Headaches during menopause is a very frequent and unpleasant phenomenon, which is associated not only with disorders of the vascular tone of the brain, but also with other causes - arterial hypertension, impaired nerve conduction and tone of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system, psychosomatic condition. Headaches with menopause are particularly durable, persistent and expressive, and therefore require correction of the general condition. Timely diagnosis of this condition allows not only to reduce the severity of clinical manifestations, but also contributes to the prevention of complications.
Causes of headache during menopause
Headaches can be an early manifestation of menopause and can accompany it for a long time. This is a very unpleasant symptom that significantly reduces performance and affects the general condition of a woman. Although menopause is a physiological process, but those disorders that occur in a woman’s body during this period can significantly affect the condition of the whole body. The hormonal background of the female body is very diverse and provides not only the functioning of the female genital organs, but also affects the metabolism, vascular muscle tone, blood pressure, regulation of nervous activity, and blood circulation in the brain. Due to this phenomenon, the nervous system of a woman is very labile, and any hormonal disorders contribute to changes in the nervous regulation. This affects the development of not only headaches, but also other serious disorders. Climacteric period is conditionally divided:
- premenopause - a period of 45 years before menopause,
- menopause - the period of the last menstruation, the average age is about fifty years,
- postmenopause is the period from the last menstruation to the end of a woman’s life.
All these periods are characterized by successive changes in the body and if there are no disorders, then the nervous system works normally and headaches can be a rare transient phenomenon. But in case of a pronounced violation of hormonal homeostasis during menopause, headaches can be very strong and be accompanied by other unpleasant symptoms. In this case, be sure to diagnose this condition and carry out treatment.
Premenopause is a period that is characterized by hormonal disorders, which are primarily central. There is an involution of the higher regulatory center - the hypothalamus, which is characterized by a gradual decrease in the sensitivity of the hypothalamus to the influence of estrogens, which violates its regulatory function on the principle of reverse regulation. As a consequence of all these processes, there is not enough estrogen concentration, which normally regulates the vascular tone of the whole body and the brain as well. In this case, there is a violation of the regulation of vascular tone, which is the main pathogenetic mechanism for the development of cerebral vascular spasms. Such a spasm of blood vessels and leads to an increase in pressure in the vessels and the appearance of a headache.
Therefore, the main cause of headaches during menopause can, as a primary phenomenon, be considered a hormonal imbalance. The lack of estrogen in turn contributes to a spasm of cerebral vessels, hypertension and intracranial hypertension, which leads to the appearance of headaches. In addition, the processes of inhibition and excitation in the brain are disturbed, and this also violates the conduction along the nerve fibers. This increases nervous excitability, activates the sympatho-adrenal system and releases catecholamines, which, as is well known, spasm blood vessels. This hormonal background is observed constantly with menopause, and therefore the headaches are also constant, very strong and often accompanied by other unpleasant symptoms. Therefore, in the treatment it is important not only symptomatic remedies for headaches, but also hormone replacement therapy.
The pathogenesis of the development of headaches with menopause is also an increase in intracranial pressure. This is due to impaired venous outflow in violation of the regulation of the tone of the veins, as well as due to sodium and water retention and an increase in circulating blood volume. The retention of sodium and water contributes to the low concentration of estrogen, which in turn entails arterial hypertension. Thus, a vicious circle is formed, which further contributes to the severity of headaches during menopause.
Symptoms of headache with menopause
Headache with menopause is different from that in other pathologies. This is due to the constant action of the causative factor in the absence of treatment of pathology.
The nature of headaches in menopause has its own characteristics, which is associated with a long vasospasm and concomitant state of hypertension not only in the brain vessels, but also associated with intracranial hypertension. Therefore, the features of such a headache is the beginning of it from the moment of awakening, the duration throughout the day with the moments of reducing the intensity of pain. Such a headache has a debilitating nature, it reacts poorly to painkillers and sometimes requires taking sedatives. Often, such a headache is accompanied by other symptoms, which is associated with the pathogenetic features of the development process. Hypertension often accompanies headaches during menopause and further exacerbates such pains. Also, headache may be accompanied by a feeling of nausea, loss of appetite, and sometimes vomiting.
