Hysteroscopy is a method that allows you to examine the uterus. There is a diagnostic and operational hysteroscopy. Like most invasive techniques, hysteroscopy requires a surgical experience and skill from the doctor. In the absence of such, there may be complications that entail a danger to the life of a woman.
Features of the procedure
Hysteroscopy is performed from the sixth to the tenth day of the menstrual cycle. During this procedure, the gynecologist inserts a hysteroscope into the uterine cavity, as a result of which an image of her cavity appears on the screen. During hysteroscopy, unpleasant pain may occur. Her treatment method is performed under general anesthesia, and the diagnostic method is carried out “live”. Basically, this procedure lasts from ten to thirty minutes, depending on the severity of the disease of the woman. At the end of hysteroscopy, it is necessary to clarify with the doctor how much to refrain from intimate relationships. Doctors recommend abstinence for three weeks after therapeutic hysteroscopy. After the diagnostic method, this recommendation covers only three days.
Monthly after hysteroscopy can go with a delay due to the removal of the endometrium during the procedure. Hysteroscopy is carried out in case of violations of the menstruation cycle, bleeding, polyps, hyperplasia, uterine fibroids, when there are fetus remnants after an abortion or miscarriage, after a cesarean section, if the woman physically fails to bear the child. Basically, menstruation after hysteroscopy resumes after a month. If there is a problem of violation of the cycle, then you need to know its cause. For example, hysteroscopy was carried out after surgery, which is called curettage of the uterus or termination of pregnancy, in which case it will take time for the body to restructure and the menstrual cycle resumes. Scraping is also called cleaning the uterus.
What else is important to know
This procedure is prescribed by doctors in order to remove the top layer of the uterine mucosa. Most women notice that menstruation after hysteroscopy continues for a very long time. This means that during the operation the mucous membrane of the fallopian tubes or uterus was damaged. Especially careful to be when the first periods after hysteroscopy. If you notice a very strong blood loss, then it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor, as only a gynecologist can figure out the cause of the violation and prescribe drugs that will eliminate this process. If, after hysteroscopy, menstruation has a very sharp and nasty smell, a black tint, then this may be the result of any additional illness. This may be a sign of endometriosis, perforation of the uterus or uterine bleeding. Endometritis appears as a result of the introduction of any infection into the uterus. It manifests itself within three days after surgery. Perforation of the uterus or uterine bleeding occurs due to violation of the rules of the operation, that is, perforation of the uterine wall by the device. In the case of this disease, surgery may be urgently required. Keep in mind that after any surgery it is necessary to monitor the discharge and, if necessary, consult a doctor.
What should be monthly after hysteroscopy?
Women's health for every woman is the key to her well-being and beautiful appearance. Ladies who take care of themselves must pass a gynecologist's examination and all necessary examinations in a timely manner. One of the most popular diagnostic procedures in modern gynecology is hysteroscopy. This study allows you to examine the uterus and make an accurate diagnosis. The specialist enters the uterine cavity, which has reflective properties, which allows the specialist to see the uterine cavity on the screen.
Uterine hysteroscopy - a popular diagnostic procedure
As with any study, this examination affects the woman's body and may entail consequences that depend on the type of research conducted.
There are the following types of hysteroscopy:
- Surgical. It is used to quickly solve the problems of uterine polyp or fibroids with minimal possibility of injury to the female body.
- Microhysteroscopy. This type of research is diagnostic. The apparatus used for the procedure allows us to examine the uterine tissue at the cellular level without damaging them.
- Diagnostic. It is a routine examination.
During the study, the endometrium is removed, which is why menstruation may begin later. Monthly after hysteroscopy begin to go after a month of the prescribed number of days. But sometimes the cycle can be broken and then you need to consult a gynecologist and go through the necessary research to determine the cause of the problem. If there was a violation of the menstrual cycle after surgery, then do not worry, because it will take some time to fully restore the body.
Endometrium - the shell of the uterus, if you remove it, menstruation will begin later
The effect of the procedure on menstruation depends on the type of hysteroscopy performed:
Diagnostic hysteroscopy rarely causes cycle disturbances.
