The body of each woman has only her characteristic features. This primarily refers to the duration of menstruation. The duration of menstruation can be influenced by both external and internal factors. External factors include a woman’s lifestyle and environmental conditions. The internal factors include the physiological features of the body, the presence of gynecological diseases. How long do menstruation last?
If a woman has pathologies associated with the reproductive system, her period becomes unstable, and the nature of the discharge changes very often. Find out the cause of deviations from the norm is possible only after a comprehensive inspection.
Sometimes, in addition to gynecologists, other narrow specialists also take part in the examination. According to the doctors, each woman has her own monthly period, but it should not be less than three days and more than seven days. How many days of the month go, depends on the woman's body.
Any deviations from these norms require careful study, since all of them will indicate the presence of certain problems in the body that have influenced the monthly cycle. In this case, the woman needs treatment. A neglected disease will lead to the appearance of complications, which will be much more difficult to eliminate than stopping the development of the disease at the initial stage.
During menstruation, the body defenses weaken. This is due to blood loss, especially if your period is abundant. For these reasons, a woman may feel weak, fatigued. Critical days may be accompanied by a headache.
With the end of menstruation in their normal course, all the discomfort quickly disappears. On average, for the entire period of menstruation a woman can lose up to 80 ml. blood. How many days she goes monthly is normal, a woman should know well.
How long do menstruation last for women of 35 years? Monthly at this age are on average 5-6 days. If a woman at this age begins to delay, the cycle is lost, you need to visit a doctor, since in a small percentage of women these abnormalities may be a sign of an early onset of menopause.
The cycle time normally fits in from 21 days to 35 days. The start date of the month can move in one direction or another for up to four days. With a longer absence of menstruation, we can already talk about a delay.
Monthly are considered abnormal if their duration does not exceed two days. Pathology is considered a condition of the body when menstruation has a duration of more than seven days.
In two days, the volume of blood lost is too small, and according to the doctors' estimates, it does not exceed forty milliliters. With long periods of time, these figures change in the opposite direction and may exceed a volume of one hundred milliliters.
Littering brown tint, starting two days before menstruation, or two days after menstruation, when calculating refer to the period of menstruation. Such discharge in some cases refers to the norm, in others to the pathology. Each specific case of the systematic appearance of spotting on the eve of menstruation requires a separate study.
The cycle of menstruation, less than twenty-one days, refers to the manifestations of pathology. The same can be said about the situation when the duration of the menstrual cycle exceeds thirty-five days. The countdown of the next menstrual cycle begins on the first day of menstruation. Monthly normal should fit into the allotted period of time, only then it becomes possible to conceive a child without any problems.
If the monthly go 7 days it is normal. But there is an exception to the rule, when longer periods are referred to as normal. Heredity has an important influence on the duration of the menstruation. If the grandmother and mother had problems with the monthly cycle, the same deviations can be found in their female relatives.
For example, if a grandmother, and then a mother, the duration of menstruation was ten days, then with a granddaughter such a period would be considered the norm, since this feature of the organism was inherited. Monthly four days, this is also normal, it is 4 days that is considered the average indicator of the duration of menstruation. Menstruation, the duration of which is beyond the norm, most often are a sign of pathology.
Inflammatory processes and the presence of sexually transmitted infections can not affect the duration of menstruation. In these cases, the changes affect the mucous membrane of the uterus and vagina, in which there are a large number of capillaries. The walls of small vessels are damaged. Therefore, the discharge becomes more abundant, and the duration of critical days increases.
With ovarian dysfunction, the duration of menstruation also changes. This pathology may develop in a woman due to inflammatory processes in the genitals, due to multiple abortions.
The installation of an intrauterine device can lead to ovarian dysfunction. Similar changes in this department occur due to uncontrolled hormone therapy. In this case, the duration of the month is reduced to two days.
When violations in the glands of the endocrine system is a change in the duration of menstruation. Problems with the thyroid gland, pituitary and adrenal glands lead to changes in hormonal levels. With an insufficient amount of hormones, or vice versa, with their excess, there is a change in the duration of menstruation.