The first signs of the severity of the condition that require treatment are the appearance of a headache that is not well anesthetized. Often, such a headache does not appear immediately, but there may be emotional-vegetative manifestations. A woman feels a flush of heat to her face, there is increased irritability, excessive lability of the nervous system, and only after that can a headache appear. Often, these headaches during menopause are accompanied by disorders of the cardiovascular system, and there is palpitations or a feeling of fading in the work of the heart, a feeling of arrhythmia. There may also be vegetative manifestations in the form of a breath hold or a feeling of lack of air. All these symptoms develop early, and then a headache appears. Such features of a combination of headache with other symptoms are very characteristic during menopause.
Severe headaches for menopause is one of the reasons not only for taking painkillers, but also for thorough examination and identification of the true cause with mandatory screening of the hormonal background of the woman.
Complications and consequences
The consequences of headaches in menopause can be very serious, since these headaches are intense and in the case of comorbidities can cause a stroke. Complications of headaches with menopause can be avoided by timely correction of hormonal levels. The prognosis of headaches for menopause for recovery is characterized by a long and difficult treatment, so it is important to prevent such conditions.
Diagnosis of headache during menopause
Although climax and physiological condition, but it is very important to diagnose any of its manifestations in time and to begin the treatment of pathological conditions. It often happens that a woman turns when she has tried many painkillers herself and does not know what to do because of the symptoms that bother her. In this case, it is necessary to conduct a thorough examination not only for the purpose of diagnosis, but also for the purpose of differential diagnosis of such headaches. The first step is to start the diagnosis with a thorough history. It is necessary to find out when the menstruation was first delayed, what their character is now, how the symptoms changed when menopause occurred, and also to detail the patient's complaints. It is necessary to clarify the nature of the headache and its connection with stress, any other characteristic symptoms and reactions to sedatives and painkillers. It is also necessary to measure blood pressure to know if there is a connection between headaches and hypertension.
On examination, a woman should be asked to indicate where her head hurts the most, and to clarify other characteristics of such a headache. It is very important to conduct additional research methods in the diagnosis of headache.
Since during menopause changes in metabolism are inevitable, it is necessary to conduct a thorough laboratory study of the woman's body. The tests that are needed to clarify the diagnosis are general clinical and special. General - this is a blood test, a biochemical blood test with lipid profile and kidney function indicators, urinalysis. When menopause due to the activation of the breakdown of fatty acids may increase triglycerides and low density lipoproteins. These substances can play a minor role in the pathogenesis of headaches during menopause, so it is important to determine this indicator.
With regard to special tests, it is necessary to determine the level of the main female hormones in the blood. This is necessary not only for further treatment of menopause and headaches, but also for analyzing the level of hormonal changes and the duration of the pathology.
Instrumental diagnostics of headaches during menopause is directed not only at identifying the etiology, but also at excluding other organic pathologies. Conduct mandatory and special research methods. Among the mandatory methods - electrocardiography, which allows to exclude heart disease in the case of concomitant symptoms of the heart.
Special methods for diagnosing the etiology of headaches with menopause is an echoencephalography. This method provides for the registration of echo signals, which allow you to establish the blood supply to the brain hemispheres, and also allows you to judge the difference in intracranial pressure. This examination allows to determine the organic pathology and to identify a possible cause of headaches.
Also, for the purpose of differential diagnosis, it is necessary to carry out an X-ray of the cervical spine in order to exclude vertebral headaches. In the case of compression of the vertebral artery, which feeds the brain, ischemic headaches are also possible. Then the x-ray image will show the area of compression or narrowing of the artery.
Additional research methods are possible in case of concomitant symptoms of the cardiovascular or bone system. Then determine the level of calcium in the blood, conduct an ultrasound examination of the heart.
Differential diagnosis of headaches with menopause should be carried out with hypertension, which is also accompanied by such symptoms and may manifest for the first time during the period of menopause. Then a simple measurement of blood pressure is not enough and it is necessary to carry out daily monitoring of blood pressure. This is determined by each element of the rise in blood pressure, which can be compared with possible etiological factors and episodes of headache. This method also eliminates hypertension. Also, in hypertension, headaches are of a slightly different nature - they are localized in the occipital region and are more disturbed in the morning, are well removed by taking antihypertensive drugs. Also, the woman in this case is burdened with a hereditary history of hypertension.
Headaches with menopause must be differentiated from other pathologies that are accompanied by such symptoms. First of all, it is necessary to exclude organic pathology - migraine, syndrome of vertebro-basilar insufficiency, stroke. Therefore, conduct a thorough examination, sometimes even need magnetic resonance imaging.
