In this article, we consider the ways of infection with gonorrhea, the incubation period, signs and prevention.
This pathology is a very dangerous venereal disease. Illiterate and untimely treatment is fraught with serious complications, one of which is irreversible infertility. It is believed that only a person who has promiscuous sexual activity can become infected with gonorrhea. However, it is not. Gonorrhea has several ways of infection. For this reason, each person must remember and comply with the full range of preventive measures.
Which way is infection with syphilis or gonorrhea, consider below.
Features of the pathogen
Gonorrhea, commonly referred to as clapstick, begins to develop under the influence of gonococci, penetrating the human body. These microorganisms are pathogenic, they rapidly spread throughout the urogenital system and cause negative health effects.
It is known that the most common route of infection with gonorrhea is sexual contact.
Where are they located?
Gonococci are most often localized in the rectum, in the anus, vulva, urethra, cervical canal, eyes, nasopharyngeal area.
The causative agents of the disease with the same success exist in the intercellular spaces and inside the cells of the body. This is due to their special structure. They have special growths with which they quickly move, clinging to the fabric. In some cases, gonococci can be absorbed by other microorganisms, for example, trichomonads. The course of treatment for trichomoniasis contributes to the emergence of gonococci, resulting in the development of gonorrhea.
When does their death occur?
The causative agents of gonorrhea are able to exist in the external environment. Their death occurs only when heated to a temperature of 56 degrees Celsius and above. Gonococci do not survive in direct sunlight.
These microorganisms do not tolerate dry environments. They are able to maintain their activity in biological excreta only as long as the latter retain moisture. Recent studies show that women suffer from gonorrhea more often. Unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner contributes to the infection of 98% of women, while men become infected only in 50% of cases. Thus, infection with gonorrhea is most often possible through sexual intercourse.
Infection through sexual contact
The main route of infection is unprotected sex. It is important to note that infection can occur during sex in any form. Full penetration is also optional, transmission can occur during petting.
Infection of women occurs much faster than men. This fact is due to the peculiarity of the structure of the genital organs. Microorganisms very quickly penetrate the cervix due to the folded structure of the vagina. Moreover, even full douching after intercourse does not allow to remove all gonococci.
Who is more likely?
The probability of becoming infected is significantly lower in men, since the causative agents of the disease are difficult to get inside the human body. This is due to the fact that the opening of the urethra is quite narrow. Even if gonococci hit the urethra, they will be further washed out with sperm during ejaculation. A man can significantly reduce the risk of contracting gonorrhea if he goes to the toilet right after intercourse. However, the risk of infection is still great.
In women during menstruation, an exacerbation of the disease occurs. The activity of microorganisms increases significantly. In this regard, sexual intercourse in this period greatly increases the risk of partner infection.
The possibility of transmission of gonorrhea through oral sex is not excluded. It is not so easy to penetrate the body through the durable nasopharyngeal tissues of the gonococcus. But if a person in this period weakened immunity and reduced protective functions of the body, the infection is much easier to spread. Accordingly, the probability of getting sick during oral sex is available.
What are the ways of gonorrhea infection?
Very often, people are interested in the existence of the possibility of infection by household routes. Microorganisms have low viability outside the human body, however, for some time they can remain active in the external environment.
There are several household ways of gonorrhea infection:
- When using the personal belongings of an infected person. Microorganisms can be transmitted through shaving accessories, washcloths, bed linen, towels. If one of the family members is sick with gonorrhea, it is recommended to provide him with a separate bar of soap, which should be kept away from toothbrushes.
- When using one toilet. The toilet becomes a breeding ground for bacteria. This way of spreading gonococci should be feared, first of all, for women.
- When using someone else's clothing. Wearing skirts, pants and especially underwear of a person infected with gonorrhea is strictly prohibited.
- When visiting public places, such as saunas, swimming pools and saunas. All visitors to a public place are at risk if there is an infected person among them.
- When using common utensils and cutlery. Gonococci in this case are localized in the nasopharynx, and the symptoms of infection resemble angina.
- When bathing in the waters. Cases of infection in this way are quite rare, but it is impossible to completely exclude such a probability. The most dangerous reservoirs in which the standing water.
- With a kiss. This is how gonorrheal pharyngitis is transmitted.
Despite the fact that there are quite a few common ways of infection with gonorrhea, unprotected sexual intercourse remains the most likely.
Symptoms of gonorrhea
The incubation period for gonorrhea is from two days to two weeks.
The symptoms of the disease in men are as follows:
- Urethritis develops - an inflammatory process that is localized in the urethra. A man begins to experience discomfort and pain in the process of urination. In addition, there is a separation of purulent secretions.
- In the absence of timely treatment, a man develops prostatitis. There is swelling of the scrotum, there is pain in the lower abdomen, the discomfort increases with the onset of erection.
Ways of gonorrhea infection do not affect the symptoms.
Manifestations in women
The most frequent manifestations in women are:
- Purulent discharge from the vagina.
- Localized in the bladder inflammatory process.
- Redness of the vaginal mucous membranes.
- Painful manifestations in the lower abdomen.
We looked at how gonorrhea is transmitted, and the symptoms of this pathology were also described.
When the primary symptoms of gonorrhea are detected, it is important to consult a doctor as soon as possible, self-treatment is strictly excluded.
Tripper therapy involves taking antibiotics. The selection of the drug is carried out taking into account the severity of symptoms and the general health of the patient. Most doctors prefer to use drugs that are in the group of fluoroquinolones or cephalosporins.
The effectiveness of treatment depends on the correct choice of the drug, its dosage and the duration of the course of treatment. If an antibiotic intolerance is found in a patient, sulfonamides should be preferred.
Treatment of gonorrhea should be comprehensive and supplement the use of antibiotics using local preparations in the form of pastes, gels and ointments. The use of immunomodulators and physiotherapeutic procedures is also recommended.
It is important to undergo a full course of treatment, and not stop it after relief. An interrupted course of therapy is fraught with the overflow of the disease into a chronic latent form, the detection and treatment of which is complicated by the acquired resistance of gonococci to antibiotics. It is important to know in advance the ways of infection with gonorrhea in order to carry out competent prevention of the disease.
Gonorrhea has a lot of ways of transmission. You can protect yourself and avoid infection with gonococci, if you follow a few simple preventative rules:
- When having sex, be sure to use a condom. Such a simple measure is one of the most effective in protecting against gonorrhea.
- Indiscriminate sex significantly increases the risk of contracting clap. In order to avoid infection, you should carefully monitor the health of your partners. Better to give up messy connections.
- After having sex with a person whose health is alarming you, it is recommended to carry out drug prevention. The choice of the drug and the selection of the dosage should be carried out exclusively by a competent specialist.
- Men need to visit the toilet and empty their bladder in order to prevent infection right after intercourse. Women can use intravaginal ointments.
- Sludet regularly visit the doctor and undergo examination. This will allow you to identify the infection if it happened. It is important to remember that the effectiveness of the treatment of any disease depends primarily on the correct diagnosis and the time to start therapy.
- It must be borne in mind that the risk of infection with gonorrhea is significantly higher in people with weakened immunity. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain the body's defense system with proper nutrition, sports, and the intake of vitamin and mineral complexes.
Characteristics of the pathogen and its features
The development of gonococcal infection causing the disease occurs on the human mucous membranes. Pathogenic bacteria spread in the urogenital system, which adversely affects the patient's health.
