Premenstrual syndrome is a complex of neuropsychiatric, metabolic, endocrine and vascular disorders that occur in the second phase of the menstrual cycle (almost immediately after ovulation) and disappear in the first days of menstruation or immediately after the end of menstruation.
The onset of PMS and the duration of the symptoms is very difficult to predict in each individual case, because everything depends on the individual criteria of the organism. On average, premenstrual syndrome begins 2-10 days before menstruation.
According to statistics, an average woman experiences from 450 to 480 PMS of varying severity. At present, about 200 symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are already known. It is noted that PMS are more susceptible to women of the Caucasian race, engaged in intellectual work and living in large cities. Traced and dependence on age:
- 19-29 years - the frequency of 20%,
- After 30 years - the frequency of 47-50%,
- After 40 years - the frequency of 55-60%.
As can be seen from the above data, with age the likelihood of PMS increases. In addition, the addition of additional symptoms.
The causes of PMS are not known until now. The main culprits of such symptoms are hormones, the level of which varies in the second phase of the menstrual cycle (after ovulation).
In the female body produces the following sex hormones:
- Estrogens - are responsible for appearance, psycho-emotional state, creative success, learning.
- Progesterone has a calming effect on the nervous system.
- Androgens - are responsible for sexual desire, improve performance.
In the second phase of the menstrual cycle, the hormonal balance in the woman's body changes. Since progesterone has a significant effect on mood, with an increase in its concentration in the blood, nervousness and depression are noted. Excess prolactin and prostaglandins cause the retention of excess fluid in the body, headaches, engorgement of the mammary glands.
During the study of premenstrual syndrome revealed a number of factors that increase the symptoms of PMS symptoms:
- Infectious and inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs (adnexitis, endometritis, etc.),
- Abortions, miscarriages,
- Difficult childbirth, surgical intervention.
- Stress, emotional surges.
- The hereditary factor - very often the ICP is inherited.
- Excess body weight.
- Bad habits (alcohol, smoking).
- Lack of magnesium and B vitamins (B6).
- Insufficient levels of the hormone serotonin.
When does PMS start and how long does it take? There are no clear criteria for the onset of premenstrual syndrome, for every woman this will be due to purely individual criteria. On average, the first symptoms may appear 14, 10 or less days before menstruation. Accordingly, the ICP will last from 14 days. All symptoms disappear with the beginning of menstruation (for 1-2 days). Sometimes all the symptoms of PMS go away after the end of menstruation.
You should know that in adolescence manifestations of premenstrual syndrome is practically not observed. However, with the establishment of regular menstruation and upon reaching the age of majority (18-19 years), about 75-85% of women develop PMS symptoms.
Modern medicine says about 150-200 different symptoms that accompany premenstrual manifestations. The most common are the following signs of PMS:
- Mood lability, depression or nervousness.
- Increased irritability and tearfulness.
- Fatigue, drowsiness.
- Headache, migraine, dizziness.
- Flatulence, bloating, diarrhea.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Strengthening or lack of appetite.
- Breast engorgement, breast tenderness.
The main indicator of premenstrual syndrome is the cyclical appearance (every month before the month). This is what will allow to distinguish PMS from the development of the disease.
There are three main types of symptoms in PMS:
- Mental disorders. Insomnia, anxiety, nervousness, tearfulness, depression, fatigue, decreased or increased libido and other similar symptoms.
- Violations of the vegetative-vascular system. Headaches, dizziness, abdominal pain, flatulence, blood pressure jumps, constipation or diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, rapid heartbeat, and the like.
- Exchange-endocrine manifestations. Puffiness, a change in appetite, the appearance of acne, weight gain, engorgement of the mammary glands, forgetfulness, itching, a slight increase in temperature, and so on.
Symptoms always appear in combination, that is, 1-3 signs are present from each of the above groups.
There are easy and severe degree of PMS:
- Easy degree Signs of impending menstruation appear in 10-2 days. Present from 5 different symptoms, and only 1 or 2 are pronounced. The course of PMS does not affect the life activity of a woman.
- Heavy degree. The first signs appear 14-3 days before menstruation. Up to 12 symptoms of PMS bother you at the same time, 3 to 5 symptoms bother you most, disrupting the woman’s normal functioning (sometimes before disability).
It should be noted that although the appearance of PMS is allowed 14 days before the menstruation, it will not be superfluous to visit the gynecologist for examination. The fact is that long-term premenstrual syndrome may indicate the presence of diseases of the reproductive organs or systemic problems (anemia, thyroid abnormalities, etc.). Especially, if the symptoms of this period significantly worsen the quality of life.
In addition, external factors also influence the duration and degree of manifestation of the syndrome. Such as: ecology, climate change, dietary change, stress, and colds suffered.
How to facilitate the flow of premenstrual syndrome? To significantly improve the quality of life and reduce the number and degree of PMS, you must follow simple rules:
- Balanced diet.
- Walking in the fresh air and easy sports (jogging, cycling, gymnastics).
- Getting rid of bad habits.