After the procedure, the women may change not only the time of the onset of menstruation, but also the nature of the bleeding. All changes that can occur depend on the reaction of the female body. No one will be able to predict the nature of menstruation after the study, because everything depends on the characteristics of the female body.
Some women may have heavy periods, while others may have small blood smears. Neither in the first nor in the second case, this can not be considered a pathology. The nature of the discharge depends on the ability of the mucous membrane of the uterus to recover.
But it is better for a woman to follow some time for the discharge, and if she is worried about something, consult with the gynecologist. It is necessary to pay attention to the consistency, color and smell of discharge. Alarming signal are brown discharge with an unpleasant odor. This symptom may occur with the development of postoperative inflammation.
In some cases, after hysteroscopy, very heavy periods are observed.
Monthly after hysteroscopy may differ from what they were before the procedure. Therefore:
Women should remember that, despite the harmlessness of hysteroscopy, it is an operation that violates the integrity of the tissues. This increases the risk of infection in the postoperative period. Therefore, women should strictly comply with all therapeutic prescriptions of the doctor and the rules of personal hygiene.
Menstruation after hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is a highly informative method for diagnosing the uterine cavity. It has a number of advantages and its advantages. Often, after hysteroscopy, heavy periods can disturb a woman, which is the body's response to an intervention. You also need to remember that it is always individually. No one can predict how the menstrual cycle will be restored and how it will flow, when the monthly periods begin, and how long they will last.
So, hysteroscopy is an instrumental examination of the uterus. It allows you to fully and thoroughly examine the uterus, to identify damage to the endometrium, tumors and other neoplasms. The main advantage of the method is the ability to directly remove the formations during the procedure, take a biopsy and perform the necessary manipulations. Removal of polyps, adhesions and some other outgrowths of the mucous membrane occurs in the course of hysteroresectoscopy.
Why do hysteroscopy appear after hysteroscopy? The recovery of menstruation after hysteroscopy occurs at different time intervals. Sometimes it should take a long time, sometimes - the first menstrual periods after the operation may come on time and will not differ from the previous ones. In some cases, menstruation may begin even earlier than usual.
It must be remembered that each organism is individual and the reaction is impossible to predict.
If hysteroscopy was performed to diagnose the state of the organs after curettage, then menstrual periods after cyscling hysteroscopy occur depending on the hormonal status. Separate diagnostic curettage (EFD) is performed in the following sequence: first, material is taken from the cervical canal, and then from the uterus. The study is performed either a few days before the next menstruation, or a few days after, in the second half of the cycle. Depending on the rate of tissue healing, the menstrual cycle will be restored. In the case of an abortion, a strong restructuring occurs, which will cause a delay in menstruation.
An infection may occur during surgery. The probability of this is low, but it is still there. In case of infection, painful periods begin. In this case, there will be a long-term recovery of the body and we are talking here already about saving life and health.
Many patients who have undergone surgery, note that some time after it came very heavy periods. Their duration also varies, the first periods after the intervention will be longer than before. When will the next monthly, and how much will be restored cycle is difficult to say.
We analyze in order. How to determine how big the problem is? Notice how often the gasket has to be changed. With too much secretion - more often than once every 3-4 hours. Then you should consult with your doctor, who will tell you what to do. You also need to pay attention to whether there is a need to change hygiene products at night. If a woman is concerned about the duration of her period, which brings her discomfort, then you should definitely seek medical help. Abundant amounts of menstrual blood can cause weakness and will greatly interfere with life.
What monthly in volume and whether their quantity varies is very important. Often come scanty periods after hysteroscopy. This may be due to the fact that sometimes after surgery, the nature of menstruation is reversed. That is, if earlier they were abundant, now they will be scarce and last less, or vice versa.
The structure of the discharge may change. This means that clots appear, the color of the discharge and the smell change. Changes begin immediately after hysteroscopy. Menstruation with clots can be directly related to the postoperative period, when blood secretion occurs. Women note that menstruation in this case began earlier than expected. An unpleasant smell may indicate an accession infection. How dangerous it is, even no need to explain. The infection process can affect not only the genitals, but also go further, become generalized.
Any changes in the nature of menstruation should alert the woman and force to seek help!
Brown menstruation after hysteroscopy may indicate endometriosis. If menstruation has gone prematurely, before the expected time, it is most likely a postoperative discharge.