Localization of bacteria is possible on different parts of the body:
- urethral opening
- anus, area around it,
Virulent microorganisms, gonococci, live in the intercellular space or are introduced into the cells of the body. This contributes to their specific structure. On their surface there are special growths, thanks to which they cling to the fabric and thus quickly move. Gonokokk absorption by other microorganisms is possible. These include Trichomonas. Therefore, in the treatment of trichomoniasis, the destruction of the gonococcal retaining walls occurs and subsequently secondary infection with gonorrhea.
For some time gonococci can live outside the mucous environment. They die in direct sunlight and at temperatures over 56 degrees. Also, this type of bacteria does not tolerate dryness. Their livelihoods continue on the mucous membranes, that is, in a humid environment.
Ways of transmission
Infections that are transmitted by gonococcal microorganisms are transmitted from an infected person through direct contact with his biological fluid leaving the affected organs. It should be noted that infection with a clap can occur through sexual contact, as well as by everyday means.
Patients often wonder if it is possible to contract the disease in any other way than through sexual intercourse. Although these pathogenic bacteria have low viability outside the mucous (wet) environment, they do not last long outside the human body. At the same time, the ways of human infection are distinguished:
- Sharing personal belongings of an infected person. This transfer occurs through washcloths, towels, bed linen, shaving accessories. If an infected person lives in a family, then he should use a separate piece of soap, which is far from the toothbrushes.
- Do not wear other people's clothes: skirts, pants. The greatest restriction applies to underwear and swimwear.
- The greatest potential danger for household exposure to road trip is the use of a public toilet. On the seat and the rim of the toilet bowl, a whole breeding ground of various bacteria settles. Infection with a clap in this way most often occurs in a woman.
- Also dangerous places include public places with high humid environment: saunas, bath, swimming pool, etc. If among the visitors there is a person with this ailment, then the risk of infection of other people in the same place is very high.
- Possible transmission of infection through the cutlery, dishes. In this case, the gonococci “settle” in the nasopharynx and the symptoms are similar to angina.
- There have been cases of infection when swimming in natural waters, especially with stagnant water.
- Frequent cases of human infection with kisses. Thus gonococcal pharyngitis is transmitted. Pathogens spread rapidly throughout the pharynx. Even a small number of them enough to defeat the disease. But most often the disease develops with a weakened immunity.
Gonorrhea can be picked up in a public toilet
Infection through sexual contact
In most patients with an established diagnosis of gonorrhea, infection occurs through unprotected (without using condoms) sexual contact. And this can happen with any kind of sex. Not necessarily complete penetration. Transmission is possible even with petting.
The defeat of a woman is faster than that of a man. This is due to physiological features. The folded structure of the vagina allows the bacterial environment to “get” to the cervix in the shortest possible time and get more development there. At the same time, they cannot be completely removed from there even with the use of douching and antibacterial agents.
The probability of the disease of men is also reduced due to the structure of the body and genitals in particular: the entrance to the urethra is narrow, and the urinary tract is long. In addition, when urinating immediately after intercourse and during ejaculation, most of the inside bacteria are washed out. But the risk of infection still remains.
In women, there is a period of exacerbation during critical days. Bacteria begin to behave more actively. It is then that the risk of infecting a partner increases many times.
Most patients became infected with gonorrhea during unprotected intercourse.
In addition, there is the likelihood of infection with oral sex. In general, it is rather difficult for gonococcus to penetrate the strong nasopharyngeal walls. But with a weakened immune system, this happens pretty quickly. Therefore, it is possible to get gonorrhea through oral contact. The same applies to anal sex.
Features of infection by gender
Depending on the gender, there are some peculiarities of infection. Their differences stem from the physiological difference in the structure of a man and a woman.
The probability of infection in men is much lower than in women. The main route of infection remains sexual contact with a partner partner.
Many men spend a kind of prevention of infection. To do this, immediately after sex, they empty the bladder. Experts strongly doubt the reliability of this method.
In particular, men are infected in the following cases:
- In the period of menstruation at the partner. This is due to the greater activity of gonococcal bacteria at this time, as well as within 2-3 days after it.
- Long intercourse. The longer the sexual contact lasts, the higher the probability of pathogenic microflora entering the urethral canal is higher.
- Strong orgasm in a woman. At the same time, biological fluid containing gonococci is released into the lower parts of the reproductive system and can get into the male genitals.
In 60% of women, gonorrhea is asymptomatic, so she may not be aware of her illness. Therefore, if a man has pathological bacteria, he should notify his partner (or partners), with whom he has had sexual contact in the last 1-2 months, about this.
In women, infection occurs in almost 100% of cases through unprotected contact with a sick partner. This is due to physiological and other features.
- The urethral entrance is wider and shorter, which contributes to the rapid penetration and spread of infection.
- Increased risk of injury during sexual intercourse. In the presence of microcracks, gonococci settle in the wounds and multiply there.
- Accompanying illnesses. If a woman has certain diseases, they can contribute to the development of gonococci. These include vaginosis.
A woman is infected with gonorrhea in almost 100% of cases with unprotected contact.
Infection of children
Children are not insured against this disease. The most common way of infecting babies is passing through the birth canal of an infected mother. Virulent bacteria often affect girls, which is also due to the peculiarities of the structure of the organism. Gonococci affect the nasopharynx, genitals, eyes. If the detection of this pathology was not timely or the wrong treatment was applied, it can lead to blindness.
To avoid such problems, a pregnant woman during pregnancy should undergo all necessary examinations and be tested. Если патология выявлена, то для купирования последствий следует вовремя провести терапию.In particular, you should closely monitor sexual relations during this period. The disease is transmitted from mother to newborn quickly, but the treatment will take a long time and may lead to irreversible consequences.
Intrauterine infection is not possible, since the child is protected by a powerful hemoplacental barrier. But this disease causes inflammation of the cervix and membranes. This often provokes spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) or premature birth, depending on the time of infection of the mother and her activities.
The risk group for gonorrhea infection includes patients who have:
- there are several sexual partners at the same time,
- not using condoms for protection,
- rarely visiting a gynecologist and urologist.
For prevention, use measures:
- Use a condom every time you have sex.
- Try not to start a sex life with unverified sexual partners.
- Do not lead a promiscuous sex life.
- To conduct routine examinations and examinations with specialists (gynecologist, urologist). If the sexual partner once - once a year, with a larger number - once every six months.
- If you have sex with an untested partner without a barrier method of contraception, you should consult a dermatologist.
- Do not use someone else's towels, washcloths, personal linen and other things.
- For prophylaxis of gonococcal and other infections in newborns, neonatologists use a special solution that wipes their eyes, mouth and genitals.
For the prevention of the disease is to use a condom during sexual contact
Of course, you can get such an unpleasant disease in almost any public place. However, the greatest source of danger remains sexual contact with an infected person. Therefore, you should have sex only with trusted partners or use barrier methods of contraception - condoms.
Ways of Syphilis and Gonorrhea
There are significant differences between common diseases such as gonorrhea and syphilis.
Both diseases are mainly transmitted through sexual contact, but they have a different pathogen. Gonorrhea develops when exposed to gonococci, while syphilis provokes the activity of the microorganism Treponema palladium.
Unlike gonorrhea, whose symptoms develop as early as 2–10 days after infection and manifest as itching, burning and discharge of fluid from the anus and genitals, syphilis has several categories, each of which is characterized by a separate group of symptoms.
In primary syphilis, sores appear on the tissues, most often in the mouth, on the genitals, in the rectum. The secondary category follows the initial stage of the disease, develops several weeks after the chancre has healed. A person with secondary syphilis feels headaches, weakness. There is a rash, loss of appetite.