Monthly duration may change for simpler reasons. With greater physical exertion at work, as well as intensive sports activities, menstruation becomes shorter. The opposite effect is observed with strong feelings, nervous stress. In this case, the duration of the month can increase to fourteen days. Allocations become copious.
Trendy diet with restriction of nutrients, lack of vitamins affect the hormones in the body. When the balance between the amount of hormones changes, the duration of menstruation decreases. Change the length of the month can smoking, drinking alcohol in large quantities.
No less disastrous results from drug use. Due to environmental degradation, the work of many body systems is disrupted. Harmful conditions lead to a decrease in the duration of menstruation. Why it happens? Nature thus tries to reduce the birth rate, since in such conditions the chances of survival for the new generation are reduced. When changing the situation all the problems with the duration of menstruation disappear.
How long do menstruation last? In girls aged 12 to 15 years, hormonal transformation of the body takes place. For this reason, the duration of menstruation, the nature of the discharge may vary. The delay between periods can be several months. Delays are considered normal if they last no more than one to two years.
For adolescent girls, menstruation is considered normal, having a duration of three to five days. But these indicators may change under the influence of hormonal disruptions. Fully the duration of menstruation is set at the end of puberty.
A similar picture with the duration of menstruation is observed during menopause. Only the reasons for the changes here are completely different. The period of menstruation also changes under the influence of hormones, but already against the background of the extinction of the sexual activity of the body.
Menopause secretions can be abundant and last for about eight days. Further, a delay of two months begins and, again, long, copious periods. For this period, such alternation is considered normal. The danger is the discharge, which suddenly appear after a year during which there was no menstruation. In this case, the discharge has nothing to do with menstruation, but is bleeding.
It is unlikely that a woman will be able to determine the cause of the change in the length of her monthly period on her own; therefore, it is better to consult a gynecologist on this issue. Restore the normal duration of menstruation is not difficult if the violation occurred for physiological reasons.
Causes of menstrual disorders
Depending on the circumstances, the system of the female body may undergo some changes. On the factor of how long menstruation lasts for women, may affectfollowing factors:
- Acute and chronic diseases of the genital organs.
- Stress, emotional turmoil.
- Overwork, excessive load.
- Climate change.
- Hereditary factor.
- Deviations in the work of the organs responsible for the state of the hormonal background.
- Fasting, vitamin deficiency.
Do not forget that the wrong lifestyle (excessive drinking, smoking, drugs) also affect how long menstruation lasts, and can lead to its complete cessation.
Thus, the body protects a woman from conception in the period of complete unpreparedness of her body to bear a child.
The regularity of the monthly is determined by counting the number of days of the cycle. The difference in the dates of the first day of the previous and next menstruation is a cycle. For calculation it is convenient to use a calendar in which the start dates are marked and how long the monthly periods are. The physiological characteristics of the body can determine the duration of the cycle, which normally is 21−35 days.
The date of the next menstruation is determined by a simple calculation: the average number of days in the cycle is added to the date of the beginning of the month.
Estimated date serves as a kind of guide, a deviation from which for more than 10 days is cause for concern.
The normal duration of menstruation
The normal duration of critical days is from 3 to 7. At this time, weakness associated with blood loss, slight headaches or dizziness, fatigue can be felt. If all these symptoms disappear with the end of menstruation, then there is no need to worry, and you can postpone the visit to the doctor. Period of menstruation is different, but most often according to standard schemes:
- Abundant blood loss on the first day, characterized by the release of dark clots. Every day the abundance of secretions decreases.
- Menstruation begins with a scant "daub", and every day their number increases, reaching a maximum of 3-4 days.
- In the first 2 days, menstruation is plentiful, then scanty, and on 4–5, the day is again plentiful.
By the volume of discharge, the monthly can be divided into abundant, normal and scanty. With the most intense blood loss, the need for changing pads occurs approximately every 3 hours.
If you suffer unbearable pain, vomiting and severe weakness, you should consult a doctor to determine the cause of violations.
