, do a pregnancy test. Together with nausea, fever and frequent urination, diarrhea can be part of the body’s preparation work so that the pregnancy can proceed normally.
If there is no pregnancy, and diarrhea is strong, the cause is the woman’s diet. During menstruation, the body reacts more acutely to products that irritate the intestinal mucosa. When diarrhea with vomiting does not stop on the second day, the condition can be hazardous to health. Do not take medicines yourself. You should immediately seek help.
To diarrhea did not add anxiety during menstruation, avoid new dishes, eat cereals and wholemeal products. Eating should be divided into portions, eat freshly cooked foods. Drink water.
How to get rid of nausea
If abdominal pain and nausea are a regular occurrence during menstruation, try to prevent them from appearing by following these guidelines:
- Eat right. Eat fresh foods, fruits and vegetables. Do not overload the stomach, avoid fatty. Use foods that contain magnesium and vitamins, for example, bananas and avocados. Do not lean on plums and figs, they increase serotonin levels.
- Maintain water balance. Make sure that the water does not linger in the body, this is one of the factors of poor health during menstruation. The water level in the body affects the pressure inside the skull. Refrain from salt and sugar, drink less coffee and tea. Replenish the supply of liquid with drinking water or vegetables and fruits, such as watermelons and cucumbers. Water also removes toxins.
- Be active. Sports on the street have a beneficial effect on the body. Cycling, swimming and a slow walk will help get rid of nausea. When you move the muscles stretch, which eliminates spasms. But heavy loads and visits to the bath should be postponed.
- Relax. Warm water procedures or a heating pad will expand the blood vessels and increase blood circulation.
- Rejoice. Reducing serotonin levels in the body causes bad mood, fatigue and depression. Eat chocolate and do your favorite things. Do not get carried away with foods high in serotonin, an excess will cause nausea.
- Sleep more and recover. Sleep helps to normalize the level of hormones and sugar.
- Avoid conflicts. Menstruation is stress for the body. Experiences exacerbate symptoms.
Bad health should go after menstruation. If nausea during menstruation occurs constantly, and the recommended actions do not alleviate the condition, it is necessary to undergo a full examination and determine the cause.
Help with severe pain
The first thing a girl should do with sharp pains is to relax. It is advisable to lie down and provide the lungs with fresh air. Anesthetic should be taken. When, in addition to nausea, an increase in temperature is observed, it is necessary to reduce it using anti-inflammatory drugs. For pain, take antispasmodics - pills that reduce muscle spasms, or analgesics.
With persistent nausea, the gynecologist may prescribe a drug to level out hormonal disturbances during the menstrual cycle. This period is characterized by low blood clotting, operations are prohibited.
If during the menstruation the woman did not experience discomfort, the pain began suddenly, you should consult a specialist. The doctor will prescribe tests and determine the cause.
Why do some women have a stomach ache during menstruation? The pain is sometimes so severe that even pain medicine cannot cope with it. A woman loses working capacity, painfully waiting out critical days. Are there ways to alleviate women's suffering?
Ailments for ailment
Almost every woman has a stomach ache during menstruation. However, the overwhelming majority of the illness does not cause any inconvenience. They have a mild lower abdomen or light discomfort. But some women have to suffer seriously. Most often this condition occurs in young girls.
Abdominal pain during menstruation is a normal, physiologically determined condition. The lower abdomen hurts because of uterine contractions during the monthly rejection of the inner layer of its cavity. Changes in the female body before menstruation and during it are accompanied not only by pain, but also by other ailments. A woman becomes nervous and irritable, she may have a headache, there is an increased sensitivity to odors. During this period, it is more vulnerable to infections, so it often feels like a cold. In healthy women, all these signs appear moderately and do not lead to disability.
A condition in which pain and other ailments manifest themselves clearly, is called algomenorrhea. Women suffering from algodysmenorrhea, suffer not only from unbearable pain. They develop weakness, their blood pressure decreases, sleep is disturbed, their working capacity is lost, their vitality decreases. Nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, excessive sweating, dizziness and even loss of consciousness may occur.
Such symptoms, especially if they appear with enviable regularity, may indicate health problems. A visit to the doctor in this case should not be postponed.
So why does the stomach hurt so much?
Types of Algomenorrhea
Algomenorrhea is of two types, depending on the cause of its occurrence: primary and secondary.
Primary algomenorrhea occurs due to functional disorders of various systems and organs of the female body. It is not characterized by violations of the anatomical structure of the female genital organs. This form manifests itself in puberty or a year after the onset of the first menstruation. It is spasmogenic, essential and psychogenic.
The spasmogenic form of algomenorrhea is caused by intense spasms of the uterine smooth muscle. Essential due to the low threshold of sensitivity of the girl. This feature of the female body can be innate. The psychogenic form appears in too impressionable girls, frightened by stories about unbearable suffering during menstruation, as well as in girls with mental disorders.
Secondary algomenorrhea occurs due to pathological processes in the pelvis. It is congenital and acquired.
Congenital form due to congenital anatomical anomalies of the female genital organs. This may be uterus infantilism (underdevelopment of the organ) or its incorrect position. In this case, severe pain and other signs of ailments appear from the beginning of puberty.
Acquired form occurs due to the development of the disease. Endometriosis, fibroids, ovarian or uterus tumors, pelvic inflammatory disease or adhesive disease can provoke painful periods. The cause of the development of algomenorrhea can be trauma, difficult labor, surgery or abortion, if they have led to a violation of the integrity of the inner layer of the uterus.
At risk are girls who have menstruation started too early (up to 9 years). Various disorders of the menstrual cycle contribute to the development of the disease state: irregularity, too long or too short periods, and large blood loss.
Some bad habits and an unhealthy lifestyle can provoke painful menstruation. Smoking, alcohol, a sedentary lifestyle, an unbalanced diet and an unhealthy diet are negatively affecting the reproductive function of a woman.
Symptoms of pathology
Symptoms of the disease are varied and depend on the individual characteristics of the woman.
Pain begins to bother even before the start of bleeding or on the first day of menstruation. Most often the lower abdomen hurts. Cramping pains are sometimes localized in the area of one of the ovaries. They can torture a woman before the end of the bleeding. But, as a rule, relief comes in a day or two after the onset of menstruation. In addition to the abdomen, the lower back can hurt. Some women experience an irradiating (extending to other organs) pain in the intestines, in the perineum, or on the inside of the thighs.
Some have a stomachache during menstruation. The reasons for this are various neuropsychiatric disorders, cyclic vegetovascular disorders and hormonal fluctuations. The latter cause excessive irritability, irritability, nervousness and excessive sweating. Women often complain of dry mouth, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. There may be a temperature rise up to 37 ° C.
Weakness and fatigue are often so severe that they are accompanied by dizziness and fainting. However, even with constant sleepiness, you cannot sleep and relax.
Some girls suffer from hiccups, edema and pruritus. They may have a feeling of "wadded" feet, numbness or tingling in the limbs. Often there are signs of toxemia characteristic of the first months of pregnancy: aversion to certain products and intolerance to odors.
