When it comes to women and the physiological characteristics of the female body as a whole, such a natural process, like menstruation, is not unusual. In other cases, when there are symptoms such as heavy bleeding, discomfort or incessant menstruation, we can talk about uterine bleeding. First of all, only the doctor will help to fully understand how to distinguish between menstruation and bleeding, but, nevertheless, you can be savvy in this matter before a visit to the gynecologist.
Determination of menstruation and bleeding
In normal monthly last about 5−6 days. During this period, the woman does not have any serious abnormalities and discomfort (back pain or a pulling sensation in the lower abdomen does not count). If you notice any atypical situation, then you should think about a timely visit to the gynecologist to find out the cause of the deviations.
The norm during menstruation
Bleeding during menstruation should not be very abundant. Only in the case when it comes to the first days, this rule can be violated. In a normal day, a woman can lose about 50 ml of blood. Severe bleeding during menstruation (for example, more than 100 ml per day) may indicate that something is wrong with the body.
When the first day of menstruation comes, the blood must be a characteristic bright red color. Gradually, the color of the blood changes from red to darker and at the end of the cycle it can be brown or brown. If a woman does physical exertion in the period of menstruation, this can provoke additional discharge. Also, heavy bleeding during menstruation in the first days may be accompanied by discharge in the form of blood clots or bloody mucus, but this condition does not last very long. The smell of the menstrual blood itself should not be special, it resembles fresh meat.
Among the significant differences that will help us answer the question of how to distinguish bleeding from heavy periods, There are the following:
- Timing. The rate - 3−7 days, on average, the menstrual cycle takes 3−5 days.
- Gaps. Between the two cycles should be a gap in time, which can be about 21−35 days. But the gap between the two cycles is purely individual and depends on the physiological characteristics of the girl.
- The beginning and end of the cycle. Normally, when menstruation begins with a heavy discharge, which increases by 2-3 days and after a couple of days, they disappear. At the end of the cycle, a slight brown or dark brown color can also be observed, the problem with which can be solved by daily pads.
- Blood clots. Depending on the individual characteristics of the organism, the formation of thick secretions occurs equally from cycle to cycle.
Signs of uterine bleeding
In order to understand how to distinguish uterine bleeding from menstruation, you need to know some of the signs that are characteristic only of the pathological condition. Among them are the following:
- The appearance of a large number of clots. A certain amount of dense discharge is typical for the first days of the menstrual cycle, but when clots appear on the 3 or 5 days of the cycle, this may indicate malfunctioning of the body.
The amount of blood released. To understand how to determine whether this is heavy or monthly bleeding, you can estimate the total volume. Absolutely abnormal when more than 7 days have passed, and the number of menstruation does not decrease or, conversely, becomes even more.
- Shifts expected start of menstruation. If there is a delay or the period starts too early, this may also indicate a clinical picture. Nevertheless, it is worth considering the fact that due to its physiology, a woman’s body that was not fully formed may not have clear dates for the onset of menstruation. In this case, consultation with a gynecologist will help to find out, monthly or bleeding and how to determine.
- With heavy bleeding, a large number of tampons or pads will be required. If a day is a change of more than 10 pieces, then you should consult a doctor.
The signs listed above will help you understand the difference between a typical menstrual cycle and pathological bleeding among themselves.
This group of tablets includes drugs such as "Escapel" or "Postinor". Since many drugs are made in such a way that cause menstruation bleeding or menstrual-like, which can be taken for a new cycle of menstruation, sometimes there may not be enough cause for concern. But in that case, if a lot of blood flows and there is an abundant blood loss, then you should stop taking hormonal drugs. The use of special pills for abortion during menstruation can increase blood flow, which will have extremely negative consequences.
Instead of emergency contraception, doctors recommend using a proven method such as using a condom during intercourse. It is absolutely safe for the body of a young woman and will help protect her from unpleasant situations and their consequences.
Other causes of blood loss
The girl who is in position also needs to understand how to distinguish between menstruation and bleeding during pregnancy. For example, the cause of sudden bleeding may be the threat of miscarriage. Recognize this and establish the reason why this is happening, will help the doctor who has a pregnant woman should be observed.
Interrupted pregnancy and abortion (in particular, medication) can cause a new cycle of menstruation. Among the main pathological conditions can be identified:
- Infectious diseases. It also includes sexually transmitted infections.
- Tumor neoplasms in the uterus or in the ovaries.
- The inflammatory process in the female genital organs.
- Abortion can cause serious irregularities in the girl's body. Doctors-gynecologists recommend to refrain from promiscuous sex or to choose more reliable methods of contraception. Abortion can lead to irreparable changes in the body of the girl, up to the occurrence of infertility.
- Aborted pregnancy, which can trigger the occurrence of ectopic tumors.
- Preterm birth can also cause a disorder in a woman who is in the late term of pregnancy.
If a woman is diagnosed with “dysfunctional uterine bleeding,” she faces immediate hospitalization with subsequent treatment at the hospital. First of all, the attending physician should clarify with the patient how long the unpleasant state lasts, in order to distinguish between menstruation and bleeding.
Then the girl will be assigned to take drugs that will help fill the lost amount of blood in the body, increase blood clotting. Intramuscular preparations, antibiotics and various herbs (in particular, oak or nettle bark) may be prescribed among the drugs in order to gradually stop blood loss.
Usually hospital treatment is about 7 dayswhere a woman will always be under the strict supervision of the attending physician. After therapy, the girl will be discharged from the hospital, from where she will leave completely healthy and full of strength. The doctor will recommend to refrain from sexual intercourse with a partner and from taking hormonal drugs at first, so as not to provoke the discovery of a new bleeding.