The ways of infection with syphilis and gonorrhea are very similar. With latent syphilis, the person is still contagious, but outwardly the disease does not manifest itself and can only be detected by conducting laboratory blood tests. Tertiary syphilis is the final stage of the disease. Manifested by pain in the bones, anemia, fever, the appearance of non-healing ulcers.
The treatment of syphilis also coincides with the therapy of gonorrhea - the administration of antibiotics of the penicillin or dioxycycline group in combination with local preparations is indicated.
The main methods of preventing syphilis are similar to the case of gonorrhea: it is important to protect themselves during sexual intercourse and avoid interaction with an infected person.
Ways of infection with gonorrhea should know everyone.
Under what circumstances does the infection occur?
Most often - in 99% of cases - the symptoms of tripper appear after unprotected sexual contact with the carrier, and the infection can be transmitted with different ways of copulation:
- Vaginal, both normal and "incomplete."
In the case of sexual contact with an infected partner in women, the disease is detected in 50-80%, but men in similar circumstances, infection affects 30-40%. The fact is that women and men have their own anatomical features, the same applies to the urinary tract. Thus, the urethra of the stronger sex is distinguished by a narrow channel, so that the gonococci are often washed away with urine during urination. At the same time, the risk of infection for men increases if the partner had menstruation during intercourse, mating was long, and completion was very rapid. There are other reasons for which the clap may develop:
- In the case of indirect domestic infection, the infection is transmitted through personal hygiene items - washcloths or towels, bed linen. As a rule, a similar situation can occur in girls.
- In some cases, contact infection is observed when a child is born, when an infected mother passes the infection to the baby through the birth canal. However, in infants of both sexes, the disease can affect the conjunctiva or the genitals in girls. At least 50% of blindness is caused by clap.
An important question in this case is the time after which gonorrhea manifests. The duration of the incubation (latent) period during infection with gonorrhea lasts on average from 1 to 14 days, less often a situation occurs when the manifestation of the first symptoms of tripper begins a month later.
Infection during sexual intercourse
The main route of infection with such an infection is unprotected sex. And this can happen with any form of sex with an infected partner. Full penetration is optional. Gonorrhea is transmitted even during petting.
Women become faster than men. This fact is due to the characteristics of the genitals. The folded structure of the vagina contributes to the rapid penetration of microorganisms into the cervix. Moreover, it will not be possible to remove all microorganisms, even under the condition of full syringing at the end of sexual intercourse.
In men, the probability of getting sick is lower, as it is difficult for microorganisms to get inside the body. The opening of the urethra is too narrow. If the gonococcus nevertheless succeeds in getting inside the urethra, they will wash out along with the sperm during ejaculation. Infections with gonorrhea can be avoided if after sex a man goes to the toilet. Nevertheless, the risk of getting sick is large enough.
Gonorrhea in women is aggravated during menstruation. Microorganisms begin to behave more actively. Therefore, the probability of infecting a partner through sexual intercourse at this moment increases many times.
Transfer of gonorrhea with oral sex is also not excluded. Gonococcus is not so easy to penetrate the strong tissues of the nasopharynx. But if the human body is weakened, and the protective functions of the body are reduced, the infection becomes easier to spread. Therefore, infection through oral sex is likely.
Domestic ways of infection
People often wonder whether it is possible to contract gonorrhea in a domestic way. Despite the low viability of microorganisms, for some time they may exist outside the human body. There are the following ways of transmitting gonorrhea:
- The use of personal belongings of an infected person. The transfer of microorganisms is possible through towels, bed linen, washcloths, shaving accessories. If there is a person in the family with such a diagnosis, then experts recommend giving him a separate piece of soap that is removed away from the toothbrushes.
- Gonorrhea can be picked up when using someone else's clothes. It is strictly forbidden to wear trousers, skirts and especially underwear of a sick person.
- One of the ways that you can get a clap, it becomes - using one toilet. The toilet can become a breeding ground for bacteria. This method of transmitting gonorrhea must be feared mainly by women.
- Not less dangerous way to get gonorrhea, is to visit public places. Today, more and more cases of infection are recorded in the bath, pool, sauna. If there is an infected person among the visitors, then everyone around is at risk.
- Pass the clap and through the common dishes and cutlery. In this case, gonococci settle in the nasopharynx. According to the clinical picture, the disease will resemble a sore throat.
- In rare cases, gonorrhea infection occurs while swimming in a pond. The most dangerous are lakes with stagnant water.
- Often, infection occurs when kissing with a sick person. In this way, gonorrheal pharyngitis can be transmitted. At the same time, the infection quickly spreads throughout the pharynx. For infection, you need a sufficiently large number of gonococci. People with weakened immune systems can catch the disease.
Despite the variety of ways to get gonorrhea, the most likely of these is unprotected sex. But do not immediately despair. With the right treatment program, quick healing is possible.
Timely diagnosis plays a key role in therapy. Therefore, when detecting the first signs of the disease, you must immediately consult a doctor.
Even babies are not insured against the disease. A common way infants are infected with gonorrhea is passing through the birth canal of a sick mother. Gonococci are more often transmitted to girls, which is associated with structural features of the body. Transmitted microorganisms can affect the genitals, as well as the eyes and nasopharynx. In case of late detection of the disease or illiterate treatment, the child may develop blindness.
Avoiding such a problem will help the pregnant woman pass all the necessary medical examinations in a timely manner. If you identify pathology, you should undergo treatment in time. Especially carefully you need to monitor sexual relations. It can easily be transmitted from a sick mother to the disease, and the treatment will take a lot of time and effort.
In modern medical institutions, specialists use preventive techniques to prevent infection. A newly born child is treated with genitals and eyes with a specialized solution.
What are the symptoms to identify gonorrhea?
After you have figured out how to transmit gonorrhea, you need to decide how the symptoms accompany the disease. The sooner the disease is detected, the greater the chance of a quick cure. The incubation period can be from 2 to 14 days.
In men, the disease may manifest itself with the following symptoms:
- The manifestation of urethritis - an inflammatory process localized in the urethra. There is discomfort, pain during emptying the bladder, separation of purulent secretions.
- If a man caught gonorrhea and did not start treatment in time, then prostatitis will soon appear. The scrotum swells, there is severe pain in the lower abdomen, unpleasant sensations increase with erection.
The most common symptoms in women are as follows:
- The appearance of purulent discharge from the vagina.
- The inflammatory process localized in the bladder area.
- Redness of vaginal mucous surfaces.
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
Knowing about gonorrhea, how it is transmitted and manifested, you can reduce the risk of symptoms of the disease. If any negative signs appear, immediately consult a doctor.
In gonorrhea, the ways of transmission are many. Gonococci are often transmitted to people who are irresponsible about their health. Precautionary measures will help to avoid sexual and domestic tripper:
- During intercourse, be sure to use a condom. This is one of the most effective protection measures.
- The main method, as transmitted clap, are promiscuous sex. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully monitor the health of their partners. Give up messy connections.
- If there was sex with a man whose health you are not sure of, immediately after the act, experts recommend that you carry out medication prophylaxis. Drugs and their dosage should be chosen exclusively by a doctor.
- In men, bladder emptying immediately after intercourse will help prevent the disease. Women are shown using specialized intravaginal ointments.
- Regularly undergo medical examinations. They will help to identify all pathologies in a timely manner. In such a situation, the development of complications will not occur.
- It must always be remembered that gonorrhea affects people with weakened immune systems. Therefore, it is necessary to take all measures to maintain the protective functions of your body at the proper level. In the diet should be a sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables. Try to walk more in the fresh air and play sports. The most common way to support the immune system is the use of vitamin-mineral complexes. But the drugs should be chosen only after consulting with a specialist.