Decreased vitality is accompanied by a depressed and depressed state. With a pronounced algodysmenorrhea, women can not lead a normal life, need rest and bed rest. Disorders in the body cause a decrease in its resistance and exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Seeing a doctor
Some features of the menstrual cycle due to heredity. If the mother and grandmother of the girl had irregular periods or too abundant, then this feature of her menstrual cycle, most likely, is not pathological.
Alarms for women should be a change in the nature of menstruation, increased pain, the appearance of uncharacteristic discharge with an unpleasant smell at any stage of the menstrual cycle.
Parents should pay attention to the girl's unhealthy symptoms during puberty: very painful periods, heavy blood loss, fainting, vomiting, or severe headaches.
Vivid manifestations of algomenorrhea require immediate medical examination. Such symptoms are characteristic of some serious diseases, the early diagnosis of which will successfully cure them.
What should I do if my stomach hurts during menstruation? Of course, consult a doctor. He will ask the patient about the sensations she is experiencing, as well as when, with what intensity and frequency her lower abdomen hurts, whether there were gynecological diseases, surgical interventions, abortions or childbirth before, how puberty went, what is the heredity. Already at this stage of diagnosis, it can be assumed why severe pains are observed during menstruation.
Examination of the gynecologist and ultrasound of the pelvic organs will detect the presence of changes. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe a colposcopy to the patient (examination of the vagina and the vaginal part of the uterus with a colposcope) or hysteroscopy (examination of the uterine cavity with a hysteroscope). A colposcope and a hysteroscope are medical devices that allow a detailed examination of the inner surface of the vagina and uterus, respectively.
During the examination, the gynecologist will take a smear from the vagina, cervical canal and urethra for examination. A woman will be prescribed a blood test for hormone levels and general blood and urine tests. In some cases, laparoscopy may be necessary. This method is a direct optical study of the abdominal cavity. Diagnostic laparoscopy involves two small punctures, which insert the tools-manipulators.
In addition, the doctor will refer the patient to a psychotherapist or psychologist.
If the doctor has diagnosed secondary algodysmenorrhea, the treatment will be aimed at eliminating the diseases and changes in the reproductive organs of the woman that caused the disease. Methods of modern medicine can change the wrong position of the uterus or sever adhesions. With endometriosis, it is possible to remove foci of the disease. There are gentle ways to remove myomas.
After eliminating the causes of algomenorrhea, conservative treatment methods can be prescribed: hormonal drugs, antispasmodics and analgesics.
The primary form of the disease is treated with analgesics, antispasmodics, sedatives and hormonal drugs. If a woman lives sexually, she will be prescribed hormonal agents with contraceptive properties.
When diseases of the nervous system become the cause of algomenorrhea, tranquilizers are prescribed to the woman. These are psychotropic drugs that relieve anxiety and fear. With their help, it is possible to stabilize the mental state and eliminate or reduce pain. At the same time, the woman disappears hysteria and depressed state, her vitality rises.
Like any other disease, algodysmenorrhea is easier to prevent than to cure.
Parents of the girl need to form healthy habits in the baby from the cradle. And subsequently, maintaining a healthy lifestyle will not require additional efforts from it. It will follow all rules automatically.
Сбалансированное, насыщенное витаминами и минералами питание является основой здорового образа жизни. Употребление продуктов с красителями, консервантами и ароматизаторами должно быть сведено к минимуму. Следует отказаться от газировки, чрезмерного количества сладостей и полуфабрикатов. Не стоит приучать ребенка к фастфуду. Лучший способ сориентировать дочь на употребление полезных продуктов — пример родителей.
One of the causes of painful menstruation is hypodynamia. Therefore, you need to make sure that the girl spent several hours each day on the move: she was engaged in physical exercise, active games, and walked with her parents. Useful lessons in the pool, swimming in the summer in open water.
The girl should be taught the daily routine (going to bed and eating at the same time), and obligatory daily hygienic procedures. It is necessary to explain to her how to protect herself from infectious diseases, not to allow hypothermia. An important point: tell your daughter about the basics of behavior with a sexual partner, methods of contraception and methods of protection against sexually transmitted diseases.
Parents need to watch her weight from her childhood, and later teach her to control her own weight. Obesity causes many diseases, including increases the painful manifestations during menstruation.
You can not ignore the symptoms of algomenorrhea. If there is severe pain in the abdomen during menstruation, the mother must show her daughter to the doctor. His recommendations should be implemented in full and be observed with him until the end of treatment.
The main causes of pain
Many women believe that any abdominal pain during menstruation is normal. This category of women simply drinks painkillers and does not pay attention to painful spasms. It would be worth thinking about other causes of discomfort and treatment methods. What are these reasons?
- Hung prostaglandin content. These substances increase the sensitivity of the receptors, which leads to more painful sensations. At least two thirds of women have a stomach ache during menstruation due to elevated levels of prostaglandins. These substances can exacerbate pain in other parts of the body (intestines, back, loins, etc.).
- Hormonal imbalance. An increase in the content of certain hormones in the body or problems with the thyroid gland can lead to the appearance of stomach pains.
- The emergence of pain is possible during stress (critical days for many girls are great stress) if the body has an increased susceptibility to irritants of the nervous system.
- On critical days, the female body may react differently to familiar foods. Intolerance of individual products during such a period can increase significantly, which leads to gastric pain. At the same time at other times, these products do not cause problems.
- Another reason why when menstruation hurts the stomach is the work of the uterus. It's about her natural work, and not about some kind of glitch. Rhythmic contraction of the uterus can lead to a certain discomfort. Everybody has different pain thresholds, and the uterus does not contract with the same intensity.
- A serious cause for concern is the incorrect location of the uterus or the inflammatory processes that have begun in it.
As you can see, some of the causes cannot be identified at home. Therefore, when increasing pain, it is strongly recommended to contact your doctor.
Every woman wants her stomach pain not to manifest during the menstruation and not to bother them. To do this, follow a number of rules that are presented below:
- Reduce physical activity. Exercise leads to stimulation of cardiac activity. This leads to an increase in bleeding. Subsequently, the stomach begins to hurt. Yoga classes can eliminate pain.
- Possible to receive painkillers. Spontaneously take drugs can not. It is better to consult your doctor about the appointment of any drugs.
- You can just lie on the bed and try to relax. After that, the pain may spontaneously disappear.
- If it hurts not only the stomach, but also the intestines, and the pain is sharp, long-lasting and occurs together with other unpleasant symptoms, you should consult a doctor and, if necessary, be examined.
- If the spasms increase, the stomach aches with increasing force, vomiting and diarrhea open, the body temperature rises, then an ambulance team is urgently called. In such cases, emergency hospitalization may be required.
Monthly Diet Tips
If, together with menstruation, pain occurs in the stomach, then for this period it is better to adjust the daily diet. Sharp, fried, fatty foods, smoked meats, pickles, mayonnaise, sauces, etc. should be excluded from the diet.
Coffee, carbonated and alcoholic beverages are also harmful. Flour products, chocolate, citrus fruits should also be excluded from the diet.
During the month it is recommended to eat lean meat, fish, vegetables, steamed, boiled or baked.
It is better to use dishes as mashed potatoes and in a warm look. Portions should be small, it is better to eat 5-6 times a day.
Do not forget that the menu must be properly formulated so that the food is balanced.
