Hygiene

How to recognize the signs of PMS: 10 symptoms

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Many women experience far from the most pleasant symptoms of PMS caused by changes in the concentration of hormones in the blood. Someone he passes almost imperceptibly, prevents others from leading a full life. And although in most cases they understand what exactly is the cause of their poor health, not everyone knows how many days before menstruation begins PMS.

When does ICP start?

The classification of premenstrual syndrome, in addition to dividing by symptomatic manifestations, also implies a compensated and decompensated form. It depends on this when the manifestation of signs of premenstrual syndrome begins:

  • The compensated form begins to manifest itself three to five days before menstruation and passes from their

    the beginning. Most often, this manifestation of premenstrual syndrome lasts up to one week.

  • Decompensated form manifests itself more difficult and begins five to ten days before the beginning of menstruation, does not end during them, but only five to ten days after the end of menstruation. Thus, the symptoms may last up to twenty days, and sometimes for a whole month.

On average, the answer to the question of how many days before menstruation PMS symptoms begin to appear will be seven to ten days.

Causes of PMS

The main reason - the change in the concentration of hormones in the blood. What is characteristic, hormonal surge occurs very sharply, but not gradually. Stress and fast urban life contribute to the manifestation of symptoms, a sedentary lifestyle and intense intellectual work also do not contribute to well-being. Both too frequent pregnancies and the inability to get pregnant can be attributed to the woman at risk, as well as postponed gynecological diseases and operations.

Do not abuse the sweet and overeat as a whole, but it is better to get rid of bad habits - they disrupt the normal work of the body. The representatives of the weaker sex, taking combined oral contraceptives, should also be prepared for the fact that unpleasant disruptions in the functioning of the body can occur to varying degrees, a couple of days before menstruation.

If you are not lucky enough to get a head injury or have neuroinfections and endocrine diseases, the risk of manifestation of the syndrome increases significantly. It was noted that the residents of small towns and villages, as well as representatives of all races, except Europe, are almost not subject to sharp hormonal surges and have not experienced premenstrual syndrome.

Symptoms of PMS

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome in girls differ individually, but you can still identify those manifestations of PMS, which are characteristic of the majority:

  • unreasonable aggression, anger, mood swings, irritability, desire to cry for any reason,
  • severe headaches, migraines,
  • anxiety and the fear of death that arose without a cause

  • inability to focus on certain things,
  • feeling of depression, worthlessness, depressive thoughts,
  • breast swelling, chest pain,
  • increased appetite, interest in sweets,
  • swelling of limbs
  • sleep disorders: persistent sleepiness or persistent insomnia,
  • unexplained fever and blood pressure.

In addition, it is possible to identify the types of manifestations of the syndrome before menstruation, which is characterized by certain symptoms:

  • The neuropsychic form is characterized by changes in mood and appears when the ICP begins before the menstrual period — within a few days. Depressiveness and sad thoughts are most often seen in girls, older women - aggressiveness and severe irritability.
  • Critical form is characterized by paroxysmal character, blood pressure rises, heartbeat quickens, a constricting sensation is felt in the chest and heart. This form manifests itself mainly at night and ends in the morning.
  • Edematous form is most common. There is pain in the mammary glands, arms and legs swell, may increase susceptibility to odors.
  • Cephalgic PMS is associated with headaches. There are frequent and prolonged migraines, while blood pressure does not increase and does not decrease. There may also be numb limbs and stabbing in the heart. Often there is sweating.
  • Atypical form is characterized by the manifestation of symptoms characteristic of several forms at once. In addition, the temperature may rise, despite the absence of infectious diseases and colds. With the onset of menstruation, it gradually begins to decline.

How to get rid of premenstrual syndrome?

Do not think that this syndrome is a sentence. Need to know how many days before menstruation

signs of PMS will begin to manifest and monitor their condition. Increased physical activity and walks in the fresh air will help to cope with this.

Do not abuse the sweet dishes, harmful soda, chips and fast food. Controlling your weight will help not only increase self-esteem, but also reduce the manifestations of premenstrual syndrome. It is important to be able to distract from mood changes and everyday problems, it is desirable to leave the city or walk in quiet places, admiring nature. Then the syndrome will not be able to prevent the maintenance of an active daily life, both before menstruation, and during them.

Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome

Starting from the 21st day of the cycle and ending with the beginning of menstruation, significant changes occur in the woman's body. The term ICP was introduced by the English gynecologist Robert Frank. The behavior of women a week before the onset of critical days has been an interest for physicians for a long time. Comparing the facts for how many days the symptoms of PMS began to manifest itself.

Premenstrual syndrome is not only a period of headache, pulling sensations in the stomach, but also a time of unstable psychological and emotional background. It is during the ICP that most cases of road traffic accidents involving women occur, the representatives of the weaker sex are prone to excessive purchases during this period.

The causes of the syndrome have not been established so far. Some experts are inclined to believe that this is the body's response to a surge in hormones. Others believe that this is an allergic reaction of the body to changes in the hormonal background. But both opinions are based on the fact that PMS is associated with hormones.

For the normal functioning of the female body is very important the correct hormones. In the second phase of the cycle, it begins to oscillate, which leads to failures in all systems.

Weight gain

Almost all women notice weight gain before the onset of menstruation. This is due to the fact that an imbalance of estrogen and progesterone occurs in the body. Liquid begins to linger, bloating appears, swelling. After the end of the menstrual cycle, all symptoms disappear.

It is possible to get better during the period of PMS due to the fact that at this moment the appetite is very high. A woman begins to eat more, as her blood glucose level decreases.

Skin problems

Five days before menstruation, acne appears in many women. During PMS, estrogen provokes a decrease in the functioning of the sebaceous glands. Because of this, the skin becomes more oily. If a woman is malnourished or is in a stressful situation, irritation, acne and acne are possible in 98% of cases.

Often in the premenstrual period, women experience a headache. There are also pains in the lower back and lower abdomen.

Premenstrual syndrome or pregnancy?

Many of the symptoms of PMS are very similar to the first signs of pregnancy. How to distinguish the onset of pregnancy from the expectation of critical days? After conception, progesterone levels increase in a woman’s body. The same thing happens in the period before the month. Similar symptoms are:

  • fatigue, breakdown,
  • chest pains
  • vomiting, nausea,
  • irritation, tearfulness, aggression,
  • pain in the lumbar region.

How to distinguish these states from each other? Pain in the chest pass with the onset of menstruation, during pregnancy they remain unchanged throughout the first trimester.

Low back pain during pregnancy is the norm only in the last term. During pregnancy, a woman is worried about frequent urination - this symptom is not present during PMS.

The signs of both states are very similar, so it is very difficult to decipher exactly what to expect. The surest way to find out the cause of the indisposition is to wait until the onset of menstruation.

If the menstrual cycle does not start on the right day, you need to use a pregnancy test.

Preventing unpleasant PMS symptoms

To reduce the unpleasant symptoms before menstruation, you can carry out preventive measures. All methods should be prescribed only by the attending physician. Recommendations are written out when examining the patient and after deciphering the passed tests. If the discomfort causes a failure in the hormonal background, then an effective treatment will be hormone therapy. They are prescribed for a period of at least 3 months.

Specialists determine for how many PMS symptoms begin to bother a woman, and can prescribe the following medications:

  1. Soothing means to help cope with depression, irritability.
  2. For headaches use ibuprofen, Ketanov.
  3. To remove excess fluid from the body, you can take diuretics.