Treatment of headache with menopause
Given the fact that headaches with menopause are very pronounced, treatment should be carried out immediately. There are drug and non-drug therapies. Drug treatment methods, in turn, are divided into symptomatic agents, such as emergency care, and drugs for long-term treatment. Non-drug treatment is aimed at correcting hormonal imbalance on the one hand and on the analgesic effect on the other. Therefore, the use of folk remedies is a priority only in the complex treatment of menopause and during remission.
First of all, the correction of the way of life plays a huge role in the treatment of headaches.
- It is necessary to eliminate bad habits, because smoking is very bad for the vascular tone, and nicotine narrows blood vessels even more and can provoke headaches, therefore this factor should be categorically excluded.
- Eliminate stress, tension, which lead to the appearance of headaches and avoid traumatic moments.
- Normalization of sleep through a mode of rest - you need to go to bed at about the same time, sleep at least 8-9 hours a day. It is necessary to carry out hygienic measures in the room where a woman sleeps - wet cleaning, airing, fresh laundry - all this helps to rest at night and improves blood circulation in the brain vessels, which reduces headache episodes.
- Correction of the day regimen with normalization of the period of rest and work. It is necessary to accurately establish the mode of rest after each work. This will help the body to properly distribute the force and relieves tension in the head.
- It is important to organize proper nutrition with dietary elements. It is necessary to exclude fatty foods, which load the internal organs and contribute to the violation of the metabolism of essential nutrients. You also need to organize frequent fractional meals in small portions with the exception of simple carbohydrates and with a predominance of vegetable protein. You need to eat at least 300 grams of fruits and vegetables a day. Also, do not forget about the drinking regime and drink clean water for at least 1.5 liters.
- You need to properly organize leisure with measured physical activity in the form of easy jogging, swimming or just walking.
Drug therapy for headaches with menopause is mainly aimed at correcting hormonal imbalances and, at the same time, at eliminating headaches by anesthesia. This is achieved through hormone replacement therapy, which is combined with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as sedatives.
Hormone replacement therapy, which is used in the treatment of headaches during menopause, contributes to the normalization of estrogen levels and thus normalizes the vascular tone of the brain, as well as the processes of excitation and inhibition in the nervous system, which leads to the normalization of intracranial pressure and reduction of clinical symptoms. Use biphasic preparations containing both estrogen and progesterone for softer correction of menopause.
- Logest - This drug, containing in its composition estradiol and gestagen, is a highly dosed drug that helps to level out the hormonal imbalance and replenish estrogen deficiency during menopause. Logest is available in pharmacological form of capsules contained in 21 pieces per pack. Reception must start from the first day of the cycle. You can start taking and the fifth day of the menstrual cycle in the case of menopause in women. The course of the drug is one capsule for three weeks a day, then a break of seven days, then you need to resume taking. Side effects are possible from the gastrointestinal tract in the form of a violation of the chair, nausea, feeling of bitterness in the mouth, vomiting. There may also be asthenovegetative reactions, manifestations of hormonal treatment on the part of the breast in the form of engorgement of the breast, pain, discharge, and also an increase in the secretion of vaginal secretions. Contraindications to the use of the drug for treatment are problems with blood clotting and a heart attack or stroke in the anamnesis, malignant neoplasms, abnormal liver functions, pancreatic lesions and diabetes.
- Triziston - complex hormone replacement. This drug is released in the pharmacological form of three-colored dragees, which are applied according to a special scheme for three weeks, then a break for a week. The course of treatment for at least three to six months. Contraindications for the purpose of the drug are malignant tumors of any localization, vascular pathology in the form of a history of thrombosis, hepatitis. It should be used with caution in diabetes mellitus, because the drug can change glucose tolerance, as well as in hypertension. Побочные эффекты могут появиться в виде холестаза, нарушения функции печени, эмболии, а также аллергические и диспепсические реакции.