- Full rest and sleep.
- Do not be nervous about trifles and avoid conflict situations.
If the symptoms are very pronounced and causes significant discomfort, then you need to contact a specialist (gynecologist). The doctor will conduct an examination and prescribe a list of medicines that will reduce the manifestation of symptoms of this period. The specialist will recommend the means of traditional medicine (tincture of motherwort, peppermint, etc.).
To identify the specific causes of premenstrual syndrome, scientists have so far failed. There are many different theories to explain its appearance:
To identify the specific causes of premenstrual syndrome, scientists have so far failed. There are many different theories to explain its appearance:
- “Water intoxication”, when the water-salt balance is disturbed in the body.
- Allergic reaction of the woman to the hormone progesterone.
- Psychosomatic cause.
Doctors are unanimous that the most likely causes of PMS are:
- decrease in the level of the “hormone of joy”, which is serotonin. Its deficiency causes depression and tears for no reason.
- lack of vitamin B6 in the body affects the physical condition of the breast (hypersensitivity appears),
- smoking is doubly capable of increasing the symptoms of PMS,
- overweight with an index over 30 is the key to the appearance of the syndrome (observed 3 times more often),
- genetic factor involves the transmission of the disease by inheritance.
One of the causes of PMS is the effects of abortion and difficult childbirth. In some cases, you should look for the cause of the existing gynecological diseases.
According to this theory, PMS is the result of a change in the content of sex hormones in a woman’s body in the second phase of menstruation. The female body functions normally when its hormonal background does not change.
Hormones perform a number of important functions for the body. As for estrogen, they are:
- improve the physical condition of the body, as well as affect the mental well-being of women
- increase the overall tone and contribute to the development of creativity,
- affect the speed of assimilation and processing of incoming information,
- increase the ability to learn.
The functions of progesterone include sedative action. This explains the appearance of depression in women. Hormones androgens have an effect on libido, improve performance and increase energy.
In case of imbalance of hormones, and this is typical for the period of the 2nd phase of the cycle, the body begins to fail. Some parts of the brain react sharply to such changes. As a result, a number of irregularities occur, including delayed outflow of fluid.
- the appearance of edema,
- violation of the cardiovascular system,
- breast swelling,
- disorder of the digestive tract.
Premenstrual syndrome is dangerous due to complications of a woman’s chronic disease. To distinguish them will help such a simple feature, as the cyclical PMS.
It is necessary to regularly celebrate periods of poor health and their duration. They usually come before menstruation and then pass.
Symptoms of the syndrome
The first symptoms of PMS appear before menstruation. The period is different and ranges from 2 to 10 days.
Symptoms can be expressed as:
- neuropsychiatric changes that are manifested by depressive states, aggressiveness and irritability,
- vegetovascular disorders, expressed as pressure drops, pain in the lower back and lower abdomen, migraine, nausea and vomiting,
- endocrine and metabolic disorders, which are characterized by the appearance of edema, changes in body temperature, thirst, swelling of the mammary glands, decreased memory, itching, vision problems, shortness of breath, chest tenderness, increased sensitivity to certain products and odors.
For each woman, the symptoms are individual. For some, it affects the appearance. There is acne and a lot of acne. One in this period wants to eat something exotic, others are constantly in a sleepy state.
PMS is divided into different forms, but the manifestation of symptoms always occurs in combination. If psycho-vegetative manifestations stand out more clearly, then this condition (especially depressive) can reduce the pain threshold in women. They feel any pain very acutely.
On the video about the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome in girls and women
How long is the ICP
Among the beautiful half of humanity there are lucky women (one out of ten) who do not have premenstrual syndrome. Sometimes it manifests itself in a weak and almost imperceptible form. Girls easily tolerate this state and lead a normal life. More often, PMS is difficult and complex, there is no opportunity to attend classes, you have to stay at home.
The question of how long PMS lasts for girls is particularly difficult to answer. Usually, this uncomfortable condition begins 7 days before the start of critical days. In some cases, the duration of premenstrual syndrome in girls can be up to 14 days.
If a woman has no diseases with similar symptoms, the discomfort disappears with the onset of menstruation. Sometimes the condition worsens after the onset of menstruation. In such a situation, it is obligatory to consult a doctor. A visit to a specialist will help you identify the existing disease in advance and begin timely treatment.
How to get rid of discomfort
If there are severe symptoms, doctors suggest that a woman should first exclude other diseases. To do this, you must pass tests and check the general state of health. Pregnancy is not excluded.
If these are symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, then they can be alleviated by following these recommendations of doctors:
- It is necessary to sleep at least 8 hours. Full sleep restores strength and relieves irritability and aggression. With obvious insomnia, do not refuse to walk in the fresh air.
- Use aromatherapy. If there is no allergy to aromatic oils, they greatly alleviate the serious condition caused by PMS. Baths with oils are recommended to take 2 weeks before the critical days.
- Do not give up physical activity. This can be yoga, walking, dancing, Pilates. Regular exercise can increase the level of endorphins. This will help get rid of depression.