Menstruation after hysteroscopy can be painful. The fact is that the operation, especially with resection of tumors, is a damaging factor for the uterine mucosa. She needs time to heal, restore full-fledged work. This period is accompanied by pain. There is almost no chance that they will remain forever.
For a speedy recovery and restoration of sexual function, a woman should follow all the recommendations of specialists.
It is necessary to refrain from sexual intercourse for up to a month. It depends on how much intervention was performed. Be sure to limit physical activity and do not lift heavy things. A woman should be protected from hypothermia or overheating.
In case of infection, the patient should take prescribed medications, follow all rules of personal hygiene. Recovery from surgery is a long process, it can take a different amount of time. Recovery is more dependent on the patient.
Features and timing of the next menstrual period after hysteroscopy
Modern method of diagnosis and treatment of gynecological problems - hysteroscopy. It represents a low-impact penetration into the uterine cavity with a special probe, which is equipped with a video camera. In some cases, a visual examination is combined with an operation; therefore, women who are to undergo this procedure are interested in how menstruation passes after hysteroscopy.
The method of hysteroscopy is used when it is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis, to perform a biopsy of the endometrium, to remove overgrown polyps or the inner layer of the genital organ. They resort to hysteroscopy, when adhesions or partitions inside the uterus must be removed. It is used in the framework of in vitro fertilization, if you want to place embryos in the uterus.
If the procedure is prescribed for diagnostic purposes, then it does not last long - about half an hour and does not require anesthesia. Surgical operation is carried out in stationary conditions and involves the use of general anesthesia. It is carried out sparingly, which is why after hysteroscopy on the second day a woman is allowed to go home.
Hysteroscopy for diagnostic purposes has virtually no effect on the menstrual cycle. This procedure is usually performed immediately after the menstrual flow has stopped. At this time, the endometrium is still not too thick, which allows a good view of its surface and uterine cavity.
Usually, after hysteroscopy, menstruation begins exactly on time or shifts by 2–3 days. It depends on the characteristics of the female body. Surgical hysteroscopy, during which curettage of the mucous membrane under the control of a video camera occurs, can affect the timing of the onset of the following menstruation.
This is due to the fact that the artificial detachment of the endometrium injures the walls of the uterus and it begins to bleed. Monthly after surgery go up to 3 weeks, sometimes a little longer. When menstruation can come after this depends on the individual response to the operation. Some women experience a cycle failure in the first month after curettage, but it soon normalizes.
If we take into account that the endometrium is removed during surgical hysteroscopy, the day of surgery is taken on the first day of the new monthly cycle. After manipulation, a new layer is formed that lines the uterus. As soon as he is ripe, menstruation will begin again.
In some women, the period of its occurrence is shifted very slightly - menstruation can begin only a few days later, while in others the delay can last for a long time. But since the operation does not affect the hormones, the menstrual cycle is normalized within a few months. How quickly this happens depends on the history of infectious diseases, abortions, the number of births and other factors that affect a woman’s health.
Regular periods after scraping hysteroscopy can go with more scarce, than before, secretions and at the same time last several days longer. It is not scary if, instead of the usual blood with small clots, a woman notices during this period only drops on a pad or bloody daub. After some time, the amount of discharge is normalized.
Scanty periods after hysteroscopy appeared with a pungent odor, acquired an unusual shade - it is worth the alert. It is possible that an infectious process develops in the reproductive organs. In this case, you need to postpone all cases and come to your gynecologist, who will prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Too much blood, which a woman loses when menstruation came, should also attract particular attention. Normally, changing the gasket has no more than 3 hours. If it gets soaked faster, it is worth sounding the alarm. In order to prevent serious bleeding, an urgent need to go to the doctor.
Possible complications after surgical hysteroscopy
Bleeding, which may begin as menstruation, causes anemia. In this condition, the amount of hemoglobin in the blood decreases, and the organs are poorly supplied with oxygen. Pale skin, fatigue and dizziness are those signs in which a woman can be suspicious of severe blood loss.
Scanty bleeding, which occurs after doing a hysteroscopy with curettage, can come with a deterioration of the general condition. Sometimes women complain of lower abdominal pain and fever. Это может быть свидетельством того, что при операции в маточной полости остался кусок эндометрия. Либо в детородный орган попала инфекция и теперь развивается эндометрит.