Meals are prepared diet to not overload the stomach. Choose products need, based on the number of nutrients. Magnesium and calcium can reduce pain during menstruation.
In this period, drinking should be frequent, abundant. The effective effect for relieving stomach pain is tea and herbal teas. With their consumption can reduce pain or completely get rid of them.
Prevention of pain during menstruation
Preventive measures against pain during menstruation are quite simple and do not require something impossible.
During menstruation, if the stomach hurts, it is recommended to have a long rest, walk in the fresh air.
At this time, the body requires a large amount of vitamins and minerals for normal functioning. They are perfectly filled with vitamin complexes. It is better to consult a doctor about their use.
Massage the lower back and abdominal area helps to eliminate pain. You must regularly undergo medical examinations to identify possible diseases.
Diagnosis and treatment
Almost every woman has a stomach ache during the menstrual cycle. Pain in the lower abdomen is considered a normal physiological state.
But if during this period the organ of digestion or the entire gastrointestinal tract regularly hurts, it is necessary to consult a specialist and find out why this happens.
First of all, they are examined by a gynecologist. If you suspect any pathology, it is necessary to pass blood and urine tests, and in some cases, conduct an ultrasound examination of the pelvis and abdomen. After diagnosis, appropriate treatment is prescribed.
If the gynecologist does not establish the reasons for the formation of pain, then it is necessary to visit the gastroenterologist. He will ask about all the symptoms that are disturbing during the menstrual period.
For accurate confirmation of the diagnosis, a study of the stomach is carried out - fibrogastroduodenoscopy. This research method helps to carefully examine the walls of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. After confirming the diagnosis, treatment therapy is prescribed.
In some cases, to get rid of pain in the stomach during menstruation helps a psychologist. He will identify the psychological cause of pain and help to cope with it.
Stomach pain during menstruation can be caused by the following reasons:
- the body's sensitivity to uterine contraction,
- pathologies of the genital organs, the wrong location of the uterus,
- hormonal disorders,
- increased susceptibility to irritants of the nervous system.
Some women have a stomach ache during menstruation due to hypersensitivity to certain products or their intolerance that occurs during this period. Their presence in the diet during menstruation can irritate the intestines and stomach, causing upset, nausea.
In addition, the stomach during menstruation may hurt due to improper diet. Therefore, in order to reduce the painful manifestations, it is necessary to limit the consumption of harmful products a couple of days before the expected date of the month, giving preference to plant foods.
During the menstrual period, the stomach can also hurt due to existing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The discomfort can be caused by polyps, gastritis, poisoning and infectious diseases. Sometimes pain provoke diseases that are not related to the digestive system. For example, the pathology of the cardiovascular system.
When pain in the stomach is recommended to take drugs to relieve cramps and enveloping means. Also, pain in the stomach will help to remove medications for the treatment of ulcers. Before you begin treatment with any remedy, you should find out what causes the pain. In addition, be sure to follow the instructions regarding dosage, regimen, contraindications.
To pain in the stomach did not disturb during menstruation, you must adhere to some rules.
- Reduce physical activity. Since physical exertion stimulates cardiac activity, the bleeding becomes stronger and, consequently, the stomach also hurts. But it’s still not worth limiting mobility at all. Simple yoga exercises, on the contrary, can relieve pain.
- A cold compress can help reduce pain. But it is not advisable to carry out such a procedure too often and for a long time in order not to chill the organs.
- Allowed to take painkillers. Of course, before taking any pills, you should consult with your doctor.
- When not only the stomach hurts, but also the intestine, if the sensations are pronounced, long-lasting and supplemented with other symptoms, you should definitely be examined and find out what caused the painful condition.
Perhaps it makes sense to be examined not only by a gynecologist, but also by a gastroenterologist. If the pain has become too severe, immediate medical attention should be provided.
If menstruation is accompanied by pain in the stomach, then during this period, adjustments should be made to the daily diet. It is necessary to abandon spicy, fried and fatty, mayonnaise, sauces and other harmful products. Carbonated drinks, alcohol and caffeine will not benefit.
It is worth noting that the caffeine in coffee stimulates the production of hydrochloric acid, and this has a negative effect on the stomach. In order not to be accompanied by periods of discomfort, it is necessary to eat steamed or boiled non-fatty meat, low-fat fish, boiled vegetables, vegetable purees, and so on.
The menu should be balanced, but mostly dietary, so that the load on the stomach was less. Preference is given to products containing calcium and magnesium, substances that relieve pain during menstruation.
At the same time, it is necessary to limit consumption or completely abandon flour products, gas-forming dishes, nuts, citrus fruits, and chocolate. In this case, the food should be warm, it should be taken in small portions, about six times during the day.
Painful manifestations of menstruation will help remove the raspberry, chamomile decoction (tea). Infusions of lemon balm and oregano also have many useful properties. With their help, you can reduce pain or completely eliminate it. Ginger tea has an effective effect for relieving stomach pain during menstruation. It is recommended that drinking during this period be frequent and plentiful - plain water, fruit drinks, herbal teas, teas, fruit juices, compotes.
If a woman has a monthly stomach ache, then, as a rule, the pain is caused by a change in the activity of the endocrine system inherent in this period. The reasons may be others related to violations in other systems. Whatever it was, in order to alleviate the condition should follow the diet.
Priority in the development of the diet should take into account the requirements of food culture. That is, determine the specific time for meals. Make food frequent, but it is desirable to reduce the portions. To prevent exacerbation during menstruation, you need to provide three meals.
In addition, the intake of liquid food from the use of solid foods should be separated. The diet should be balanced, contain foods rich in silicon, calcium, magnesium. Vegetables, fruits, cereals, etc. that will ensure proper nutrition must be present in the menu.
Breakfast is better to make easy. If the pain in the stomach is caused by the presence of the disease, then the restrictions will be more stringent. When the disease is exacerbated, the food taken should be at room temperature. Too hot, just like too cold is not desirable.
Pain in the stomach, which are spasmolytic in nature, during menstruation is considered one of the manifestations of premenstrual syndrome. Therefore, if the menstruation is supplemented by pain in the stomach, then the reason for this lies in the neuro-psychological state of the woman, as well as in the hormonal disruptions caused by cyclical changes.
The cause of painful sensations in the stomach can be the presence of infectious or inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which are exacerbated with the onset of menstruation. But the stomach can also hurt in perfectly healthy women due to pressure on him by the increasing uterus, muscle tension in the hypochondrium, changes in hormone production.
Pain can be caused by overeating, unhealthy diet, constipation and many other causes. If it hurts very much, the pain is sharp and prolonged, then you should consult a doctor who will conduct an examination and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
The cause of the pain syndrome
Many women are interested in the question of why a stomachache hurts during menstruation. Pain syndrome is due to an increase in prostaglandins. It can be triggered by:
- sensitivity to uterine contraction,
- the presence of abnormalities in the system of the genital organs and the abnormal location of the uterus,
- improper functioning of the thyroid gland,
- increased susceptibility to various CNS stimuli.
Pain in women can occur in the presence of intolerance to specific foods. Discomfort manifests itself immediately after their use. In this case, there are a number of unpleasant symptoms.
Often, such pains occur from malnutrition.