- Nootropil – это препарат из группы ноотропных средств, который используют для лечения головных болей как патогенетическое средство. It can be one of the drugs of basic complex therapy due to its pronounced effect on the brain vessels. The drug helps to improve blood circulation in the brain vessels, has a vasodilating property, which helps to reduce pressure and headache. Also, the active substance of Nootropil allows to improve the conductivity of nerve impulses along the nerve ganglia, which increases stress resistance. An additional property of the drug is its protective abilities with regards to nerve cells, which improves memory and cognitive abilities. The drug is available in the form of capsules, tablets, oral solution and parenteral solution. The daily dose of the drug - 800 milligrams twice a day, the dose can be adjusted. Side effects are possible in the form of digestive disorders with nausea and vomiting, as well as allergic reactions of varying degrees of complexity, and an increase in the body weight of a woman. It is also possible side effects from the central nervous system in the form of dizziness, drowsiness, depression, increased nervousness. Contraindications to the use of the drug - a violation of the kidney, hemorrhagic stroke in history.
Symptomatic agents that are used in the case of headaches with menopause are more pronounced in the case of taking the combined means. Preference is given to drugs with a combined composition of antispasmodics - Baralgin, Spazmalgon, Kombispazm, Spazgan, Farmadol. Such means better cope with a headache due to comprehensive action.
Surgical treatment of headaches with menopause is not used, since there are no specific indications for such an intervention.
It is important to carry out physiotherapeutic treatment along with medical treatment. Use of therapeutic exercise in the form of swimming or therapeutic exercises. The use of magnetic therapy, laser therapy, electrophoresis with medical solutions on the neck, Shcherbak compress gives a very good effect. Because of its tonic effect, it is very useful to have a contrast shower, which is recommended to be taken in the morning and can be done even at home.
As an integrated therapy, the use of B, C, and A vitamins is recommended, preferably in combination in complex vitamin preparations. You can prophylactically take vitamin preparations in spring and autumn.
Folk treatment of headaches with menopause
Traditional methods of treating headaches with menopause are used very widely. The drugs that are used are aimed at correcting hormonal homeostasis and at the same time normalizing vascular tone and the anesthetic and vasodilating effect. To do this, use folk remedies and herbal treatments. The main folk methods are:
- An effective way to normalize hormonal levels is the use of walnut shells. Walnut tincture is prepared as follows: membranes or shells are boiled for about five minutes in hot water, then they are drained and half a glass of alcohol is poured. This solution should be infused for about five to seven days, after which it can be taken one teaspoon two times a day, pre-diluted with boiled water in the same proportion. The course of treatment is twenty-one days.
- Pine buds brew one tablespoon of raw materials per liter of water per day, insist in a thermos overnight and drink half a cup 3-4 times a day for at least a month throughout the day.
- A very good anesthetic and soothing effect has the following recipe: pour one cup of oat grains with boiled water and boil for half an hour, then drain the infusion and add an equal amount of milk to it. You need to take the solution twice a day, before the reception, add a spoonful of honey and drink half the cup in the form of heat. The course of treatment is one month.
Herbal infusions are also widely used to treat this pathology:
- Birch buds are poured with hot water, boiled for five minutes and allowed to infuse for a day, after which it is necessary to take this solution one tablespoon two times a day, a course of treatment for at least seven days.
- The collection of medicinal plants also contributes to the normalization of the vascular tone of the brain and has a sedative effect. To do this, take mint leaves, nettle and currants one tablespoon of each herb, pour it all with boiling water and boil for a few minutes. Infusion of herbs consumed warm for half a cup on an empty stomach for three weeks.
- The leaves of raspberry, viburnum and hawthorn are boiled in water for ten minutes and consumed half a cup of broth twice a day before meals. The course of treatment is twenty days.
Homeopathic remedies can not only correct hormonal imbalance, but also restore the normal state of the vascular tone of the brain, and reduce the severity of headaches during climax.
- Climactoplan is a homeopathic drug that is an analogue of phytoestrogen drugs and contributes to the normalization of hormonal background during menopause. The drug also normalizes the vascular tone of the brain and expands them with a decrease in pressure. The drug is well corrects headaches with menopause, bouts of hot flashes, palpitations, normalizes sleep.
Klimaktoplan in tablets is applied one tablet before meals or one hour after it three times a day. The course of drug treatment is long - about two months. Side effects not identified. Contraindications to receiving Klimaktoplan - a hypersensitivity to the individual contents of the drug.