Hysteroscopy is an operation that must be performed by a high-class surgeon. After all, one wrong movement can lead to serious consequences that arise when the walls of the reproductive organ are damaged. The development of inflammation associated with infection of a wound inside the uterus can cause infertility.
The recommendations that doctors give to their patients depend on the type of hysteroscopy performed. If it was a diagnostic procedure, and a few days after it there is no discharge, then after 10 days you can have sex. There are no restrictions concerning the mode of work and rest.
If surgical hysteroscopy was performed, the list of medical recommendations is more extensive. Experts advise to avoid sexual intercourse in the first month after the procedure, explaining that it takes time until the wound in the uterus heals. In addition, during this period there is the likelihood of infection during sexual intercourse.
Also gynecologists recommend:
- refrain from visiting saunas, baths, swimming pools,
- taking a shower, wash with special means for intimate hygiene,
- do not douching, stop using vaginal medications,
- do not use sanitary tampons, replacing them with gaskets,
- limit physical exertion
- rest a lot, sleep well,
- eat foods that improve intestinal function.
After surgery, the doctor prescribes a course of antibiotic therapy. At the same time, he should focus the woman’s attention on the fact that aspirin and other blood thinning medications cannot be used. During the first and second week after hysteroscopy, a woman should monitor body temperature, measuring it twice a day.
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Features of menstruation after hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is an extremely important modern procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of a number of gynecological diseases. Through this event, it is possible to eliminate in detail the pathology, examine the uterus and combat the causal factors that caused infertility. Whether it is worth holding this event, the specialist decides, guided by the presence of the testimony and their ratio to the probable harm of the event. But the last word, as in a number of other situations, remains with the patient. One of the key factors that can be observed during the implementation of the procedure is the changed monthly after hysteroscopy. Consider the causes of fluctuations in the cycle and features of the fight against the consequences of this event.
Hysteroscopy is a manipulative treatment of diagnostic nature, which allows to make a visual assessment of the uterus and determine the presence / absence of pathological processes within it. Through the survey methodology can be detected:
- anomalies of the structure of the body,
- the need for an operation
- pathologies present,
- foreign objects.
Hysteroscopy is an endoscopic examination method and is performed using a hysteroscope by trained professional. If we consider the literal translation of the procedure from the Greek language, it looks like “examine the uterus”. Manipulation can be diagnostic and therapeutic, depending on the purpose of the exercise. In the first case, the task is not only a detailed examination of the surface of the uterus, but also the collection of the endometrium for biopsy. In the second situation, the doctor performs surgery aimed at removing the pathological formations. Therefore, it is not surprising that the periods after hysteroscopy change, their cycle is updated, and the nature of the discharge itself may also be subject to change.
Depending on the purpose, hysteroscopy can be, as already mentioned, diagnostic and healing. Diagnosis is necessary in order to identify body problems and further decisions on their elimination. The medical process starts immediately after examining the internal uterine cavity, it is traditionally aimed at surgical intervention in order to eliminate polyps, resect fibroids, eliminate adhesions. Another type of event is the control type of operations, it is carried out after a certain time period (usually 6 months) after intrauterine procedures. In order for the operation to be carried out qualitatively, it is necessary to expand the uterus, as well as to ensure the full expansion of the uterine walls. To do this, in the uterine cavity input media.
Monthly after hysteroscopy may be subject to change. If they are small and short in time, this is normal. This condition passes without external intervention in a few weeks. If the menstrual flow has enormous differences from the usual discharge, you should consult with your doctor and take urgent therapeutic measures. There are several conditions that can be encountered after the event.
Gynecologists, undertaking the implementation of this procedure, seek to immediately warn the patient that there is a chance of delay. Traditionally, a full-fledged recovery process requires one month for the female body, but, as elsewhere, there are certain exceptions in this situation. The study acts as a stressful situation, so menstruation after hysteroscopy may come 1-2 or even 3 weeks later than expected. But their duration and consistency should be the same as under normal condition.