Girls often come to the gynecologist, wanting to find out whether the stomach may hurt before menstruation. An unpleasant symptom is often caused by an unhealthy diet. That is, the discomfort will cease to appear after changing the diet.
Women with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are more likely to experience pain during menstruation than others. Polyps, gastritis and infectious disorders can provoke discomfort. Diseases of the cardiovascular system is another factor causing pain. Plays a significant role and lifestyle.
Any gynecologist will say for sure whether during the menstruation the stomach can ache and give general recommendations for dealing with discomfort. Fulfillment of the rules will significantly reduce the risk of pain. A woman should:
- Reduce physical activity shortly before the onset of menstruation. It is recommended to temporarily abandon grueling workouts. They enhance heart activity. The blood flow accelerates and, as a result, pain manifests itself.
Cold compress can help reduce pain
- Apply a cold compress when discomfort in the abdomen during menstruation. You can not repeat the procedure too often.
- Take anesthetic medication recommended by your doctor.
- Have a medical examination if the pain is accompanied by other unpleasant symptoms.
The gynecologist can refer the girl to other doctors. This is possible if there is a suspicion of the presence of diseases and serious abnormalities.
If there are other symptoms, the doctor may order a comprehensive examination and tests.
Nutrition has a great effect on the human body. Often, due to improper diet, the stomach hurts before menstruation and during them. It is advisable to adhere to the recommendations regularly, and not just on the eve of menstruation.
A woman should exclude from her daily diet:
- foods high in fat
- fried food
- foods high in salt and sugar,
- caffeinated drinks,
- unnatural seasonings.
It is recommended to completely give up alcohol.
It is recommended to use foods that have previously been boiled or steamed. A woman to get rid of the monthly pain is required to give up bad habits and follow the diet.
It is important to adhere to the water regime. Allowed to use herbal and fruit teas. Daily rate of water - 2-3 liters. Drinking coffee is strictly prohibited. In its composition there are components that increase pain. Recommended five times meals.
Meals should be balanced. Женщина должна отдать предпочтение продуктам с большим количеством витаминов. Блюда следует выбирать нежирные. Количество мучного сокращают.
Во время посещения доктор может порекомендовать сбор для приготовления целебного напитка.
Очень полезны различные травяные чаи
Pain in the stomach during menstruation causes significant discomfort. The syndrome can be sharp and paroxysmal or aching. It is easier to prevent a negative symptom than to get rid of it after it occurs.
Doctors for prophylaxis recommend:
- rest more before menstruation and during it,
- periodically drink vitamin complexes.
Pain syndrome may be due to inflammatory processes. There is a need for treatment to prevent an unpleasant symptom. Drugs are prescribed only by a doctor.
The doctor may prescribe take vitamins.
When pain syndrome is important that a woman remembered what methods of contraception used recently. Ectopic contraceptives provoke an increase in prostaglandin levels. As a result, a negative sign appears.
It is required to pay attention to the accompanying signs. Preventive measures are effective if the pain is not caused by any disease. Otherwise, prescribed medication. For prevention, it is recommended to drink chamomile and raspberry tea. But to use them to alleviate the state is permissible in the absence of individual intolerance to the components.
In the diet include fresh fruits and vegetables. A woman is required to give up fatty foods and forget about bad habits forever.
Be sure to eat more vegetables and fruits.
During menstruation, most women have a stomach ache. When an unpleasant symptom should visit a gynecologist. He will diagnose and, if necessary, give directions to other doctors. Visit the endocrinologist will be required if there are complaints about:
- sleep disturbance,
- unreasonable weight loss,
Pain during menstruation, accompanied by the listed symptoms, indicates an increased activity of the thyroid gland. Pathology provokes irritability and tearfulness. The psychological state worsens. Pathology is diagnosed by ultrasound.
It is important to eliminate the risk of the presence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The main diagnostic method is endoscopy.
Endoscopy is often prescribed to identify possible problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
A patient with gastrointestinal disorders complains of:
- lack of appetite.
These symptoms, accompanied by pain in the abdomen, bring discomfort, so the examination is carried out immediately.
Why does the stomach ache during menstruation? This video will tell about it:
What else can cause pain?
Above, the causes of pain were analyzed, which are directly or indirectly related to the menstrual cycle. But can the monthly stomach ache not because of menstruation? If painful sensations have arisen for the first time, they are not necessarily associated with the menstrual cycle. There may be one of the following options:
- food poisoning due to ingestion of unwanted germs and bacteria. In addition to pain, there should be other symptoms, such as fever, nausea and diarrhea,
- problems with the digestive tract. Pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract do not depend on the menstrual cycle, but may worsen during this period,
- pain in the stomach during menstruation may be due to alcohol abuse. Again, because of special days, sensitivity to pain that was previously invisible may increase,
- on some girls, menstruation acts as a catalyst for wanting to eat a lot. However, overeating is another cause of stomach pain.
How to remove pain or reduce their intensity
There are several approaches that can minimize pain, remove it, or help to understand that a doctor cannot do without.
To begin with, during menstruation, you need to reduce your physical activity. At the same time, it is necessary to act without fanaticism, because someone may perceive this recommendation as a call to lie on the couch all the time. The same Pilates and yoga have a beneficial effect on the body and can reduce pain, if you choose the right exercises. Therefore, active loads need to be removed, but physical activity cannot be neglected.
The method of self-treatment with applying a cold or hot water bottle to the abdomen is very dangerous. This can lead to overcooling of organs or provoke an inflammatory process.
Most women use painkillers that help relieve stomach pain during menstruation, and it is also easier to survive this period. For specific medications, consult your gynecologist.
If the pain is acute, intensifies or does not go away for a long time, then the doctor should be consulted not for consultation, but for treatment. Also, the reason for going to the doctor is the presence of other painful symptoms besides stomach problems. Perhaps the doctor diagnoses a disease that is not related to menstruation.
Reduce and wait out the pain in the stomachs can be due to the usual rest. If you lie down for a while in a comfortable bed, then you should feel better. A walk in the fresh air will be a good alternative if you can not lie down.
Adjustment of nutrition for the period of menstruation
If we are talking about the stomach, and not about the stomach as a whole, then most often the problem is in the diet. As we said earlier, during menstruation, the body may become more susceptible to certain products. That's why you want to adjust your menu.
In the diet should not be flour products and chocolate.
- Some women prefer to drink alcohol when their stomach hurts during menstruation. For some time, this measure will be effective, but then the pain will return, and perhaps even intensify.
- Fried, smoked, fat, mayonnaise and sauces should also leave the diet for the period of menstruation.
- It is desirable to refuse carbonated drinks with coffee. Caffeine is especially dangerous during this period.
- Nuts and citrus fruits are also undesirable to eat.
In principle, it is necessary to apply all the standard recommendations regarding healthy eating, which is promoted from all angles. Steamed diet meals are ideal. In this case, you need to eat fractionally and in small portions of 5-6 times a day.
If the problem with gastric pains is associated with the diet, it will be easy to understand, using recommendations about proper nutrition. As a result, the stomach should stop hurting.
If you had to exclude any particularly favorite foods from the diet, you can try to return them. To do this, you need to make sure that the diet really works and the stomach stops hurting, and then return your favorite product to the diet. If the pain did not return, then everything is fine. If the stomach again began to hurt, then for the period of menstruation will have to follow such a strict diet.