- Take vitamins B6, A and E, helping with heart palpitations and fatigue.
- Put your food in order. Include calcium and fiber foods in the menu. In the daily diet should observe this ratio: 10% - fats, 15% - proteins, 75% - carbohydrates. Herbal teas and fresh juices are helpful. Alcohol should be excluded.
- Relaxation practices and regular sex increase the content of endorphins and can strengthen the immune system.
Turning to the doctor, the woman receives medication. She takes all the necessary tests to determine the level of hormones. If necessary, an ultrasound is prescribed. After that, the doctor prescribes the necessary drugs, mainly hormonal "Janine", "Novinet" and others.
How many days before menstruation do PMS symptoms appear? Read in the article about the causes of deterioration of well-being before menstruation in girls and women, the causes of the syndrome and the time it began.
How to deal with a bad mood with PMS? Details here.
According to the criminal chronicles, women commit most of the accidents during the ICP period. Thefts, murders and various crimes involving the beautiful half of humanity also occur during this period of time. When sentencing in some countries, premenstrual syndrome is considered a mitigating circumstance.
Another interesting fact is that many women in the PMS state want to make raids on shops and make numerous purchases.
Causes of PMS is normal and what is a deviation
Every day of the monthly cycle in the body of a woman there are transformations and changes in the genital system. The first half of the cycle is responsible for the maturation of the egg - 14-16 days. In the middle, it comes out of the follicle - for 14-16 days. The rest of the cycle, the body is preparing to maintain pregnancy, if it has come, or to reject everything that was not useful. In the first half of the cycle, the woman feels just fine, but from the moment of ovulation, the state begins to change. Here is the answer to the question of how much PMS begins - 1-2 weeks before the onset of menstruation. In some women, it begins immediately after ovulation.
The main cause of premenstrual syndrome are hormonal changes in the woman's body, the activity of the central nervous system. Immediately after ovulation, the balance of sex hormones changes dramatically. Estrogen transmits primacy to progesterone, which affects the body somewhat differently. From here change of health. In addition, since ovulation, the nervous system is in a tense state. Nerves, like stringed guitar. The slightest irritation leads to a strong reaction.
In general, for how many days PMS begins, depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. But only its weak manifestations can be considered the norm. Severe pain, failure in the nervous system with all the ensuing consequences is already considered as a complex and terrible disease PMS. It is treated under the supervision of specialists. And the reason may be terrible diseases of the reproductive system, nervous, pathological abnormalities in physiology. In severe cases, the state of premenstrual syndrome takes up most of the woman’s life. Symptoms worsen, even carry a danger to the life of the girl and others.
Symptoms of PMS
The combination of various symptoms that adversely affect the emotional, physical condition of the girl is called premenstrual syndrome. Symptoms of PMS begin before menstruation - in about 10 days. This is the norm. In the best case, the girl feels his presence a week before the menstruation. If the symptoms last more than 10 days, you need a gynecologist consultation, finding out the reasons. All symptoms of manifestations can be divided into 2 parts.
- an increase, bloating,
- pain in muscles, joints,
- pain in the lower abdomen, in the lower back,
breast augmentation, nipple swelling,
- swelling of the neck, limbs, face,
- reduced performance
- excess weight,
- bowel disorder
- decrease or increase in appetite.
- presence of fear
- reduced self-esteem
- unreasonable fear
Surely every girl will be able to determine according to her state when PMS begins and its manifestations. On the one hand, these symptoms spoil life, on the other - they warn about the approaching red bottom. Physical well-being during premenstrual syndrome can change pleasant emotional events. The central nervous system will affect physical well-being. Consequently, unpleasant events in the life of a girl the duration of premenstrual syndrome can increase.
What day to wait for PMS
Menstrual flow and PMS are noted monthly and only in those women who have reached puberty. У одних первые симптомы наблюдаются за 2 дня до менструации, у других – за 10, в редких случаях длительность составляет 14 суток.
It is easier for women with a regular cycle to determine the exact date when PMS begins, that is, when menstruation occurs at the same interval. The fact is that every day of the menstrual cycle is accompanied by certain changes in the female genital organs. Knowing about the features of the phases of the regulation cycle, it is possible to calculate how many days before menstruation the symptoms begin to appear.
First comes the maturation of the egg. By the time this period lasts at least 14–16 days. In the middle of the cycle, the egg leaves the follicle. After this comes the last (third) phase, when the body either prepares for pregnancy, or gets rid of everything superfluous.
Tangible changes in the female body begin during and after ovulation. The second and third phases of the cycle average 1–2 weeks. It is on these days that the uncomfortable symptoms of PMS are noted. A woman feels sick, weak, irritable.
Normal is the manifestation of premenstrual syndrome 10 days before menstruation. If the condition worsens over a week, it is not critical. The onset of PMS in 12–14 days is a dangerous condition. To find out the reasons you need to contact a gynecologist.
How many days does it last
The weekly duration of the syndrome before menstruation is considered normal. Some people do not know how long PMS lasts for girls, as they do not feel any discomfort and are not familiar with premenstrual symptoms.