If this process is accompanied by curettage, the normal state is a change in the cycle, equal in the number of days to the period starting from the last month and finishing the date of the procedure. As a rule, the first discharge of blood appears after 30 days. If critical days have not come during the 7-week period, this should be a serious reason to visit the attending specialist, because the condition requires the need for a therapeutic process. Occasionally, serious conditions in the form of cervical spasm, which does not have the best effects, act as a causative factor of such changes.
If the duration of the flow of menstruation is subject to change, this may be the norm and not act as a sign of a serious pathological process. The cause of this condition is the personal response of the woman’s body to the surgical process. How long a period is taken by menstruation is determined by the state of women's health, the number of abortions performed or the generic process, the presence / absence of pathologies. If prolonged critical days are followed by pain and changes in the consistency of the discharge, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist.
Monthly after removal of the uterus may also come ahead of schedule. The fact is that due to stress and anxiety, various adjustments occur in the menstrual cycle, in particular, its regularity changes. This factor is the key reason for the early start of “these” days. In such a situation, it is necessary to ensure regular monitoring of your own well-being in order to timely determine uterine bleeding or the inflammatory process. In such situations, "cases" may be accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen and lower back.
Often, patients find, instead of the usual discharge, scanty discharge of blood. This situation can be considered absolutely normal, so it is not worth the panic. The key causative factor of this phenomenon is the fact that a specialist made a collection of endometrial tissues during the procedure, so she does not have time to recover. If the scanty discharge is dark, and is also accompanied by a deterioration in the general condition of the patient, fever, pain, there is a possibility of an infectious process. An urgent need to consult with a specialist.
The emergence of abundant menstruation acts as an alarm signal for every woman. If during critical days a woman is forced to change the gasket every 2-3 hours, and there is also a decrease in blood pressure, a sign of weakness, this is a serious reason to see a doctor. In no case should not begin self-treatment, because only by an experienced specialist can achieve a normal state and reduce blood loss. If you turn to a good doctor, your period will be adjusted.
Any surgical intervention entails damage to tissue integrity. In this case, the menstrual cycle will be broken. This condition manifests itself for the following reasons:
- probable infection during or after the manipulation,
- endometrial layer thinning that occurred during the procedure,
- stressful and depressed states and situations
- hormonal disruptions (especially if the manipulation was carried out in order to terminate the pregnancy).
All these reasons are extremely significant for the body and are designed to have a serious impact on it.
If the event is carried out for diagnostic purposes, its outcome will in no way affect the state of the menstrual cycle. This condition occurs almost immediately after the manipulation. During this time period, the endometrium has a small thickness indicator. Usually, after such an event, critical days go on time or with a maximum delay of 2-3 days. This time period is dependent on the individual characteristics of the woman’s body. Surgical intervention, under the influence of which changes have occurred, may have a more significant impact on the periods of menstruation. This can be explained by the artificial process of endometrial detachment and the injury of the uterine walls.
The menstruation that occurred after the operation lasts about 3 weeks. Sometimes this period may be longer. When it comes, it is dependent on the personal response of the body to the operation. In some women, failure occurs only in the first days, and then the state returns to normal. At the same time, some of the fair sex are forced to suffer from longer failures. If we consider that during this event the endometrium is removed, then the day of surgery is considered the first day of the new cycle.
After the procedure is completed, a new layer is created, after its maturation a new menstrual cycle comes into play. Some women see only a slight shift in time - only a few days, while other women have a delay for weeks. But since the operation does not affect the state of the hormonal background, the cycle normalizes over several months. How quickly this happens is dependent on the presence in the history of a number of diseases.
Hysterectomy is an event that can cause certain difficulties and difficulties.
Bleeding starting as critical days. This process can cause a state of anemia. In this case, there is a reduction in the amount of hemoglobin, as well as an insufficient supply of oxygen to the organs. To this state is added a few more signs, consisting of dizziness, general weakness and loss of strength.
The occurrence of poor blood discharge. Often they are in the case when the measure is carried out along with scraping. At the same time, the general state of health of a woman can noticeably deteriorate. Sometimes pain is manifested in the lower abdomen, and sometimes a feverish state is formed. This state of affairs can be a sign of a residue in the uterine cavity of a part of the endometrium, as well as an infection in the genital tract.