- Remens is a homeopathic medicine that improves microcirculation in the brain vessels, regulates hormonal imbalance during menopause due to the effect on the hypothalamic-pituitary zone, and also has protective properties on myocardial cells and blood vessels. The drug is available in the form of a solution and tablets. The medicine is applied on the first and second day in an increased dose - one tablet or ten drops eight times a day, and further for three months at the same dose, but only three times a day. Side effects not identified. Contraindications to receive Remens is an increased sensitivity to the individual contents of the drug.
- Ginecohel is a combined homeopathic remedy that has an effect on menopausal disorders by normalizing the synthesis of estrogen and progesterone, which helps reduce the effect of deficiency of these hormones. The drug is available in drops and dosed ten drops three times a day, can be dissolved in water or take a clean solution. Side effects are not common, but there may be abnormal stools, dyspeptic symptoms and allergic reactions. Contraindications not identified.
Causes of headache in menopause
The main factor is the hormonal alteration, when against the background of a decrease in the production of estrogen and progesterone, disorders of the cardiovascular and nervous system begin. Often, headache during menopause in women begins due to the overstrain of the muscles of the face, neck and shoulders. This state arises involuntarily, especially during long work with documents, computer, painstaking manual work.
Hypertension provokes heaviness in the back of the head, swelling of the neck and face, painful sensations during a sharp turn, tilt, and fast walking. Stress, emotional swings, sudden fright, lack of oxygen can cause vasospasms, accompanied by pain in the temples, neck, parietal area. Also the reasons can be changes in the weather, alcohol, overeating, sedentary lifestyle.
The nature and causes of female cephalgia
A multitude of nerve receptors are concentrated in the head, instantly reacting to the slightest malfunction with an attack of pain. It can be a sign of a serious illness or be the result of mental, physical overstrain, sleep disturbance, work and rest regimen, regular overwork. Sometimes it can be caused by cervical osteochondrosis, injuries, sudden pressure surges, tight elastic bands and hairpins, a tight collar, a shoulder strap of a bag.
Headaches during menopause are periodic, occurring about once every 7–10 days, have all the signs of migraine, characterized by blurring of spots before the eyes, narrowing of the view, a sharp reaction to loud sounds, sharp odors, bright light, accompanied by dizziness, loss of orientation in space and nausea. Women suffering from migraine attacks from youth, during menopause, should be ready to strengthen, more frequent attacks and take preventive measures to maintain their health.
The nature of pain is compressive, pulsating, squeezing, arching. In terms of duration, there are short-term and long-lasting forms, to capture part or all of the head.
According to the localization of the sites of occurrence of painful manifestations, one can suggest the reason So the temporal region is affected in cases of increased intracranial pressure, development of glaucoma, signs of atherosclerosis, inflammation of the trigeminal nerve. Occipital pains indicate a possible exacerbation of osteochondrosis, neuralgia, vascular diseases.
People of different ages suffer from bouts of cephalgia, the manifestations are quite diverse, and to determine the causes, it is necessary to undergo a full examination, including tests, MRI, consultations of a neurologist, ophthalmologist, cardiologist, endocrinologist.
Methods to overcome headaches
Since the causes of its occurrence are different, approaches to their elimination also vary. If psychological sources become the source, then sedatives with complex action will give a good result. When the phenomenon is secondary in nature, indicating a serious disease, the source itself must be affected. For example, with cervical osteochondrosis, progressing during menopause, it is necessary to remove the exacerbation of the underlying disease, only then will be able to stop the pain in the parietal and occipital region.
Treatment requires an individual approach, you do not need to focus only on the advice of friends, the cause of headaches during menopause is determined only after the examination.
The nature and causes of headaches
Headache during menopause occurs as a result of hormonal changes occurring in the body. This condition usually continues until the process of these changes completely ceases and the ovarian function fades away. Experts have identified the main causes of headaches during menopause:
- during menopause, the amount of estrogen in the body decreases. As a result, the walls of blood vessels become less elastic, and the tides provoke their sharp expansion and contraction, which is accompanied by severe headaches in women,
- instability psychoemotional state can provoke severe headaches. A woman is nervous a lot, she is prone to depressive moods, it negatively affects her well-being,
- changes in muscle and bone structure due to insufficient concentration of collagen, which is affected by a decrease in estrogen production. The result is a violation of posture, increased tension in the muscles of the neck and back, and this causes headaches,
- genetic predisposition can influence the appearance of headache. Experts are sure to consider this reason when collecting the history,
- lifestyle and bad habits become important causes of pain discomfort,
- abuse of harmful products, neglect of food culture, lack of daily regimen can also cause headaches,
- the presence of chronic diseases and neuropsychiatric pathologies that are exacerbated during menopause,
- use of hormonal drugs, COCOV.