Long and short periods
Changes in the length of the menstruation period may indicate women's health problems. If critical days go more than the norm for 1-2 days, then there are no reasons for experiencing. Monthly lasts more than 10 days may occur byvarious reasons:
- Acceptance of hormonal drugs.
- Incorrect installation of the intrauterine device.
- The presence of diseases in the acute form: fibroids, adenomyosis, polyps, cancer of the uterus.
- Deviations in the thyroid gland.
The short duration of critical days should also alert the girl.
Allocations may differ in color and texture. Such violations may occur by the following reasons:
- Disorders of the ovaries.
- Acceptance of oral contraceptives.
- Chronic inflammatory processes.
- Stressful situations, excessive exercise.
In women in adulthood, the nature of critical days can change dramatically: after heavy, prolonged discharge, there are scanty and short durations. This is a natural process associated with the depletion of the stock of eggs.
Features in adolescence
Hormone adjustment associated with puberty in girls 12−15 years, contributes to the appearance of the first menstruation. They occur irregularly at firstwith long delays. It is not easy to judge the presence of possible deviations until the cycle stabilizes. During the year, the girl will be able to control the duration of the cycle and its frequency.
The average duration of menstruation in girls is usually 4–5 days, the discharge most often scanty. The second menstruation can occur only in 2−3 months, which is also considered to be within the normal range.
After the onset of the first menstruation, it is recommended to be examined by a gynecologist to exclude the presence of various abnormalities.
When a menstrual cycle fails, this phenomenon cannot be ignored. Diseases that can be detected and cured at the initial stage can become chronic if they are ignored.
In order to consult a doctor in time, you need to know how many days menstruation period in women is normal. Cycle stability is a sign of the normal functioning of the reproductive system and a good state of women's health.
Normal menstrual cycle
The duration of menstruation in women is different. The normal cycle is from 27 to 32 days (its average duration). Usually menstruation begins within 5-7 days after the completion of ovulation. For a healthy woman is the norm.
It is impossible to determine exactly how many days lasts monthly, since it depends on many factors, for example, on weather conditions or psychological state. Mature women have a period of about 7 days. But they may end earlier than expected.
4–7 days is the duration of critical days, which is the norm. A woman must have bleeding on a monthly basis, the presence of which indicates her reproductive health.
Under the influence of certain factors, a failure may occur in the monthly cycle, as a result of which critical days may begin earlier or later than the expected time. If the delay is 2–4 days, then there is no reason to panic, since such a deviation is permissible. When a delay occurs regularly, you need to undergo a medical examination. The shift of the monthly cycle of more than 5 days indicates the development of gynecological pathology.
In normal menstruation, bleeding should not contain any clots or mucus. Also, they should not be abundant. The presence of pathological processes in the body is indicated by short menstruation, the duration of which is less than 3 days. During this short period, the uterine endometrium will not have time to completely separate and renew. As a result, the body is not cleansed and does not prepare for the possible fertilization of the egg.
The bleeding during menstruation should not smell unpleasant. If on the third day their smell and quantity causes concern, it is recommended to visit a gynecologist.
How many days go monthly
If you know how many days should go monthly, you can timely notice the deviation. In a healthy woman, the duration of menstruation is 4 to 7 days. Their "normality" can be judged by the nature of the discharge. If the color of menstruation is dark red or burgundy, this means that problems with the separation of the uterine endometrium does not occur.
Bright menstrual blood with clots of mucus is a reason to sound the alarm. Probably, a pathological process occurs in the body.
On average, discharge ends on the 6th day after the start. That is, about 5–6 days are normal monthly. But since each organism is unique, deviations are possible. There is no clearly defined time governing the duration of critical days.
Regardless of duration, menstruation is accompanied by discomfort that occurs in the lower abdomen, weakness, nausea and other unpleasant symptoms. Severe pain during menstruation is called dysmenorrhea. If the discomfort is unbearable these days, it makes sense to take pain medicine.