Sometimes, to reduce the symptoms of PMS, it’s enough just to change your lifestyle. Reducing salt intake on these days will help avoid edema. A balanced diet, diet, reducing the amount of fatty foods consumed will relieve bloating, weight gain, acne. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.

Healthy and complete sleep is very important these days. Lack of sleep can provoke aggression and irritation.

Two weeks before the start of your period, start taking Magne B6 (magnesium with vitamin B6) - it will not do any harm, even if it turns out that you are pregnant, stabilizes the work of the heart, strengthens the blood vessels, relieves from fatigue and insomnia.

If you yourself can not get rid of the disease, and the symptoms continue to aggressively ruin your life these days, contact the specialists.

What are the signs of PMS before menstruation

For normal reproductive ability in the female body produces special hormones: estrogen and progesterone. Estrogens improve physical well-being, increase tone and ability to quickly perceive information. Progesterone inhibits the nervous system, especially in phase 2 of the cycle.

Initially it was widely believed that PMS affects women with an unstable nervous system. Stress increases the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

On the eve of menstruation, the sex hormones oscillate. Their increase affects the nervous system, causing its depression.

In addition, the level of serotonin decreases, which directly affects the hormone of joy. There are depressions, against the background of which it is possible to increase the sweetness of sweet. A lack of vitamin B causes swelling and weight gain, breast sensitivity. Not unimportant is the genetic factor and psychological state in anticipation of menstruation.

Main symptoms of PMS:

  • Nervous system disorders, hysteria, depression, insomnia,
  • Pressure drops
  • Nausea,
  • Malaise,
  • Edema,
  • Breast swelling and sensitivity,
  • Abdominal and lower back pain
  • Acne rash,
  • Slight chill
  • Visual impairment.

Each woman suffers from PMS in different ways, and the frequency of pathological disorders is not the same. Discomfort can be aggravated by diseases of the endocrine system, female genital organs, allergic reactions, epilepsy.

How many days before menstruation does this condition begin? Each organism is individual, but most women noted these symptoms 2-8 days before menstruation.

What is the difference between PMS and early signs of pregnancy

Premenstrual syndrome after the start of the menstrual cycle passes. Normalizes pressure, improves mood, and improves well-being. To know exactly the beginning of menstruation, you need to keep a monthly calendar. The table will simplify the diagnosis of symptoms and allow you to analyze your condition.

The severity of PMS is determined by the number of days and the severity of the symptoms. Unlike other ailments, the syndrome has a constant cycle. Its symptoms disappear with the onset of menstruation.

Symptoms of PMS are similar to the first signs of pregnancy. After ovulation, progesterone begins to rise, as in the case of premenstrual syndrome.

Same symptoms:

  • Breast augmentation
  • Fatigue, dizziness,
  • Mood swings
  • Pain in the lumbar spine.

Distinguish pregnancy can be on several grounds. If there is a change in appetite, sensitivity to odors increases, there is an unreasonable refusal to eat.

If a woman listens to the body, she will find several differences:

  1. Difference between breast swelling. With PMS, the chest is less sensitive and sore.
  2. Increased fatigue. In the initial stages of pregnancy, the woman feels very tired. This is due to an increase in progesterone.
  3. The stomach in the field of ovaries hurts. When PMS pain is more pronounced and longer. Conception gives only short-term discomfort when an egg is attached to the wall of the uterus.
  4. With the onset of monthly pulls the lower back. This is due to the detachment of the uterine mucosa and the production of blood cells. During pregnancy, such pain in the first weeks are not typical.
  5. Mood shift is different. Future mother is filled with more positive emotions that can dramatically turn into a change of mood.

Feelings with PMS and pregnancy are quite similar, but there are some significant differences.

Determine: condition before menstruation or pregnancy

Each organism is individual. Some people find it very difficult to distinguish the symptoms of PMS from early pregnancy. Syndromes are so similar that it is easy to confuse.

If you are pregnant, you may experience nausea not only in the morning. You may experience this unpleasant symptom at any time of the day.

Conditions characteristic during pregnancy:

  1. A clear sign of pregnancy becomes toxicosis. This condition appears immediately after the zygote is attached to the uterine wall. Its acute phase begins in a week of pregnancy. When PMS such sensations do not happen. Although not every woman in the position experiences toxicosis.
  2. A specific phenomenon is the introduction of a fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus, which is accompanied by damage to the small blood capillaries. At the same time small bloody discharge may appear. They go out once and no longer continue. This is the main sign of a piquant position.

After pregnancy, the woman's body begins to change rapidly. In the blood, the level of hCG and basal temperature increase, which indicate that pregnancy has begun.

A woman needs to wait for the arrival of menstruation. In case of delay, you can do a special pregnancy test. This procedure determines ovulation by 90 percent. High sensitivity to hCG allows you to accurately establish the result.

Different conditions: what can be confused with pregnancy

In some cases, a woman may experience premenstrual symptoms, but the delay in menstruation suggests another thought. Why did a woman think that she was pregnant, but it turned out - no?

One of the causes is ovarian cyst. It is accompanied by lower abdominal pain, dizziness, nausea, increased pressure, palpitations and sensitivity of the mammary glands. The syndrome is similar to the onset of ovulation and the first signs of pregnancy.

In this case, there is a delay or interruption of menstruation, if the monthly came earlier or completely absent.

Sometimes a woman's hormonal changes occur, which can lead to ovarian dysfunction. In this case, the symptoms of PMS may be expressed or absent altogether.

Feelings are similar to the beginning of menstruation, but the delay continues, and the menstrual cycle does not occur. In this case, the girl may think about pregnancy.

Symptoms of hormonal failure:

  • Bloating discharge
  • Hurts lower abdomen
  • Tension chest.

At the same time, the lower back can ache and whine, drowsiness increases. You must immediately do a pregnancy test to confirm or deny this condition.

Sometimes they take toxicosis for food poisoning and try to get rid of the discomfort with modern medicines, which is extremely undesirable in early pregnancy.

When abdominal distention occurs: before menstruation or pregnancy

Symptoms of approaching menstruation include abdominal distension and rumbling. This means that the egg cell is out and is moving towards the uterus.

It should be noted that not all of the fair sex before menstruation increases belly. Premenstrual syndrome all manifests itself in different ways.

Главный виновник изменения стройной фигуры является прогестерон. Он контролирует репродуктивную способность женщины. Под его действием происходит утолщение и наполнение полезными веществами внутренних половых органов. К слизистой подтягивается большое количество жидкости, разрыхляется структура и увеличивается объем. Как только организм поймет, что оплодотворение не произошло, эндометрий отслоиться, выделяя кровотечения, и живот за 2-3 дня примет свое прежнее состояние.

However, an increase in tummy may indicate 2 or 3 weeks of pregnancy. Then with each subsequent term, the tum will only increase.

In some cases, when taking contraceptives may be observed such phenomena as:

  • Bloating,
  • Heartburn and belching,
  • Weight gain
  • Headaches and migraines.

Some women noted that the stomach often grumbles, irritability and nervousness increase.

A woman when trying to get pregnant can often confuse PMS and the beginning of conception. She feels similar states: tearfulness, lack of appetite, swelling of the chest.

Is it possible to get pregnant before menstruation: favorable days for conception and safe sex

Everyone has the generally accepted opinion that pregnancy is formed exclusively during ovulation. Cases are different, and safe for sex days are the fateful moment of a safe conception. It's time to figure out and find out how many days before menstruation you can get pregnant, and which days do not provide for the continuation of the species.