The presence of these factors causes the appearance of headaches during menopause. You should also know that such a state is different from the usual pain that is relieved by painkillers. During menopause, there are particular nuances of this state:
- pain comes suddenly and dramatically. First, it is localized in the area of the temples, then spreads over the entire area of the forehead,
- the woman feels a growing irritability, her face distorts the grimace of pain, while there is tension in the muscles of the shoulders and neck,
- besides a headache, a woman has an irrational fear, there is a “lump” in her throat, but there are no obvious reasons for panic,
- a woman is experiencing heaviness in the neck, there may be a darkening in the eyes,
- pain can be debilitating, but not severe, it almost does not go away,
- severe pain attacks, localized in the temples, can cause nausea, vomiting,
- a woman literally feels a head burst in the forehead, it can be accompanied by a strong burning sensation,
- pain may be cramping or throbbing. Sometimes the attacks become acute, they literally "cut" the head, can develop into a migraine.
All these symptoms accompany menopause. But along with them, a woman may feel other signs of indisposition, it is not worth explaining them with menopause, because they may indicate the development of a completely different pathology:
- noise in the head, loss of coordination. In this case, the woman suffers from a strong ringing in the ears and does not always understand where she is,
- loss of sensation of limbs
- blurred vision
- loss of smell and taste.
The combination of these symptoms should force a woman to go to the hospital immediately to stabilize the condition.
Headaches with menopause may be accompanied by accompanying symptoms:
- sudden jumps in blood pressure. The restructuring of the body leads to instability of blood pressure, its sudden drops provoke a severe headache,
- hot flashes - this condition accompanies menopause, and after it a woman often feels a headache, which comes to replace the first intense heat, then cold,
- Another sign of a climacteric state is emotional instability, irritability, and a sudden change of mood. Increased irritability can cause insomnia, the emergence of unreasonable anxiety,
- Another important symptom may be a malfunction of the urinary system. A woman feels frequent urination.
All these symptoms indicate the onset of menopause. Timely therapy will ease the condition, improve the quality of life.
Pain relief methods
Many women do not know that it is impossible to relieve headaches with menopause with conventional antispasmodics. They will not eliminate the main cause of this condition - hormonal changes. Independently deal with painful attacks is not always effective and safe, you can worsen the condition. The specialist will identify the root cause of this condition, prescribe drugs that regulate the hormonal balance in the body.
It is forbidden to change the dosage of prescribed drugs, refuse to take the drug or replace it at your discretion. This can cause a sharp deterioration!
Treatment with drugs shows its effectiveness in most cases, if the woman fulfills the recommendations of the doctor. First, a specialist eliminates the root cause of this condition - an imbalance of hormones in the body. For this purpose, hormonal drugs are prescribed. More often it is:
In addition, they may be prescribed drugs containing estrogen, progesterone or androgen:
Ovestin proved its effectiveness - a drug that regulates the activity of estrogen. In some cases, to eliminate the symptoms of menopause hormonal drugs can not. Instead, the doctor prescribes hormone-free drugs, they contain vitamins, necessary phytoestrogens. Neuroleptics may be prescribed. If necessary, treat this condition can tranquilizers, homeopathic medicines, psychotropic stimulants.
The effect of headache pills for menopause is observed after a course of therapy.
Change the prescribed drug, increase, decrease the dosage is prohibited. Self-medication can aggravate a woman’s condition and a headache with the remaining symptoms of menopause will not disappear, but increase.
Prescriptions for folk therapy have often proven their effectiveness as adjuncts to headache therapy for menopause.
It should be remembered that they can not be the main methods of therapy and before applying this or that tool should consult with your doctor. Medicinal plants can bring not only benefit, but also harm if they are inept to use.
Herbal tea can alleviate the condition. It is recommended to collect such herbs and brew tea. It should be fresh every time, you can add a little honey and a couple of drops of lemon juice. For herbal tea take:
First you need to make the composition of 2-3 components, then replace them. Чередование такого напитка с чаем из шиповника, брусники будет бодрить и уберет приступы головной боли. Также можно принимать свежий отвар овса, он снимает головную боль. Отвар мелиссы, липы и ромашки также входит в список эффективных средств при таком состоянии.