What determines the duration of menstruation
We found that the average duration of the monthly 4-7 days. Usually healthy girls rarely face any deviations from the norm. But under the influence of some factors failures are possible. So, the duration of menstruation in women depends:
- from heredity. If women of a particular family have a 10-day duration of critical days, then this is not a pathology.,
- ovarian functioning. Some diseases of the genital organs provoke their dysfunction. This adversely affects the cycle time. If, due to impaired ovarian function, the mucous membrane of the genital organs was damaged, the period will be long and painful,
- the presence of infectious diseases and inflammatory processes. Inflammation of the genital organs provokes abundant bleeding and an increase in the duration of menstruation,
- endocrine system work. If there is a deviation in the functioning of the pancreas or thyroid, then a hormonal failure will occur in the body. Это повлечет за собой сдвиг месячного цикла и, как следствие, задержку менструации.
Причины коротких месячных
Poor monthly are indicative of a broken cycle. If menstruation began a few days before the expected date, this is an alarming symptom. Such a problem as short periods, the duration of which is 1–2 days, should also alert. This deviation does not appear without a reason. It is provoked by such factors:
- Ovarian dysfunction.
- Dysfunction of the thyroid gland.
- Diseases of the reproductive organs.
- Hormonal disorders.
- Infection of the genital tract.
In gynecology, scanty periods are called hypomenorrhea. Blood loss with short menstruation is low, not exceeding 50 ml per day. This indicates impaired reproductive function.
Causes of long periods
From 3 to 7 days last normal critical days. The duration of menstruation increases if pathological processes occur in the female body.
Factors provoking an increase in the duration of menstruation:
- Diseases of the genital tract or uterus. For example, prolonged periods provoke some forms of endometriosis.
- Hormonal restructuring of the body.
- Ovarian dysfunction.
- Diseases of the endocrine system.
- The long period of taking antibiotics and hormonal drugs.
Prolonged discharge, when the failure of the monthly cycle occurs, is accompanied by severe lower abdominal pain, as well as nausea and dizziness.
What to do with continued bleeding
If menstrual flow goes for more than 7 days, you should consult a gynecologist, who will prescribe medication.
You can help yourself at home. For example, to reduce the number of menstrual flow, you can use a decoction of nettle. The recipe of its preparation:
- The leaves are washed and poured hot water (you can boiling water).
- Insist 1 hour.
- Broth filter.
It is necessary to drink medicine from a nettle on an empty stomach during menstruation.
If the abundant menstrual flow is disturbed systematically, it is recommended to drink a nettle extract 1–2 days before the start of critical days.
Also, to solve this problem, you need to take hemostatic drugs. A woman who is systematically confronted with the problem of prolonged menstrual bleeding will be prescribed Etamsilat, Ditsinon or Tranexam. The action of these medicines is aimed at normalizing the movement of blood through the vessels. An hour after taking one of these drugs comes the desired effect - reducing the amount of discharge.
What are the danger of heavy menstruation
Any changes in the nature of menstruation should be alarming. Lasts normal monthly for girls no more than 6-7 days. If their duration and amount of blood has increased - this is a dangerous symptom.
Copious and frequent discharge may cause dizziness. This phenomenon is associated with large blood loss of the body. So, when menstruation lasts more than 7 days, the following risks occur:
- The development of anemia. Together with the blood the body loses the beneficial trace elements it needs for normal functioning. Since there is an insufficient amount of potassium and magnesium in the blood during the month, the body weakens.
- Dehydration. During menstrual bleeding, a large amount of fluid is lost. It adversely affects the functioning of the liver, kidneys, heart, and other organs. Prevention of dehydration is a heavy drink.
- The failure of the hormonal system. Often, hormonal changes are provoked by infections deposited on the mucous membrane of the genital organs.
In order to prevent the development of a dangerous gynecological pathology, a woman should monitor her cycle and the nature of menstrual flow.
What is the menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle - the time period between the first days of two menstruations, following each other. The first day in each cycle is characterized by the appearance of bloody discharge from the vagina. The last day before the start of the next menstruation is the last day in the current cycle.