The answer to the question of whether gonorrhea is transmitted in a household way is definitely affirmative. Infection is possible by contact with a sick person or his belongings. Therefore, it is necessary to closely monitor the state of your health, to avoid potentially dangerous sexual relationships and to observe all precautions.
Even if one-time unprotected intercourse has occurred, there is a high risk of gonorrhea infection. But for representatives of different sexes, the probability of introducing gonococcus is different. If a healthy woman and a sick man come in contact, a 100% infection of the woman occurs. This is due to the fact that the mucous membranes of the vagina are the ideal environment for the development and reproduction of the pathogen - gonococcus.
If a healthy man and an infected woman come in contact, the first ones become infected less often, not so often. This is due to the small opening of the urethra in men, which can not always penetrate gonococcus from the vagina. Especially the risk of the disease is reduced for a man if he immediately empties the bladder after sexual contact.
Possible symptoms of a man catching an infection appear when he has been in contact with a partner with a neglected form of tripper, in which a large number of the pathogen develops. Significantly increases the risk of infection during contact during menstruation, because at this time there is a lowering of the entire infection from the uterus into the vagina.
If a woman is sick, the symptoms of the infection may manifest weakly, they are in many ways similar to the symptoms of candidiasis. If a man falls ill, he usually has bright symptoms that do not go unnoticed, with which he usually turns to a specialist. In order to become infected, direct penetration of the penis is not necessary, it is enough contact of biological fluids with each other’s mucous membranes.
The way of infection from the mother
With natural labor, there is a danger of passing gonococcal sticks from mother to child during the passage of the birth canal. At the same time, a disease of the mucous membranes of the eyes is observed, in girls, the external mucous lips of the genital lips may be affected. Infection is not excluded in the postpartum period, for example, if personal hygiene is not observed, through kisses.
When the future mother is infected during gestation, there is a high risk of transmission to the fetal membranes, and this is fraught with premature labor. If gonorrhea was present in the woman’s body before conceiving and carrying a baby, miscarriage is often observed in early pregnancy.
Common Patient Questions
Many patients are interested not only in the ways of infection, but also in the probability of being infected, for example, through a kiss or when visiting public places. Experts respond to these issues as follows: the causative agent of tripper, gonococcus has the ability to firmly attach to the surface of the epithelium, which is covered with all mucous membranes. Therefore, it is possible to pick up the pathogen by any means of sexual intercourse:
- Traditional - in this case there is a lesion of the epithelial layer of the external genital organs,
- Oral - affects the mucous membranes of the mouth, throat, respiratory tract,
- Anal - affects the anus.
And if a man infected a woman, a sign of the development of the disease will not be very pronounced, and the man’s symptoms manifest more pronounced. After the introduction of the pathogen into the body, the submucosal layer is damaged, the structures of the epithelium are damaged, and toxic substances are released. In this process, a certain part of the structures is destroyed, and abscesses begin to occur in the membranes, and a purulent inflammatory process develops.
Another common issue is how soon the first symptoms of the disease will appear. The total incubation period lasts up to two weeks. In the predominant number of situations, the signs of gonorrhea appear only five days after infection. Будучи осведомленным в этом, можно установить примерный источник внедрения возбудителя в организм заболевшего, сколько времени прошло от момента начала развития недуга.
Другим распространенным вопросом является вероятность заражения при единичном контакте. По мнению специалистов, риск инфицирования напрямую обусловлен половой принадлежностью. Pathogens from a woman to a man are transmitted in 25% after one sexual intercourse without protection. And a woman becomes infected in about 50% of cases with a single unprotected contact. So, pick up the pathogen in a single intercourse is possible, but not in all cases.
And another popular issue is the way of transmission in a household way. On this, many experts have different opinions. The causative agent of gonorrhea is not sustainable in the external environment. Their rapid death in water is noted, during rapid drying, when exposed to cosmetic personal care products - soaps, antiseptics, high temperatures also have a negative effect on bacteria. Infection by household is not as common as during sexual intercourse.
Tripper (gonorrhea) develops due to infection with gonococci. Many perceive the disease solely as a sexually transmitted infection. Indeed, 99 out of 100 cases of gonorrhea infection occur at the time of sexual intercourse. It does not matter what kind of sex it was, vaginal, anal or oral. You can become infected even during sexual games without penetration (incomplete sexual intercourse).
Gonococci are able to penetrate the body through the mucous membranes of any organ, be it the genital tract, the rectum, the urethra, or the oral cavity. The tripper can even affect the conjunctiva. Therefore, the transmission of the disease may well occur in a household way (1% of cases), through hygiene items.
Women are more likely to become infected with clap. The risk of infection in unprotected contact with the carrier is 50–80%. While for men, the risk of infection is 30–40%.
In girls, clap is often accompanied by chlamydia, trichomoniasis and similar infections. This not only lubricates the clinical picture, thereby complicating diagnosis, but also significantly reduces the duration of the incubation period.
The development of the disease in women
Most often, gonorrhea affects the weaker sex. After how many days does gonorrhea manifest in women and what are the first symptoms of infection?
After infection with gonococci, with a calm course of the disease, 7 to 14 days may elapse before the first symptoms appear. Acute infection manifests itself after 1, maximum 3 days. However, the incubation period can be extended, in this case from 2 to 4 weeks from the moment of infection until the appearance of signs.
The most dangerous is the asymptomatic course of the disease, it is diagnosed in 50% of patients. The tripper in this case is detected by chance, during a routine inspection and testing. Therefore, all women are recommended to visit a venereologist 2 times a year. If a girl does not have a regular partner, the number of visits should be increased to 4 times a year. It is important to protect themselves during each sexual intercourse, but this does not negate the preventive examinations.
When infected, the first symptoms of gonorrhea in women are such disorders as:
- lower abdominal pain,
- frequent urination,
- pain and cramps in the urethra,
- blood in the urine
- discharge of mucopurulent character,
In gonorrhea, yellow discharge is typical.
Tripper often affects the cervix, endometrium and fallopian tubes. Inflammation is accompanied by painful cramps, fever, headache, and in severe cases, bleeding is possible. If you do not make a diagnosis in time, inflammation of the ovaries begins, which can lead to infertility of the woman.
The main problem of the timely diagnosis of tripper in women is that the symptoms indicate other diseases of the genitourinary system. Many patients after the first symptoms suggest cystitis and try to treat themselves. They turn to the doctor after the appearance of purulent discharges, when the infection has already spread throughout the body.
Manifestation time in men
The physiological structure of the urogenital organs in men makes them less susceptible to sexually transmitted infections. Therefore, the risk of infection with gonorrhea in the stronger sex is much lower. If a man has a wide opening of the urethra, this makes him extremely susceptible to gonococcus.
How long does gonorrhea manifest in men? The incubation period of the disease in men is much shorter than in women. In addition, in young people, the disease manifests itself faster than in patients after 30 years.
In most cases, the first symptoms occur in 2-4 days. In the acute form of the disease, the incubation period is 12-24 hours. A long incubation period lasts up to 3 weeks. Asymptomatic disease occurs in 10% of infected men.
Pain and frequent urination occurs as early as 2-3 days after unprotected sexual intercourse. Also at the beginning of the development of the disease, itching inside the urethra is possible. If the patient does not seek help, the clap progresses and causes symptoms such as:
- swelling and redness of the outlet of the urethra,
- accumulation of pus in the morning,
- violation of general well-being.
Dangerous is the lethargic course of the disease. In this case, the pain syndrome is weak, the urge to toilet is rare, and there may be no pus at all. Mild symptoms push for self-treatment, causing the disease to progress and cause inflammation of the prostate. In case of gonorrhea with sluggish symptoms, the incubation period is extended to 7 days.