Duration depends not only on health and physiological characteristics. There are cases when, in the absence of problems, symptoms of premenstrual syndrome appear 10 or more days before the onset of menstruation.
This may be due to external factors: ecology, lifestyle, quality of food, climatic conditions. Even the mood and temperament of a woman can influence the severity of symptoms and the duration of premenstrual syndrome.
PMS can begin and take place in a weak and severe form, but in any case, its condition must be monitored and always pay attention to the number of days and symptoms. Prolonged (more than 14 days) PMS with numerous negative manifestations is a sign of ill health and pathological abnormalities in the body.
Why is PMS
There are many reasons for the development of PMS and health disorders in girls on the eve of menstruation. Most of them are related to internal factors:
- violation of water-salt balance,
- the consequences of difficult childbirth and abortion,
- psychological disorders
- allergic reactions
- lack of vitamins
- failures in the menstrual cycle
- bad habits and neglect of a healthy lifestyle.
But still the main cause of the onset of PMS are hormonal changes. Almost all changes in the body of women of any age are associated with the rearrangement of the hormonal background.
After ovulation, hormonal balance is disturbed. In the middle of the cycle, there is a decrease in estrogen production and an increase in the amount of progesterone, which is important for pregnancy and maintaining the cycle. Such an imbalance of hormones in the body before menstruation affects the physical condition and behavior of the woman.
What it is
The abbreviation PMS was included in the lexicon of medical terms by gynecologists not so long ago. This syndrome is characterized by changes in the psychological state and physiological work of the body of girls and women before the start of the next menstrual period.
- manifestations of behavior uncharacteristic for women
- propensity to start a conflict from scratch,
- unreasonable tantrums,
- fatigue, etc.
According to statistics, about 90% of all women in the world are susceptible to the development of ICP of different strengths. Almost 150 different symptoms of this condition are known.
Premenstrual syndrome manifests a large number of signs. For some, they are especially pronounced, for others - less intense. Symptoms may not stop for several days, generally delaying even for 10 days. They are classified into physiological and psychological.
To psychological include:
- depressive states
- feeling of depression
- unwarranted aggression and irritability over trifles,
- frequent mood swings.
Psychological signs are usually strongly pronounced and begin to develop gradually in the second half of the cycle. As a rule, the strength of these symptoms corresponds to the work of the nervous system and hormones.
- nausea with vomiting
- changes in blood pressure,
- heart aching or tingling,
- breast augmentation
- the temperature rises - it happens very rarely,
- weight gain.
Physiological symptoms directly depend on the hormonal balance of a woman, on her lifestyle.
In the 30s of the 20th century, the gynecologist Robert Frank was the first to define the ailment, which manifests itself with varying strength in all women before the onset of menstruation. He called it "premenstrual tension."
In this case, the doctor considered the imbalance of hormones in the body before menstruation to be the main cause of ailments. Scientists physicians to date, trying to clarify the causes of such changes in the body. Indeed, during this period, balanced women become truly hysterical, conflicting and emotional persons.
Several theories of PMS development were highlighted, but all of them cannot fully describe the causes of health disorders before the onset of menstruation:
On specific days of the cycle - usually in the last 2 weeks - women experience a hormone balance between estrogen and progesterone. This causes psycho-emotional disorders, abnormalities in the functioning of the vascular system, problems with metabolic and endocrine processes.
Increasing the concentration of the hormone estrogen provokes a delay in the cells of sodium and water - in this regard, there are swelling, chest pain, abnormalities in the work of the heart and blood vessels, as well as excretory organs, stomach ache.
Nervousness, tearfulness and fatigue are provoked by hormonal disruptions.
In accordance with this theory, the development of physiological and psychological deviations is associated with impaired water-salt balance. Delayed excretion of fluid, swelling, acute perception of certain odors, itching of the skin - these are the consequences of neuroendocrine disorders.
The accumulation of water in the body before menstruation often causes weight gain. The weight of a woman usually increases by 3-5 kg, but from the day of the onset of menstruation, these kilograms go off by themselves.
Violations of the central nervous system
This theory of causes of PMS is considered the most relevant. It turns out that the failure in the emotional and physical state is provoked by functional disorders of the central nervous system.
The greater the age of the woman, the brighter the symptoms of PMS, moreover, the tendency to depression increases. Young girls become aggressive and irritable, they are characterized by frequent changes of mood and behavior.
Scientists have carefully studied the risk factors associated with PMS. The most frequent of these, affecting the intensity of PMS, include:
- mental work and living in big cities,
- frequent pregnancies
- lack of pregnancy, abortion and miscarriage,
- pathology of the genitourinary system,
- gynecological surgery
- long-lasting thrush genitals,
- prolonged depression and constant stress,
- chronic fatigue
- side effects of contraceptives
When does ICP begin
When PMS begins, it depends on the physiological processes in the woman’s body. Every day of the cycle in the body of a woman there are any changes in the genitals. In the first half - the process of maturation of the egg - lasts 14 to 16 days. In the middle of the cycle, the egg leaves the follicle. On the remaining days before the month, the body prepares the conditions for pregnancy, if it occurs, or begins to reject the excess, if it does not occur.