Normally, girls, women with no pathologies, the duration of the menstrual cycle - from 21 to 35 days. If he fits into these limits, do not worry.
Critical days can last from three to five to eight days. The cycle duration is a purely individual concept for each woman. The intermenstrual period can change at different stages of life, which, in turn, is determined by various factors, the general physiological state of the organism.
All processes occurring during the menstrual cycle are divided into the following phases:
The menstrual phase is characterized by the appearance of bloody discharge from the uterus. For three to eight days, the body rejects the endometrial mucosa. An egg cell will be attached to it at the time of pregnancy.
The follicular phase begins simultaneously with the menstrual. Its duration is 13-14 days, during which a follicle forms in the ovaries where an egg cell matures, and a new endometrium is formed in the uterus.
The duration of the ovulatory phase is three days. Under the influence of hormones, the follicle bursts, and out of it comes a ripe egg ready for fertilization. This process is called ovulation.
The luteal phase lasts 12-19 days, during which estrogen and progesterone are produced - hormones that prepare the female body for pregnancy. In other words, hormonal changes occur, therefore the phase is called premenstrual syndrome.
Before the start of critical days, women may experience aching pain in the lower part of the peritoneum, increased appetite, swelling, tenderness of the mammary glands. Emotional background often changes, possible mood swings.
How long do the first periods last
For the first time, menstruation or menarche in girls can occur in 10-15 years. Everything is determined by the individual characteristics of the body, heredity. In girls, menarche often begin at the same age as that of female relatives. If menstruation does not occur before the age of 18 is a serious cause for concern, indicating an inadequacy of physical development.
During puberty, many changes occur in the girl's body: hormones change, the pituitary gland produces female hormones that affect the state of the ovaries, which are filled with unripe eggs from birth. How long do the first periods last?
The first critical days are characterized by not too abundant bloody menstrual flow, which may be dark brown or scarlet. This is due to incomplete puberty. Hormonal changes determine the rhythm of the reproductive organs.
The first periods of girls last from three to five or six days. This parameter is individual. The second menstruation may occur after the first in two, three or even five months. This is a normal physiological phenomenon. At the end of the teenage period during the year, the cycle duration is fully normalized.
From the moment of the exciting event - the onset of the first menstruation - many girls are interested in the question, how many days are menstruating?
How long do the girls have monthly
The duration of critical days depends on the nature of the secretion of hormones, the characteristics of the anatomical structure of the uterus, hereditary factors, the functioning of the central nervous system, the endocrine system, blood coagulation. Doctors-gynecologists recommend to control how much menstruation goes. In a special calendar you need to celebrate the first and last day regul.
The girls normally go from three to five to seven days. This parameter is individual, depends on the anatomical, physiological features, age. For older women, critical days are often longer and more abundant.
If critical days go less than two or more than seven or eight days, it is worth undergoing a gynecological examination. Not less important aspect to which attention should be paid: with what intensity the monthly periods should go.
The abundance of bleeding in women from 18 to 45 years is not always the same and may differ in different menstrual cycles, which is not a deviation from the norm.
The intensity of the menstrual flow during critical days can be affected by the general psycho-emotional background, stress experienced, hormonal therapy, excessive exercise, diet, and even the season.
In the first two or three days from the beginning of the critical days, excretion is abundant. On the fourth or fifth day they become more scarce. Normally, the female body loses an average of 50 to 80 ml of menstrual fluid during the day. If for six to seven days the intensity of the discharge does not decrease, this indicates malfunctioning of the reproductive system.
Having the concept of how many days go monthly, many representatives of the beautiful half begin to monitor other changes in their body. Before the start of critical days, women of reproductive age may notice a heaviness in the lower waist, abdomen. In some girls, menstruation is painful, especially on the first day. Possible mood swings, headaches, nausea, increased or, conversely, loss of appetite. The discomfort is due to hormonal changes occurring in the body, the very nature of bleeding, so you should not worry about this.
If any indicators, for example, an abundance of bleeding, do not correspond to the norm, we can talk about serious violations of the menstrual cycle.