Features of the menstrual cycle

The duration of the menstrual cycle for each girl is individual. Normally, its duration varies from 21-35 days, but the optimal period is the time interval of 28 days.

The planned onset and end of menstruation is due to the specifics of the hormonal background.

If you are interested, can you get pregnant before the monthly, it is advisable to recall such a concept as an egg.

On the 12-14 day of the menstrual cycle, it leaves the ovarian space and is ready for further fertilization. Here, in order to become pregnant, the participation of sperm is necessary.

In the absence of such, the egg will soon die, and the girl may no longer fear the arrival of an extremely inappropriate pregnancy.

This is an established process in the female body, which periodically, under the influence of pathogenic factors, can be disrupted.

At the beginning of the menstrual cycle, the chances of getting pregnant are minimal, in the middle - as high as possible, at the end they decrease again and allow you to relax a little during unprotected intercourse.

Experts also warn that there is always a risk, therefore, it is recommended to contact your doctor with a relevant question. The most favorable period for a woman to become pregnant is 12-14 days from the start of her period.

In addition, conception may occur 3 days before ovulation or within 3 days after.

It turns out that the starting point was the phase of ovulation, that is, 9-17 days of the full cycle.

A woman, asking the question whether it is possible to get pregnant the day before menstruation, must remember that during this period there can be no talk of ovulation, especially with stable and timely menstruation.

If a hormonal failure has occurred, the risk of successful fertilization increases significantly, or, conversely, reduces to zero. There may be several reasons for deviations, and the local gynecologist can help you find the right answer, as well as a planned instrumental and clinical examination.

Modern obstetric practice shows that two ovulations can occur simultaneously in one menstrual cycle. In practice, the case of an exceptional, but significantly increases the chance of the patient to get pregnant immediately before or after menstruation.

In order not to get a baby before the time, it is necessary to buy individual tests for ovulation, carry them out at home, monitor the arrival of menstruation.

The reason for this abnormal phenomenon is to be found in the gynecological office.

There are cases when ovulation is completely absent, and the menstrual cycle is broken. In the female body, hormonal disruption prevails, which can be corrected by medication, that is, by taking synthetic hormonal drugs. In the absence of ovulation and instability during menstruation, there is a suspicion of diagnosed infertility, which needs to be treated in order to become pregnant.

Is it possible to get pregnant before menstruation

If a woman leads an unstable sex life, she is more likely to get pregnant before the start of her period. This is explained as follows: the egg begins its maturation after previous sexual intercourse, therefore the planned arrival of menstruation can be significantly impaired.

Pregnancy progresses just before the menstrual period, and the calculation of the woman is wrong. Doctors, in order to avoid such situations, recommend leading a full-fledged sex life, otherwise health problems and highly undesirable fertilization cannot be avoided.

Methods to make the calculation of ovulation, are home and professional, and doctors recommend to stay on one proven method and constantly use it.

The question whether it is possible to become pregnant several days before menstruation does not have an unequivocal answer, since everything depends on the specifics of the organism, the health and the functionality of the reproductive system.

If the arrival of menstruation is distinguished by its stability and consistency, then it is impossible to get pregnant a couple of days before the planned monthly.

Video: is it possible to get pregnant a week before menstruation

If there are still doubts about the given topic, dispel their local gynecologist and the videos suggested below.

Any young lady should know what to expect from her body, correctly plan pregnancy and avoid rash actions, unwanted abortions.

With ignorance on a given topic, an “interesting position” will be inappropriate, and the future mom will not bring a feeling of happiness and inner comfort. If there are any other questions on the topic of menstruation, the patient may unscheduled visit the gynecologist.

PMS - how many days before menstruation should begin manifestations

PMS - how many days before menstruation can you feel his presence? The concept of premenstrual syndrome is familiar to absolutely every woman. Only at all, it manifests itself in different ways and starts at different times. In modern medicine, there are about 100 manifestations of premenstrual syndrome. How much does the PMS start? What is considered normal, and what to contact the gynecologist?

Causes of PMS is normal and what is a deviation

Every day of the monthly cycle in the body of a woman there are transformations and changes in the genital system. The first half of the cycle is responsible for the maturation of the egg - 14-16 days. In the middle, it comes out of the follicle - for 14-16 days.

The rest of the cycle, the body is preparing to maintain pregnancy, if it has come, or to reject everything that was not useful. In the first half of the cycle, the woman feels just fine, but from the moment of ovulation, the state begins to change.

Here is the answer to the question of how much PMS begins - 1-2 weeks before the onset of menstruation. In some women, it begins immediately after ovulation.

The main cause of premenstrual syndrome are hormonal changes in the woman's body, the activity of the central nervous system. Immediately after ovulation, the balance of sex hormones changes dramatically.

Estrogen transmits primacy to progesterone, which affects the body somewhat differently. From here change of health. In addition, since ovulation, the nervous system is in a tense state. Nerves, like stringed guitar.

The slightest irritation leads to a strong reaction.

In general, for how many days PMS begins, depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. But only its weak manifestations can be considered the norm. Severe pain, failure in the nervous system with all the ensuing consequences is already considered as a complex and terrible disease PMS.

It is treated under the supervision of specialists. And the reason may be terrible diseases of the reproductive system, nervous, pathological abnormalities in physiology. In severe cases, the state of premenstrual syndrome takes up most of the woman’s life.

Symptoms worsen, even carry a danger to the life of the girl and others.

Physical symptoms:

  • increase, bloating,
  • pain in muscles, joints,
  • pain in the lower abdomen, in the lower back,
  • headache,
  • breast augmentation, nipple swelling,
  • swelling of the neck, limbs, face,
  • weakness,
  • reduced performance
  • stomachache,
  • excess weight,
  • bowel disorder
  • nausea,
  • decrease or increase in appetite.

Psychological symptoms:

  • anxiety,
  • tearfulness
  • panic,
  • touchiness
  • absent-mindedness
  • presence of fear
  • nervousness,
  • depression,
  • irritability,
  • reduced self-esteem
  • unreasonable fear
  • fatigue
  • forgetfulness,
  • aggression,
  • insomnia.

Surely every girl will be able to determine according to her state when PMS begins and its manifestations. On the one hand, these symptoms spoil life, on the other - they warn about the approaching red bottom. Physical well-being during premenstrual syndrome can change pleasant emotional events. The central nervous system will affect physical well-being. Consequently, unpleasant events in the life of a girl the duration of premenstrual syndrome can increase.

How many days before menstruation in women begins to hurt the chest?

Experts consider it normal if certain changes begin to occur 10 days before the onset of menstruation, although some girls may have PMS symptoms 3-5 days before the onset of menstruation. Other symptoms appear, of which the most common are:

  • pain in the chest (the pain may be of a different nature: it can be pulling, aching, sharp, burning),
  • pain in the lower abdomen,
  • poor general well-being,
  • aggressiveness, change of mood.

It is worth noting that there are women who do not feel the symptoms of PMS at all, while others have monthly symptoms so severe that temporary disability can occur. Moreover, it must be understood that swelling of the mammary glands and pain in the chest is not always a sign of PMS.

Why does chest hurt before menstruation? The cause of pain and swelling is that in the body after ovulation, which does not end with pregnancy, the alveolar tissue increases, and blood flow to the tissues of the mammary glands increases.