Эффективные народные способы устранения головной боли можно использовать после консультации с лечащим врачом, чтобы не усугубить состояние.
Lifestyle and nutrition
By changing your lifestyle you can also help yourself get rid of frequent headaches. A woman should reconsider the diet first, removing heavy food, spicy seasonings, salt and fried dishes from the side. Chemical additives, preservatives should be as limited as possible.
Be sure to do feasible, enjoyable physical exertion. Yoga, swimming, dancing will help to relax, recharge positive. Regular walks in the fresh air will have a beneficial effect on the condition. You need to protect yourself from stress, try to control emotions, so as not to cause panic attacks.
Prevention of the disease is a guarantee that a woman can improve the quality of life, get away from unpleasant pains and enjoy every day again. These methods include an active lifestyle and building a healthy diet. Getting positive emotions is also a method of prevention.
Be sure to set for yourself a schedule of sleep and rest. A woman who fully rests at night is energized and positive all day. It is also necessary to control the level of blood pressure to relax you can do a light massage of the head every evening.
These simple measures will not only ease the symptoms of the menopausal period, but may also delay its onset for several years, prolonging the youth of the whole organism, and the headache during menopause will recede.
Headaches that torment women during menopause can worsen the quality of life, provoke a number of unpleasant consequences. Timely treatment, consultation with a doctor, attentive attitude to oneself and maintaining a healthy, active lifestyle without harmful products and habits is the only way to a full, happy life.
Causes of headaches
It is impossible to determine the exact causes of headaches during menopause. The most common reasons are the following:
- Reducing the amount of estrogen.
- Muscle tissue weakening.
- Chronic hypertension.
- Oxygen starvation.
- Muscular injuries of the cervical spine.
- Vascular disorders.
In general, menopausal headaches are associated with psycho-emotional disorders.
Headache occurs suddenly and is localized in the temporal and frontal areas of the head. At the same time tense facial muscles of the face. A woman feels "squeezing" and burdening in the back of the head. Spasmodic pains may increase to nausea and even vomiting. Such "consequences" of headaches are observed in chronic migraines. Then the stress is transmitted to the cervical region and spreads throughout the body.
Accompanying headaches with menopause are the following symptoms:
- Simultaneous sharp pains in the temporal and occipital part of the head.
- Darkening in the eyes.
- Mood change.
- Dry mouth. Moreover, dry mouth goes into the laryngeal area and creates a feeling of difficulty swallowing. After paroxysmal pain, it disappears. This is a temporary symptom. If the "swallowing symptom" persists, then you should contact the endocrinologist. Diseases of the thyroid gland are possible.
- Increased sweating.
- Headache may be accompanied by high blood pressure.
- The onset of general indisposition, drowsiness and anxiety.
Such features of the climacteric period are individual and can be observed for a long time until the organism adapts to extinct sexual function.
Therapeutic treatment of headaches
In medical practice, a significant number of approaches have been developed for the medical treatment of headaches during menopause. Basically, these are synthetic preparations based on vitamin and mineral complexes that can support a woman’s body during this period. The use of antispasmodic analgesics is considered erroneous. They temporarily improve the condition, and after a while the pain of the head resumes.
Therefore, doctors recommend herbal medicines to compensate for the lack of hormones. Such drugs include Klimadion, Klimaksan, Bonisan, Epifamin, Menopace.
For the normalization of the nervous system, sedative drugs are prescribed: Belloid Velaxin, Velafax, Lerivon, Bellataminal and Frenolon and Tazepam-neuroleptics. The use of Nootropil and Aminalonol for three months is shown as nootropic stimulants in this period.
Herbalists recommend taking an infusion and decoctions of oregano, mint, raspberry, nettle and sage leaves during menopause. To reduce blood pressure, it is advisable to take daily tea from raspberry berries, hips and cranberries.
Reduce the headaches contribute to the bath of decoctions hop cones, pine needles, mint and valerian root. Moreover, these components can be used together or daily prepare a decoction for the baths on the basis of one component.
In the case of light pain, traditional healers recommend massage of the ear shells using essential oils from sandalwood, mandarin, mint leaves and bergamot.
Why do headaches appear during menopause?