The main disorders of the menstrual cycle include the following:
Amenorrhea - the absence of menstruation after 17 years, the cessation of menstruation for six to seven months or more. Menorrhagia or hypermenorrhea is called too heavy bleeding during critical days. Hypomenorrhea is a scanty menstrual flow, and with dysmenorrhea, there is a strong pain syndrome during menstruation. Under the metrorrhagia understand the onset of critical days after a short period of time.
The cause of concern can be considered the appearance of a strong unpleasant odor, the presence of a large number of blood clots, brown "sand" in the menstrual fluid. An alarm may be a scanty discharge, too short or a long menstrual cycle.
How are normal critical days for women?
It is impossible to specifically answer the question of how many days the monthly period lasts. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. Within the normal time of menstruation should not exceed 2-8 days. Deviation from this pattern may indicate serious problems. The menstrual cycle should last from 21 to 35 days. The volume of blood and fluids secreted during critical days is 50–80 ml.
The main signs of the onset of menstruation include:
- Change in skin condition (rash, redness, acne).
- Drawing pains in lower back and abdomen.
- Breast pouring.
How to count the duration of the menstrual cycle
Knowing how long the monthly periods last you will be able to monitor the state of your health. To make the correct calculations, mark in the calendar the date of the first day of menstruation of the current month and the next. The number of days between them will be considered the correct number. Ideally, the cycle should be stable, but a delay of 1-2 days is allowed and is considered normal.
How much are the monthly after childbirth or cesarean
After conceiving a baby, menstruations do not bother a woman all the time of pregnancy. The regular menstrual cycle is restored in all in different periods. This largely depends on the hormone prolactinoma, which is produced when you breastfeed a child. If you weaned your baby off mother's milk early, then normal ovarian work will begin in six months. In some cases, mothers can’t breastfeed their babies from their very birth. Then critical days will come in 4-10 weeks.
In addition, there are a number of reasons causing a delay in the beginning of menstruation or their unplanned start:
- poor nutrition,
- lack of sleep
- various diseases and disorders of the body.
After childbirth, lochiae are released from the vagina - blood clots of mucus, which many confuse with critical days. The reason for their appearance is considered to be stretching, and then the contraction of the uterus. The first days the number of Lohis is very large, but after 6-8 weeks the bleeding will stop. If after childbirth and in the absence of breastfeeding, the periods have not yet appeared, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
What is menstruation?
This term refers to the part of the menstrual cycle, which is characterized by rejection of the functional layer of the uterine mucosa, associated with the formation of blood discharge. The blood in the first days has a bright scarlet color, by the end of the month it acquires a dark shade and a peculiar smell.
Due to the maintenance of a set of enzymes, menstrual blood does not clot as the one circulating in the vessels. Menstruation stops during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
When is the first menstruation in a teenage girl?
The first menstrual bleeding is called menarche. In most cases, it occurs 2–2.5 years after the first signs of puberty, that is, after the girl's breasts begin to grow and she begins to become a girl (this process is called thelarch).
On average, future girls for the first time find blood discharge at 11–13 years old. However, it is also considered normal if a girl starts her first period between the ages of 8 and 10, or at a later age, between 15 and 16 years.
The time of menarche depends on:
- physical development of girls
- power supply,
- previous diseases,
- living conditions.
The girl can easily recognize the approach of the first menstruation. Before the appearance of blood discharge, her causeless mood swings, fatigue, loss of strength, overexcitement or, conversely, excessive passivity, migraine, dizziness, pain in the lower abdomen and lumbar spine, nausea.
The duration of menstrual bleeding in girls
How long do menstruation periods last? At a young age, the menstrual cycle is not established immediately. In some cases it takes 3-4 months, in other situations it will take at least a year before such monthly changes in the female body become stable. As a rule, stabilization of the cycle takes no more than 12 months.
Normal duration of menstruation in women
It is impossible to definitively answer the question of how many days menstruation should go for women. All the representatives of the weaker sex, they go differently. The duration of menstruation depends on the individual characteristics of the female body, the hereditary factor, poor nutrition, excessive physical activity, stress, gynecological diseases. Along with this, the duration of menstrual bleeding is affected by the nature of sexual life, childbirth and menopausal syndrome.