Diagnostics and treatment prescription
When at home it is not possible to determine why the stomach hurts during menstruation, it is necessary to consult a doctor. And most likely, one gynecologist will not be limited to it, and you will have to be examined by a gastroenterologist.
The location of the uterus and stomach in relation to other organs
The problem of such pain is that the stomach constantly aches during menstruation. It is difficult to understand, this is something serious or the stomach hurts again, because the monsters came. It is not always easy to distinguish a normal physiological condition from a serious disease.
If it is already understood that not only the stomach but the stomach hurts regularly, and relief comes only with the help of an anesthetic, then a doctor’s consultation is definitely required.
Examination by a gynecologist will help you understand what to do next. Additional research and advice from another doctor may be required to establish an accurate diagnosis. The main thing is not to be afraid and not to start your health.
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Stomach pain during menstruation: causes and methods of elimination
Some women complain that they have a stomach ache during menstruation. Unfortunately, only this is rarely limited to discomfort, and therefore many try to reduce these unpleasant symptoms that recur every month.
Why during and before the monthly stomach ache
Throughout life, the female body goes through a very important cycle, which aims to continue the race. This period is experienced by a woman every month, so it is called menstrual. Monthly periods can be defined as twenty or thirty calendar days. During this time, conception and development of pregnancy may occur. In the opposite case, there is a cleansing in the form of menstrual blood and preparation for the next potential fertilization.
Each woman carries her menstrual cycle individually. Some have noted ailments, nausea, dizziness, nervousness, or apathy. Most women complain of painful symptoms before critical days, during their course and after menstruation. When ovulation occurs, that is, the process of a favorable time to meet a mature egg with a sperm cell, women can also experience pain in the lower abdomen. It also happens that the stomach hurts before menstruation.
Along with spasms during menstruation, other pathological processes and diseases in a woman’s body are often exacerbated.
Why do pains and organ malfunction occur during menstruation? What are they and how can you deal with them? Consider this on the example of the table:
The body's response to menstruation
Why violations happen
Disruption of the psychological state (irritability, tearfulness, sleep disturbance).
Such violations in women are not uncommon. This is because during the change of phases of the menstrual cycle, the hormonal level is constantly changing, and this is directly related to the central nervous system and the woman's age.
The first thing you need to try to avoid nervous breakdowns and experiences, and do not forget about proper rest. If the psychological state of a woman reaches a critical level, then it is necessary to seek medical help. If the violations are minor and are observed only in the period of menstruation, then you can take sedatives: Valerian, Glycine, Soothing herbal.
Violation of the psychological state (irritability, tearfulness, sleep disturbance). Warm rash and the appearance of spots on the face and body.
The appearance of acne during menstruation is more often observed in adolescence, but often rashes are noted by women at reproductive age, especially before critical days. Of course, their occurrence is associated with the release and the amount of hormones. Also, the cause of pustules and blemishes can be a metabolic disorder due to improper nutrition and skin hygiene. Sometimes, it is during menstruation that herpes reminds of itself, which appears when immunity decreases.
One of the main ways to get rid of rashes is a balanced diet, that is, the restoration of metabolism in the body. Exclude junk food and drinks, and add vitamins, minerals, water in sufficient quantities. For cosmetic procedures, you can use cleansing and soothing gels and tonics, creams, herbal masks and talkers. For the treatment of viral pustules (herpes) you can use: Gerpevir, Acic, Geviran, Vivorax, according to the instructions.
Pain in the head, lower abdomen, in the perineum, back, legs and mammary glands.
Painful symptoms during menstruation result from spasms of smooth muscles of the uterus for the separation of the endometrium. Why does the whole stomach hurt? Nerve impulses are distributed over the entire pelvic area, so it is large in the sacrum, the iliac and femur bones, and the spine, and it passes into the rectum.
Symptomatic female menstrual pain can be reduced with the help of exercises, massages, compresses, antispasmodic drugs: Tempalgin, Spazgan, Ketanov, No-spa, Butadion, Indomethacin, etc.
Discomfort and pain in the gastrointestinal tract.
Many women do not understand why they feel discomfort in the intestine during menstruation. This can be explained by the fact that during the critical days the uterus increases slightly, and this causes pressure on other organs: the bladder, rectum and intestine. That is, bloating, flatulence, cystitis can be noted. Often during menstruation chronic diseases such as gastritis, thyroiditis, blood sugar, etc., are exacerbated.
Significantly ease the discomfort and pain will help the timely emptying of the bladder and rectum. It stimulates uterine contractions and the free release of menstrual blood. In case of gastric exacerbations, it is possible to take means that envelop and soothe his mucous membrane: Omez, Ranitidine, if there are no contraindications to the doctor. You can try to remove intestinal discomfort with the help of traditional medicine: honey with milk, cabbage or potato juice, herbal decoctions. There are also many drugs to relieve symptoms of a disorder on the part of the thyroid or pancreas, but it is forbidden to take them on your own. In order to help yourself, you must consult with your doctor.
Why does the stomach hurt before menstruation?
Critical days are the monthly little nuisance of every woman of reproductive age. Not only that these days are usually not very good state of health, there may also be pain in the stomach.
They are different in duration and pain and are the result of various causes. It happens that some people have a stomach ache before menstruation, for a week, and sometimes for two (it can also hurt in the first two or three days of menstruation) and this is directly related to the premenstrual symptom.
Symptoms and conals of premenstrual syndrome
Manifestations of premenstrual syndrome may manifest hundreds of symptoms, but the most common are:
- Low back pain
- Breast engorgement
- Indigestion, accompanied by discomfort and frequent toilet visits,
- Headache and malaise, fatigue,
- Emotional changes associated with mood swings, anxiety, irritability, depression and other manifestations.
All these symptoms are normal and do not require the help of specialists, if they appear with moderate force.
Pain - Pathology
Severe pain in the stomach, preceding menstruation indicates the presence of deviations in the body. These can be various diseases of the stomach (gastritis. Ulcer), intestines, or other internal organs, such as the kidneys.
For an accurate diagnosis is necessary:
- Take a test for hormones
- Consult with a gastroenterologist,
- Get recommendations from a neurologist,
- Contact a gynecologist who may prescribe a course of treatment with contraceptive drugs.
In some cases, medical professionals may prescribe diuretics and painkillers.
We help ourselves
In order to relieve stomach pain at the onset of menstruation, some general recommendations should be followed:
You should try to include food enriched with vitamins and fiber to the maximum in your diet.
- Eliminate alcohol and caffeine-containing beverages,
- Night rest should be at least eight hours
- Perform regular exercises of physical education,
- A bath with enough warm water will help relax muscles and relieve stress.
If there are no characteristic changes in the body during the premenstrual period, you should definitely consult a gynecologist.
When pain in the stomach will help infusion prepared according to the following recipe:
A glass of fresh viburnum berries boiled in three liters of water, and then insist for a day. If the berries are dried, then the same volume of water must be poured over half a glass. After a day, the infusion is heated to 40 degrees and two glasses of grated chaga are added to it. The resulting broth with the mushroom is infused for two more days, then filtered, and aloe juice and honey are added to it. in the amount of 100 and 300 grams respectively. The broth is drunk half an hour before meals three times a day for half a glass. The decoction treatment course is 3 weeks.