Additional symptoms. So, due to the heightened sensitivity of the breast to changes in the hormonal background, certain processes occur in it (this may be due to pregnancy and menopause). The normal period for change can be considered from 2 weeks to 2 days, that is, just before the menstruation begins. In addition to pain and swelling of the mammary glands, there may be:

  • an increase in breast sensitivity (even underwear can cause some discomfort),
  • appearance of discharge.
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This is quite an alarming symptom for many women. But if the selection is transparent, then you should not worry. And if the discharge has a whitish, greenish, brown color or contain an admixture of blood, you should definitely contact a specialist. This symptom may be due to the presence of cancer:

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  1. Whitish discharge - pregnancy, stress.
  2. Yellowish discharge - a benign cyst is possible.
  3. Greenish discharge - may indicate an abscess of the breast.
  4. Bloody - the most dangerous, possibly cancer.

It must be remembered that it is impossible to engage in self-diagnosis, in the presence of this type of discharge should consult a doctor. Another one symptom with PMS may be fever. If the temperature is low (up to 37.3 °), then you do not need to worry.

But if there is a gradual increase in temperature, and there are no tendencies to reduce it, refer to a specialist.

The temperature may indicate an inflammatory process in the body of a woman, but it is also urgent to exclude the possibility of developing mastitis.

How long can this symptom PMS last? The duration of this symptom, again, is purely individual.

The fact is that in some women the pain syndrome disappears on the first day after the onset of menstruation, someone has the entire period of menstruation, and someone may suffer a few more days after its termination.

But if the symptom persists for more than 10-12 days, then you should consult a specialist, as there are other causes of chest pain.

Breast augmentation and pain may occur before menstruation and for other reasons.

Use of hormonal contraceptives. These drugs can not only change the menstrual cycle, but also greatly affect the hormonal levels, which leads to swelling of the breast, increasing its sensitivity and pain.

The presence of fibrocystic formations, for example, mastopathy. The disease is generally characterized by chest pain, but it is worse before the onset of menstruation, in about 10 days.

Disruption of the pituitary and liver. If the pain is regular, prolonged, accompanied by fever, you should consult a doctor to eliminate these pathologies.

Salty or spicy foods. Excessive salt intake leads to disruption of water-salt balance in the body, and this in turn leads to swelling not only the chest, but also, for example, the legs. Pregnancy.

Against the background of an interesting situation, hormonal restructuring of the entire body of a woman takes place, which is preparing to bear the fetus.

The chest performs very important functions during this period, which is why pains, and discharge, and increase in its size, and sensitization can be observed.

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Chest pain can be confused with pain that occurs with myalgia, osteochondrosis, shingles.

If the pain is disturbing and cause discomfort, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Correct and timely diagnosis can protect a woman from serious problems. If a disease of the mammary glands is detected at an early stage, then the result of treatment will be positive.

If the diagnosis is made and all possible pathologies are excluded, then you need to think about how you can alleviate this symptom of PMS. It is necessary to follow the recommendations of doctors:

  1. During this period, the amount of consumed coffee, strong tea, cigarettes and alcohol should be abandoned or significantly reduced.
  2. Take vitamin preparations that include magnesium.
  3. Drink vitamins of group E.
  4. Choose underwear that will not squeeze the mammary glands and create obstacles to blood flow.
  5. Exclude from the diet of highly salty and spicy foods.
  6. Drink plenty of clean water (juice and sparkling water should be excluded).
  7. Make compresses for the chest.
  8. Use homeopathic ointments that reduce sensitivity and relieve pain.

It is important to remember that pain and breast augmentation during menstruation or a few days before they start is normal. Most women have a sore chest before menstruation. If you conduct timely diagnostic studies and properly care for your breasts, then you can not worry about her health.

Can I get pregnant before menstruation. It is possible to get pregnant a few days before menstruation.

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Many women are interested in the question: "Is it possible to get pregnant before menstruation?" The answer is ambiguous, because you can clearly say only if you know when exactly before menstruation. It is certain that it is impossible to get pregnant just before the menstruation or a few days before it. It is a fact.

And do not believe those who claim that conception can occur on any day of the cycle.

And also you shouldn’t believe those who consider themselves very “advanced” in this issue and say that everything depends on the cycle time, and it may be irregular, so you just can’t know how many days are left until menstruation.

If you follow your menstrual cycle, you will be able to determine when the next menstrual periods will begin to within a few days. And you can safely engage in unprotected sex, because no pregnancy a few days before menstruation does not threaten you.

Let's try to understand this issue a little more. Let's start with the definition of what constitutes a menstrual cycle.

And yet, getting pregnant before menstruation is real or not.

The menstrual cycle is a complex process of preparing the female body for the possibility of conception. Proceeding from the name, it is easy to understand that it proceeds cyclically, i.e. a chain of interconnected smallest processes periodically repeats. We will not describe the whole process, but turn only to that periodicity.

Normally, the menstrual cycle can last from 21 to 35 days. The absolute norm is 28 days, but if you have more or less within acceptable limits, then this is also normal.

One of the components of the menstrual cycle is ovulation. This is the process of the release of a mature egg from the follicle into the abdominal cavity, where it expects fertilization. And it can wait no more than 36 hours (mostly around 24 hours).

After this, the egg cell dies, and it becomes impossible to get pregnant.

Ovulation normally occurs 14 days before the onset of the next menstrual period. For example, with a cycle of 28 days, ovulation occurs on day 14, and with a cycle of 31 day, on day 17.

Если вы ведете календарь месячных и ваш цикл не «скачет» каждый месяц на невероятное количество дней (что само по себе является ненормальным), то легко сможете посчитать примерную дату овуляции.

Если погрешность в ваших циклах составляет 1-3 дня, то и овуляция может сдвигать на эти дни в ту или иную сторону.

Thus, if your average menstrual cycle is, for example, 29 days, then ovulation occurs on the 15th day of the cycle. It adds a day to the viability of the egg, plus 2-3 days as an error, and we have a period of about 10 days before menstruation. To get pregnant before menstruation in these 10 days is impossible.

Therefore, if you have a stable menstrual cycle and monthly periods are on schedule (plus or minus 1-2 days), then you may be able to calculate periods in which you cannot become pregnant. And the question of whether you can get pregnant one day before menstruation or a week before menstruation, you will never have.

However, in several cases an error may occur in the calculations. More precisely not a mistake, but unforeseen circumstances. For example, a violation of the cycle due to illness or severe stress.

In this case, you are likely to get pregnant on the day when according to calculations this could not be. Moreover, it is impossible to foresee such force majeure in advance.

Therefore, engage in such activities at your own risk.

How many days before menstruation does the chest and stomach start to hurt?

After the onset of the first menstruation, many girls notice that now their well-being depends on the day of the cycle.

Shortly before menstruation, breast sensitivity is often increased, mood becomes changeable, there are nagging pains in the lower abdomen.

If you have these symptoms, it is likely that menstruation will begin within the next few days. And then you will feel better again.

When does the chest and stomach begin to hurt before menstruation?

It is impossible to give a definite answer, for how many before the menstruation the chest and abdomen start to hurt. Each organism is individual, as are the processes occurring in it. In some girls, such menstruation precursors appear on the eve of its beginning - in 1-2 days. For others, these symptoms occur earlier - one or even two weeks before the next menstrual period.

Breast engorgement and abdominal pain do not necessarily appear simultaneously. If you take the average values, then usually unpleasant sensations occur in the period from 1 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation. Over time, when your cycle becomes stable, you can conclude on your own how many days before menstruation your chest and stomach ache.