If there is a regular sex life
It is proved that regular sex has a beneficial effect on women's health in general and the menstrual cycle in particular. Having a permanent sexual partner in the absence of serious problems on the part of gynecology ensures the onset of menstruation at regular intervals and the same duration of bleeding.
In women with regular sex life, the normal menstrual period ends at 4–7 days after the start of bleeding. In this case, as a rule, menstruation is easy and painless.
If sex life is irregular or absent
Opinions of experts regarding the effect of regular sex on the menstrual cycle are divided. Some doctors believe that this factor directly depends on how long the critical days last and whether the bleeding begins in a timely manner. Others, on the contrary, believe that these moments are not interconnected. The first point of view is explained as follows.
The cycle is affected by hormonal status, mental and physical women's health. The lack of sex or its complete absence negatively affects the psycho-emotional state of most women. Mental disorders, including minor ones, can adversely affect the duration of menstruation and exacerbate the course of premenstrual syndrome. In this case, critical days can be either too long or, on the contrary, short. In case of serious menstrual irregularities, specialist intervention is required.
The second point of view is based on the fact that regular sex improves blood supply to the uterus, which contributes to its more correct response to the internal cycle. In other words, in the presence of a permanent sexual partner, critical days for a woman must begin exactly on time and go a certain time. However, in the case of unstable sex life this does not occur. How many days do they go in this situation? При нерегулярных занятиях сексом менструация может составлять 2–4 дня или же длиться свыше 7 дней.
После рождения ребенка
Вынашивание ребенка и роды – это стресс для женского организма. Чтобы полностью восстановиться, ему нужно определенное время. Most often it takes several months. In the first 1-2 times after the birth of a baby, critical days may be longer or, conversely, shorter than the prenatal duration of menstruation. At the same time bleeding is almost always much more abundant than before pregnancy. Some women report increased pain, which has not happened before. This is due to the return of the uterus to its normal position.
Poor bleeding occurs in moms who use mixed feeding. After 1-2 months after the birth of the child, the cycle is completely restored, and the menstruation period is 4–7 days.
In the period of extinction of reproductive function
Climax is an inevitable stage in the life of every woman. The gradual extinction of reproductive function is accompanied by the cessation of menstrual bleeding. During this period, the cycle is broken. This is due to a decrease in the size of the ovaries and their sensitivity to hormones, with the result that the synthesis of estrogen and progesterone is sharply reduced. Against the background of such changes, the number of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones increases, this is especially pronounced in the first year after menopause. Due to this imbalance, periods can be irregular.
During premenopausal women, in some women the duration of critical days is reduced, in others, on the contrary, it increases. In this situation, there are no specific rules for the duration of blood discharge. This parameter depends on the characteristics of each organism. Doctors-gynecologists note that in most patients, menstruation lasts about 3–4 days.
What is considered a pathology and what is the reason for deviations from the norm?
If menstrual bleeding lasts more than a week, there is most likely a violation in the female body. In this case it is necessary to find out and eliminate the cause of this phenomenon. Reducing the duration of menstruation to 1-2 days should also not be ignored.
There are many factors that adversely affect the duration of menstrual bleeding. They are divided into physiological and pathological. The first group includes:
- change of time zones and climatic zones,
- wilting processes,
- use of hormonal contraceptives,
- excessive physical and emotional stress,
- improper installation of the intrauterine device.
The second group of causes of violation of the normal duration of critical days are:
- benign and malignant neoplasms in the reproductive organs,
- hormonal disbalance,
- sexually transmitted diseases
- the proliferation of glandular tissue of the uterus outside,
- insufficient intake of nutrients in the body,
- lesions of the digestive organs,
- inflammation of the fallopian tubes and ovaries,
- dysfunction of the genitourinary system,
- vaginal injury,
- failure of the thyroid gland,
- spontaneous or artificial abortion.