The chronic form of the disease occurs in immunocompromised men. The reason for this may be such pathologies as:
In addition, chronic gonorrhea is often diagnosed in men younger than 40 years.
In this case, there is inflammation of the vas deferens, prostate and testicles, this leads to infertility.
Loss of reproductive function occurs very quickly, so timely access to a doctor is very important.
If the woman in labor is sick with a gonococcal infection, during childbirth, infection of the infant is naturally possible. As a rule, newborns are diagnosed with blenorrhea - a conjunctival lesion. Symptoms may appear as early as the first day of a child’s life, but most often 2–3 days pass.
Initially, you can notice the redness and swelling of the eyelids. Further, purulent discharge from the eyes. Baby clap is dangerous for its complications. With the ineffectiveness of the treatment, the cornea is covered with ulcers and perforated, as a result - irreversible blindness. Inflammation is accompanied by temperature and restless behavior of the child. If the baby is weakened or prematurely born, there is a risk of sepsis.
In newborn girls, the mucous membranes of the external genital organs and vagina may be affected. The disease is accompanied by swelling, redness and diaper rash. Over time, purulent discharge appears.
Not only newborns, but also grown children can become infected with gonococci from an adult. Infection occurs through household use of a towel or washcloth. In children, the immunity is weaker, the incubation period does not exceed 1 week, most often it is 1-3 days. Gonorrhea in children often causes complications.
Signs of a disease
The first signs of the disease in different categories of patients differ:
- In women, it affects the urogenital system. But it can be disguised as other pathologies, considering how gonorrhea manifests in this case. From the vagina appear yellow-white discharge, alternating with bleeding in addition to menstrual. During intercourse due to irritation of the cervical mucosa by bacteria, pain is felt. The same is felt in the lower abdomen and at another time, as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and bladder may be affected. Urination becomes painful.
- Pregnant women have obvious signs of purulent discharge and abdominal pain in 30% of cases. The rest will learn about the problem after being examined by a doctor who sees inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina or rectum.
- Men find in themselves the redness and swelling of the head of the penis and the foreskin. Then appear purulent type of discharge from the urethra. White and bloody inclusions remain in the urine, and soon “to go to the toilet” becomes painful and is required more often. Infection can go even further, capturing the rectal area, where it notifies of itching, swelling of the anus.
- In girls, gonorrhea is manifested by a lesion of the external genital organs. Most often it is vulvovaginitis (redness of the small and large labia, puffiness, itching, mucus and crusts on them), but bacteria can penetrate into the eve of the vagina. Due to inflammation of the urethra, urination becomes painful. In boys who are not sexually active, gonorrhea is more often in the form of a lesion of the eye mucosa. Teens tolerate the same signs as adult males.
There are nuances even in the time after which gonorrhea manifests itself in women and men. In the second case, the infection is detected already a week after infection and earlier. The incubation, that is, asymptomatic period of gonorrhea in women lasts longer.
Symptoms of gonorrhea depend on which organs are affected:
- if it is the rectum, cracks appear on it, swelling in the anus area, pus on the mucous membrane, pain during stool and mucus,
- localization in the mouth causes dryness, burning, increased salivation with pus, soreness and swelling of the mucous membranes,
- Gonorrheal conjunctivitis is manifested by swelling of the eyelids, redness and active mucus secretion, pain and itching in the eye,
- reproduction of bacteria on the skin causes a rash and pigmentation after it disappears,
- the presence of bacteria in the cerebrospinal fluid leads to irritability, fatigue, mental disorders.
When can I make an accurate diagnosis
After how many days gonorrhea manifests itself depends on many factors: gender, age, immunity, whether a person takes medication. In men, the process is faster due to the structure of the urethra. Therefore, signs of the disease are detected 2 to 5 days after infection.
Several factors affect the time after which gonorrhea occurs in women. The main organ that suffers from infection is the uterus. Therefore, bacteria have time to reach it only in 1 - 2 weeks, sometimes later.
It is impossible to identify the disease on the basis of clinical signs only. To diagnose gonorrhea, there are:
- bacterioscopic and bacteriological studies, indicative of the acute form,
- serological method used to establish a chronic disease,
- A mutual fund that makes sense when combining genital infections
- PCR, giving 95% accuracy in doubtful cases.
The first two analyzes are the most commonly used. The patient must pass a swab.
You can get rid of gonorrhea with antibiotics. Bacteria are afraid of drugs "Azithromycin", "Cefixime", "Ciprofloxacin", etc. Pregnant women are prescribed taking into account the effect on the fetus, that is, "Ceftriaxone", "Erythromycin". Topically shown is the introduction into the vagina of solutions of protargol, silver nitrate. Newborns who may have been infected by the mother are given injections of antibiotics and washed the eyes with the above means.
We recommend reading an article about the treatment of gonorrhea in women. From it you will learn in detail about the mechanism of transmission of the disease, the symptoms and possible complications of prescribed drugs for treatment.
Patients with the disease often have a question: can gonorrhea manifest itself in a few years? This happens if the infection was treated on its own, or the patient stopped taking medications ahead of time, had sex with a partner with pathology during this period.
Only a specialist should identify and treat gonorrhea. Therefore, for any incomprehensible signs, after a doubtful intimate contact, it is worth going to the venereologist. And treatment, despite the disappearance of symptoms, should always be complete.
How to cure gonorrhea in women. . Gonorrhea is a venereal disease. Variations on the subject of sexual contact are allowed.
trichomoniasis, ureaplasmosis, gonorrhea, herpes virus.
But gonorrhea and trichomoniasis can cause redness and swelling of the labia, very abundant and unpleasant discharge, which irritates the vulva and vagina.
. menstruation linger, go painfully, have a strange smell and color, it is likely that trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea are to blame.
Bacteria that cause gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia easily migrate from the reproductive system to the urinary system, provoking an inflammatory reaction.
Chlamydia, sexually transmitted infections, and bacterial vaginosis are also noted.
How is gonorrhea transmitted and when
No one is insured against sexually transmitted infections, including gonorrhea. A low awareness of the disease leads to the fact that it can survive without treatment for a long time. When gonorrhea manifests, what are its signs in different patients?
Read in this article.
The infection is carried by the bacteria of the Neseria, for which a warm and humid environment is favorable. From here and ways of infection with gonorrhea:
- Through sexual contact with a carrier of infection. Vaginal is sex, anal or oral does not matter.
- From a sick mother to the fetus. It occurs during its progress through the genital tract infected with bacteria.
- Through household items that are simultaneously used by a healthy and sick gonorrhea person. Neisseria bacteria are able to exist in such conditions for a short time, but this route of infection is also possible.
- Through the mucous eye, if you touch them with dirty hands. This is possible with non-compliance with hygiene.
And yet the main way to get an infection is sexual contact. Therefore, at risk are those who have a messy personal life. But three other ways create danger, including for children.
How can children get gonorrhea and what are the symptoms of the disease
Tripper, gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in children can be transmitted through sexual violence, domestic contact or perinatally.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, sexually transmitted gonorrhea affects about 13,000 pregnant women in the United States each year.
It would seem, how can gonorrhea be infected if a newborn child is not threatened with any of the traditional ways of infection with this bacterium? However, during natural childbirth (not by caesarean section) babies can get gonorrhea from secrets in the mother's vaginal tract. Signs of gonorrhea infection usually appear several days after delivery and include skin infections, a respiratory infection, an infection of the urethra or vagina, and inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye.