The event should be carried out by professional high-class surgeons. After all, if at least one wrong movement is observed, this can be the result of serious consequences in the form of infertility, cancer tumors, serious inflammatory and infectious diseases of the genital tract.
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Why are scanty periods after hysteroscopy?
Monthly after hysteroscopy should not differ from those before the procedure, except when there were problems with their scarcity or the cycle has not been established. In most cases, hysteroscopy normalizes the menstrual cycle.
Due to the fact that the procedure is carried out on the next day after the end of the next menstruation, the period after hysteroscopy should come in its due time, although deviations are possible, both upward and downward.
Hysteroscopy is an invasive procedure that requires good skills from the surgeon. It is carried out as part of a diagnosis, it confirms or refutes the diagnosis, and can be carried out for the purpose of treating or taking a biomaterial for research. Monthly after hysteroscopy should not have significant differences from the usual. Within the normal range, the menstrual cycle should recover in a month, and the date of hysteroscopy is the first day of the cycle. This is due to the fact that this procedure is done for 6-10 days after the next menstruation began.
How scanty the periods will be after hysteroscopy depends on the individuality of each woman, since the body reacts to stimuli differently. The cycle may begin earlier, may begin later, the selection may be more abundant than usual or represent a daub, it is impossible to say in advance. Usually, the scarcity of secretions is due to the fact that the endometrium is scraped during the procedure, and its layer can still be quite thin by the beginning of menstruation, hence the unusual, small in size, menstruation.
The duration of menstruation may also be longer, or maybe shorter, just a couple of days. But this passes, but if the discharge has an unpleasant smell and an unusual color, this is an alarming signal, an urgent need to consult a gynecologist, since most likely it is an infection that has joined, and immediate treatment is required.
You should pay attention to the abundant discharge, and if they are too large, this is also a reason for going to the doctor so that he can say for sure if the bleeding has opened. Usually, the change of gaskets should occur at least three hours, it is considered the norm. If it is necessary to send hygienic procedures more often, this is a deviation from the norm; a visit to a gynecologist is required.
During hysteroscopy, the doctor examines the uterine cavity with a miniature video camera that feeds the image to the screen, and if there is a pathology, it can be seen. And this procedure is not so harmless, so you should refrain from sexual intimacy for at least several days, if only diagnostics were performed, and for three weeks, if medical manipulations were performed. Otherwise, you can bring the infection into the uterine cavity, and then the monthly after hysteroscopy will not be within normal limits.
Hysteroscopy is performed in the following cases: when surgery was performed in the uterine cavity, such as curettage when the endometrium grows, after an abortion or a spontaneous miscarriage. If it is impossible to conceive a child, when there are no prerequisites for this, if a woman has uterine bleeding in the period of menopause, with abnormal development of the uterus, if there are polyps in it. And most importantly, in this way you can detect myoma, or a tumor of the uterine muscle layer. Similarly, hysteroscopy helps to detect endometrial malignancy.
If there are inflammatory processes in the uterus or genitals, hysteroscopy cannot be performed. If cervical cancer is detected, pregnancy has occurred, there is a pronounced uterine bleeding, hysteroscopy is also contraindicated. Before conducting this examination, a woman must undergo a series of tests, necessarily blood and urine, as well as for the presence of infections, HIV, hepatitis and syphilis. We also need a smear to determine the purity of the vagina, whether there are bacteria in it.
It is not necessary to be afraid of this type of examination and treatment; if surgery is required, it will be done under general anesthesia, and it is not required for diagnosis. Manipulations are live, the sensations are unpleasant, but not too painful. After hysteroscopy for a few days there are bloody discharges, but they are within the normal range, and they disappear in a few days.
Если месячные после гистероскопии сильно отличаются от привычного цикла, никогда нельзя оставлять их без внимания, обязательно нужно посетить доктора, чтобы не возникла угроза здоровью, а то и жизни. Небольшие отклонения – норма, они пройдут сами.
Здоровье нужно сохранять, в том числе и женское, и для этого при любых сбоях в работе органов нужно немедленно обращаться к врачу. Он назначает обследование, в том числе и гистероскопию. At the same time, the menstrual cycle is normalized, and menstrual periods after hysteroscopy begin to arrive on time.
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