Just do not forget to monitor your well-being and lead the menstrual calendar.

Because of what begin to hurt the chest and stomach before menstruation?

Perhaps you have already read or heard about premenstrual syndrome. Breast engorgement, abdominal pain, irritability and tearfulness are all symptoms of the very same ICP.

As a rule, they appear due to changes in the balance of hormones in your body in the second half of the menstrual cycle.

If the chest and abdomen begin to hurt badly long before menstruation (2 weeks or more), the cause may be inflammation or other health problems.

Should I worry or not?

If the pain in the mammary glands and abdomen is not strong, occur approximately at the same time before menstruation and pass after it ends, you should not worry.

It is important that the unpleasant sensations do not violate your usual way of life and do not limit daily activities.

If the pain in the chest or abdomen occurs suddenly, is very strong and hardly tolerated, a doctor must be consulted. If the following symptoms occur, go to a gynecologist:

  • a painful thickening appeared in the chest,
  • discomfort in the abdomen and mammary glands persists after menstruation,
  • acute pains in the lower abdomen or in the side,
  • premenstrual syndrome is accompanied by severe headaches.

How to relieve chest and abdominal pain before menstruation

  • Wear comfortable underwear that does not squeeze the mammary glands.
  • Move more to ease stomach cramps.
  • Get enough sleep and rest during the day - overwork will aggravate your condition.
  • Eat more vegetables and boiled meat, less - sweet buns, spicy and spicy dishes.
  • Take a warm shower to relax.

Can I get pregnant before menstruation?

Is it possible to get pregnant before the month for 1 day and not find out about it when you drink contraceptives? Considering the case, is it possible to get pregnant a week before menstruation for a woman with a cycle of more than 24 days, with this logic, we would answer negatively.

No such days are the same for every woman. Ovulation occurs 12-14 days before menstruation in all women. There are rules and there are exceptions. Let's disperse on this? Of course not! - answer "advanced" ladies, more or less possessing information about the phases of the cycle. However, the answer is not always correct.

You can conceive on any day of the cycle, including getting pregnant before menstruation.

  • We take the duration of your cycle
  • Divide in half
  • Subtract 2 from this number (because the egg can mature 1-2 days earlier or later)
  • Subtract 3 more (sperm lifetime)
  • We get the number of days when the pregnancy should not come

But this is only if the menstrual cycle always has the same duration. And how many of us can boast of such regularity? Hardly. So, the question: is it possible to get pregnant a few days before menstruation - the answer is positive. Especially should be cautious and attentive to those who have a menstrual cycle "jumps".

Surely this issue is now attended to women who are protected by the calendar method. However, this method is not always reliable.

Ovulation tests will be more reliable, but hardly anyone will be doing it for several days for contraception, and especially nobody will go for an ultrasound scan. In addition, you can get pregnant. Someone lucky, but someone.

Do you know a lot about the menstrual cycle and contraception? In fact, the female body is designed so that the probability of getting pregnant is always there.

Can I get pregnant after menstruation?

As you know, the opportunity to become pregnant occurs during ovulation, when a new egg matures. This is the basis of the calendar method of contraception.

Since the beginning of the cycle is considered to be the first day of menstruation, there are still quite a few safe days before menstruation. The longer the cycle, the more. But then come into force particular.

With an irregular cycle, there will be a large error in the calculations.

The fact is that ovulation or menstruation occurs at a certain level in the blood of certain hormones. This means that the appearance of menstruation is no longer on the first day of the cycle, and ovulation is in the middle.

Sometimes the probability of getting pregnant before menstruation and immediately after them will be higher than in the middle of the cycle. Cycle fluctuations occur even in a healthy woman, due to stress or an infectious disease. And very often he succeeds.

Let us return to the work of the hormonal system and, in particular, to whether it is possible to get pregnant before menstruation if you use birth control pills.

How, then, to calculate ovulation?

In fact, the discharge that takes place while taking the pills is not exactly menstrual. This is bleeding caused by discontinuation of hormones. Many people notice that it is different from the usual monthly.

But the most important thing is that the bleeding passes with an increased background of hormones, the very ones for which there is a chance of getting pregnant.

You can get pregnant before menstruation, if you stop drinking pills, and do not resume taking them on the fifth day after the start of discharge.

The hormones introduced from the outside simply impede the implantation of the embryo. Implantation of a fertilized cell does not occur, and together with blood it is washed out, but not always.

On the monthly cycle reflects the use of any hormonal drugs. Now let's talk, what is the probability of getting pregnant before menstruation for a woman who has a regular sex life.

It is believed that in this case, you can rely on the calendar method.

Individuals will wait in the wings up to one week. But such a pregnancy is not a good thing. Therefore, if you have a suspicion that you managed to get pregnant before menstruation, be sure to go to the gynecologist.

If pregnancy failed, you may have to do the cleaning. Is it possible to get pregnant before menstruation - this question asks, sooner or later, each representative of the weaker sex. There is no affirmative and final answer.

So let's look at everything in detail, in order, whether it is possible to get pregnant before menstruation.

How to get pregnant during menstruation and breastfeeding

A short, precise answer will speak about a very small probability of getting pregnant, but still it is possible. Like this! But not only the male side brings surprises.

A woman can create more than one egg per menstrual cycle, and this in turn introduces a large margin of error in the calculation of the intended conception.

In addition, the monthly themselves can not proceed equally under equal conditions. From cycle to cycle may change the time of passage of ovulation.

This gynecologist is a woman, Elena Uvarova (you can read in nete), she is a gynecologist, an endocrinologist, a gynecologist.

Surgeon Mr. (believe me, you don’t often see a practicing gynecologist-surgeon who saw everything not by the book, but before your own eyes), lost only in 1 case of infertility. To her go from all over the world. Works in Moscow.

From personal experience, my sister, the gynecologists from Russia and abroad (Israel, Germany) also refused her, in the last hope she turned to Uvarova.

All the same, people and doctors, especially when problems with conception seem to be absent, as the author of this post, are used to follow certain rules that I described. It is believed that ovulation occurs in all women on days 14-16 of the cycle.

However, there are “errors” both in one and in the other direction, if the duration of the menstrual cycle is less than or more than 28 days. In the first case, ovulation can occur immediately after the end of menstruation, respectively, you can get pregnant even at the beginning of the cycle. In the second version, ovulation occurs a little later.

But this information is not surprising for many adult, well-read women, and many even know what day they ovulate.

The frequency and length of your cycle

Since a woman can be confident that ovulation has already passed, and the menstrual period is about to begin, while the ovulatory phase has only just begun, and can become pregnant during unprotected sexual intercourse. Thus, a new life can arise on the 25th day of the cycle, when, according to calculations, menstrual bleeding is about to begin.

for how many days signs of menstruation: Women's health: Passion Forum

Discussion of all the problems of our health - support, advice, cautions.

Moderator:beauty admin

Fri Feb 16, 2007 7:00 pm

I have symptoms (aching pain in the back), 2.5-2 weeks before the start of menstruation and it continues until they start
All my girlfriends either for two days or on the same day
This is normal?

  • Posts: 59
  • Registered: Sat Apr 09, 2005 01:27
  • Profile

Fri Feb 16, 2007 9:48 pm

The first time I hear about such a precursor of menstruation ... So any health problem can be adjusted to the menstrual cycle - they say, my teeth start to hurt three weeks before the menstrual period.
Any pain is not normal. In your case, the reason is also unclear. I would visit a doctor

  • Posts: 1942
  • Registered: Wed Aug 30, 2006 15:14
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Sat Feb 17, 2007 03:28

For two weeks - definitely not normal. It is necessary to be examined. For example, chest pain for 2 weeks indicates mastopathy.