When the cycle begins, the woman feels good - but with the release of the egg — ovulation — negative changes begin. It turns out that PMS begins on average 1 - 2 weeks before menstruation. Sometimes the premenstrual symptom follows ovulation immediately.
How to ease the condition
If PMS in a girl or woman is painful and lasts a long time, it requires medical correction to alleviate the condition and normalize well-being.
In order to normalize emotions, the use of sedatives with natural ingredients, such as Novopassit, is prescribed.
To restore the hormonal balance prescribed hormones - Duphaston or Utrogestan. Diclofenac is used to relieve pain.
Following all the recommendations of the doctor will reduce the feeling of discomfort, the intensity of pain that worries a woman with PMS. At the same time the state of health is normalized.
On the video about premenstrual syndrome
Novostrueva Irina Vladimirovna
Psychologist, Emotionally-shaped therapist. Specialist from the website b17.ru
I have in 10-7 days, Very razdrozhitelnaya become, and sentimental (crying over, and without).
I really don’t rush at people, don’t bother with my close ones (due to the fact that they are wise enough and educated) But here is the increased tearfulness, this FACT: - (((
10 days. don't think so There is no such thing, a maximum - in 2-3 days. And then 10 days of PMS, 7 days of menstruation, the rest of the month -, oral preparation for PMS and menstruation.
You do not judge everyone by yourself.
I have not 7 days for example, but 3-4 days.
Some in general are graced by nature - at the expense of the ICP.
I have PMS in one or two days before menstruation, I begin to feel blood boil, it annoys me terribly, and then it happens even on days 1 and 2 when it begins
for 10 days PMS? 7 days monthly ?? nightmare! I have 3 days, and PMS does not happen, then all the Americans came up with)
may come in a week, or maybe not at all. it depends
true when how. If it covers something for 3-4 days. Symptoms? Irritation, I feel sorry for myself very much about and without, it breaks through on the sweet. And it is better not to resist
Miriam, what surprises you so much? I also have a PMS starting 10 days before menstruation, 2-3 days last, and then it passes. All organisms are different.
I, too, used to think that PMS is a myth. But somewhere in the fall I noticed a suspicious trend - at the end of the month I was constantly looking for a reason to part with my boyfriend. Could nakhamit, shout, naskoplyat, send to hell. Then she sat and thought "what was it?". And since I didn’t have any PMS before him, I made an observation specially, then I didn’t think that was the reason. Then he called me himself and asked, “Well, how did you calm down?”, He never took offense. And so I told him that I have no ICP, he made surprised eyes and said "THIS YOU SO THINK!".
Yesterday I wrote him a bunch of ugly sms again, I wanted to leave again, but he is not being kept))) Today everything is in order.
And I have PMS 1.5 weeks before and 1 week AFTER :))
And in time - everything is OK!
But I do not become sentimental, I do not eat sweets, nothing like that. Only now aggression towards the guy, although he does not give a reason (I think up something myself and believe in it)
14, I thought that this one :) I have PMS and after, too, and at least a week. the last time in two began.
And I had a period, I cried terribly, I felt so sorry for myself.
I have 3 days before, expressed in increased anxiety and tearfulness.
/// And I have PMS 1.5 weeks before and 1 week AFTER :)) ///
silly. PMS - PREVENTIVE Menstrual Syndrome
My PMS starts in 10 days. Immediately it seems that the life of d..mo, around people annoy and her husband is the most After a few days passes. Previously, there was no PMS, it began from 25 years.
I have 3-4 days. It begins to shiver, the temperature may rise, the stomach aches, acne crawls (they do not heal for a long time), and nera are naughty, I become very irritable. discomfort in general. Remens slightly removes, only all the time I forget to drink it.
And yes. and devour sweet.
Here everyone writes about the so-called "emotional" manifestations of PMS. In this regard, I did not particularly notice the changes on myself personally, neither irritability, nor tearfulness. BUT the PHYSIOLOGICAL side of the ICP is difficult to deny, no one can make up his chest anymore, someone is very strong, someone has less appetis, he feels like he has gained weight. Against this background, any deviations in health can worsen, for example, my back is not perfect, so every week a week the discomfort and tiredness of the back increase, and I can’t wait to see when they start, as soon as they shoot days, literally in the very first hours of physical inability in the back mysteriously disappear.
19, and here we explain that some people have both PRE- and POST
I started in 3-4 days earlier, and in the last year something changed, and now the first wave comes to me in 10 days, then lets go a little, and then in 4-5 days - then I start to cling to my MCH, and I understand that biased, but all the same. And a day or two before menstruation is generally a nightmare, I feel so sorry for myself, I just cry in the evenings and I can’t stop, although I know that nothing happened. )) Madhouse, of course. And exhausting it greatly ..
