The body always controls the cyclical nature of menstruation. Thanks to this woman is able to reproduce. To maintain this function, it is important to monitor the cycle and in the presence of any failures, consult a doctor promptly. Spotting after menstruation is a serious disorder that needs special attention.
With this dysfunctional uterine bleeding girls in puberty face. The juvenile type of ailment makes itself felt after the delay of critical days. Red discharge after menstruation abundant.
Juvenile DMK is accompanied by symptoms such as weakness, nausea, headache and dizziness, and pale skin.
In pediatric gynecology and pediatrics, this is one of the most serious pathologies. It is a danger to female reproductive health, as it provokes inflammation of the pelvic organs. Juvenile DMK also leads to pregnancy complications and miscarriages.
MQD at reproductive age
Pathological blood secretions in a week after menstruation are faced by women from 18 to 45 years. A feature of this pathology is the absence of ovulation in the middle of the cycle. The secretion of progesterone in the body is negligible.
Discharge after menstruation appears due to impaired blood circulation, as a result of which the blood vessels dilate. In more detail about why the monthly ends and begin again, you can read in a separate article on our website.
In most cases, the appearance of DMK in reproductive age provokes adrenal or ovarian dysfunction.
MQM in menopause
Abnormal bleeding from the blood can begin in women during menopause (45–55 years). A feature of this pathology is that it proceeds much harder and more painful than in other age periods.
DMK in the climacteric period is provoked by a violation of blood clotting. When the functional state of the hypothalamic structures changes, a malfunction of the ovaries occurs, which creates favorable conditions for the development of this gynecological pathology.
Before taking therapeutic measures, it is necessary to understand why there are bloody pathological discharge after menstruation. The reasons for their appearance are associated with external and internal factors.
Among the main emit:
- Emotional stress, stress. Suspicious discharge, triggered by strong emotion, often appear 3 days after the completion of menstruation.
- Injuries. Blood after menstruation for this reason can go 2 weeks after the completion of menstruation. There is a risk of injury during a stroke or during sex.
DMK can be provoked by:
- Proomenorrhea. This is the medical name for a short menstrual cycle. With this pathology, the blood often goes 10–12 days after the end of menstruation.
- Venereal disease. Often these ailments progress in latent form.
- Intrauterine device.
Also, the causes of dysfunctional uterine bleeding may be associated with the age period.
In the juvenile period
The origin of this pathology is etiology. If, after menstruation after a week in a puberty girl, blood begins to leave the vagina, this is due to imperfect regulation of her reproductive system.
Factors provoking DMK in the juvenile period:
- Ovarian dysfunction. A malfunction of the ovaries can be caused by a cyst or a preserved dominant follicle.
- Pathology of pregnancy. One of the most common, which provokes postmenstrual discharge, is intrauterine hypoxia.
- Psycho-emotional shocks. After stress or prolonged neurosis in girls of puberty, blood mucus is often excreted from the vagina. This is due to impaired production of LH and FSH by the body.
- Abnormal development of the uterus. For example, the mucous membrane of an organ can be damaged by a polyp or a cyst.
In reproductive age
In women of reproductive age, the appearance of bleeding immediately after menstruation is associated with gynecological diseases and pathologies. But sometimes the failure of the monthly cycle happens for another reason.
Factors provoking MQD at reproductive age:
- Neuropsychiatric reaction. If, due to severe stress, after the menstruation, there is blood discharge, you should not resort to drug treatment. Relaxation therapy will help stabilize the cycle. This may be, for example, yoga or massage.
- Physical exhaustion. If blood continues to be smeared after menstruation, it may be due to excessive activity. Rest will help to normalize the cycle and improve well-being.
- Sharp weather / climate change. The female body is sensitive to any changes.
- Intoxication of the body. A mid-cycle brown daub can be triggered by the ingestion of a pathogen or toxin.
- Reception of some medicinal substances. There are a number of medicines that have a negative effect on the uterine lining. This provokes postmenstrual discharge.
- Inflammation of the appendages or ovaries.
If, after 45 years, a woman has blood discharge after menstruation, this is associated with a decrease in the amount of pituitary gonadotropins secreted by her body. The release of these substances becomes irregular, so a few days after the completion of menstruation, brown clots may come out of the vagina.
MQD in menopause is characterized by pain. Excessive bleeding is one of the symptoms of the pathology.
Disorders of menstruation at this age are associated with a slow production of progesterone by the body - one of the main female hormones. This leads to abundant proliferation of the endometrium outside the uterus, resulting in severe discomfort in the ovaries.
To understand how to treat the bloody discharge that occurs after menstruation, it is recommended to undergo the necessary examination. To identify the pathology you need to contact a gynecologist.
Diagnosis of dysfunctional uterine bleeding includes instrumental and laboratory methods. Main events:
- Bacteriological analysis of postmenstrual discharge.
- Ultrasound procedure.
- Blood test for hormones.
- Colposcopy of the uterus.
- Biopsy of neoplasms (if available).
- Conducting hysteroscopy.
- Histological examination of pathological tissue.
The study will help determine the presence of gynecological pathology, as well as to establish the cause of its occurrence.
What are the risks of long periods
Normal monthly discharges last from 4 to 7 days. An increase in the period of menstruation for several days should not be a cause for panic. Cycle phases may shift due to the influence of various factors. But if critical days last for 4–5 days more, this indicates the pathological process in the body.
Also an alarming symptom is the lack of color change in menstrual blood. It will be bright red for several days, but it should turn dark by 4–5. By the end of the period of critical days, the selection should become brown.
The danger to female reproductive health is not a long period, but a disease that provoked them. Often, prolonged menstruation is accompanied by pain and feeling unwell. This process is fraught with iron deficiency and, as a result, anemia.
Also, prolonged blood loss leads to a decrease in hemoglobin levels. This will worsen not only well-being, but also the quality of life.
Only a doctor should be involved in the treatment of heavy bleeding. Independently assign yourself any medications is contraindicated. It is worth remembering that the timely adoption of therapeutic measures in case of dysfunctional uterine bleeding will help to maintain reproductive health for a long time.
Before the doctor prescribes treatment, he will conduct a set of diagnostic measures aimed at determining the specificity and cause of the pathology.
The treatment regimen will be selected individually by a specialist. In most cases, hormone therapy is used. The effect of medications prescribed by a doctor in patients with DMK is aimed at normalizing the blood circulation and improving uterine contraction.
So that after a long and abundant blood loss, the body recovers more quickly, they take general-strengthening medicines.
If the illness arose due to psycho-emotional stress, then the woman will also be prescribed sedative medications.
The surgical method of treatment, which consists in curettage of the uterine walls, is used less frequently. He is prescribed to women who have MQD appeared in menopause.