It is useful to still read:
Why does my stomach hurt badly during menstruation?
Stomach pain in pregnant women. What to do?
Stitching in the stomach. Why stabs in the stomach?
Treatment of nervous stomach. Important recommendations.
Acute pain in the stomach. The main provocateurs
Female depression. The first signs and causes.
Sources: http://medoption.ru/ru/196-when-monthly-stomach-ache.html, http://mesyachnye.com/bol/bolit-zheludok-vo-vremya-mesyachnyh/, http: // isctelitel .ru/bolit-zheludok-pered-mesyachnymi/
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Болит кишечник во время месячных – с чем это связано
Menstruation is often accompanied by a wide variety of pains, but some of them do not fit into the understanding of the normal female cycle. It hurts the intestines during menstruation for a variety of reasons. Very often, the problem lies in the sphere of a certain disease, which worsens with the onset of the menstrual cycle. Also, the physiological features of the female body can be to blame for everything.
Do not forget about domestic reasons, when the problem arises due to overeating. Let us examine in more detail why the intestines can hurt during menstruation and how to deal with it.
If the pains are mild and do not cause discomfort, then they usually do not pay special attention. Especially if after menstruation, everything returns to normal. Such problems are always blamed on the female cycle, believing that this is such a reaction of the organism. Sometimes this is true, but not always. There are the following main causes of pain in the intestine (around the navel) during critical days that are not associated with the disease:
- lack of the hormone progesterone or high levels of the hormone prostaglandin,
- use of hormonal contraceptives,
- the uterus is going to tear away the layer of unnecessary endometrium,
- poor nutrition,
- side effects from medications,
- alcohol intoxication.
A slight rejection of the uterus back may cause pain in the intestines during menstruation due to the additional pressure on the nerve endings. Although the intestine with such a deviation of the uterus hurts very rarely.
Perhaps there is a place to be normal food poisoning.
Prior to the beginning of menstruation, the uterus is intensively reduced, preparing to cleanse the old layer of the endometrium. This reduction leads to a feeling of spasms in the lower back and lower abdomen. Contractions are felt by all neighboring organs, including the intestines. Exacerbation of pain in the background of any problems with the gastrointestinal tract is a fairly common situation.
Sometimes the intestine hurts during menstruation due to the increasing urge to defecate, which is also one of the normal reactions of the female body to the onset of menstruation. Diarrhea with constipation may occur due to changes in hormonal levels, but much more often they are provoked by the woman herself. Gluttony or a drastic change in diet due to PMS and the approaching menstruation provoke intestinal problems. Not surprisingly, he starts to get sick later.
Because of menstruation, the pelvic organs begin to take large volumes of blood. Increased blood flow creates additional pressure on nearby organs. Usually such pain gives in the anus and concentrates in the colon.
Learning to distinguish a disease from PMS
If the intestine hurts before the menstrual period, then this problem is often referred to as PMS. This is possible, but such pain should pass along with menstrual periods and not be accompanied by additional symptoms. Sometimes it is not so easy to distinguish premenstrual syndrome from some disease.
If we are talking about an adult woman, not a young girl, then she already knows all her premenstrual symptoms. It will be easy for her to understand what fits into her ICP framework and what should not be.
Typically, pathology is accompanied by fever, chills, fever, or general weakness of the whole organism.
The main criterion by which bowel disease can be distinguished from the manifestation of PMS is the duration of painful sensations. If with the end of menstruation the pain has not disappeared, then the problem should be sought in pathology.
Elimination of pain in the intestines during menstruation
It is difficult to deal with the elimination of pain, not knowing the reasons for which they arose. When the intestine hurts during menstruation, you can take a series of comprehensive measures that will help reduce pain or even remove them.
You can drink decoctions of mint, chamomile, raspberry and horsetail. Phytopreparations based on these plants are also sold. Evidence-based medicine is quite ambiguous about such treatment, but there will be no harm from it.
Changing the diet will help ease bowel work. If there is diarrhea, then go to porridge, but if there was constipation, then eat soups with fermented milk products.
Strong pains are fought with painkillers. Such symptomatic treatment allows you to forget about the problem for a while, but not get rid of it. Ideally, a gynecologist or another doctor will prescribe a painkiller that can correctly determine why problems with the intestines during menstruation.
If the pain is not strong and there are no additional alarming symptoms (nausea, vomiting, fever, blood in the feces, etc.), then it is better to wait until the end of menstruation. The problematic intestine during and after menstruation is already clearly indicative of the need to seek medical help.
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- Right! The infectious factor in the development of gastric ulcers is - the germ of Helicobacter (in case of infection with them). The occurrence of an ulcer occurs when the destructive effect on the gastric mucosa of aggressive factors begins to prevail over the action of protective factors.
- Wrong! The infectious factor in the development of gastric ulcers is - the germ of Helicobacter (in case of infection with them). The occurrence of an ulcer occurs when the destructive effect on the gastric mucosa of aggressive factors begins to prevail over the action of protective factors.
- With the answer
- With a mark of viewing
What do you think, what microbe causes the development of gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer?
- Helicobacter pylori
- E. coli
- Right! The infectious factor in the development of gastric ulcers is - the germ of Helicobacter (in case of infection with them). The occurrence of an ulcer occurs when the destructive effect on the gastric mucosa of aggressive factors begins to prevail over the action of protective factors.
- Wrong! The infectious factor in the development of gastric ulcers is - the germ of Helicobacter (in case of infection with them). The occurrence of an ulcer occurs when the destructive effect on the gastric mucosa of aggressive factors begins to prevail over the action of protective factors.
Causes of stomach pain and features of prevention
Every woman feels differently during her period. Some people easily endure this period, while others constantly feel dizzy, nausea appears, they become nervous and apathetic. Sometimes there are even complaints from women that their stomach hurts during their periods. What is the reason for this phenomenon?
Causes of stomach pain during menstruation
Stomach pain during menstruation can be triggered by:
- response of the body to the fact that the uterus is actively reduced,
- existing diseases of the genital organs, or the unusual arrangement of the uterus,
- hormonal imbalances in the body,
- high susceptibility to factors irritating the nervous system.
Women have to feel pain in the stomach due to the fact that during the period of menstruation the susceptibility of the organism to certain products may increase or their intolerance may appear. The use of such products, when menstruation occurs, leads to the excitation of the intestinal wall and stomach, after which the pain occurs. To get rid of this phenomenon, it is necessary to stop eating harmful food a couple of days before the alleged start of menstruation.
During menstruation, the stomach may ache if a woman has gastrointestinal disease. Anxiety in the stomach can be caused by polyps, gastritis, diseases of an infectious nature, or banal poisoning. There are also cases where the pain occurs due to diseases that are not related to the gastrointestinal tract, for example, diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
If the stomach hurts during menstruation, it is recommended to take enveloping drugs and antispasmodics. However, before taking any medication, you should consult with your doctor. He will help to find the root cause of pain and to choose a medicine that will need to be taken, following all the doctor's instructions.