But in general, I thought, our poor men, and how they only tolerate us? By the way, my very attention turned to this, I somehow did not associate my irritability with the oncoming menstruation, but he noticed. At first I did not believe, and then I went and looked at the calendar, everything was fine, day after day. Now that I am raging, he looks at me with sympathy and speaks. "Well, again a month through X days?" And he offers me wine to pour, it calms me down, or I brew chamomile for myself, it’s also good for the nerves ..)))
because everyone has different ways, everything starts for me in a week too.
And right now I’ve had PMS for half an hour I had time to quit my boyfriend after each throwing. She immediately called and cried and apologized and again threw wah-hahahah))) By the way, I also start 10 days and end on the 2nd day of menstruation. These 12 days just kill, then I laugh in five minutes I can roar every word can offend is simply impossible ((Can someone tell me if there is a way for the ICP to not manifest so much?)
I, too, like PMS or something. I can not understand, the lower abdomen hurts, it’s straight, the back hurts, I cry, I laugh. although the term is somewhere in the 10th or after, or it is a pregnancy.
and I have been annoyed somewhere for a month.
I have about 10 days somewhere. I sat here for half a day and roared (I felt sorry for myself), 2 times I decided to part with the guy, then changed my mind. At least I didn’t get to the phone .. I started to meet recently, I feel I have to warn you, it’s too late) but tears and irritability ..
My PMS starts in a week, my stomach rolls out with my balon, the evening zhor, swelling. And terribly enrages her husband.
/// And I have PMS 1.5 weeks before and 1 week AFTER:)) /// stupid. PMS - PREVENTIVE Menstrual Syndrome
And my PMS in 10 days starts and lasts 3 days. Usually at this time I eat a little, crying with or without an affair, I take offense at trifles, and I am looking for a reason to quarrel with my husband, and he’s also emotional for me and worries about me, then he asks me many questions like “tell me what’s wrong with you? You don't want to be with me? You don't love me? " These questions are repeated from month to month for 2 years now! And every time I have to explain to him that with me and it infuriates me! Then we swear in earnest. But in any case, he already accepted that once a month we scolded him as scheduled. I even feel sorry for him. I try to restrain myself, but I can not. PMS is stronger than me. (
I also have PMS expressed in scandals with my husband! starts to enrage creepy!
md I, at four o'clock in the evening of the 6th week, was offended by my husband and all my friends, removed the address, removed myself from my classmates, p. ec. I feel the heat of my own shizoydom))) and because of misbehavior during the battles, there hormones will bragliness!
Along the way, I join you too: YOUNGER'S Sister taught me wits (see, and I have PMS), I recently arranged disassembly with my husband, exactly the same day as the previous ones))
I do not have PMS.
On the first day of menstruation, only the stomach hurts, and that is tolerable. And that's all.
I, too, somewhere in 7-10 days begins. and when the menstruation comes directly, everything passes. so today she managed to cry. there are no reasons, but tears run and somehow it becomes so sorry for myself. many PMS manifestation converges)))
NDA .. PMS is terrible .. for a week psychos what, everything infuriates, the mood changes, it becomes a pity. Plus to everything the loin hurts, the stomach pricks! With monthly everything passes)
PMS. Something terrible. When I begin to say for sure, I can’t say, somewhere in a week, probably. I turn into a monster, and all this happens unconsciously, I control myself badly :( The appetite rises at times, I want everything “harmful”: fried, sweet, sometimes even alcohol Feeling that I swell up in several sizes, even if I eat it moderately: (In the morning, my face is swollen, my stomach is full, my chest does not fit in bras. Irritability is a separate topic. I’m just another person, I can’t even smile, grumble at home his MCH. The impression that all ADO fun of me, especially doing everything out of spite: unwashed dishes, the smiles on their faces, the feeling that I still use, but I'm so poor and miserable :))) See all anybody does not want to, I want to protect yourself from society, to sit alone. В голове крутятся мысли начиная от - "я не красивая", "я такая толстая", до - "все ничтожества, а я самая замечательная" или "пойду застрелюсь".:))) What can I say, all this is unpleasant, because in ordinary days I am a normal, adequate, calm person with humor. Eh. We are poor women.
/// And I have PMS 1.5 weeks before and 1 week AFTER:)) /// stupid. PMS - PREVENTIVE Menstrual Syndrome
I also have PMS in about 10 days. During critical days, everything is fine. And I started it about 2 years ago. After childbirth. Daughters are now almost 4 years old. Feeling sick steadily on the morning of the beginning of the month. Zatoshilo means today will go! Like this!
I used to drink hormonal contraceptives and knew about the existence of PMS only by hearsay, but now I quit and started. A week before the “red days” I become so unkind and nasty, tearful and psychotic, my young man gets the most, swears with him constantly and can't do anything with myself, I try to restrain myself, but the badness climbs, I'm sorry, from all the cracks !