  • Posts: 1424
  • Registered: Mon Nov 27, 2006 10:58 pm
  • From USA, Columbus OH
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Sat Feb 17, 2007 05:48

but simply, lumbar osteochondrosis you can not be?

  • Posts: 27114
  • Registered: Sat Apr 08, 2006 05:56
  • From from bald mountains
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Sat Feb 17, 2007 20:07

Exactly the same problem, signs of menstruation begin in a couple of weeks: the stomach hurts, sometimes the loins, although the cycle lasts about 50 days.

  • Posts: 30
  • Registered: Thu Nov 09, 2006 13:38
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Sat Feb 17, 2007 21:24

I have no pleasant sensations in my chest for 7 days (max 10 days)

  • Posts: 5960
  • Registered: Sat Aug 06, 2005 08:47
  • From MOSCOW
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Sat Feb 17, 2007 21:37

Imagine it happens. I had only one week in a month before the reception was good. The rest of the time was one PMS, then the periods themselves. And his teeth ached, and loins, and everything. And during menstruation, probably, the pain was worse than during childbirth. Now, due to OK, the ICP time has been reduced to 3 days.

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  • Registered: Wed Aug 11, 2004 05:58
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Sun Feb 18, 2007 2:52 pm

This speaks only of a catastrophic state of health - which, in fact, I wrote in the first post. I have no doubts about the existence of people with a lot of sores

  • Posts: 1942
  • Registered: Wed Aug 30, 2006 15:14
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Sun Feb 18, 2007 15:38

I also begin to feel pain in my stomach in 10 days. Surveyed. The doctor said that the reason is most likely hormones.

Only I cannot take hormonal drugs anyway. So I live as I live. Has been used for so many years

  • Posts: 21900
  • Registered: Mon Aug 04, 2003 17:57
  • From Israel
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Sun Feb 18, 2007 16:48

I have never had any signs, ttt.
And when they come, there is no pain either.

Intuition is the ability of the head to smell an ass.

  • Posts: 239
  • Registered: Thu Oct 23, 2005 2:37 pm
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Sun Feb 18, 2007 20:43

For a week, I just start to ache all, breast (nipples are especially sensitive), stomach! Favorite already knows better than me, when I go monthly, then I start whining that everything hurts and PMS-it!

  • Posts: 12307
  • Registered: Sun Jan 04, 2004 07:28
  • From UK
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Sun Feb 18, 2007 20:48

I have somewhere in five days begins to hurt the chest, and the mood becomes shitty.

  • Posts: 1290
  • Registered: Thu Feb 09, 2006 15:46
  • From Moscow
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Sun Feb 18, 2007 23:20

I was examined by the doctors about this, and I do a general examination once a year, with blood tests, various ultrasounds, and cardiograms. So far, TTT, "almost healthy." And now, with the reception OK, this is all reduced to a few days. And how does your application work here? We are all individual, and each has its own norms.

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Can I get pregnant the day before menstruation?

In life, it so happens that pregnancy may come quite unexpectedly, and at a time when conception simply could not occur. Everyone knows that the most “dangerous” days are those that are in the middle of a cycle. Is it possible to get pregnant the day before menstruation - a question about which disputes in medical circles have not subsided for many decades.

A few words about the menstrual cycle

For a long time, physicians determined that a woman can have up to three ovulations during one cycle, without special stimulation. However, the most common is the cycle with the fact that one matured egg is released.

Calculate the date of ovulation is quite simple, and it happens, as a rule, two weeks before the start of bleeding. Accordingly, if a girl’s cycle is, for example, 30 days, ovulation will occur on the 16th day of the menstrual cycle.

And given the fact that the egg lives a day, and sperm 3-5 days, and in rare cases a week, the probability of getting pregnant the day before menstruation is zero.

If we talk about a cycle with several ovulations, they occur with a difference of no more than 24 hours, so the risk of getting pregnant the day before menstruation, even under such conditions, is also minimal.

All of the above applies only to the fair sex, in which the cycle is regular, and they have a constant sex life. But for girls with impaired hormones or with a very short cycle, the situation is slightly different.

Why can pregnancy occur?

When asked if it is possible to get pregnant the day before menstruation, the doctors answer that there is a chance, though not great. In this situation, the most common causes are:

    Short menstrual cycle.

If the fair sex recurs every 20 days, then it falls into the risk group when it is possible to get pregnant 1 day before menstruation, albeit with a low probability.

And this is primarily due to the fact that after having had sexual intercourse on the last day of the cycle, the sperm cells will stay alive for a week in the woman’s fallopian tubes and wait for the egg cell. If you calculate the date of ovulation, it will have on the 6th day of the cycle (20-14 = 6), when fertilization can still occur.

Although, in fairness, I must say that the chance of becoming pregnant in women with a short cycle on this day is also small, because, as is known, there are very few men with such “survivable” spermatozoa.

Failure in the hormonal system.

This situation can happen to any girl. Stress, unhealthy lifestyle, diseases of the genitourinary system - all these factors that allow hormones to work properly, and the egg to mature before the allotted time.

Irregular sex life.

What is the probability of getting pregnant the day before menstruation, if it was the only sexual intercourse within 2-3 months? Doctors answer that it is quite high. This is due to the fact that the body of a woman, which by its nature is intended to bear children, with an unexpected ovulation response is prepared for pregnancy and childbirth.

More recently, Canada conducted a sociological survey, in which 100 young girls took part, each of whom had at least one pregnancy before the age of 20.

It turned out that everyone had a single relationship with the opposite sex, and fertilization occurred from one or two sexual acts, regardless of the day of the menstrual cycle.

From here, scientists have confirmed the long-existing theory that, especially at a young age, even a single affinity can lead to unexpected ovulation and pregnancy.

So, the period, how many days before menstruation it is impossible to get pregnant, is quite easy to calculate, and for every woman this figure will be individual. However, one should not forget that this formula works only if the girl's menstrual cycle is regular and longer than 22 days, and there are no other factors that influence the sudden release of the egg.

How many days should be between months?

Menstrual bleeding begins at the fair sex in early adolescence and accompany them for almost 50 years (and for some this process lasts longer).

The monthly cycle (after the first 2-3 years after the appearance) becomes stable.

The woman calculates the approximate dates of the onset of the next menstruation, and when there are delays or monthly periods come earlier than she expected them, she begins to worry.

The norm of the gap between the monthly at each of us has its own. Let's see when you should not worry about minor deviations, and when you need to see a doctor.

How to correctly count the cycle between the monthly

Sometimes, by inexperience, young girls count the time of the expected onset of menstruation on a specific calendar date. For example, in September, the “red days of the calendar” came on the 2nd day - and they are waiting for them on the 2nd in October and get scared if this does not happen.

In fact, each new monthly cycle begins with the first day of the appearance of bleeding. The break between this first day and the first day of the next menstrual period is the cycle length. This interval is different for everyone. It can be equal to:

All of this - the standard options. What cycle between periods is considered normal, you can find out by looking at the textbook of the medical university.

If the interval between the first days of cycles you have from 21 to 35 days and it happens always with small deviations - everything is in order. But it happens in a different way. Knowing how to calculate the cycle correctly, you can determine whether there is a malfunction in the reproductive system.