Antibiotic eye ointments, used immediately after birth, prevent the transmission of infection to the eyes, otherwise gonorrhea can cause blindness in newborns.
With the spread of infection can develop arthritis in the joints or meningitis - an infection of the lining of the brain. There is also a risk of a systemic infection of the blood in a child - a life-threatening complication of gonorrhea.
STDs in children is an alarming problem. In all cases of their manifestation, the possibility of sexual abuse should be assessed. Prevention and treatment of adults are the main measures to prevent these infections in children.
Why signs of pathology are inconstant
Once on the mucous layer of the urethra, gonococci begin to multiply in the cells of the canal, and then move into the space between them. As a result, an inflammatory reaction occurs. Depending on how many days gonorrhea is manifested, doctors determine fresh clap, in which less than two months pass from the moment of infection, and the chronic form of pathology. In the second case, more than two months pass from the start of infection. However, this separation is rather arbitrary, since each victim has individual characteristics. Considering them, it cannot be excluded that the infection will spread widely in a short period of time. Especially difficult to predict the result in the presence of prostatitis or inflammation of appendages in history. Accordingly, it is necessary to be guided by how the claper manifests itself and contact a specialist when the first symptoms of gonorrhea develop.
In turn, there are several stages of fresh gonorrhea:
- low-symptom or torpid.
In some cases, a gonococcussion can be diagnosed, in which the subjective manifestations of gonorrhea are not observed, although when checked, the pathogen of pathology is detected by analyzes. To date, the classic symptoms of gonorrhea are not in all cases, given the often mixed infection with chlamydia or trichomonads. Such a “neighborhood” can significantly change the signs, lengthen the incubation period, significantly complicate the diagnosis and treatment of pathology. Another feature of gonorrhea - the symptoms of gonorrhea may not be, or they are hardly noticeable.
The first signs of trepper begin to appear after a few days or a week, less often after three weeks or a month. The increase in the incubation period is often observed in the presence of antimicrobial drugs, and in the wrong dose, or as a result of reduced immunity. При преобразовании болезни в хроническое течение наблюдается ее длительная продолжительность, сопровождающаяся острыми периодами. Формируются спайки в разделах малого таза, у мужчин замечается снижение полового влечения, у женщин нарушается репродуктивная функция, и возникают сбои в менструальном цикле.
In both sexes, the symptoms of gonorrhea are different, given the difference in anatomy and physiology. At the same time, some constants are also noted. For example, regardless of gender, signs of the disease at the initial stage of its development may be absent. Referring to the statistics - according to medical data in 50-70%, when it comes to the representatives of the weaker sex, discomfort may not manifest. If we consider the infection of men, the asymptomatic course is less common - only one out of ten representatives of the stronger sex does not feel the development of the disease. There is also evidence that cases of developing the disease without symptoms are becoming more frequent, now this figure is almost 90%. Physicians, considering this fact, blame antibiotics for everything, which the population uses uncontrollably. As a result of their impact, the activity of gonococci may decrease or the biological properties change, but there is no healing.
Even if the signs of pathology are not expressed in any way, the carrier of the causative agent is dangerous for its partners, as the disease progresses further, affecting the body.
In other cases, the first signs of gonorrhea are formed after the incubation period expires. How gonorrhea manifests itself largely depends on which organ suffers initially. Since the disease most often affects the urinogenital system, a common symptom is suppurative urethritis, an inflammatory reaction that occurs in the mucous membrane of the urethra, and a number of common symptoms occur, including:
- The sensation of burning and soreness arising in the process of urination.
- After a day or two days, the signs of pathology are noticeably enhanced, which is manifested in the swelling of the external opening of the urethra.
- The release of a purulent substance of a yellow-brown hue with an unpleasant odor begins, an increased amount of this pathological substance is noted.
- Gradually, the consistency of the discharge becomes thicker, redness of the urethral opening occurs, and its swelling increases.
- Small sores appear on the skin surface.
In addition to purulent urethritis, when gonorrhea first of all, urge to urinate becomes more frequent, when gonococci penetrate the oral cavity, the formation of gonorrheal pharyngitis or stomatitis begins. Most often, these pathologies develop in women and in men who prefer same-sex relationships. The development of pharyngitis can occur without obvious symptoms, but sometimes manifest themselves:
- Excessive salivation
- Mild pain in the throat, which in some cases can be quite strong,
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Hyperemia of tonsils, pharynx,
- The formation on the mucous layers of purulent plaque,
- Puffiness of the sky and uvula.
Now about what manifestations of a tripper develop when the anal contact has contributed to the infection. In this case, gonococci penetrate into the rectum, in which the formation of inflammatory processes begins, which leads to gonorrheal proctitis. Such a clap is observed in both women and the representatives of the stronger sex. At the same time, in a female audience, the disease can be formed not only against the background of anal contact, but also because of vaginal secretions getting into the anus after normal sexual intercourse. This contributes to the simultaneous infection of both the urinary tract and the rectum. When gonorrheal proctitis symptoms may be absent or pathology may occur:
- Soreness, itching of the anus,
- Selection from the anus,
- In gay men, a more dangerous form of proctitis may develop when purulent-mucous plaque forms on the intestinal wall, which is detectable during rectoscopy.
When gonococci infect the mucous layer of the eyes, tripper manifests itself first of all with marked inflammation with purulent copious secretions. The disease can also affect the joints, penetrate the heart muscle and other organs. In the absence of timely treatment, the acute form flows into the chronicle, which is not characterized by severe pain and severe symptoms. The main characteristic feature of chronic gonorrhea is the “morning drop” syndrome. It manifests itself as follows - after a night rest at the urethra, you can notice a drop of turbid purulent fluid. Also, discomfort persists when urinating.
Chronic clap is much more difficult than acute, respectively, the victim has a better chance of recovery with timely treatment. You should contact a specialist even if you suspect gonorrhea, without waiting for obvious symptoms.
Some features of the course of the disease in both sexes
Let's talk about what looks like clap in men. Formation begins with a burning sensation, itching, which is especially noticeable when urinating. If you press down the head, a purulent drop is released.
Inflammation affects the foreskin, the head of the organ. When infections can penetrate the back of the canal, urge to urinate becomes more frequent, and the process can end with the release of a drop of blood. If there is no treatment, the disease spreads not only to the urethra, but also to the prostate, testicles. Urination can be not only painful, but also difficult. Sometimes there is pain in the process of defecation, there is a high fever and chills.
In women, the symptoms are more diverse, except for itching and pain during urination, there is pain in the process of copulation, if the pus has got on the external organs, vulvitis develops. If it is too late to find the pathology and do not receive timely assistance, the infection processes are transferred from the uterine cervix to the mucous uterine layer, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Late treatment increases the risk of infertility or ectopic pregnancy, various complications during childbirth. Now, about how the first signs of the triper are manifested, in this case - in addition to the already mentioned symptoms, pain may appear in the lower section of the abdomen and bleeding between periods. The temperature increases, the general state of health worsens, diarrhea, nausea, emetic attacks develop.
Diagnosis and therapy
When gonorrhea symptoms appear, diagnosis and treatment should be timely and competent. Pathology is detected during:
- smear analysis under a microscope,
- bacteriological seeding,
- PCR and IFA.
Since many patients have to prescribe a mixed infection therapy, it is necessary to use additional techniques, respectively, antibodies to hepatitis C and B are determined, the presence or absence of HIV, they react to syphilis, blood is taken for general and biochemical analysis, ultrasound, urethroscopy, colposcopy or cytology are prescribed . High-quality treatment of gonorrhea requires careful monitoring of the dynamics. The examination is necessary before the start of therapy, then a week later (7 days). Serological studies carried out with an interval of 3, 6, 9 months.