Revealing the exact cause is hard, since there are so many of them. With menopause, the restructuring affects all organs and systems, so headaches can occur for the following reasons:
- hormonal changes, a sharp decrease in estrogen,
- pathology of the cervical spine,
- neuralgia and nerve irritation,
- vasoconstriction and vascular diseases,
- sudden drops in blood pressure
- overstressing the muscles of the neck or back.
Headache with menopause can occur even in those women who have rarely had a headache before.
Localization, as well as the intensity of pain, may vary. They are periodic or have a permanent character. Heredity, chronic diseases (in particular diabetes, cardiovascular diseases), lifestyle, bad habits and food intake affect the strength of the headache. The healthier a woman enters a menopause, the fewer side effects of menopause.
Women suffering from migraine, in menopause come with severe headaches.
According to the focus of pain, you can determine the cause of their appearance:
- with increased intracranial pressure, atherosclerosis, IRR, inflammation of the trigeminal nerve, pain is localized in the area of the temples,
- with problems with the cervical spine, neuralgia and vascular diseases, pain appears in the back of the head.
Other symptoms, such as fatigue, muscle pain, dizziness, tinnitus, and even a disorder of consciousness, can join the headache.
If you experience pain, you should immediately contact a neurologist, gynecologist, endocrinologist or cardiologist.
Self-diagnosis and self-study can not be done. For an accurate diagnosis, you need to do an MRI, ultrasound of the head and pass tests.
Treatment of headaches during menopause is possible in two ways:
After eliminating the cause of headaches, proceed to treatment. Along with therapy, you need to follow a diet, keep an active lifestyle, it is better to even perform physical exercises, and also it is necessary to normalize the regime of rest and work.
Since headaches for menopause in most women appear due to hormonal imbalance, hormonal drugs are very effective. They not only eliminate headaches, but also improve a woman’s health.
Hormones should be taken at the beginning of menopause, 5 years after the start of menopause, they are already less effective.
A list of popular hormonal drugs in the table below.
There are hormonal drugs that contain only estrogens, for example, Divigel. There are tools that only regulate the activity of estrogens, for example, Ovestin, and also there are medicines that contain estrogens, progesterones and androgens. These are “Angelik”, “Femoston” and others.
Instead of hormonal drugs, doctors can prescribe funds based on natural phytohormones. Among the advantages of such means - absolute safety and elimination of pain of any etiology and intensity. The most popular include dietary supplement "Estrovel", homeopathic medicines "Klimaktoplan" and "Remens."
Together with the intake of medicines, it is necessary to take vitamin preparations. Well proven in the period of menopause "Menopeys".
Antidepressants, serotonin antagonists and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will save people from migraines and acute headaches.
If the headache with menopause is very rare, then you can do with pain pills. Will help "Spazmalgon" and "No-shpa."
With strong and prolonged pain in women, folk remedies will not help, they will only reduce their intensity. Use the following tools:
- A decoction of walnut shells. This medicine normalizes hormones and can be used instead of hormonal pills. A glass of crushed shell pour 1.5 liters of boiling water, boil for 15 minutes. Then filter and drink 50 ml 5 times a day.
- Tea from chamomile, linden, mint or melissa. These decoctions help calm the nervous system and have an analgesic effect. It should be taken 3 times a day in 200 ml. Brewed grass, as usual tea.
- Sage tea. At 500 ml of boiling water add 2 tbsp. l grass Boil for 2 minutes. and drink a few sips throughout the day. Similarly, you can make a decoction of raspberry leaves.
- Carrot broth. Carrot rubbed on a grater, enough 1 tbsp. l pulp. It is poured 100 ml of water and boil for 2 minutes. They drink like tea.
During the attack, you can take a warm bath with the addition of decoction of needles or mint.
As such, the diet does not exist, but still the diet should be reviewed. Should eat more vegetables and fruits. Useful dairy products and seafood.
Preference is given to low-calorie foods that do not lead to weight gain. Do not eat fatty foods and smoked meats. It is advisable to eat in small portions.
Exercise for headaches
Sports will help relieve emotional stress and relieve headaches. They are quite simple and easy to perform.
It is better to start with a massage of the temporal region, slowly moving to the forehead, the back of the head and then covering the entire head. Massage with your fingers, preferably in circular motions. You can try other methods of massage.
Relieves from headaches during menopause breathing exercises. You can do it standing, lying or sitting. First inhale deeply and then slowly exhale. Repeat 5-6 times.