It should be counted every month, for which you need to have a pocket calendar and celebrate the first day of the appearance of bloody discharge.

What should be the cycle between the monthly

How many days should pass between monthly? There is no clear answer to this question. The reason: the body of each woman works in its own mode, so the cycle lasts for everyone in different ways.

On average, one cycle is considered to be 28 days. This is exactly what the “artificial cycle” contraceptive hormonal pills make. However, everything in life is far from perfect.

Gynecologists take as a normal cycles with intervals from 21 (the smallest) to 35 (the longest) days. These gaps allow the reproductive system to carry out the entire process of preparing for the conception and implantation of the embryo without disturbance.

During this period, the woman's body has time:

  • “Grow” the dominant follicle,
  • make it break and release a mature egg,
  • prepare a “lush” layer of the endometrium in the uterus,
  • to form the corpus luteum to support pregnancy.

If it takes much more or less time, and the break is shortened or lengthened - it means that some processes go wrong. The cycle should be such that the numbers from 21 to 35 days are respected. Of course, one-time failures are possible - in such cases, doctors blame violations on:

  • ORVI,
  • exacerbations of chronic diseases
  • climate change,
  • stresses.

But if the failure is repeated - be sure to go to the antenatal clinic. It is necessary to be examined.

When ovulation occurs after menstruation

The length of the cycle depends on when ovulation occurs (and whether it occurs at all). Normally, most often 14 days after the egg cell leaves the dominant follicle into the abdominal cavity, menstruation begins. Between ovulation and monthly 14 days should be. Normally, slight deviations in 1-2 days are possible.

If you have a normal cycle in 28 days, but for some reason the egg has matured earlier - on the 11-12 day, the monthly will come on the 25-26 day of the cycle.

This happens after successful treatment of diseases, when the body recovers well and quickly. Another reason - a long rest in a warm climate, the sea or mineral springs.

Menstruation begins a little earlier than the usual period - no need to be afraid of it, if only it did not come before 21 days.

The second half of the cycle lasts two weeks, but the first one can go on even longer - for example, you have suffered serious stress this month. The ovum matures slowly, the monthly "gather" only for 31-31 days. All of this - the standard options.

Perhaps your cycle is always 21 days. A short cycle is typical for young girls. The main thing is to ensure that it is regular. A month is also good if this is always the case. The cycle is slightly lengthened in adult women with steady menstruation. Closer to the menopause cycle can be extended to 40-48 days.

Can there be ovulation immediately after menstruation

Immediately after the previous cycle, the onset of ovulation is impossible. After all, the body needs to carry out hard work in preparation for pregnancy. It takes several days before a new dominant follicle matures.

That is why the first 8-10 days after the onset of menstruation are conditionally considered safe days in relation to conception. The calendar method of protection from pregnancy is based on this.

However, it is impossible to predict how the female body will behave when changing lifestyle and other circumstances. Therefore, theoretically, there are cases when conception can happen on the 7-8th day of the cycle - if during this period the egg cell suddenly has time to mature. Then there would be a very small break - less than 21 days.

With regard to fertilization, you need to know that spermatozoa are able to live in the genitals of a woman up to 7 days after intercourse. That is, conception immediately after menstruation is possible, and the days that are called safe in the ovulation calculator are conditionally safe.

Malfunctions of the reproductive system occur for various reasons. Between the first and second menstrual periods a minimum break is possible during adolescence and during menopausal changes. For premenopause is characterized by an increase in the period between menstruation.

If the amount of progesterone produced is increased, then the egg may not mature at all - the cycle will be reduced. The follicular phase is reduced (the first half of the cycle, when eggs in the follicles mature). Normally, it goes a little less than 2 weeks.

In this case, the interval between the beginning of the month and the starting point of the secretory phase will be less than 7 days. The shortest normal cycle is 21 days. If it is shorter - perhaps you do not ovulate.

It can be diagnosed on ultrasound, only it will need to go through several times.

Now we know what the break between the months should be - the middle and the shortest. And what could be the longest - but at the same time the reproductive system works normally?

The largest cycle between the monthly

If your cycle is more than 28, but less than 36 days - do not worry, everything is in order. The big cycle between the months shows only that the first half of the cycle (follicular) is long. The body in terms of your hormonal background need more time for the maturation of the oocyte.

The normal period between periods is up to 35 days. If more - it allows you to suspect a violation: hormone production is wrong. The cycle is extended after 45 years, as the process of maturation of the egg comes with changes.

In women of middle reproductive age, oligomenorrhea can occur, a condition in which the period between menstruation reaches 40 days or more.

This condition requires treatment: ovarian function is impaired, perhaps they are depleted.

Often, oligomenorrhea is accompanied by acne on the face, back, and an increase in the hormone testosterone, under the influence of which ovulation is suppressed. The monthly periods themselves are scarce.

Violations of hormone production by the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid gland malfunction - all this can lead to a lengthening of the cycle. If you are planning a child - it is necessary to conduct an examination, and in case of revealed violations - treatment.

Blood discharge between menstruation

Sometimes there is blood discharge between menstruation, the causes of which are very different. It is important to remember the main thing - bleeding, even if they go without pain and are not abundant - this is always a reason to go to a doctor.

Bleeding between periods should not! The only exception is when a woman in ovulation constantly has microscopic droplets of blood, visible only as a weak mark on toilet paper.

This is possible due to damage to small blood vessels, when ovulation is very bright, and small blood vessels are fragile.

In this case, this phenomenon is always observed 14 days before menstruation - it is easy to calculate.

It happens that a woman notices a daub between monthly brown or beige color. Why do colored whites appear in the middle of a cycle? There are many reasons:

  • polyps
  • endometrial hyperplasia,
  • erosion,
  • inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs.

Brown chocolate discharge after menstruation and before it starts - a symptom of endometriosis.

In any case, even if the blood is a little bit, you need to be examined: to be tested for hormones and abnormal cells, to undergo an ultrasound. The bloody discharge between the months indicates some pathological process that needs to be identified and eliminated.

The monthly cycle should be regular and range from 21 to 35 days. If you have deviations from these figures, it is better to contact your gynecologist to check your health. And in the period when you decide to plan a baby, you will not have serious difficulties with it.

1 cycle time

The average duration of the menstrual cycle is 28-30 days. Bleeding for 2-7 days is the beginning of the first phase of the cycle. Symptoms of menstruation in most women look the same. When do unpleasant illnesses appear? Starting from the 24-26 day of the cycle, that is, in its second phase, women observe a number of physical and psychological symptoms caused by hormonal changes. In some women, pain and indisposition prevail, in others irritation, despondency and sadness. PMS (premenstrual syndrome) begins, which is especially severe in women between 30 and 40 years of age. Very severe abdominal pain during this period can be reduced by using painkillers or hormonal pills.

2 Characteristics of the ICP

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that is characterized by unpleasant symptoms and affects many women. Its symptoms are not a threat to life or health, however, they are rather uncomfortable, which is why women often seek help from gynecologists.

Premenstrual syndrome in women - the presence of common and local groups of symptoms and mental disorders observed in the second part of the cycle (usually in the last 10 days before the menstrual period). How many women suffer from PMS? This phenomenon occurs in about 5% of women.

3 Causes of ailments

Causes of ailments before menstruation are not fully understood. Mostly they are associated with hormonal disorders. Recently, scientists have suggested that progesterone metabolites, acting on the central nervous system, are responsible for the occurrence of premenstrual syndrome.