Now let's talk about the principles of therapy. First of all, the victim should not be treated independently, since such an approach is fraught with the transition of the disease to a chronic course. The victim's partners with suspicious symptoms in the case of sexual intercourse during the last two weeks are subject to examination and treatment procedures. If there are no clinical signs, they are examined and treated for partners for the last two months.
At the time of treatment, it is necessary to abandon the use of alcohol and sexual intercourse. Before prescribing antimicrobial agents, a specialist evaluates and considers:
- Disease duration
- Available signs.
- Location of infection.
- The presence of complications or their absence.
- The presence of concomitant pathologies.
If there is a sharp ascending type of tripper, in addition to therapy, hospitalization and bed rest are required. In the case when the formation of purulent abscesses is observed, urgent surgical intervention is necessary - a laparotomy or laparoscopy is prescribed. When determining antimicrobial agents, the resistance of certain gonococcal strains to these agents is taken into account. If the chosen remedy does not produce the expected effect, the doctor will select another medication. Ceftriaxone, Spectinomycin, Cefixime, and other drugs are most commonly prescribed. When alternative schemes prescribed Amoxicillin, Ofloxacin, Trimethoprim and others.
If the patient is less than 14 years old, do not prescribe fluoroquinolones. Aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, and fluoroquinolones are contraindicated for women who are carrying a baby and breastfeeding. Prescribed antibiotics should not adversely affect the fetus. In the case when the woman has gonorrhea, it is necessary to conduct preventive therapy for the newborn baby. Ceftriaxone is prescribed for intramuscular injection, the eyes are washed with silver nitrate, and it is allowed to lay Erythromycin ointment after eyelid.
With local treatment in the vagina or urethra injected solutions Prothorgol and silver nitrate, prescribed microclysters with chamomile infusion. Physiotherapy procedures include UV and dynamic currents, electrophoresis, laser therapy and magnetic therapy, UHF, but they can only be used in the absence of an acute inflammatory reaction.
Causative agent of gonorrhea
The causative agents of this disease are gonococci, which are sufficiently resistant to a large number of drugs. These microorganisms quickly enter the human body and spread through its mucous membranes, having a negative impact on them.
In the body, they can be localized in such parts of the body as:
- cervical canal,
- nasopharyngeal area.
Due to the structure of gonococci, they can exist in the cells of the body or be between them. This is ensured by the presence of special growths, due to which gonococci cling to tissues and move in the body. Sometimes the pathogen is absorbed by various microorganisms, for example, Trichomonas, preventing them from spreading through internal organs and systems. However, after complete cure of trichomoniasis, gonococci are activated, which leads to the development of tripper.
No less successful gonococci live in the environment, because they die only under the action of high temperature. In fluid and mucus, the causative agent of tripper can be active as long as the habitat does not change its state.
Modern studies have shown that people of different sexes have gonorrhea in different ways, and the representatives of the weaker sex are more susceptible to the disease.
If during sexual intercourse without contraceptives, men become infected in 50% of cases, in women this figure is 98%.
Ways of contracting the disease
As a rule, infection with gonorrhea in most cases (in 99% of cases) occurs during intimate intimacy. In this case, the causative agent of the disease from the urinary organs enters the body of a healthy partner. Gonococci have the ability to strongly attach to the epithelial tissues that line any mucous layer in the human body. That is why infection with gonorrhea is most often possible during intimacy, when pathogenic microorganisms easily penetrate the body of healthy people. But also a gonorrheal infection can affect the mucous membrane not only of the genital organs, but also of other systems and organs, namely:
- oral cavity,
- defeat of the rectum.
Soon after infection with gonorrhea, the pathogen of the disease begins to quickly attack the patient's body, since this is accompanied by frequent high humidity and the presence of many useful substances. Thanks to them, bacteria can actively grow and multiply, since there are all the necessary conditions for this.
If the patient does not notice the development of the disease out of time, the pathogen will eventually invade the submucosal layer, while sufficiently damaging the epithelium cells and releasing many toxins in them.
This is not the best effect on the health of the patient, since some of these cells quickly die, and small abscesses appear in the mucous layer, eventually developing into purulent inflammation.
The main ways of infection with gonorrhea, which are often diagnosed in patients during sexual intercourse:
- vaginal infection,
When a patient learns about the course of the disease, he immediately has a question: can gonorrhea be transmitted in a household way to a healthy person? The causative agent of this disease quickly dies in the environment - this means that the bacterium cannot live and be constantly on household items, regardless of their purpose. It dwells on the unsterilized surface for only a short time, so there is a probability of catching the disease with the help of instant contact with infected things. However, it is negligible, since it is only 1%, which means that this type of infection does not bring significant health risks, although every person still needs to take precautions to avoid the development of a dangerous disease. Summarizing, you can see that basically the transmission of dangerous bacteria is done sexually.
Doctors claim that the main route of infection is sexual contact, conducted without contraception. Also, the disease can develop as a result of petting.
- An important criterion for the development of the disease is that women are infected with gonorrhea much faster than men. This is due to the fact that the female genital organs have some peculiarities. For example, the vagina has a structure in the form of folds, due to which microorganisms are able to quickly and easily get into the uterine neck. Moreover, it is impossible to completely get rid of all microorganisms that are well fixed on the mucous membrane, even when a woman decides to hold a full douching after intimacy.
- It is much more difficult for men to catch gonorrhea, since it is difficult for gonococci to get inside the genitals, because their urethra is too narrow. But if the gonococci can still get into the inner part of the urethra, they will quickly wash out from there along with the seminal fluid during ejaculation. Also, the infection will be avoided in the event that the representative of the stronger sex after sexual contact immediately visits the toilet. But still the risk of gonorrhea in this case is great.
The representatives of the weaker sex gonorrhea often makes itself felt at the onset of menstruation. In this case, the pathogenic microorganisms become much more active and faster.
Therefore, if a woman conducts sexual intercourse at critical days, the probability of the infection spreading to a partner in the absence of contraception is large enough.
Frequent diagnosis of "gonorrhea" is heard by those women who often engage in oral sex. After all, gonococci can easily penetrate through the tissues of the nasopharynx into the respiratory organs, thereby triggering the development of gonorrhea. This is especially common in people with weakened immunity, when it is unable to protect the body from the development of the disease when bacteria enter it. Therefore, oral pathology to catch the pathology is also possible.
Infection with gonorrhea - as it happens in women and men
Women in the process of sexual intercourse with an infected partner are considered completely defenseless, because they have the disease is diagnosed in 98% of cases. At first, their pathology is sluggish and is not expressed by vivid symptoms. Therefore, a woman is considered an open source of infection, although she still does not know about it. It is important to note that women who did not visit the doctor on time to detect symptoms of gonorrhea are at risk of infection of the cervix, fallopian tubes and other genital organs located nearby. In this case, the treatment will take much longer and more difficult.
If the disease develops in a woman in position, the child in 99% of cases also becomes infected with the disease - this is due to the infected birth canal.
Unfortunately, in babies (especially infants), the infection caused by gonococcus is difficult, causes edema of the vital organs:
- intestines and other digestive organs,
In addition, women who have previously observed the development of gonorrhea are at risk of suffering from infertility or ectopic pregnancy (this is due to the transition of the disease to the advanced form or with incomplete cure of the infection).
Men are considered protected due to the anatomy of the penis. This is because the causative agent of the disease is difficult to penetrate the urethra, so the risk of developing the disease in men from an infected partner is only 20%. However, if sexual contact with a woman with gonorrhea occurs regularly, the partner’s risk of developing the disease is 90%.