Girls, tell me, who is struggling with this condition? I have not yet found an effective method for myself (((
PMS. Something terrible. When I begin to say for sure, I can’t say, somewhere in a week, probably. I turn into a monster, and all this happens unconsciously, I control myself badly :( The appetite rises at times, I want everything “harmful”: fried, sweet, sometimes even alcohol . Feeling that I swell up in several sizes, even if I eat it moderately: (In the morning, my face is swollen, my stomach is full, my chest does not fit in bras. Irritability is a separate topic. his MCH. The impression that all ADO fun of me, especially doing everything out of spite: unwashed dishes, the smiles on their faces, the feeling that I still use, but I'm so poor and miserable :))) See all anybody does not want to, I want to protect yourself from society, to sit alone. In my head there are thoughts ranging from - "I am not beautiful", "I am so fat", to - "all nonentities, and I am the most wonderful" or "I will go shoot myself." :))) What can I say, all this is unpleasant, because in ordinary days I am a normal, adequate, calm person with humor. Eh. We are poor women.
PMS. How much in this word for the heart of a woman has merged, how much it has responded)) I also started here, I am eating, my head is muddy, everything is lazy and everything is furious, I feel like a nonentity, I am 25 years old, but I haven’t achieved anything, useless and miserable. no one understands, in general, pi..ts full.
Girls, I finally can get PMS full ***! Syndrome begins somewhere in 3-4 days, no pain, I don’t feel anything, but with my mood I’m just hard. I’m responding with aggression to all replicas of a young man, it seems to me that he I do not understand and will never understand that everything that he says is complete nonsense and how I finally see him for 3 years, I try every month to part with him, we become impaired, after which he calls and says that it’s okay it's all pms-nothing terrible . In the end, we decided with him that when the ICP comes on, all my attempts to quarrel with him will be answered by m ol, I’m not on your tricks, then we will talk after menstruation. and what do you think? just yesterday (and I have pms now), he tells me they say you warn me that you have pms, otherwise I can forget what I tell him I answer with the Oor: “why the hell should I warn you, and finally I don’t have any PMS, it's all you.” As a result, there’s another scandal, and yesterday he read somewhere that 50% of the girls just make up PMS so that all the arguments will be forgiven and inadequate behavior and began to say that for sure I am one of them, well, in general, it is clear what our conversation with him ended. right now go to put up. and so every month, I have already begun to drink a new one, it seems to be more or less helps, but only in those cases when the IC restrains itself and prevents conflict from arising ..
So how to fight it? Someone tell me?
hate PMS. but it turns out that you can fight it.
Treatment of PMS is complex, aimed at mitigating the manifestations of this pathology and eliminating the possible causes of its development.
The following tools are used for this:
fortifying therapy: physiotherapy exercises, multivitamins (especially group B vitamins), salt-free diet, reduction of fluid intake, use of potassium-containing products (raisins, dried apricots, cabbage, potatoes), tranquilizers (Elenium, trioxazine, seduxen), diuretics to prevent edema (starting from the 15th day of the cycle) гипот hypothiazide, veroshpiron and others, as well as preparations containing potassium (a solution of potassium acetate or potassium orotate tablets) to increase the amount of progesterone ≈ injection or suppositories with progesterone (10–12 days before menstruation), as well as progespshny long-acting, combined oral contraceptives.
Drug treatment is prescribed by a doctor and is carried out for 3≈4 cycles. In the future, it is recommended to carry out only fortifying therapy.
When does premenstrual syndrome begin
There is no exact framework of how many years PMS comes. Premenstrual syndrome is quite common and occurs in 75% of women. This is a condition in which various pseudosymptoms appear, peculiar to PMS.
It is characterized by certain psychological and physiological signs. For each woman or girl, this condition manifests itself in different ways and is expressed in varying degrees of intensity.
In some women, there is no premenstrual syndrome at all, while in others it manifests constantly. Here, age plays an important role, because PMS occurs only in women who have reached puberty with a mature menstrual cycle. This condition is observed only once a month and is accompanied by intrinsic symptoms that are unique to each woman.
How many days before menstruation does PMS
As noted earlier, in all women the syndrome is expressed in different ways, so the symptoms of PMS, how many days before menstruation, it manifests and how long it lasts - all this is entirely individual. As a rule, the first symptoms can be observed in a woman 2-10 days before the onset of menstruation. Depending on the individual characteristics of the body, PMS symptoms may be more or less pronounced.
The appearance of PMS is explained by the fact that at a certain point in the menstrual cycle, the level of hormones in the body changes. This affects the psycho-emotional and physiological processes, which causes changes in the behavior and well-being of women.
Before the onset of menstruation, hormones are rearranged in a few days, which accordingly causes changes in the functioning of the organism as a whole. This condition can often last for two weeks, after which the hormones return to normal and the woman can feel normal again.
But this is not the case for everyone - each organism is individual; therefore, the manifestations of PMS in women can often be different. Among the external and internal factors that influence the severity of symptoms, of great importance are:
- the presence of any diseases
- food quality,
It may happen that menstruation started earlier, and as a result of this, the ICP will also appear a few days ahead of the intended time. To identify the exact period of the onset of premenstrual syndrome, you need to know your own cycle, especially easier for girls who have menstrual periods regularly at regular intervals. In the first year after the onset of menstruation, the duration of menstruation may be established in adolescents, but, as a rule, during this period PMS is not observed.
Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome
PMS can start for many reasons, but, as a rule, the onset of the syndrome is due to some internal factors:
- disturbances in the body's water-salt balance,
- allergic reactions
- psychological reasons
- physiological factors.
The main reason for the appearance of PMS is the change in the level of hormones, when in the second phase of the cycle their number increases. For a woman, the balance of hormonal background is very important, since any deviation from the norm entails not only changes in the psycho-emotional plan, but also contributes to the exacerbation of certain diseases, as a result of which the well-being may worsen and general malaise and weakness may appear.
Female hormones that ensure the normal and stable functioning of the whole body are presented below.
- Estrogen is responsible for the physical and mental characteristics of the body, stabilizes muscle tone.
- Progesterone is a steroid hormone that is needed to prepare the body for pregnancy, but with an increase in its level in the 2nd phase of the cycle, a woman may experience depression.
- Androgens - increase physical and mental activity.
An incipient menstrual cycle can contribute to the onset of PMS, for several reasons.
- Reducing the hormone serotonin - becomes the main cause of mood changes, as a result, tearfulness, sadness.
- A lack of vitamin B6 causes fatigue and a change in mood.
- Magnesium deficiency - contributes to dizziness.
Often, PMS is transmitted genetically, which is the main cause of its occurrence in women.
How to distinguish pregnancy from PMS
Many women are not able to distinguish the symptoms of PMS and pregnancy. To know exactly, you need to rely on the manifestations associated with premenstrual syndrome or pregnancy.
Some symptoms are similar, but they differ in the duration and degree of manifestation.
- Rapid fatigue after mild exertion is satisfied.
- An increase in the mammary glands, their soreness when touched - during PMS such a manifestation is not prolonged, and during pregnancy continues until childbirth.
- Nausea, vomiting - PMS is rarely expressed by these symptoms, while pregnancy is characterized by such manifestations throughout the first trimester.
- Irritability, frequent mood swings.
- Pain in the lumbar region.
When pregnancy is changing attitudes to nutrition, women may often want to try a specific food. With menstruation this does not happen, only craving for sweet or salty is possible.
How to relieve premenstrual syndrome
This female condition may begin several days before menstruation. Often there is a significant decrease in the activity of the body and its performance. Any physical activity causes rapid fatigue, drowsiness and malaise.
In this case, you must visit the doctor who must prescribe treatment. It is carried out after the medical examination, the patient’s complaints and the severity of PMS symptoms are taken into account.
Drug medication from PMS
To suppress the symptoms and treatment of PMS, medications are prescribed that can stabilize well-being and reduce the effect of the syndrome on the body. Medicines are prescribed by the gynecologist and are taken under his supervision.
- Psychotropic drugs - with their help, the nervous system is restored, and the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, such as irritability, nervousness and others, are alleviated.
- Hormonal drugs are recommended when there is a shortage of hormones in the body.
- Antidepressants - help improve overall health, normalize sleep, reduce anxiety, frustration, panic, eliminate depression.
- Non-steroid drugs - used for minor manifestations of PMS, they help eliminate headaches, dizziness and painful sensations of the abdomen.
- Drugs that improve blood circulation.
Drugs are selected according to the characteristics of the female body, the symptoms and the degree of manifestation of signs of premenstrual syndrome are taken into account.
Causes of PMS
The main reason - the change in the concentration of hormones in the blood. What is characteristic, hormonal surge occurs very sharply, but not gradually. Stress and fast urban life contribute to the manifestation of symptoms, a sedentary lifestyle and intense intellectual work also do not contribute to well-being. Both too frequent pregnancies and the inability to get pregnant can be attributed to the woman at risk, as well as postponed gynecological diseases and operations.
Do not abuse the sweet and overeat as a whole, but it is better to get rid of bad habits - they disrupt the normal work of the body. The representatives of the weaker sex, taking combined oral contraceptives, should also be prepared for the fact that unpleasant disruptions in the functioning of the body can occur to varying degrees, a couple of days before menstruation.
If you are not lucky enough to get a head injury or have neuroinfections and endocrine diseases, the risk of manifestation of the syndrome increases significantly. It was noted that the residents of small towns and villages, as well as representatives of all races, except Europe, are almost not subject to sharp hormonal surges and have not experienced premenstrual syndrome.
How to get rid of premenstrual syndrome?
Do not think that this syndrome is a sentence. Need to know how many days before menstruation
signs of PMS will begin to manifest and monitor their condition. Increased physical activity and walks in the fresh air will help to cope with this.
Do not abuse the sweet dishes, harmful soda, chips and fast food. Controlling your weight will help not only increase self-esteem, but also reduce the manifestations of premenstrual syndrome. It is important to be able to distract from mood changes and everyday problems, it is desirable to leave the city or walk in quiet places, admiring nature. Then the syndrome will not be able to prevent the maintenance of an active daily life, both before menstruation, and during them.