It is assumed that the lack of progestogens with an excess of estrogen and the associated accumulation of water in the extracellular space, can influence the development of unpleasant symptoms.

Premenstrual syndrome in women occurs mainly after 30 years of life, its symptoms are the most critical in recent years before menopause. After menopause, the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome completely disappear.

4 Symptoms of imminent onset

The characteristic symptoms of premenstrual symptom from a range of mental disorders are:

Mood swings become a problem not only for the patient, but also for his environment. In addition, the premenstrual syndrome is accompanied by more serious signs: a decrease in mood, a depressive state. There is a decrease in libido and a deterioration in sexual activity during the onset of symptoms. In addition to the symptoms associated with impaired mental character, innocuous but unpleasant somatic illnesses appear during the premenstrual syndrome.

Women suffering from PMS, very often complain of mastodynia, that is, tension and painful swelling of the breast. In addition, patients go to doctors because of edema and weight gain. Women in this case often talk about the feeling of overflow and heaviness of the body.

For the treatment and prevention of problems with the menstrual cycle (amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, Opsomenorrhea, etc.) and vaginal dysbacteriosis, our readers successfully use the simple advice of the chief gynecologist Leyla Adamova. Having carefully studied this method, we decided to offer it to your attention.

This is probably due to hormonal changes in the body and water retention in the body. After ovulation in women with premenstrual syndrome increased appetite. Approximately half of the patients report abdominal pain before menstruation. Pain before menstruation, localized in the abdominal cavity, is not the only symptom. In addition, many women suffer from paroxysmal headaches, sometimes with migraine patterns. There are consistent characteristic health problems: a rash on the skin and a feeling of palpitations.

Premenstrual syndrome leads to the fact that many women have a strong sense of dissatisfaction with their appearance, a sense of lack of attractiveness. This, in turn, is directly related to a decrease in libido.

The most common symptoms of PMS in women include:

  • breast tenderness
  • swelling,
  • weight gain
  • sleep problems (drowsiness or insomnia),
  • headaches,
  • back pain,
  • increased appetite
  • constipation,
  • bloating
  • stomach ache,
  • deterioration of the skin, a tendency to dry it, as well as the formation of acne,
  • propensity to exacerbate chronic diseases (for example, asthma, migraine, epilepsy).
  • KAK UNDERWATER TRIP?

5 Diagnosis and treatment procedures

The basis of the diagnostic process is the history and clinical examination of the patient. The physician must exclude organic pathologies of the reproductive organ. In some cases, the help of a psychiatrist is important for assessing the symptoms of depression.

Treatment with PMS drugs (even those available over-the-counter) should be given after consulting a doctor. In the diagnosis of premenstrual syndrome are used: examination, gynecological examination, laboratory tests with an assessment of the profile of the endocrine system. It is assumed that about 5-10% of women turn to a gynecologist because of the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.

In the treatment of premenstrual syndrome, oral contraceptives - gestagens are used. It is the only drug that can alleviate most PMS symptoms. However, they can affect the worsening symptoms of depression. The remaining drugs relieve symptoms to a lesser extent. Bromocriptine reduces chest tension and unpleasant mastodynia symptoms.

In depressive states, a psychiatrist may prescribe drugs that inhibit serotonin reuptake in the brain. Increasing its concentration in the central nervous system helps to affect mood improvement. Sometimes used drainage drugs that block the synthesis of prostaglandins.

6 preventive measures

Unpleasant symptoms of premenstrual syndrome can significantly reduce the quality of life, so you should find ways to mitigate them. What are effective ways to have PMS in women? These include:

  • rest, complete sleep,
  • the use of relaxation techniques (for example, listening to relaxing music, aromatherapy bath, massage),
  • physical activity contributes to the release of endorphins, which bring a feeling of happiness, in addition, after physical exertion, the woman feels easier, the activity of the gastrointestinal tract also improves,
  • social activity (especially the presence in the company of people with a positive attitude towards the world),
  • cold compresses on the chest will help overcome the pain and swelling.

An appropriate diet for low-salt PMS, favorable for water retention in the body. The diet should contain foods rich in fats, vitamins (for example, vitamins E, A, vitamins of group B) and minerals (for example, potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, iron), dietary fiber, which facilitate digestion. It is recommended to consume foods that help remove excess water from the body: parsley, tomatoes, bananas, and watercress. You need to maintain proper hydration of the body. It is important to eat food in small portions, but with frequent meals (optimally 5 times a day).

7 Herbal infusions

Herbal infusions can help in alleviating the symptoms of PMS:

  • Melissa infusion relaxes and calms,
  • chamomile soothing,
  • dandelion infusion helps to get rid of excess water in the body,
  • an infusion of nettle has a diuretic effect,
  • an infusion of dill prevents bloating,
  • flax seed infusion prevents constipation,
  • St. John's wort extract has an antidepressant effect.

In addition, in the days preceding menstruation, it is worthwhile to give up alcohol or reduce its consumed amount, since it is worse tolerated and aggravates symptoms, such as, for example, headache.

In some women, the mental symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (for example, a decrease in mood) are very strong and limit activity, reduce the comfort of life, so they need psychotherapy.

8 Drug therapy

It happens that the use of home methods to combat PMS is insufficient, and women struggling with the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome need to use drugs such as:

  • medications antispasmodic, soothing abdominal pain,
  • drugs from the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors,
  • antipyretic (paracetamol, ibuprofen),
  • diuretics (considering their side effects, for example, leaching of useful minerals, should be used only in justified cases, under strict medical supervision),
  • danazol (a drug that lowers the effects of estrogen and progesterone),
  • hormonal contraceptives (most often in the form of oral pills, sometimes intravaginal or topical use is possible),
  • sedatives.

To alleviate the symptoms of PMS, as a rule, herbal preparations are available, available without a doctor's prescription. They contain isoflavones - vegetable estrogens. It is worth paying attention to taking medications with magnesium and vitamin B6 (their deficiency contributes to insufficient secretion of serotonin, which increases the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome).

It should be remembered that the treatment of premenstrual syndrome is a long, sometimes continuing throughout the reproductive period process, requiring the woman to internal discipline and the steady implementation of all doctor's orders.

And a little about the secrets.

Have you ever suffered from problems with Menstrual cycle? Judging by the fact that you are reading this article - the victory was not on your side. And of course you do not know firsthand what it is:

  • heavy or scanty clots
  • chest and lower back pain
  • pain during sex
  • unpleasant smell
  • urination discomfort

And now answer the question: does it suit you? Is it possible to endure problems? And how much money have you already “leaked” to ineffective treatment? That's right - it's time to stop with this! Do you agree? That is why we decided to publish an interview with the chief gynecologist of Russia Leyla Adamova, in which she revealed the simple secret of normalizing the menstrual cycle. Read the article ...

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  • Causes of headache before menstruation

I suffered a lot from PMS. It was a nagging pain in the lower back, in the stomach. Not one menstruation managed without pills which removed spasms. On ultrasound, it turned out that I have a strong pollipoz in the uterus, due to excessive production of estrogen. It is an excess of estrogen gave such symptoms in PMS. And of course, it was not about any pregnancy, it was simply not possible. After treatment, everything was fine. So girls, if the body is very worried about PMS, contact your gynecologist better with this problem, perhaps these are symptoms of a disease. Or at least he will write you out medicines that will help you survive this period.

It is very clearly noted that PMS more begins to manifest itself in the interval between 3-40 years. Until that age, there was no hint of this period. And now on the face of all the symptoms written in the article.

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