What to do so that during menstruation there is no pain in the stomach
There are certain rules that can reduce the risk of stomach pain during menstruation:
- limit physical exertion. They stimulate the work of the heart, increasing the force of bleeding, resulting in pain in the abdomen. However, do not completely avoid physical activity. Some yoga exercises, on the contrary, help to stop the pain in the stomach,
- a cold compress helps to relieve pain in the abdomen. It is worth remembering that this procedure cannot be abused, in order to avoid organ closure,
- you can take antispasmodics and painkillers, after consulting with a specialist,
- if severe pains have appeared not only in the stomach, but also in the intestine, while they do not go away for quite a long time and there is another associated symptom, you should immediately go to the doctor and undergo the necessary examinations. This will help identify the root cause of the pain and eliminate it.
If the menstrual cycle is accompanied by pain in the stomach, you may have to contact not only a gynecologist, but also a gastroenterologist. When tolerating pain becomes unbearable, you must immediately call an ambulance.
How to eat if during the period of menstruation a stomach ache
The first step is to completely remove spicy, fried and fatty foods, mayonnaise and other harmful foods from your diet. Also banned soda, alcohol and caffeinated beverages. To avoid discomfort in the stomach area during menstruation, boiled or steamed foods (meat and fish, low-fat varieties, vegetables, etc.) should be eaten.
The diet should be complete, with calcium and magnesium contained in foods that help relieve pain during menstruation. It is necessary to refuse flour, nuts, citrus, chocolate and dishes that provoke meteorism. Meals should be frequent, but small in volume.
From traditional medicine, decoctions of stomach pain contribute to decoctions of raspberry or chamomile. It is also useful to use tinctures of lemon balm and oregano, possessing many healing qualities. A popular remedy during menstruation that can stop pain is ginger root tea.
Painful sensations in the stomach during menstruation can appear for various reasons, ranging from hormonal imbalances in the body to serious health problems. If the pain becomes very severe and does not go away for a long time, do not self-medicate. Experts, after a survey, will help determine the cause of pain and prescribe the most effective treatment.
Causes of severe pain during menstruation. How to alleviate the condition
Normal monthly come regularly and last 3-5 days. These days, a woman quickly gets tired, feels unwell. However, it does not cause too much discomfort, it does not interfere with the usual way of life. However, some feel severe pain in the abdomen. Sometimes she is so painful that a woman is forced to give up everything, stay at home, take pain pills. Such pain during menstruation is a sign of pathology. The cause can be diseases and hormonal disorders. To tolerate and hope that the malaise will pass by itself, it is impossible. We must go to the doctor.
When menstruation pains are considered pathology
The uterine lining (endometrium) is regularly updated, resulting in monthly appearances. Removal of dead epithelium from the uterus is carried out by contraction of its muscles. When this occurs, the compression of the nerve endings and the compression of blood vessels, which causes the appearance of painful sensations in the lower abdomen. Pain is given to the sacrum and lower back. Usually they appear on the eve of menstruation and in the first 2 days after their arrival.
Painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea) is a pathology. In addition to pain in the lower abdomen and back, there are concomitant ailments of varying severity. If a woman’s cycle is regular, the nature of her period corresponds to the norm, then the unpleasant symptoms quickly disappear, without causing her particular torment. Severe cases require serious treatment.
Types of dysmenorrhea
There are two types of dysmenorrhea:
- Primary (functional), not associated with any disease. Usually, menstruation becomes painful 1.5-2 years after the onset of puberty, when the cycle normalizes and ovulation occurs regularly. Often, pain during menstruation is significantly weakened after the first birth.
- Secondary (acquired), associated with pathological changes in the genitals and various diseases. Occurs most often in women older than 30 years. It is usually accompanied by vegetative-vascular disorders (dizziness, excessive sweating, and others), as well as tachycardia and cardiac arrhythmia.
If over the years the intensity of pain during menstruation remains constant, then this dysmenorrhea is called compensated. If the pain during menstruation every year becomes stronger, then it is called decompensated.
Degrees of dysmenorrhea
There are 4 degrees of dysmenorrhea, characterized by the intensity of pain.
0 degree. Abdominal pain is weak, painkillers are not required.
1 degree. Pain moderate, quite tolerable. Natural accompanying symptoms are mild depression, headache, indigestion. Malaise can be completely eliminated by taking an anesthetic drug.
2 degree. Pain during menstruation is severe, accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, chills, general weakness, migraine, irritability. Duration of ailments increases. Painkillers and sedatives help to improve well-being.
3 degree. Severe abdominal pains occur in a woman 2-3 days before the onset of menstruation, continue until it ends. At the same time, the temperature rises, a headache (to vomiting) is very painful, tachycardia and pain in the heart occur. Fainting may occur. The woman is completely inoperable. Improve the condition of conventional means can not.
Addition: Pain during menstruation may differ in nature (cramping, pulling, aching, stabbing), to give in the lower back, hips.
Causes of painful menstruation
Functional pain during menstruation may occur as a result of the pathological location of the uterus, the formation of adhesions and scars after an abortion, increased sensitivity of a woman’s body to changes occurring in it, emotional excitability. An important role is played by heredity. The occurrence of pain can trigger vitamin deficiency and a lack of magnesium and calcium in the body. A sedentary lifestyle is also a cause of progressive dysmenorrhea. Contributes to the occurrence of pain during menstruation and a factor such as hormonal disorders in the body. Excess hormone prostaglandin causes increased contractions of the uterus, constriction of blood vessels.
The emergence of primary dysmenorrhea contributes to the use of the intrauterine device. Secondary dysmenorrhea can occur as a result of pathologies such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory diseases. Severe pain during menstruation due to the formation of polyps and cysts in the uterus.
How to reduce pain during menstruation
If the pain is moderate, the cycle is regular, the monthly periods are normal in volume and duration, then with the help of some techniques painful sensations can be eased.
Recommendation: In case of severe pains, it is recommended to visit a doctor and make sure that there are no symptoms that are asymptomatic. In some cases, chronic inflammatory diseases and even tumors may not manifest themselves. Pain symptom may be the only signal of trouble.
If, after a gynecological examination, no disease is detected in a woman, then at home, the condition can be alleviated in the following ways:
- Massage the abdominal muscles in the direction of clockwise movement, which will help relieve tension in them and ease spasms. It is also good to do a lumbar massage.
- Take a warm shower that helps relax muscles, dilate blood vessels.
- Lie on your side with your legs tucked up to your belly (fetal position).
- Take no-silo to eliminate spasm in the uterus, ketonal or ibuprofen (have a strong analgesic effect), valerian (as a sedative).
- To do light exercise (bending, body rotation). Good help from pain during menstruation yoga.
- Apply during menstruation compresses with sea salt on the lower abdomen. Before menstruation and after them it is useful to take relaxing short (15-20 minutes) baths with the addition of such salt.
- Drink soothing tea from chamomile and mint (add 1-2 tsp. Honey to 1 cup of tea). It is useful to take infusion of parsley, strawberry.
- If there is no allergy, you can rub essential oil into the skin of the sacrum and lower abdomen. Процедуру проводят 2 раза в день за 2 дня до месячных и в первые 2-3 дня после их начала. Хорошо помогает снимать сильные боли при месячных смесь, содержащая 50 мл масла зверобоя, по 5 капель масла тысячелистника и шалфея.