It is also known that the male genital organs are more closed compared to the female. Поэтому им после интимной близости нужно просто сходить в туалет, чтобы вымыть из полости уретры опасных микроорганизмов. Однако, если сексуальный контакт происходит с партнёршей во время менструации, риск развития заболевания в разы увеличивается.
Domestic ways in which you can get gonorrhea
Although the viability of bacteria in the environment is low, they are still able to dwell on objects for some time. Ways of contracting the disease are as follows:
- The use of personal belongings of the patient. You can pick up a dangerous disease through a toothbrush, washcloth, towel, bed linen, and so on. If the family has a person with gonorrhea, he needs to allocate a separate towel and soap.
- Use clothes infected. To avoid the development of the disease, it is not recommended to wear someone else's pants, pants, skirts, and especially underwear. Although this infection is rare, it is possible to catch the infection with it.
- Using one toilet. The toilet is considered a good breeding ground for pathogenic microflora, and it is not only the gonorrhea pathogens that inhabit it. It is especially important to avoid this method of infection in women, because in 80% of cases it causes the course of the disease.
- Frequent visits to water establishments. Gonorrhea is often diagnosed in patients who like to spend time in the sauna, pool or bath. If among the visitors there is at least one patient, there is a risk of gonorrhea in all others.
- Use contaminated cutlery or utensils. In this case, the causative agent of the disease develops directly in the nasopharynx. In symptomatology, pathology will be similar to angina.
- Sometimes it is possible to get gonorrhea by swimming in a public reservoir. The most dangerous are the lakes, in which the water is standing and not changing. This allows the pathogen to grow rapidly and multiply, since the conditions for its habitat are quite suitable.
- Often it is possible to catch the disease with the help of kisses with an infected person. In this case, the infection will quickly spread throughout the pharynx, which will cause a number of negative health symptoms. Most often, the disease makes itself felt to people endowed with weak immunity.
Compliance with SanPiN will prevent the occurrence of the disease.
To be infected with gonorrhea, it is enough for a patient to pick up a few gonococci, which, after penetrating the body, will quickly multiply in it.
Summing up, it is worth noting that most often the disease is transmitted from an infected person to a healthy one through sexual intercourse. However, with timely and correct therapy, the disease can be quickly eliminated.
The main thing is to correctly diagnose in order to accurately identify the type and type of the disease.
How does the infection of children
Unfortunately, no one is immune from this dangerous disease - not even newborns and infants. Most often, children become infected with the disease during the passage through the maternal birth canal. Often, pathogenic microorganisms are transmitted to girls, which is caused by their body structure. Gonococci, after penetrating the child’s body, most rapidly begin to infect the following organs:
If you do not provide timely complex treatment, the baby may become blind.
In order to avoid infecting a baby, a woman in a position is required to regularly undergo all the necessary tests and examinations, which will help the doctor to always correctly assess the patient’s health. If the future mother has symptoms of the disease, it is important to heal before the onset of labor.
Especially carefully during pregnancy, a woman is required to monitor sexual relations - do not trust strangers, as it is not known whether they are ill or not. After all, the disease can be transmitted from mother to fetus quickly, but the treatment will be long enough and difficult for a young child.
In modern hospitals, doctors use special solutions to help avoid infection. Immediately after the birth of the child is treated with a special tool that destroys all the gonococci and does not allow them to infect vital organs.
As a rule, the solution must be treated eyes and genitals.
What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?
After the main methods of transmission of the disease have become known, it is necessary to understand what symptoms accompany the disease, because it is the timely detection of signs of the disease that helps to quickly get rid of it.
The incubation period of the virus lasts 2-14 days, after which the patient may notice symptoms of gonorrhea. However, sometimes they are observed in an infected person already for 5-6 days.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in men:
- development of urethritis, which can occur in any form,
- penile swelling and discomfort when touched,
- burning head
- prostatitis - inflammation of the prostate gland (it develops in the event that the patient does not conduct timely treatment).
Symptoms of the disease in women:
- purulent discharge from the vaginal cavity,
- stomach ache,
- frequent urging to the toilet,
- inflammation of the bladder,
- the selection of bloody nature, which can not be called menstrual,
- an unpleasant odor in secretions that may be watery (colorless and too liquid),
- redness of the vaginal mucosa.
In children, the symptoms are similar if infection of the genital organs is observed. They also suffer from itching, redness of the mucous membrane, and often go to the toilet. If this is an inflammation of the eyes, they usually tear, become more dull, and a thin film appears on them. Sometimes the baby can not fully open the eye, which is also considered a clear sign of the course of gonorrhea.
To correctly answer the question: how is the treatment of the disease being carried out, it is necessary to correctly recognize the symptoms of the disease, as well as to make a full diagnosis. This will allow the doctor to get a complete picture of the disease, as well as to assess the general condition of the patient.
Almost all sexually transmitted infections begin to develop actively only with the confluence of a number of factors. If they are not there, then the microorganisms for a long time quietly "live" in the human body, without causing any discomfort. Thus, the infection with gonorrhea does not always lead to the onset of the progression of the disease, the manifestation of bright symptoms and the onset of severe complications. But in order to understand what conditions are required to start the harmful activities of gonococcus, it is necessary to identify risk groups:
- promiscuous people
- alcoholics, drug addicts, and to some extent smokers,
- workers of hazardous industries,
- individuals who often encounter infection carriers in their professional activities, for example, social workers, police officers and some doctors.
The latter are rarely caught by the clapper, but the rest of the “comrades” have a weakened immune system. And if a worker at a uranium mine may not even have gonococci in his body, then the first two categories possess them with a probability of almost 100%, and in great concentration.
Thus, a large number of dangerous microorganisms in combination with a weakened immune system significantly increase the risk of the onset of tripper development. Often, an additional push to start gonorrhea is a strong stress or prolonged absence of treatment for another disease, even a cold. This further undermines the natural protection of the human body, with the result that after a while the gonococcus carrier fully feels all the “charms” of the tripper.
Unfortunately, small children are a separate risk group. They can pick up the gonococcus because of poor sanitation or as a result of vertical transmission of infection (from mother to fetus at the time of birth). Their immunity is weak, which means that the likelihood of gonorrhea for them is very high, especially in the case of girls.
Prognosis and prevention
Gonorrhea itself does not pass, it should be treated. If we neglect the therapy, then there is a high risk of developing complications:
- narrowing of the urethra,
- decrease in sexual desire
- chronic adnexitis,
In addition, clap greatly weakens the immune system, which often becomes the cause of other infectious diseases, including AIDS. If you do not ignore the need for treatment, then all these consequences can be avoided. Thus, it can be seen that the prognosis for the disease is favorable, but only under the condition of timely access to a doctor.
Detection of this disease while carrying a child scares pregnant women, as the consequences can be quite serious. You can learn about the symptoms and risks for the fetus and the expectant mother.
Tripper is easier to prevent than to cure. Not all antibiotics take it, the therapeutic course sometimes takes a lot of time, and it is not always possible to quickly and accurately identify the disease. For your own protection, it is enough to follow simple rules:
- no unprotected sex, including anal and oral,
- need to strictly monitor personal hygiene,
- refuse to use someone else's underwear and bed linen,
- Be careful with eating in questionable eating places,
- Take care of immunity,
- Do not neglect periodic preventive examinations in the clinic.
Fulfillment of these simple rules will protect you and your loved ones from a dangerous illness. Gonorrhea does not pose a particular danger to those who care about their own health. Take care of yourself!
You can also read, watching this video, with the opinion of a specialist about gonorrhea, how it is transmitted, what its incubation period is.