- При боли и обильном кровотечении на низ живота надо приложить на 15 минут лед (поверх одежды, положить его в пакет).
It is recommended to go swimming. During swimming, muscles relax, nervous tension is relieved. Endorphins (the so-called hormones of joy, substances with anesthetic action) are intensively produced in the body.
When to see a doctor
The obvious signs of serious pathologies are most often severe pains lasting for a long time (more than 2 days). Moreover, the painful sensations are so strong that the woman is forced to postpone all her business and stay at home. Abdominal pains are accompanied by diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. Dizziness, headache, stitching pains in the abdomen can be signs of excessive blood loss and anemia.
Severe cramping abdominal pain occurs during ectopic pregnancy. In this case, a woman requires urgent surgery.
When painkillers and no-shpa do not help, pain and the amount of discharge intensify, consultation with a doctor is simply necessary. If, however, severe pains appeared during menstruation suddenly against the background of a violation of the cycle, weight loss, this could be a sign of a tumor. Examined by a gynecologist is an urgent need.
Drugs prescribed for dysmenorrhea
In addition to antispasmodic drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed by the doctor to eliminate the pathological pain during menstruation. They are able to suppress the production of prostaglandins, thereby reducing the contractility of the uterus.
Oral contraceptives are widely used to treat dysmenorrhea - low-dose hormonal drugs that prevent the formation of an excess of prostaglandins. Herbal preparations based on phytoestrogens, which contribute to the improvement of hormonal background, as well as homeopathic remedies of non-hormonal action (menalgin) are also used. Gradually accumulating in the body, they help regulate the menstrual cycle, reduce pain, and improve the condition of the nervous system.
Complex preparations containing vitamins, calcium, iron, magnesium, as well as plant extracts (for example, time factor) are prescribed. It is recommended to start taking the medication in advance, before the beginning of the month. Then, at the time of their onset, the required dose accumulates in the body, the drug acts more efficiently.
Physical therapy methods - UHF and electrophoresis help to reduce pain during menstruation. In this case, the procedure is carried out in advance. Before the onset of menstruation, special solutions (novocaine, sodium bromide) are applied on the abdomen and exposed to ultrasound or electrical impulses. Warming up and anesthesia occurs.
In order for menstruation to be less painful, it is recommended to stop taking alcohol on critical days, avoid stress, not catch cold, move more, do yoga. It is necessary to limit the use of sugar these days, foods that cause intestinal swelling. It is useful to eat chocolate that stimulates the production of endorphins, as well as products containing calcium and magnesium.
Video: Yoga for menstruation
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Types of Algosdismenorrhea
Very often, pain is accompanied by nausea, fatigue, weakness and dizziness. Sometimes these feelings can not be tolerated and the woman has to use potent drugs to relieve pain. Such a phenomenon during menstruation has a name - algomenorrhea or dysmenorrhea.
Primary algesdysmenorrhea arises due to an underdeveloped uterus, its incorrect position in the body, or other features of the anatomy. Exactly the same term denotes painful menstruation, which is caused by impaired endocrine metabolism, which is not associated with an organic lesion in the genital area of a woman.
Menstrual pains caused by inflammatory processes, endometriosis, fibromatous nodes, using the intrauterine device, abdominal and gynecological operations have one common name - secondary algomenorrhea.
A set of exercises against pain
In order to relieve discomfort during menstruation, a special set of exercises was developed, which helps relieve pain:
- A woman should lie on her back and lift her legs up (the angle should be at least 90 degrees). Feet should rest tightly against the wall. This position cannot be changed within 5 minutes. After that you can move on to another exercise.
- At this stage, you need to lean on your knees and elbows. The head should be in the lowered state. In this position, you must stand for at least 3 minutes.
- You should lie on your stomach and lean on the floor with your hands. At the same time it is necessary to raise the head and chest. The head should be retracted. This exercise must be performed at least three times.
- At this stage you should lie on your back. The feet rest on the floor, the legs are bent at the knees, the loin is detached from the floor. After that, you must take the original position. This exercise must be performed at least 4 times.
This uncomplicated set of exercises should be dealt with as soon as uncomfortable sensations appear. Their implementation greatly relieves pain during menstruation.
What else will help ease the pain?
Often during menstruation a woman is worried about stomach pain.
In order to alleviate the pain during menstruation, giving not only to the stomach, but also to the lower back, you need to follow simple rules.
It is necessary for some time to abandon the sauna and bath before the start of critical days. Also, in such a period is not recommended to visit the solarium and the beach. In addition, you need to minimize physical activity, leaving only a set of exercises, which is presented above.
In order not to be accompanied by excruciating pain, it is recommended to reduce the use or to completely refuse milk-containing and meat products. Experts advise to use as much as possible vegetables, fruits, as well as juices based on them. These foods contain large amounts of calcium and magnesium, which help with pain.
Raspberry, chamomile tea, as well as the one made on the basis of oregano and lemon balm have a lot of useful properties. They will help reduce or completely relieve pain in women. This drink should be consumed hot before the critical days come. This tea can be consumed during menstruation.
During such a period it is recommended to consume as many healthy products as possible. This is dairy food, as well as fresh fruits and vegetables. Doctors advise to eat dark chocolate during painful periods. Also, frequent and abundant drinking in the form of water or fruit drinks is very useful. An excellent therapeutic effect are infusions and decoctions of herbs, as well as tea with ginger.
During menstruation, you should avoid the use of products that have in its composition caffeine. Such a disturbing component can increase the irritability of a woman.
Special exercises will save you from pain
Good effect gives a hot bath. Doctors recommend taking it no more than 15 minutes. The application of a warm heating pad on the diseased part of the abdomen has an excellent therapeutic effect. But such actions cannot be carried out without first consulting a doctor. The fact is that if a woman has any inflammatory process inside, a hot water bottle can only aggravate the situation.
We should not forget that the appearance of pain during menstruation depends on the specific characteristics of the woman's body. These include weight, presence of children, diseases of the reproductive system, as well as age.
This is due to the fact that at a young age menstruation passes almost without pain, since the reproductive system is not yet mature enough and formed. Pain can also occur due to improper anatomical structure of some organs.
Treatment of a pathological condition
Among the most frequent causes of discomfort are diseases in the gynecological field. Therefore, if the pain during critical days is permanent, the woman should consult a gynecologist. The specialist will carry out the necessary diagnostics, as well as eliminate the cause of the occurrence of such unpleasant sensations.
Gynecologists do not recommend to use a large number of painkillers with this ailment. But if all the same pain is unbearable, then it is best to choose those that do not harm health. A good effect has the means "Time Factor", which combines phytohormonal plant components, trace elements and vitamins. Such a medicine can in a short time normalize the phases of the menstruation cycle, soften the PMS, increase efficiency and relieve pain.
You can also take any drug based on ibuprofen. For example, Nurofen, Mig, etc. You should not exceed the dosage and take more than 350 mg per day. Experts recommend taking in this period Papazol or No-Shpu. These products contain papaverine hydrochloride, which relieves spasms and relieves pain.
In the video - expert advice:
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